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Lesson 3


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Lesson 3

  1. 1. Religion and Philosophy Giving life meaning
  2. 2. Greek Myth <ul><li>Myths: a usually traditional story of historical events that serves to unfold part of the world view of a people or explain a practice, belief, or natural phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Religious beliefs : multiple interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks : polytheistic (believed and worshiped multiple gods) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Greek Myth In the beginning, Chaos (a gaping endless void) and a vast flowing blanket of water (Oceanus) covered all of the universe.
  4. 4. Greek Myth Eurynome : was the Goddess of All Things, and desired to make order out of the Chaos. She “merged” with a powerful snake, Ophion and she gave birth to Eros , god of Love, also known as Protagonus, the &quot;firstborn&quot;.
  5. 5. Greek Myth Also born out of Chaos were Gaia , called Earth, or Mother Earth, and Uranus , the embodiment of the Sky and the Heavens, as well as Tartarus , god of the sunless and terrible region beneath Gaia, the Earth.
  6. 6. Greek Myth Gaia and Uranus married and gave birth to the Titans , a race of formidable giants, which included a particularly wily(crafty, clever) giant named Cronus .
  7. 7. Greek Myth Gaia and Uranus warned Cronus that a son of his would one day overpower him. Cronus therefore swallowed his numerous children by his wife Rhea, to keep that forecast from taking place.
  8. 8. Greek Myth Zeus made himself Supreme God over all and lived on Mount Olympus, in Thessaly. All the others were left to fend for themselves in lands below Mount Olympus.
  9. 9. Greek Myth
  10. 10. Greek Myth Prometheus , one of the Titans not vanquished in the war between Zeus and the giants. It is said in many myths that Prometheus had created d a race of people from clay… The Common People
  11. 11. Greek Myth The gods of Greek myth were how a lot of citizens understood the ways of life. They had a creation story to tell and explain their existence. This gave comfort, but the gods where also very distant beings: Immortal vs. Mortal Supreme Beings(Mount Olympus) vs. Common People (Prometheus)
  12. 12. Roman Myth For the most part, the Greek and Roman myths were about the same. The Romans were more interested with Power than the Greeks ideas of equality, so this aspect changes the myths .
  13. 13. Roman Myth Indo-European Regions
  14. 14. Roman Myth Castor and Pollux
  15. 15. Roman Myth
  16. 16. Roman Myth
  17. 17. Philosophy Philosophy : pursuit of wisdom b: a search for a general understanding of values and reality by chiefly speculative rather than observational means
  18. 18. Philosophy Socrates Plato Aristotle
  19. 19. Philosophy Stoics: practiced moderation, led to a happy life example: eating, sleeping, working (doing all of these moderately one apparently or professedly indifferent to pleasure or pain
  20. 20. Philosophy Skeptics: a group of philosophers whose main idea was that we can't really know anything for certain about the world around us, or about ourselves
  21. 21. Philosophy Epicureans: believed that the best way to be happy and not sad was to not want anything. It's wanting things that leads to pain.
  22. 22. Philosophy Early years. Socrates : (469 B.C.-399 B. From Athens, Sculptor, soldier
  23. 23. Philosophy Later Years: Sought to answer life questions: What is wisdom? What is beauty? What is piety? What is the right thing to do? Wished for his questions to bring forth logic
  24. 24. Philosophy Logic - The science of the formal principles of reasoning Reason - are the steps one might take in creating an opinion, or an answer to a question.
  25. 25. Philosophy What is beauty?
  26. 26. Philosophy Court System: The Juries decided the verdict, very democratic. Socrates was sentenced to death by one of these Juries: for impiety.
  27. 27. Philosophy Plato: wrote down Socrates’ thoughts Dialogues: Euthyphro (what is piety), Apology (Socrates’ defense speech, Crito(being faithful to governed rules) Republic vs. Democracy: Let educated aristocrats decide on government officials instead of the general public.
  28. 28. Republic vs. Democracy
  29. 29. Philosophy Plato’s Cave
  30. 30. Philosophy Aristotle: was not from Athens, studied at Plato’s academy, was more interested in science, nature, and finding order scientific order in chaotic nature. Science looked away from the gods and sought fact through nature, and tests.
  31. 31. Philosophy Scientific Method
  32. 32. Philosophy
  33. 33. Next Week Christianity: Reforming the Myth Please read 51-55, 73-76,83-86