Dengue……..Some factsaayurvedatips.blogspot.com
Dengue• The word dengue is derived from African word denga: meaning fever with hemorrhage .• Is caused by virus transmitte...
Epidemiology• In India first outbreak of dengue was recorded in 1812• A double peak hemorrhagic fever epidemic occurred in...
Dengue• Caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes.• The virus is contracted from the bite of a mosq...
Characteristics of the Aedes Mosquito• It is also called as Tiger mosquito (because they have black and yellow stripes all...
Watch out ! This Mosquito• Day biting – normally catches the patient unawares.• Loves / lives in fresh water in homes.• La...
Symptoms of Dengue• Appear 3—14 days after the bite.• Symptoms:  – Range from a mild to high fever  – Severe headache  – P...
Dengue Presentations• Like any other viral fever- not clear cut• Dengue Fever with Muscle pains this is classical presenta...
What does the patient experience ?2–7 days after the mosquito bite, the patient may develop• Sudden onset of fever, chills...
Bleeding from where? • Bleeding into skin • From Gums • From Nose • Into the food passage • Blood in urine         aayurve...
What is the end result?• Complete recovery is the rule• Severe weakness may persist for many days after the fever subsides...
Skin bleeds    aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
Dengue – The bleeding form• Blood vessels are affected• There is severe oozing into tissues• Bleeding into all possible pa...
Bleeding into the eye        aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
Large bleed into skin        aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
Bleeding spots in skin                                        NormalDengue           aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
Rare types of Dengue• Brain fever• Liver damage• Heart damage• Severe bleeding into stomach         aayurvedatips.blogspot...
What are the tests needed?• Routine blood test• Tests to check the clotting process• Special tests to identify Dengue or i...
Management Dengue fever•   There is no specific anti viral treatment•   The management is essentially supportive and    sy...
Tips to reduce risk of mosquito bites• Reschedule outdoor activities.  – Avoid being outdoors at dawn, dusk and early even...
Remember• Don’t ignore fever that is persistent & associated with body ache & pain while moving the eyes.• Look out for re...
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Dengue some facts

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Dengue some facts

  1. 1. Dengue……..Some factsaayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  2. 2. Dengue• The word dengue is derived from African word denga: meaning fever with hemorrhage .• Is caused by virus transmitted due to bites of the Aedes mosquito (different from the malaria mosquito). aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  3. 3. Epidemiology• In India first outbreak of dengue was recorded in 1812• A double peak hemorrhagic fever epidemic occurred in India for the first time in Calcutta between July 1963 & March 1964• In New Delhi, outbreaks of dengue fever reported in 1967,1970,1982, &1996 aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  4. 4. Dengue• Caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes.• The virus is contracted from the bite of a mosquito called Aedes aegypti mosquito that has previously bitten an infected person.• The mosquito flourishes during rainy seasons but can breed in water-filled flower pots year-round. aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  5. 5. Characteristics of the Aedes Mosquito• It is also called as Tiger mosquito (because they have black and yellow stripes all over)• Bites during the early morning or at dawn and during the day.• Lays its eggs in clean, stagnant water.• Only the female Aedes mosquito feeds on blood. This is because they need the protein found in blood to produce eggs. Male mosquitoes feed only on plant nectar. aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  6. 6. Watch out ! This Mosquito• Day biting – normally catches the patient unawares.• Loves / lives in fresh water in homes.• Lays eggs preferentially in jars, discarded containers, coconut shells, old tyres etc.• Year round breeding• Tropical regions like India are its favorite zones.• It is an urban mosquito. This disease can affect the rich & affluent too & is not limited to patients from low socio-economic strata only. aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  7. 7. Symptoms of Dengue• Appear 3—14 days after the bite.• Symptoms: – Range from a mild to high fever – Severe headache – Pain behind the eyes – Muscle and joint pain – Swollen glands, and rash. aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  8. 8. Dengue Presentations• Like any other viral fever- not clear cut• Dengue Fever with Muscle pains this is classical presentation in 90% cases• Dengue Fever with bleeding in 7%• Dengue – the dangerous form in 3% aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  9. 9. What does the patient experience ?2–7 days after the mosquito bite, the patient may develop• Sudden onset of fever, chills, headache• Back pain with severe muscle and joint pains• Pain behind the eyes and on moving the eyes• Nick name - Break bone fever.• Red patches or spots on the skin• Mild nose bleeds This is the ordinary classical Non dangerous form! aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  10. 10. Bleeding from where? • Bleeding into skin • From Gums • From Nose • Into the food passage • Blood in urine aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  11. 11. What is the end result?• Complete recovery is the rule• Severe weakness may persist for many days after the fever subsides. aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  12. 12. Skin bleeds aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  13. 13. Dengue – The bleeding form• Blood vessels are affected• There is severe oozing into tissues• Bleeding into all possible parts of body• Blood clotting mechanism is disrupted• Blood pressure falls and many end in collapse and death• In the best centers 5% of this type of Dengue will reach their forefathers aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  14. 14. Bleeding into the eye aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  15. 15. Large bleed into skin aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  16. 16. Bleeding spots in skin NormalDengue aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  17. 17. Rare types of Dengue• Brain fever• Liver damage• Heart damage• Severe bleeding into stomach aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  18. 18. What are the tests needed?• Routine blood test• Tests to check the clotting process• Special tests to identify Dengue or its foot marks in blood• Urine to check protein leak aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  19. 19. Management Dengue fever• There is no specific anti viral treatment• The management is essentially supportive and symptomatic (Bedrest)• The key to success is frequent monitoring and changing strategies depending on clinical and laboratory evaluations. aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  20. 20. Tips to reduce risk of mosquito bites• Reschedule outdoor activities. – Avoid being outdoors at dawn, dusk and early evening• Wear protective clothing. – Wear clothes that cover your arms, legs and feet• Use mosquito repellent.• Prevent breeding of mosquito. – The mosquitoes that carry the dengue virus breed in stagnant water – Remove all sources of stagnant water. Don’t let it lay its eggs. aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  21. 21. Remember• Don’t ignore fever that is persistent & associated with body ache & pain while moving the eyes.• Look out for red spots/patches on the skin.• Keep yourself hydrated- drink lots of water.• Consult your Doctor IMMEDIATELY.• DO NOT SELF MEDICATE.• Remove stagnant water from containers, flower pots etc.• Wear full sleeves when going out.• DENGUE IS NOT CONTAGIOUS. Not spread by the patient but the MOSQUITO!!! aayurvedatips.blogspot.com
  22. 22. aayurvedatips.blogspot.com

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