The Trojan War

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The Trojan War

  1. 1. The Trojan War Chapter 13 Megan Hosie
  2. 2. <ul><li>Eris, goddess of discord </li></ul><ul><li>Sent gold apple for the fairest </li></ul><ul><li>All of the goddesses wanted it </li></ul><ul><li>Hera, Athena, Aphrodite </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Zeus sent them to See Paris </li></ul><ul><li>He judged them not on beauty, but rather who had the greatest bribe. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Hera- lord of Europe and Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Athena- lead the Trojans to victory by destroying Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite- fairest woman in all the world </li></ul><ul><li>Paris, being a coward, chose Aphrodite. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Helen </li></ul><ul><li>Already promised to Menelaus, king of Sparta </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Aphrodite brought Paris to Sparta. </li></ul><ul><li>Well received, won trust </li></ul><ul><li>Menelaus left for Crete and Paris kidnapped Helen and took her back to Troy. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Menelaus declared war on Troy. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the Greek chieftains responded. </li></ul><ul><li>All except Odysseus and Achilles </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Odysseus thought it was a silly cause. </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t want to leave home/family </li></ul><ul><li>Pretended to go mad </li></ul><ul><li>He was found out, and forced to go with the army. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Achilles was kept back by his mother. </li></ul><ul><li>Fated to die </li></ul><ul><li>Disguised as a woman </li></ul><ul><li>Odysseys was sent for him in disguise </li></ul><ul><li>Achilles was found and went with the army without much convincing. </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks set off for Troy. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The wind made the journey difficult. </li></ul><ul><li>Calchas said Artemis was angry. </li></ul><ul><li>The only way to appease her was for Agamemnon, leader of the Greek army, to kill his daughter, Iphigenia. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Agamemnon was upset, but realized what was at steak. </li></ul><ul><li>He sent for his daughter, saying he had arranged a marriage for her. </li></ul><ul><li>She died, the north wind stopped. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Meanwhile, In Troy… <ul><li>Kind Priam, His Queen Hecuba </li></ul><ul><li>Son Hector </li></ul><ul><li>The Trojan Achilles </li></ul><ul><li>Nobel, brave, yet fated to die </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The war went on for nine years. It fluctuated as to who was winning. </li></ul><ul><li>Achilles vs. Agamemnon </li></ul><ul><li>Agamemnon would not give up Chryseis. </li></ul><ul><li>Greek army sickened and died due to Apollo. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Achilles realized Agamemnon must return Chryseis. </li></ul><ul><li>Agamemnon took Briseis from Achilles in return. </li></ul><ul><li>Achilles leaves the Greek army. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Meanwhile, in Olympus… <ul><li>The war had reached the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Trojans- Aphrodite, Ares, Apollo, Artemis </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks- Hera, Athena, Poseidon </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus remained neutral until Theits appealed to him. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Zeus, sent a dream to Agamemnon, promising him victory if he attacked Troy. </li></ul><ul><li>Worst battle yet ensued </li></ul><ul><li>Paris vs. Menelaus </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Paris only threw his spear. </li></ul><ul><li>Menelaus nearly killed Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite saves him. </li></ul><ul><li>Menelaus won, and a truce was nearly made. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Hera and Athena intervened through Pandarus. </li></ul><ul><li>The war began again. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Ajax and Diomedes </li></ul><ul><li>Diomedes saw Ares fighting with the Trojans. </li></ul><ul><li>Diomedes retreated until Hera encouraged him. </li></ul><ul><li>Ares was injured and fled. </li></ul><ul><li>The war turned in favor of the Greeks. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Desperate, the Queen of Troy was urged to pray to Athena for help. </li></ul><ul><li>Athena refused. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, with little help from the gods, the Trojans returned to battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Hector said his goodbyes. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>However, Zeus remembered his promise to Thetis. </li></ul><ul><li>He drove the Greeks back to their ships. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Agamemnon was giving up. </li></ul><ul><li>Odysseus and Patroclus appealed to Achilles to return to the army, but he still refused. </li></ul><ul><li>They returned to battle and continued to lose until Hera intervened. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>She seduced Zeus and put him to sleep. </li></ul><ul><li>He forgot about helping the Trojans. </li></ul><ul><li>Hector fled the battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus woke up. </li></ul><ul><li>Poseidon was forced from the battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Apollo was sent to revive Hector. </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks near defeat </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Patroclus pretended to be Achilles and led his men to battle. </li></ul><ul><li>He was killed by Hector. </li></ul><ul><li>Achilles returned to the army with his mother’s consent and the armor of Hephaestus. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Achilles faced Hector one on one. </li></ul><ul><li>Athena was with Achilles. Hector fled. </li></ul><ul><li>Athena tricked Hector. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Deiphobus” fought with Hector. </li></ul><ul><li>Hector realized he had been tricked. He was killed. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Against Hectors wish, Achilles dragged his body back to the Greek camp. </li></ul><ul><li>This angered Zeus. </li></ul><ul><li>Sent Iris to Priam </li></ul><ul><li>Priam plead with Achilles. </li></ul><ul><li>Achilles apologized </li></ul><ul><li>The war ceased for nine days. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Sources <ul><li>Hamilton, Edith. Mythology. New York: Grand Central Publishing, 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Apples.” Cartoon. Flikr.com 15 July 2008. 20 Feb 2010/ </li></ul>

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