SELECTING YOUR CAREER - Guidance Counselling


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One of the greatest misfortunes in life is to be good at something you don’t like.
While selecting your career you must reflect, analyse, and you must be able to clearly distinguish between what you are good at doing (proficiency, competence) as opposed to what you enjoy doing (interests, values).
If your want to enjoy your work take care to ensure that your choice of career is in alignment with your LIFE ORIENTATION.
Your life orientation comprises three factors: SKILLS, INTERESTS and VALUES.
If you choose a career that enables you achieve success facilitating optimal utilization of your best skills, doing the kinds of work that relate to your favorite interests and in consonance with your core values, you will derive total work-life balance and job satisfaction.
If you choose a job in harmony with your true metier, you will enjoy working every single day in your life.

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SELECTING YOUR CAREER - Guidance Counselling

  2. 2. Copyright © Vikram Karve No part of this Lecture Presentation may bereproduced or utilized in any form or by anymeans, electronic or mechanical includingphotocopying or by any information storageand retrieval system, without permission inwriting from the Author Vikram Karve whoholds the copyright. Copyright © Vikram Karve 2013 all rightsreserved
  3. 3. Bio – VIKRAM KARVE A creative person with a zest for life, VikramKarve, educated at IIT Delhi, IIT BHUVaranasi, The Lawrence School Lovedale andBishops School Pune, is a retired NavalOfficer turned full time Writer and Blogger Email: Twitter: @vikramkarve
  5. 5. VALUES Values are core beliefs which guide andmotivate attitudes and behaviour When you value something you want it orwant it to happen Values are relatively permanent desires Values are answers to the “why”question
  6. 6. DISCOVER YOUR VALUES You keep on asking “why” questionsuntil you reach a point where you nolonger want something for the sake ofsomething else. At this point you have arrived at yourvalue.
  7. 7. VALUES, INTERESTS,PERSONALITY, AND SKILLS Values: the things that are important to you, likeachievement, status, and autonomy. Interests: what you enjoy doing, like reading, takinglong walks, eating good food, hanging out withfriends. Personality: a persons individual traits,motivational drives, needs, and attitudes. Skills: the activities you are good at, such aswriting, computer programming, and teaching.
  8. 8. APTITUDE and ATTITUDE Your attitude is your way of thinking (based onyour values and beliefs) which influences yourbehaviour and determines the manner in whichyou approach life. Attitude determines your mind-set. Your attitude or mind-set is value-based your aptitude is your ability to do something aptitude is job specific Proper training can develop the right aptitude No amount of training can change your inherentattitude
  9. 9. Discovering Values Why are you doing this academic course? To gain qualifications Why do you want to gain qualifications? To succeed in my career Why do you want to succeed in your career? To reach the top
  10. 10. Values – “Why” Questions Why do you want to reach the top? To get power Why do want do you want power? To control people Why do you want to control people? I want to control people Why?
  11. 11. Value Discovered Why do you want to control people? I like to control people Why? Just for the sake of it – I like controlling people Further why’s elicited similar responses related tocontrol. Control for the sake of control – that’s when youdiscover your value!
  12. 12. Arriving at Values I realized that control was one of his valuesand maybe he was a future megalomaniac inthe making! The same line of questioning of personsundergoing higher education may revealvalues like knowledge, money, status,standard of living, ambition, achievement,growth, reputation, excellence, fame.
  13. 13. Values – Subjective Reactions Values are our subjective reactions to the world around us. They guide and mould our options and behaviour. Values aredeveloped early in life and are very resistant to change. Values develop out of our direct experiences with people who areimportant to us, particularly our parents. Values evolve within us not out of what people tell us, but as aresult how people behave toward us and others.
  14. 14. Values are Holistic in nature There cannot be any “partial” values. for example:you cannot be 50% honest (half-honest) –either you are honest or you are nothonest!
  15. 15. Values & Career Orientation Your values are the most important andcritical aspect of your career orientation. If you want to enhance certain skills, youcan work on it. Similarly, you can changeyour interests, devoting time to thoseinterests you would like to create, acquire orstrengthen, you can develop yourPersonality, but you cannot change yourValues.
  16. 16. Values are Permanent Skills can be learned, interests can bedeveloped, personality can be changed,but values are intrinsic. It is very difficult to change your core values. You may compromise your values, butyou cannot change them.
  17. 17. Orientation in Life If your want to enjoy harmony in work-lifebalance, your choice of career should revolvearound your orientation in life, whichcomprises four factors: skills interests personality values.
  18. 18. Job Satisfaction If you choose a career that enables youachieve success facilitating optimal utilizationof your best skills, doing the kinds of workthat relate to your favourite interests,blending with your personality, and inconsonance with your core values, you willderive total job satisfaction in life.
  19. 19. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
  20. 20. Discover your true Interests How do you find out your interests? Assume you have enough leisure and plentyof resources; what would you do? How you like to spend your leisure gives aclue to your interests. Will the career you choose enable you tosatisfy your interests at work, or will you haveenough leisure to pursue them on your own.
  21. 21. List and Prioritize your Values This list might include values like honesty,integrity, loyalty, prestige, happiness,friendship, family life, achievement,independence, education, power, money,independence, freedom and so on. Now prioritize your values in order ofimportance to discover your core values.
  22. 22. Matching Career Options Suppose your priority skills include hard skillslike mathematical and analytical ability, andsoft skills like leadership and communicationskills. Your interests include travel, adventure,photography and good food. You have acommanding personality. And your mostimportant values are family life, prestigeand achievement. Now let us considervarious career options.
  23. 23. Mismatch Consider a career as a deck officer in themerchant navy. Your skills, personality andinterests seem to be ideally suited but thereis mismatch, a conflict, between thedemands of the career in the merchant navyand your most cherished value ‘Family Life’which in the long run could lead to frustration.
  24. 24. Matching Values and Career Attributes Perhaps, if your most important values weremoney, independence and prestige, theoverall harmony and compatibility of yourvalues, skills and interests with the career-attributes would have made merchant navyan ideal career option for you.
  25. 25. Work Life Harmony Before you choose your career, introspectand ascertain the compatibility, congruenceand harmony between the career and yourorientation in life [your skills, interests,personality and values]. Values are most important, because youcannot change your values
  26. 26. Career Choice Devoid of intrinsic motivation to purse acareer which is not in harmony with one’sorientation in life, but caught up in the need toretain parental affection, materialistic rewardsand extrinsic recognition (peer and societalacceptance), young people often entercareers which never offer them true innerhappiness or fulfilment that evolves fromharmonious work-life balance.
  27. 27. Look Inwards Interests, skills and personality can bedeveloped, but values are intrinsic corebeliefs inherent within you. You have to look inwards, analyse,introspect, reflect and endeavour to discoveryour own true values.
  28. 28. Value Congruence Whether it is your work or relationships, valuecongruence is of paramount importance your values must be in harmony for therelationship to tick. Career, Marriage, Friendship, Team
  29. 29. Value Dissonance The extent of mutual harmony in your valuesshould determine your choice of work,activities, relationships, friends and partner. Value Dissonance due to mismatchbetween individual values and organizationalvalues can cause great strain and trauma atthe workplace.
  30. 30. Freedom Is freedom an important value for you? Is the career or job you are considering (orthe person you want to marry) going to giveyou enough freedom?
  31. 31. Leisure Do you value leisure? Leisure is not only an important value butalso a determinant of character If you want to know about a man find out howhe spends his leisure If you had a day off what will you do? How you spend your leisure reveals vitalclues about your values too!
  32. 32. How would you spend your Leisure? Would you read a book, write a story, gohiking outdoors, play your favourite sport,adventure sports, chat with friends, picnic,see a movie, eat your favourite cuisine in arestaurant, or cook it yourself, socialize inyour club, spend the day at home with yourfamily, study, play with your pet dog, or seeTV at home, or just spend the day in glorioussolitude enjoying quality time with yourself?
  33. 33. Workaholic & “Achiever” Or would you rather not “waste” your leisuretime and spend the day doing something“useful” connected with your work, career oradvancement towards “achieving” your“goals”?
  34. 34. Match and Harmonize Values Do you value humour, fun, pleasure, food,enjoyment, sex, family life, quality of life, status,money, success, fame, power, prestige, security,nature, loyalty, love, affection, independence,privacy, togetherness, tranquillity, adventure,leadership, followership, competition, contentment,creativity – look within, reflect, find out for yourself,and the values of others too who you want to relatewith – match and harmonize your values, and behappy and fulfilled in your work and yourrelationships.
  35. 35. Trust your Sense of Values Remember, at any important milestone in yourlife, when you have to make a vital decision,whether you are on the verge of selecting a career,a job, a house, or a marriage partner – trust yoursense of values! Don’t make a hasty decision or you may findyourself on the wrong road and then it may be toolate to turn back.
  36. 36. Choose your career carefully Devoid of intrinsic motivation to purse a careerwhich is not in harmony with one’s orientation in life,but caught up in the need to retain parentalaffection, materialistic rewards and extrinsicrecognition (peer and societal acceptance),young people often enter careers which never offerthem true inner happiness or fulfilment that evolvesfrom harmonious work-life balance. Thus, though they may appear outwardlysuccessful, inwardly they lament over the reality ofinner dissonance owing to work-life imbalance.
  37. 37. Thank You “A man who has work that suits him, anda wife whom he loves, has squared hisaccounts with life”…… Friedrich Hegel
  38. 38. Bio – VIKRAM KARVE A creative person with a zest for life, VikramKarve, educated at IIT Delhi, IIT BHUVaranasi, The Lawrence School Lovedale andBishops School Pune, is a retired NavalOfficer turned full time Writer and Blogger Email: Twitter: @vikramkarve
  39. 39. Copyright © Vikram Karve No part of this Lecture Presentation may bereproduced or utilized in any form or by anymeans, electronic or mechanical includingphotocopying or by any information storageand retrieval system, without permission inwriting from the Author Vikram Karve whoholds the copyright. Copyright © Vikram Karve 2013 all rightsreserved