The 5.6 Series
 What‘s new

   Thomas Krampe



                   1
The 5.6 Series
 What‘s new

   Thomas Krampe



                   1
Overview




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                       2
Overview

Citrix already released two new Versions of XenServer and
Provisioning Services with the Version Number 5.6.

So...
Introducing XenServer 5.6



           XenServer    •  2x greater scalability
                        •  XenCenter admini...
Introducing XenServer 5.6



           XenServer    •  2x greater scalability
                        •  XenCenter admini...
Citrix Licensing Server (“V6”) Integration

- Same License Server as for other Citrix products
- Tighter enforcement
- Run...
Citrix Licensing Server (“V6”) Integration

- Same License Server as for other Citrix products
- Tighter enforcement
- Run...
Citrix Licensing Server (“V6”) Integration

- Same License Server as for other Citrix products
- Tighter enforcement
- Run...
Enhanced Performance and Scale

- Increased scalability by 2x
   - Memory support per host has been doubled to 256 GB
   -...
Dynamic Memory Control (DMC)

- Ability to over-commit RAM resources
- Allow memory adjustment while VM is running
- Can i...
Role-Based Administration

- Delegation and control within Resource Pool
- Assigned to Active Directory users or groups
- ...
Live Memory Snapshot and Rollback

- XenCenter support for live VM snapshot and revert (incl. RAM)
- One-click Revert
- Sn...
Dynamic Workload Balancing

-   Guided VM placement
-   Automated VM load balancing
-   Power-on/off hosts as needed
-   U...
Integrated StorageLink

-   Fully leverage existing Storage Assets
-   Reduces Storage Needs
-   Accelerates Deployment
- ...
StorageLink Site Recovery




                                                                  Snapshot-based
           ...
Storage Systems Supported with StorageLink

System / Vendor
DataCore
Dell EqualLogic
EMC CLARiiON
GreenBytes
HP Enterprise...
Storage Systems Supported with StorageLink

System / Vendor
DataCore
Dell EqualLogic
EMC CLARiiON
GreenBytes
HP Enterprise...
Guest Support Updates

-   Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2
-   RHEL, CentOS, Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.4 & 5.5 support
-...
Guest Support Updates

-   Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2
-   RHEL, CentOS, Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.4 & 5.5 support
-...
Guest Support Updates

-   Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2
-   RHEL, CentOS, Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.4 & 5.5 support
-...
Heterogeneous Pools

- Heterogeneous CPUs within a Pool
- XenMotion, HA, Shared Storage, and Workload Balancing possible
-...
Enhanced support for iSCSI arrays with multi-IQN

DataCore SANmelody is an example of an iSCSI array that
advertises multi...
Enhanced XenCenter

- New multi-select feature
- One-step "VM move" from array to array (powered down)
- Instant VM from t...
Updated Support for Provisioning Services

XenCenter is now more aware of PVS boot scenarios, namely
through "boot from ne...
Server-based pricing


      Edition                                       Price / Server

      XenServer FREE           ...
What‘s gone and what‘s still missing




06/06/10       © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                           19
What‘s gone and what‘s still missing

What‘s gone?
- The legacy Linux P2V tool in the installer
- The Debian Etch (4.0) Te...
What‘s gone and what‘s still missing

What‘s gone?
- The legacy Linux P2V tool in the installer
- The Debian Etch (4.0) Te...
What‘s gone and what‘s still missing

What‘s gone?
- The legacy Linux P2V tool in the installer
- The Debian Etch (4.0) Te...
Introducing Provisioning Services 5.6

Imaging Wizard                   Simplifies and automates end-to-end vDisk creation ...
Imaging Wizard




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                             21
Imaging Wizard

- Imaging Wizard is run from a device on which the Provisioning
Services client software has been installe...
Imaging Wizard




Note that the list of stores
will be based on the access
level of the user and
selected server.




06/...
Imaging Wizard

If you wish to create a new vDisk, the wizard will prompt for the
vDisk name, store location, and type.


...
Imaging Wizard




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                             23
Imaging Wizard

If you wish to re-image an existing vDisk you will be given a list of
disks to chose from, based on the ac...
Imaging Wizard




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                             24
Imaging Wizard

Next you will be able to define the number and size of the logical
volumes to be created on the vDisk.




...
Imaging Wizard




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                             25
Imaging Wizard

If you wish to add the target device to the Provisioning Services
farm, you can do so from the Imaging Wiz...
Imaging Wizard




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                             26
Imaging Wizard

As a final step you have the option to run the Optimizer tool prior
to creation of the vDisk and device rec...
DB Mirroring Support




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                                  27
DB Mirroring Support

- Ability to connect to a MS SQL Server database that has been set
up in a mirrored configuration.

-...
Silent Configuration Support




# This is a sample file
UserName=BIGCOjoeuser
UserName2=janesmith
Database=1

# Network
St...
Silent Configuration Support

- Run Configuration Wizard run once to create database and
answer file.

- Use answer file to au...
Improved vDisk Store Creation




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                       29
Improved vDisk Store Creation

- New ability to validate vDisk store paths.

- Clicking Validate button on the Store Prope...
Device Auto-Add Wizard




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                            30
Device Auto-Add Wizard

                             - New wizard makes it
                             easier to configure...
Store Management Wizard




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                          31
Store Management Wizard

- New wizard allows you to leverage the Read-Only vDisk Store
capability without having to go to ...
Enhanced AD Support




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                                  32
Enhanced AD Support

- AD integration was has been enhanced.

- Provisioning Services now supports deployment in multi-for...
Enhanced AD Support

     Szenario                                                      Supported

     PVS and vDisk stor...
Subnet Affinity




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                             34
Subnet Affinity

- The load balancing algorithm will now consider the network on
which the request was received and select...
Load Balancing




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                            35
Load Balancing

Power Rating
    A user defined constant indicating the relative level of the power of a server
    to serv...
Jumbo Packet Support




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                               36
Jumbo Packet Support

- Now supported on a per server basis.
- Console changed for Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU)
- PVS s...
Other New Features




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                                 37
Other New Features

- New inter-process communications channel
   - New method for PVS components and servers to communica...
XenServer Host Streaming Technology Preview




06/06/10                © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                             ...
XenServer Host Streaming Technology Preview

- Standard and private image mode streaming of diskless
  XenServer hosts.

-...
XenServer Host Streaming: Architecture




06/06/10          © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                        ...
XenServer Host Streaming: Architecture

- General architecture XS host is retained.

- Two kernel drivers:
   - Proprietar...
XenServer Host Streaming: Installation




06/06/10         © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                         ...
XenServer Host Streaming: Installation

- Installation is done in text mode and into a hardcoded path.

- eth0 must not be...
XenServer Host Streaming: Imaging




06/06/10     © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                        41
XenServer Host Streaming: Imaging

- Like the installation, imaging is also done in text mode.

- As a result, partitions ...
XenServer Host Streaming: Personalization




06/06/10             © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                  ...
XenServer Host Streaming: Personalization

- Needed because each XenServer instance is tied to the hardware
  on which it ...
XenServer Host Streaming: Personalization




06/06/10             © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                  ...
XenServer Host Streaming: Personalization

- Files affected are:
   - /etc/xensource-inventory
   - /var/xapi/state.db
   ...
Kernel Dump




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                          44
Kernel Dump

Since Windows 7, 2008 and Vista it‘s no longer restrict pagefile
to system partition so dump file can reside ...
Contact Informations

For questions / suggestions after the Pubforum:

              thomas.krampe@visionapp.de
More infor...
Contact Informations

For questions / suggestions after the Pubforum:

              thomas.krampe@visionapp.de
          ...
Questions




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                        46
Questions




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                        46
Questions




             Cheers




06/06/10   © 2010 Thomas Krampe
                                        46
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What's new Citrix XenServer 5.6 and Citrix Provisioning Service 5.6

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What's new Citrix XenServer 5.6 and Citrix Provisioning Service 5.6. Pubforum Presentation 06/04/2010 at Frankfurt / Germany.

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  • This release includes platform enhancements as well as management enhancements
    On the platform, we’ve increased our supported memory and processor limits by 2x
    We’ve touched up our XenCenter administrative console to make systems easier to manage
    We’ve made XenServer an even better platform for Citrix XenDesktop, the market leading system for virtualization on the desktop
    Finally, we’ll be putting XenServer through Common Criteria certification, and I’m sure that hose of you in government or high security environments will be pleased to hear that. We expect to complete this process later in 2010

    With XenServer Enterprise Edition, we’ve added some new management functionality, including role-based administration & audit trails. We’ve enhanced the snapshot functionality and workload balancing. And we’ve enhanced the flexibility of environment by supporting Flex Migration, which enables resource pools to have different generation servers.

    In the Platinum edition, we’ve added Site Recovery, which enables recovery of an entire virtual machine infrastructure to a secondary DR site, and self-service portal functionality so that VM users and administrators don’t need to be provided access to xencenter

  • This release includes platform enhancements as well as management enhancements
    On the platform, we’ve increased our supported memory and processor limits by 2x
    We’ve touched up our XenCenter administrative console to make systems easier to manage
    We’ve made XenServer an even better platform for Citrix XenDesktop, the market leading system for virtualization on the desktop
    Finally, we’ll be putting XenServer through Common Criteria certification, and I’m sure that hose of you in government or high security environments will be pleased to hear that. We expect to complete this process later in 2010

    With XenServer Enterprise Edition, we’ve added some new management functionality, including role-based administration & audit trails. We’ve enhanced the snapshot functionality and workload balancing. And we’ve enhanced the flexibility of environment by supporting Flex Migration, which enables resource pools to have different generation servers.

    In the Platinum edition, we’ve added Site Recovery, which enables recovery of an entire virtual machine infrastructure to a secondary DR site, and self-service portal functionality so that VM users and administrators don’t need to be provided access to xencenter

  • This release includes platform enhancements as well as management enhancements
    On the platform, we’ve increased our supported memory and processor limits by 2x
    We’ve touched up our XenCenter administrative console to make systems easier to manage
    We’ve made XenServer an even better platform for Citrix XenDesktop, the market leading system for virtualization on the desktop
    Finally, we’ll be putting XenServer through Common Criteria certification, and I’m sure that hose of you in government or high security environments will be pleased to hear that. We expect to complete this process later in 2010

    With XenServer Enterprise Edition, we’ve added some new management functionality, including role-based administration & audit trails. We’ve enhanced the snapshot functionality and workload balancing. And we’ve enhanced the flexibility of environment by supporting Flex Migration, which enables resource pools to have different generation servers.

    In the Platinum edition, we’ve added Site Recovery, which enables recovery of an entire virtual machine infrastructure to a secondary DR site, and self-service portal functionality so that VM users and administrators don’t need to be provided access to xencenter

  • This release includes platform enhancements as well as management enhancements
    On the platform, we’ve increased our supported memory and processor limits by 2x
    We’ve touched up our XenCenter administrative console to make systems easier to manage
    We’ve made XenServer an even better platform for Citrix XenDesktop, the market leading system for virtualization on the desktop
    Finally, we’ll be putting XenServer through Common Criteria certification, and I’m sure that hose of you in government or high security environments will be pleased to hear that. We expect to complete this process later in 2010

    With XenServer Enterprise Edition, we’ve added some new management functionality, including role-based administration & audit trails. We’ve enhanced the snapshot functionality and workload balancing. And we’ve enhanced the flexibility of environment by supporting Flex Migration, which enables resource pools to have different generation servers.

    In the Platinum edition, we’ve added Site Recovery, which enables recovery of an entire virtual machine infrastructure to a secondary DR site, and self-service portal functionality so that VM users and administrators don’t need to be provided access to xencenter

  • Though not a feature per se, it’s important to note that XenServer 5.6 moves to a new licensing system. We’ve ceased using the legacy file-based system for XenServer Advanced/Ent/Plat , and are now using the Citrix Licensing Server.

    The key point is that licensing is much more tightly enforced than before. So if you are considering an upgrade from 5.5 to 5.6, make sure you have all the licenses you need available to you in your mycitrix.com account.

    You can run the Citrix Licensing server on a Windows VM, and customers often co-locate services such as Workload Balancing and StorageLink on the same VM.

    We do also plan to release a Linux virtual appliance, though this is not part of the beta.

    Note that for Free XS, we’ll still use the legacy file-based approach which is very simple and does not require a license server / VM.

  • Though not a feature per se, it’s important to note that XenServer 5.6 moves to a new licensing system. We’ve ceased using the legacy file-based system for XenServer Advanced/Ent/Plat , and are now using the Citrix Licensing Server.

    The key point is that licensing is much more tightly enforced than before. So if you are considering an upgrade from 5.5 to 5.6, make sure you have all the licenses you need available to you in your mycitrix.com account.

    You can run the Citrix Licensing server on a Windows VM, and customers often co-locate services such as Workload Balancing and StorageLink on the same VM.

    We do also plan to release a Linux virtual appliance, though this is not part of the beta.

    Note that for Free XS, we’ll still use the legacy file-based approach which is very simple and does not require a license server / VM.

  • Though not a feature per se, it’s important to note that XenServer 5.6 moves to a new licensing system. We’ve ceased using the legacy file-based system for XenServer Advanced/Ent/Plat , and are now using the Citrix Licensing Server.

    The key point is that licensing is much more tightly enforced than before. So if you are considering an upgrade from 5.5 to 5.6, make sure you have all the licenses you need available to you in your mycitrix.com account.

    You can run the Citrix Licensing server on a Windows VM, and customers often co-locate services such as Workload Balancing and StorageLink on the same VM.

    We do also plan to release a Linux virtual appliance, though this is not part of the beta.

    Note that for Free XS, we’ll still use the legacy file-based approach which is very simple and does not require a license server / VM.

  • We’ve also added some initial SR-IOV NIC support, which has enabled bandwidth for certain workloads like NetScaler VPX to be increased. We can get throughput of up to 108 Gbps
    One of the key workloads is XenDesktop, and scalability is enhanced by:
    Increased support limits; up to 130 Windows XP guests per host has been documented
    Auto-adjusting Dom0 memory configuration to support kind of scale

  • Dynamic Memory Control.  Let's say you have a few XenServer hosts.  You need to spin up some more VMs, but your VMs are configured to use all available resource pool memory.  However, you know that some of the existing VMs aren't using all the physical memory you've allocated.  With XenServer 5.6, you can set memory ranges for VMs so that you can squeeze the physical memory used for existing VMs in order to let new ones on.  If you find that one or more VMs operating near the lower limit requires more memory, you can increase the minimum level on the fly without rebooting.
  • Within big companies
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  • If you have a XenApp farm running 24x7,there is quite a bit of power wasted by those servers during nights and  weekends when only a handful of users are accessing applications.  Workload balancing can be scheduled to consolidate all of your idle XenApp servers on as few hosts as possible while powering off the newly vacated XenServer hosts. In the morning or after a weekend, those machines will power on and the VMs will be redistributed to handle the load.  Additionally, Workload Balancing includes a fully-automated mode with some new configuration options.  Example: if you have some VMs that you don't want moving around, simply start those VMs on a specific host and exclude that host from WLB computations. 
  • Within big companies
  • A key new addition to StorageLink is Site Recovery. Site Recovery simplifies the setup and configuration of disaster recovery for XenServer VMs by integrating with array-based DR controls for replication, fail-over, and testing.

    Controls for setting up replication are the same regardless of which array you’re connected to, and array specific attributes (such as whether or not replication is based on a LUN basis or POOL basis) depends on the array manufacture and array setup.

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  • Let's say you have a pool of 5 XenServer hosts, which run on year-old hardware with Intel Xeon 5400 processors.  Now you buy a couple of new servers, which have new Intel Xeon 5500 processors. With XenServer you can join them to the same pool and enable XenMotion, HA, Shared Storage, and Workload Balancing. In the past, you could "force join" the newer servers to the existing pool, but you'd have to be careful not to XenMotion between different processor types.
  • Within big companies
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  • This isn't "new" per se, however it's starting to matter a lot more when you compare costs of XenServer and vSphere on some of the latest servers.  Dell R815 and HP DL385 G7 servers now ship with 12-core Opteron 6000 processors.   The problem for VMware customers is that they won't allow you to run vSphere Standard or Enterprise Edition on those servers.  In other words, VMware hates Moore's Law.  With XenServer, we don't care how many cores or sockets the server has; you pay the same price with any configuration.
  • The legacy Linux P2V tool in the installer is gone, though it wasn't of much use any more since it only worked for very old distros. We've also dropped Debian Etch (4.0) support since it no longer receives security updates.  Those of you who look closely might find that the new "Demo Linux VM" template is, shall we say, eerily similar to Debian Etch.  It's not recommended for production use, and we have this solely because so many of you told us you liked the built-in Linux distro for testing and demonstration purposes.
  • The legacy Linux P2V tool in the installer is gone, though it wasn't of much use any more since it only worked for very old distros. We've also dropped Debian Etch (4.0) support since it no longer receives security updates.  Those of you who look closely might find that the new "Demo Linux VM" template is, shall we say, eerily similar to Debian Etch.  It's not recommended for production use, and we have this solely because so many of you told us you liked the built-in Linux distro for testing and demonstration purposes.
  • The legacy Linux P2V tool in the installer is gone, though it wasn't of much use any more since it only worked for very old distros. We've also dropped Debian Etch (4.0) support since it no longer receives security updates.  Those of you who look closely might find that the new "Demo Linux VM" template is, shall we say, eerily similar to Debian Etch.  It's not recommended for production use, and we have this solely because so many of you told us you liked the built-in Linux distro for testing and demonstration purposes.
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  • Transcript of "What's new Citrix XenServer 5.6 and Citrix Provisioning Service 5.6"

    1. 1. The 5.6 Series What‘s new Thomas Krampe 1
    2. 2. The 5.6 Series What‘s new Thomas Krampe 1
    3. 3. Overview 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 2
    4. 4. Overview Citrix already released two new Versions of XenServer and Provisioning Services with the Version Number 5.6. So, let‘s talk about the new features, the lost features and the still missing features of both products. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 2
    5. 5. Introducing XenServer 5.6 XenServer •  2x greater scalability •  XenCenter administrative improvements Free •  Platform improvements for XenDesktop •  Role-Based Administration & Audit XenServer •  Live Memory Snapshot and revert Enterprise •  Dynamic Workload Balancing & Power Management •  Heterogeneous Pools (Flex Migration) XenServer •  StorageLink – Site Recovery Platinum •  Lab Self-Service Portal 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 3
    6. 6. Introducing XenServer 5.6 XenServer •  2x greater scalability •  XenCenter administrative improvements Free •  Platform improvements for XenDesktop •  Dynamic Memory Control XenServer •  High Availability Advanced •  Alerts and Performance History •  Role-Based Administration & Audit XenServer •  Live Memory Snapshot and revert Enterprise •  Dynamic Workload Balancing & Power Management •  Heterogeneous Pools (Flex Migration) XenServer •  StorageLink – Site Recovery Platinum •  Lab Self-Service Portal 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 3
    7. 7. Citrix Licensing Server (“V6”) Integration - Same License Server as for other Citrix products - Tighter enforcement - Runs on virtual appliance or Windows 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 4
    8. 8. Citrix Licensing Server (“V6”) Integration - Same License Server as for other Citrix products - Tighter enforcement - Runs on virtual appliance or Windows 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 4
    9. 9. Citrix Licensing Server (“V6”) Integration - Same License Server as for other Citrix products - Tighter enforcement - Runs on virtual appliance or Windows Note: Free XenServer activation process does not change 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 4
    10. 10. Enhanced Performance and Scale - Increased scalability by 2x - Memory support per host has been doubled to 256 GB - The number logical processors has been doubled to 64 per host - Enhanced network performance - 16 NICs per host has been certified - Increased VM Density for XenDesktop - Up to 130 Windows XP guests per host has been documented - Auto-adjusting Dom0 memory configuration to support kind of scale - Initial SR-IOV NIC Support - Enabled bandwidth for certain workloads like NetScaler VPX to be increased. We can get throughput of up to 108 Gbps 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 5
    11. 11. Dynamic Memory Control (DMC) - Ability to over-commit RAM resources - Allow memory adjustment while VM is running - Can increase number of VMs per host 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 6
    12. 12. Role-Based Administration - Delegation and control within Resource Pool - Assigned to Active Directory users or groups - Audit logging via Workload Reports 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 7
    13. 13. Live Memory Snapshot and Rollback - XenCenter support for live VM snapshot and revert (incl. RAM) - One-click Revert - Snapshot branches 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 8
    14. 14. Dynamic Workload Balancing - Guided VM placement - Automated VM load balancing - Power-on/off hosts as needed - Utilization Reporting 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 9
    15. 15. Integrated StorageLink - Fully leverage existing Storage Assets - Reduces Storage Needs - Accelerates Deployment - Unifies Storage Management Processes 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 10
    16. 16. StorageLink Site Recovery Snapshot-based Remote Mirroring Staging/Testing New •  Remote Mirroring of Storage Assets for Disaster Recovery •  Simplified replication configuration •  Backup Site DR Enablement StorageLink Site Recovery simplifies the process of setting up this replication and recovering virtual machines in the DR site. Check the StorageLink HCL for arrays that initially support Site Recovery. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 11
    17. 17. Storage Systems Supported with StorageLink System / Vendor DataCore Dell EqualLogic EMC CLARiiON GreenBytes HP Enterprise Virtual Array „EVA“ (SMI-S) HP Modular Smart Array „MSA“ HP P4000 Series „Lefthand SAN/iQ“ IBM N Series NetApp Nexenta Storage Adapter 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 12
    18. 18. Storage Systems Supported with StorageLink System / Vendor DataCore Dell EqualLogic EMC CLARiiON GreenBytes HP Enterprise Virtual Array „EVA“ (SMI-S) HP Modular Smart Array „MSA“ HP P4000 Series „Lefthand SAN/iQ“ IBM N Series NetApp Nexenta Storage Adapter 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 12
    19. 19. Guest Support Updates - Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 - RHEL, CentOS, Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.4 & 5.5 support - SLES 10 SP3 - Addition of “Demo Linux VM” built-in template 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 13
    20. 20. Guest Support Updates - Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 - RHEL, CentOS, Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.4 & 5.5 support - SLES 10 SP3 - Addition of “Demo Linux VM” built-in template 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 13
    21. 21. Guest Support Updates - Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 - RHEL, CentOS, Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.4 & 5.5 support - SLES 10 SP3 - Addition of “Demo Linux VM” built-in template 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 13
    22. 22. Heterogeneous Pools - Heterogeneous CPUs within a Pool - XenMotion, HA, Shared Storage, and Workload Balancing possible - Works with - Intel processors with"Flex Migrate" capability - AMD processors with "Extended Migration" features Note that live migration between Intel and AMD does not work. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 14
    23. 23. Enhanced support for iSCSI arrays with multi-IQN DataCore SANmelody is an example of an iSCSI array that advertises multiple IQNs with multiple IP addresses.   With XenServer 5.6, the setup with SANMelody arrays is much easier with the wildcard IQN scan option. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 15
    24. 24. Enhanced XenCenter - New multi-select feature - One-step "VM move" from array to array (powered down) - Instant VM from template feature 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 16
    25. 25. Updated Support for Provisioning Services XenCenter is now more aware of PVS boot scenarios, namely through "boot from network" options in the new VM setup wizard. One more thing Citrix like people to try (call it a "Tech Preview") is streaming of XenServer bits themselves, in addition to VMs. Something more about this Tech Preview on the following PVS Slides. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 17
    26. 26. Server-based pricing Edition Price / Server XenServer FREE FREE (What else) XenServer Advanced US$ 1.000,00 XenServer Enterprise US$ 2.500,00 XenServer Platinium US$ 5.000,00 XenServer Advanced US$ 30,00 / month for Cloud Provider 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 18
    27. 27. What‘s gone and what‘s still missing 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 19
    28. 28. What‘s gone and what‘s still missing What‘s gone? - The legacy Linux P2V tool in the installer - The Debian Etch (4.0) Template 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 19
    29. 29. What‘s gone and what‘s still missing What‘s gone? - The legacy Linux P2V tool in the installer - The Debian Etch (4.0) Template What‘s still missing? - Citrix License Server Virtual Appliance (June 30th.) - Updated Lab Manager (should be available today) - Support for Jumbo Frames - FCoE Support - Support for Ubuntu / Debian 64-bit - GPU Support (some kind like remoteFX) 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 19
    30. 30. What‘s gone and what‘s still missing What‘s gone? - The legacy Linux P2V tool in the installer - The Debian Etch (4.0) Template What‘s still missing? - Citrix License Server Virtual Appliance (June 30th.) - Updated Lab Manager (should be available today) - Support for Jumbo Frames - FCoE Support - Support for Ubuntu / Debian 64-bit - GPU Support (some kind like remoteFX) Stay tuned for more on "Project Cowley" and "Project Boston." 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 19
    31. 31. Introducing Provisioning Services 5.6 Imaging Wizard Simplifies and automates end-to-end vDisk creation process. Ability to leverage a SQL Server database that has been setup in a DB Mirroring Support mirrored configuration. Ability to create an answer file to expedite deployment of Provisioning Silent Configuration Services Hosts. Provides a mechanism to place a Provisioning Services host into Improved vDisk Store Creation “maintenance mode,” automatically moving streaming sessions to other hosts in the farm. Device Auto-Add Wizard New wizard makes it easier to set-up Device AutoAdd. Integrates management of vDisk LUNs into the Provisioning Services Store Management Wizard Management Console. Jumbo Packet Support Improves performance in 10G network Cross-Forest AD Support Ability to deploy Provisioning Services Farms across multiple AD Forests. Ability to stream XenServer hosts in private and standard image modes XenServer Host Streaming (Non-supported technology preview). 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 20
    32. 32. Imaging Wizard 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 21
    33. 33. Imaging Wizard - Imaging Wizard is run from a device on which the Provisioning Services client software has been installed. - Start by entering the connection information for the Provisioning Services farm to which this image is to be added. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 21
    34. 34. Imaging Wizard Note that the list of stores will be based on the access level of the user and selected server. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 22
    35. 35. Imaging Wizard If you wish to create a new vDisk, the wizard will prompt for the vDisk name, store location, and type. Note that the list of stores will be based on the access level of the user and selected server. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 22
    36. 36. Imaging Wizard 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 23
    37. 37. Imaging Wizard If you wish to re-image an existing vDisk you will be given a list of disks to chose from, based on the access level of the user and selected server. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 23
    38. 38. Imaging Wizard 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 24
    39. 39. Imaging Wizard Next you will be able to define the number and size of the logical volumes to be created on the vDisk. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 24
    40. 40. Imaging Wizard 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 25
    41. 41. Imaging Wizard If you wish to add the target device to the Provisioning Services farm, you can do so from the Imaging Wizard itself. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 25
    42. 42. Imaging Wizard 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 26
    43. 43. Imaging Wizard As a final step you have the option to run the Optimizer tool prior to creation of the vDisk and device record. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 26
    44. 44. DB Mirroring Support 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 27
    45. 45. DB Mirroring Support - Ability to connect to a MS SQL Server database that has been set up in a mirrored configuration. - Provisioning Services now uses native SQL client so DB failover is automatic 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 27
    46. 46. Silent Configuration Support # This is a sample file UserName=BIGCOjoeuser UserName2=janesmith Database=1 # Network StreamNetworkAdapterIP=10.204.4.53 IpcPortBase=6890 IpcPortCount=20 SoapPort=54321 BootstrapFile=C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersApplication Data CitrixProvisioningServicesTftpbootARDBP32.BIN LS1=10.10.10.2,0.0.0.0,0.0.0.0,6910 NoStartServices=1 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 28
    47. 47. Silent Configuration Support - Run Configuration Wizard run once to create database and answer file. - Use answer file to automate configuration of subsequent hosts. # This is a sample file UserName=BIGCOjoeuser UserName2=janesmith Database=1 # Network StreamNetworkAdapterIP=10.204.4.53 IpcPortBase=6890 IpcPortCount=20 SoapPort=54321 BootstrapFile=C:Documents and SettingsAll UsersApplication Data CitrixProvisioningServicesTftpbootARDBP32.BIN LS1=10.10.10.2,0.0.0.0,0.0.0.0,6910 NoStartServices=1 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 28
    48. 48. Improved vDisk Store Creation 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 29
    49. 49. Improved vDisk Store Creation - New ability to validate vDisk store paths. - Clicking Validate button on the Store Properties dialog displays new Validate Store Properties dialog. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 29
    50. 50. Device Auto-Add Wizard 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 30
    51. 51. Device Auto-Add Wizard - New wizard makes it easier to configure auto- add for a farm, site, or device collection. - Wizard guides you through the process of selecting the desired target device to act as a template. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 30
    52. 52. Store Management Wizard 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 31
    53. 53. Store Management Wizard - New wizard allows you to leverage the Read-Only vDisk Store capability without having to go to the command line on each server. - Stores are marked as “managed” during the creation process. - Toggle store between Read-only and Maintenance mode and select server for vDisk maintenance (server maintains write access to store volume). - Store cannot be placed in maintenance mode if there are active vDisk connections. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 31
    54. 54. Enhanced AD Support 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 32
    55. 55. Enhanced AD Support - AD integration was has been enhanced. - Provisioning Services now supports deployment in multi-forest environments. - The following slide show supported configurations 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 32
    56. 56. Enhanced AD Support Szenario Supported PVS and vDisk store in parent domain, targets in child yes domains, single forest PVS and vDisk store in a child domain, targets in different yes child domains, single forest PVS and vDisk store in on forest, targets in forests yes PVS and vDisk store in on forest, targets in forests in testing PVS and vDisk store in on forest, targets in forests in testing 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 33
    57. 57. Subnet Affinity 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 34
    58. 58. Subnet Affinity - The load balancing algorithm will now consider the network on which the request was received and select the IP address of the server on that same network. - If there is not a matching network then it is assumed that networks are routed and round-robin is used to select the IP address. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 34
    59. 59. Load Balancing 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 35
    60. 60. Load Balancing Power Rating A user defined constant indicating the relative level of the power of a server to service PVS devices. All other constraints being equal, a server with a power rating of 2.0 should service twice as many devices as a server with a power rating of 1.0. Load Factor A normalized count of devices assigned to a server. The count is normalized by dividing the device count by the server “Power rating”. Fair Load The relative load a server should share for a given vDisk and device set as determined by the relative power ratings of all servers involved. Automatic load balancing approximately every 10 minutes 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 35
    61. 61. Jumbo Packet Support 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 36
    62. 62. Jumbo Packet Support - Now supported on a per server basis. - Console changed for Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) - PVS server maximum MTU: The lowest MTU of all PVS server network adapter Ethernet MTU. - PVS client maximum MTU: The MTU of currently active network adapter that binds to BNNS. When NIC failover occurs, new NIC MTU is exchanged during reconnect. - In PVS client preboot, PXE/TFTP/UNDI(int13) do not support jumbo packets. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 36
    63. 63. Other New Features 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 37
    64. 64. Other New Features - New inter-process communications channel - New method for PVS components and servers to communicate with each other. - Wake-on-LAN in distributed environment is „fixed‟ - Additional ports opened - License Server Validation - Ability to check license server version from Configuration Wizard - New Disk Properties context menu - View disk file properties. - Port Blocker has been removed - Deprecated in 5.1 SP 2 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 37
    65. 65. XenServer Host Streaming Technology Preview 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 38
    66. 66. XenServer Host Streaming Technology Preview - Standard and private image mode streaming of diskless XenServer hosts. - Non-supported technology preview. Supported implementation planned for Q4 2010. - Citrix need your ideas and feedback! 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 38
    67. 67. XenServer Host Streaming: Architecture 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 39
    68. 68. XenServer Host Streaming: Architecture - General architecture XS host is retained. - Two kernel drivers: - Proprietary module which implements the PVS protocol - Public module which implements the GPL glue between the proprietary module and the kernel - Both drivers interact with the SCSI subsystem as a SCSI LLD to register a SCSI disk and redirect access to it over the network to the PVS server - Initial ram disk image handles boot time - User space magic is carried out by several scripts 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 39
    69. 69. XenServer Host Streaming: Installation 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 40
    70. 70. XenServer Host Streaming: Installation - Installation is done in text mode and into a hardcoded path. - eth0 must not be designated as the management interface or support a VLAN. - During installation, eth0 is removed from under the control of XenServer and allocated to PVS exclusively. - Original boot loader, extlinux, is retained. - PVS specific entry is created in the boot loader configuration file and is selected as the default boot option. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 40
    71. 71. XenServer Host Streaming: Imaging 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 41
    72. 72. XenServer Host Streaming: Imaging - Like the installation, imaging is also done in text mode. - As a result, partitions “/boot” and “/” are created. - The native boot loader, extlinux, is not carried over to the virtual disk. Instead, the GRUB boot loader is used. - Personalization is attained through a startup script a symbolic link to which is added in runlevel 3. - A custom initrd, which contains needed drivers and startup scripts, is created on the virtual disk. 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 41
    73. 73. XenServer Host Streaming: Personalization 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 42
    74. 74. XenServer Host Streaming: Personalization - Needed because each XenServer instance is tied to the hardware on which it is installed. - Performed before XAPI is running. - Data is injected directly into the XenServer database and several other configuration files. - Methods used to personalize a XenServer instance entail: - Patching of the last six bytes of some UUIDs with the MAC of the PVS interface - Removal of any references to local storage - Updates of network configuration files with MACs of corresponding interfaces 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 42
    75. 75. XenServer Host Streaming: Personalization 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 43
    76. 76. XenServer Host Streaming: Personalization - Files affected are: - /etc/xensource-inventory - /var/xapi/state.db - /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth<N> - Values affected are: - installation UUID - dom0 UUID - host name, host UUID and host reference UUID - pool UUID and pool reference UUID - MAC addresses of all PIFs found in the Xen Server database - all references the local physical block device (PBD) 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 43
    77. 77. Kernel Dump 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 44
    78. 78. Kernel Dump Since Windows 7, 2008 and Vista it‘s no longer restrict pagefile to system partition so dump file can reside anywhere. http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX123642 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 44
    79. 79. Contact Informations For questions / suggestions after the Pubforum: thomas.krampe@visionapp.de More informations online: www.thomas-krampe.com in german only Slides are available after the Pubforum at: 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 45
    80. 80. Contact Informations For questions / suggestions after the Pubforum: thomas.krampe@visionapp.de Or this weekend at the Bar on a night-out trip to Frankfurt. More informations online: www.thomas-krampe.com in german only Slides are available after the Pubforum at: 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 45
    81. 81. Questions 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 46
    82. 82. Questions 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 46
    83. 83. Questions Cheers 06/06/10 © 2010 Thomas Krampe 46

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