Types of Crisis & Disasters Natural: Hurricanes, Tornados, Earthquakes, and Flooding etc. Violence & Crime: Mass Murder, Suicide, Abuse, Neglect and Sexual Assault etc. Terrorism: Massive Deconstruction and Death/ Damage as an intentional effort. Casualty & Loss: Results of War, Rescue efforts or Criminal acts.
Precaution Prepare Emergency kits, community awareness, plan of action, drills/ testing. Response React quickly & effectively, initiate emergency POA, report to a directed safe location, engage drills practiced, intermittently take roll of students, Maintain communication. Recovery Ensure disaster/crisis has subsided, Wait for response or report from authoritative personnel, Proceed with follow up interventions, strive to return to learning environment.
Florida State Legalities Florida Statue 1006.07(4): requires the district school board to provide for the proper attention to health, safety, and other matters relating to the welfare of students, including emergency drills and procedures. The district board shall formulate policies and procedures for emergency drills and actual emergencies, including natural disasters, fires, bomb threats, etc. The board shall also establish model emergency management and emergency preparedness procedures for weapon-use and hostage situations, hazardous materials or toxic chemical spills, weather emergencies, and exposure as a result of a manmade emergency. Statute 1003.32 (2003): requires each teacher or other school staff member to report any suspicion of a crime of violence committed on school property. Statute 1006.13(3) (2002): requires each district to enter into agreement with the county sheriffs office and local police department specifying guidelines to ensure that felonies and violent misdemeanors are reported to law enforcement.
Natural Disasters The primary focus for this presentation is on the top 3 Natural Disasters, they can occur at any given time and sometimes with out warnings. National Disasters can often be predicted by meteorologist and/or other weather forecast personal to at least provide some advanced warnings as to the severity and possible outcomes of a storm. Educate students on being prepared for any disasters and implementing school procedures. ( See Resources & Websites) React calm and safely in the event of a Natural Disaster and follow your school boards procedures.
Earthquakes “Drop, Cover & Hold” method Stay away from fixtures or large items that can potentially fall and injure self or students. Students & Staff should practice drills and train for the reaction of abrupt shaking. Locate to a safe and secure location big enough for the entire class. Evacuate when advised
Hurricane Readiness Hurricane Season starts on June 1 and continues till November 30. Listen to Weather Warnings or Alarms. Have and Emergency Kit prepared ahead of time and easily accessible. Emergency Kit Contents: water, non- perishable foods, flashlight & batteries, first aid kit, flare or whistle for location, radio. Relocate if necessary to avoid flood zones. Cover windows properly.
Tornadoes Look for signs of Danger Dark skies, Hail, High Winds, Severe weather warnings In a school building, report to the safest area or lowest level. Stay away from windows, doors and exterior walls. Use your body to stay in a safe position with arms around head and neck.
Resources and Websites Teachers and School Staff http://www2.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/emergencypla n/index.html http://www.ready.gov/sites/default/files/documents/file s/KidsPoster_Jan2011_inline.pdf (3-5 Lesson Ideas!) Preparing Students http://www.ready.gov/sites/default/files/documents/file s/ReadyKids-ActivityBook.pdf (K-1) http://www.ready.gov/pack-it-game (2-5)
“Crisis Management/ Emergency Response: Florida”. NASBE. 2 Dec. 2010.National Association of State Boards of Education. Web. 2 Nov. 2012.“Tropical Cyclones” noaa.gov. June 2012. National Oceanic and AtmosphericAwareness. Web. 2 Nov. 2012.“Lead and Manage My School: Preparing school for a Crisis.” ED.gov. 10 Dec. 2007.US Department of Education. Web. 2 Nov. 2012.“Parents and Teachers” Ready.gov. Federal Emergency Management Agency. 2012.Web. 2 Nov. 2012.