0
Opening Spectrum



25.03.09
What is Spectrum?




The range of radio frequencies used in
wireless broadcast and communication
But. Not all spectrum is...
But why regulate spectrum?




Spectrum is regulated to prevent
interference among spectrum users.
t what kind
Bu
                       ...like the sky?
  f a thing is
o
spectrum?
   hould it be
S
 regulated...




  ......
general
In
    manage
we
       trum like
 spec
     l estate.
 rea
Imagine a conference centre..




..where each room might correspond to
           a spectrum band.
Or many conference centres...



                           Cape Town
   Johannesburg




                  Durban
Access to any conference
room A anywhere, anytime.


                          Cape Town
  Johannesburg




              ...
Spectrum is allocated like
     slices of a pie.


                         Cape Town
 Johannesburg




                Du...
Guard bands...



                        Cape Town
Johannesburg




               Durban
ISM Band Spectrum



                        Cape Town
Johannesburg




               Durban
Which was fine...
...until the explosive growth of




   Internet       Mobile
...until the explosive growth of



 So what needs to happen?


   Internet       Mobile
1) Independent spectrum audit
1) Independent spectrum audit




                                                     to the best
           nt spectrum ...
2) Standards for transparency
  in spectrum auctions
2) Standards for transparency
  in spectrum auctions



                  um
        nt spectr
 R ece                   d
...
2) Standards for transparency
  in spectrum auctions



                  um
        nt spectr               ithout good
 ...
3) Start sharing spectrum
3) Start sharing spectrum

                                 –
                No v 4 , 2 0 0 8       f
                   ...
3) Start sharing spectrum

                                          –
                         No v 4 , 2 0 0 8       f
 ...
Technology is often a
better regulator than
     bureacracy
The Role of Industry




             Television White Spaces
             Use of television guard bands
             Digi...
What's missing?




     You!
Opportunities in South Africa




 Digital   Television     802.11y
Dividend     White          “lite
Spectrum    Spaces  ...
So instead of this...



                        Cape Town
Johannesburg




               Durban
Let's have this



                        Cape Town
Johannesburg




               Durban
Summary




1) Independent   2) Transparency in   3) Start sharing
spectrum audit   spectrum auctions       spectrum
Creative Commons
         Hand Holding a Mobile Phone by WhiteAfrican
         http://www.flickr.com/photos/whiteafrican/2...
Steve Song
 email:    steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org
  blog:    http://manypossibilities.net
skype:     steve_l_son...
Opening Spectrum in South Africa
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Opening Spectrum in South Africa

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A presentation I gave at the Broadband Summit on 25 March 2009 in Johannesburg. In it I make the case for embracing new technologically driven models for spectrum sharing and transparency in spectrum auctions.

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Transcript of "Opening Spectrum in South Africa"

  1. 1. Opening Spectrum 25.03.09
  2. 2. What is Spectrum? The range of radio frequencies used in wireless broadcast and communication But. Not all spectrum is created equal
  3. 3. But why regulate spectrum? Spectrum is regulated to prevent interference among spectrum users.
  4. 4. t what kind Bu ...like the sky? f a thing is o spectrum? hould it be S regulated... ...like the ocean?
  5. 5. general In manage we trum like spec l estate. rea
  6. 6. Imagine a conference centre.. ..where each room might correspond to a spectrum band.
  7. 7. Or many conference centres... Cape Town Johannesburg Durban
  8. 8. Access to any conference room A anywhere, anytime. Cape Town Johannesburg Durban
  9. 9. Spectrum is allocated like slices of a pie. Cape Town Johannesburg Durban
  10. 10. Guard bands... Cape Town Johannesburg Durban
  11. 11. ISM Band Spectrum Cape Town Johannesburg Durban
  12. 12. Which was fine...
  13. 13. ...until the explosive growth of Internet Mobile
  14. 14. ...until the explosive growth of So what needs to happen? Internet Mobile
  15. 15. 1) Independent spectrum audit
  16. 16. 1) Independent spectrum audit to the best nt spectrum g “Accordin A rece y d ata, at an , dit of Dublin available au nd a n y on e h o w e d t ha t a one place Ireland s is the U.S. it only 14% of time in an hat less th le spectrum likely t availab f available . was in usenications 10% o is in usAm” rica e. u m - Irish t: KmymData Report spectruMeinrath, New e Co e Marke - Sascata n h io Found
  17. 17. 2) Standards for transparency in spectrum auctions
  18. 18. 2) Standards for transparency in spectrum auctions um nt spectr R ece d the Unite n auction i 70 0Mh z he tates of t S 0 ulted in 2 band res revenue D billion US ent. r governm fo
  19. 19. 2) Standards for transparency in spectrum auctions um nt spectr ithout good R ece W d the Unite al ance, natur n auction i govern 70 0Mh z s wealth turn he tates of t resource S 0 ulted in 2 r be worse fo band res ou t t o revenue if untries than D billion US ent. p oo r c o se dn’t had tho r governm t he y ha fo all. ources at ottom Billion res B r – The - Paul Collie
  20. 20. 3) Start sharing spectrum
  21. 21. 3) Start sharing spectrum – No v 4 , 2 0 0 8 f ns e d u s e o Unlice ision White Telev es spectrum Sp ac e roved in th a pp es United Stat
  22. 22. 3) Start sharing spectrum – No v 4 , 2 0 0 8 f ns e d u s e o Unlice ision White Telev es spectrum Sp ac e roved in th a pp – p t 26, 2 008 es United Stat Se e 1y-2008 “lit 802.1 g” standard licensin e roved by th ap p IEEE
  23. 23. Technology is often a better regulator than bureacracy
  24. 24. The Role of Industry Television White Spaces Use of television guard bands Digital dividend spectrum Serendipitous re-use
  25. 25. What's missing? You!
  26. 26. Opportunities in South Africa Digital Television 802.11y Dividend White “lite Spectrum Spaces licensing”
  27. 27. So instead of this... Cape Town Johannesburg Durban
  28. 28. Let's have this Cape Town Johannesburg Durban
  29. 29. Summary 1) Independent 2) Transparency in 3) Start sharing spectrum audit spectrum auctions spectrum
  30. 30. Creative Commons Hand Holding a Mobile Phone by WhiteAfrican http://www.flickr.com/photos/whiteafrican/2736565604/ Sky by Robin Jaffray http://www.flickr.com/photos/robinj/2934399671/ We share this... by Miguel Ramirez http://www.flickr.com/photos/ibizadj/323305938/ Bureaucracy by BostonBill http://www.flickr.com/photos/8533266@N04/1296614397/ King Farouk in the inauguration of the international telecommunications congress 1938 by KodakAgfa http://www.flickr.com/photos/96884693@N00/1509615338/ Other photos courtesy of http://www.istockphoto.com
  31. 31. Steve Song email: steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org blog: http://manypossibilities.net skype: steve_l_song twitter: stevesong
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