Opening
Spectrum in
South Africa
Steve Song
Telecommunications Fellow
Shuttleworth Foundation

  email:    steve.song@shut...
Current regulation




Lack of clarity about who is
 actually using spectrum
W hat kind of a
                         ...like the sky?
thing is
spectrum?
 H ow should it
 be regulated?




    ...lik...
In general
we  manage
 spec trum like
 real estate.
Which was fine...
...until the explosive growth
               of




  Internet      Mobile
...until the explosive growth
               of

   So what needs to happen?



  Internet      Mobile
Not all spectrum is created equal




         Source: The Mobile Provide: Economic Impacts of Alternative Uses of the Dig...
1) Independent spectrum
         audit
1) Independent spectrum
         audit



                        g  to the best
             “Accordin a, at any
        ...
1) Independent spectrum
          audit



                                                        st
   ecent spectr
    ...
2) Standards for transparency
in spectrum auctions
2) Standards for transparency
in spectrum auctions



                  um
 Rece   nt spectr nited
                   U
 a...
2) Standards for transparency
in spectrum auctions



                                         d
 Rece
                  u...
3) Start sharing spectrum
3) Start sharing spectrum

                              –
                Nov 4, 2008 e of
                Unl icensed us...
3) Start sharing spectrum

                                       –
                         Nov 4, 2008 e of
            ...
Technology is often
 a better regulator
 than bureacracy
The Role of Industry




            Television White Spaces
            Use of television guard bands
            Digital...
What's missing?




     You!
Opportunities in
            South Africa




 Digital   Television     802.11y
Dividend     White          “lite
Spectrum...
Hand Holding a Mobile Phone by WhiteAfrican




                                                                   Creativ...
Steve Song
 email:    steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org
  blog:    http://manypossibilities.net
 skype:    steve_l_son...
Open Spectrum Alliance - South Africa
Open Spectrum Alliance - South Africa
Open Spectrum Alliance - South Africa
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Open Spectrum Alliance - South Africa

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A brief introduction to Open Spectrum issues in South Africa from the perspective of the Shuttleworth Foundation.

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Open Spectrum Alliance - South Africa

  1. 1. Opening Spectrum in South Africa Steve Song Telecommunications Fellow Shuttleworth Foundation email: steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org blog: http://manypossibilities.net skype: steve_l_song twitter: stevesong
  2. 2. Current regulation Lack of clarity about who is actually using spectrum
  3. 3. W hat kind of a ...like the sky? thing is spectrum? H ow should it be regulated? ...like the ocean?
  4. 4. In general we manage spec trum like real estate.
  5. 5. Which was fine...
  6. 6. ...until the explosive growth of Internet Mobile
  7. 7. ...until the explosive growth of So what needs to happen? Internet Mobile
  8. 8. Not all spectrum is created equal Source: The Mobile Provide: Economic Impacts of Alternative Uses of the Digital Dividend
  9. 9. 1) Independent spectrum audit
  10. 10. 1) Independent spectrum audit g to the best “Accordin a, at any at available d d any one n o ne place a is time in the U.S. it an likely that less th e 10% of availabl e.” us spe ctrum is tinNew America ra h, - Sascha atioin und Me n Fo
  11. 11. 1) Independent spectrum audit st ecent spectr um g to the be Ar , “Accordin a, at any au dit of Dublin av ailable dat any one hat Irela nd showed t le o ne place a nd ila b is the U.S. it 10% onl y 14% of ava se. time in in u n sp ectrum was ons likely th at less tha is icati n - Irish t: Kmymuata Report e spectrum of availabl Co Mark e e D in use.” einrath, New America M - Sascha ation Found
  12. 12. 2) Standards for transparency in spectrum auctions
  13. 13. 2) Standards for transparency in spectrum auctions um Rece nt spectr nited U auct ion in the 0Mhz States of the 70 0 ulted in 2 band res e D revenu billion US ent. nm for gover
  14. 14. 2) Standards for transparency in spectrum auctions d Rece um nt spectr nited W ithout goo atural ,n auct U ion in the 0Mhz g overnance th turns l of the 70 0 res ource wea for States rse ulted in 2 ut to be wo s than if band res e o D revenu trie poor coun ad those billion US ent. th for gover nm they hadn’ all. re sources at tom Billion he Bot - Paul Collier – T
  15. 15. 3) Start sharing spectrum
  16. 16. 3) Start sharing spectrum – Nov 4, 2008 e of Unl icensed us Telev ision White m Spac es spectru e app roved in th Un ited States
  17. 17. 3) Start sharing spectrum – Nov 4, 2008 e of us U nlicensed h it e Te levision W m ctru S paces spe e app roved in th Sep t 26, 2008 – e Un ited States t 802.1 1y-2008 “li rd da licen sing” stan e app roved by th IEEE
  18. 18. Technology is often a better regulator than bureacracy
  19. 19. The Role of Industry Television White Spaces Use of television guard bands Digital dividend spectrum Serendipitous re-use
  20. 20. What's missing? You!
  21. 21. Opportunities in South Africa Digital Television 802.11y Dividend White “lite Spectrum Spaces licensing”
  22. 22. Hand Holding a Mobile Phone by WhiteAfrican Creative Commons http://www.flickr.com/photos/whiteafrican/2736565604/ Sky by Robin Jaffray http://www.flickr.com/photos/robinj/2934399671/ We share this... by Miguel Ramirez http://www.flickr.com/photos/ibizadj/323305938/ At the end of a long day by Gustavog http://www.flickr.com/photos/gustavog/16609600/ At the end of a long day by Gustavog http://www.flickr.com/photos/gustavog/16609600/ Bureaucracy by BostonBill http://www.flickr.com/photos/8533266@N04/1296614397/ King Farouk in the inauguration of the international telecommunications congress 1938 by KodakAgfa http://www.flickr.com/photos/96884693@N00/1509615338/ Other photos courtesy of http://www.istockphoto.com
  23. 23. Steve Song email: steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org blog: http://manypossibilities.net skype: steve_l_song twitter: stevesong

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