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Telecommunications
         Innovation, and
        The Village Telco
                                                   U...
http://www.google.com/publicdata?ds=wb-wdi&met=it_net_user_p2&idim=country:KEN:ZAF:ZWE:MYS:EGY:TUN
http://www.google.com/publicdata?ds=wb-wdi&met=it_net_user_p2&idim=country:KEN:ZAF:ZWE:GBR:MYS:KOR:EGY:TUN
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTIC4D/Resources/5870635-1242066347456/IC4D_2009_Overview.pdf
Connectedness
For
networks,
more isn't       Quantityis
                  ...more
just more...     changes
                   different
...
The Birthday Paradox




5 nodes       s
10 co nnection
                  10 nodes     s
                  45 connection
Communication Networks




12
Efficiencies   Innovation
n enablng innovation
          o                t of        os
                     a  very low c
      “You need         ...
The average
 Kenyan spends
more than 50% of
 their disposable
income on mobile
     services.
1.
 Tinkering
     is the new
 inventing
“Economic growth occurs
   whenever people take
  resources and rearrange
them in ways that are more
       valuable. A us...
What would happen
 if everyone had the
 freedom to tinker
    and adapt their
telephone networks?
2.
 Emergence
     is the new
       order
From a mechanistic
metaphor...
... to a more organic,
living metaphor
Telephone          Internet
Infrastructure   Infrastructure
What would happen
 if we could deploy
telephone networks
more like Internet
     networks?
3.
 Quantity
     is the new
     quality
Google's Search
   Servers

      Lots of
   inexpensive
    commodity
    technology
  outperforms
expensive custom
  mad...
What would happen
    if telephone
infrastructure were
so cheap anyone
 could deploy it?
4.   Atoms
 are the new
       bits
The Cantenna
What would happen
if we could design
our own telecom
  infrastructure?
paradigm
    shift
1995
Walled
gardens
2009
Walled
gardens
expensive, locked down
  telecoms in Africa
         +
   cheap, tinkerable,
broadband technology
          =
     opportu...
Village telco
workshop June 2008
OpenWRT – A linux distribution for embedded devices




  Asterisk – a telephony development toolkit
                     ...
Elektra




Rael Lissoos   David Rowe
Come
join us!
http://villagetelco.org
Creative Commons
 Spice Market by GavinBell                              WRT54G by pabojon
 http://www.flickr.com/photos/g...
Creative Commons
 Paradigm shift keyboard                                 USB hub installed into ASUS eeepc by ©h@n
 http:...
Steve Song
Telecommunications Fellow
Shuttleworth Foundation
  email: steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org
  blog: http:/...
Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco
Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco
Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco
Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco
Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco
Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco
Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco
Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco
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Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco

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A presentation at the University of the Western Cape on why affordability in telecommunications is so important and about a project called the Village Telco which is aimed at driving down the cost of access.

Published in: Technology
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Telecommunications, Innovation, and the Village Telco

  1. 1. Telecommunications Innovation, and The Village Telco UWC 1 March 2010 Steve Song Telecommunications Fellow Shuttleworth Foundation email: steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org blog: http://manypossibilities.net skype: steve_l_song twitter: stevesong
  2. 2. http://www.google.com/publicdata?ds=wb-wdi&met=it_net_user_p2&idim=country:KEN:ZAF:ZWE:MYS:EGY:TUN
  3. 3. http://www.google.com/publicdata?ds=wb-wdi&met=it_net_user_p2&idim=country:KEN:ZAF:ZWE:GBR:MYS:KOR:EGY:TUN
  4. 4. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTIC4D/Resources/5870635-1242066347456/IC4D_2009_Overview.pdf
  5. 5. Connectedness
  6. 6. For networks, more isn't Quantityis ...more just more... changes different everything qualitatively
  7. 7. The Birthday Paradox 5 nodes s 10 co nnection 10 nodes s 45 connection
  8. 8. Communication Networks 12 Efficiencies Innovation
  9. 9. n enablng innovation o t of os a very low c “You need n , r ig ht? If thin gs expe rimentatio w ill ive to try people a re expens rying them a nd r om t h old back f their time trying d all t hey’ll spen st o f not to fai l. If the co d falls though, an exper imentation he n preci pitously, t I mean falls f t im e l sp end a lot o people wil d instead o f n ot g, a n ex perimentin comes to f a il oal be fai ling, the g ar n s o m e t h in g to l e in formatively ried.” h ings you t from the t http://www.cbc.ca/spark/2009/11/full-interview-clay-shirky/
  10. 10. The average Kenyan spends more than 50% of their disposable income on mobile services.
  11. 11. 1. Tinkering is the new inventing
  12. 12. “Economic growth occurs whenever people take resources and rearrange them in ways that are more valuable. A useful metaphor for production in an economy comes from the kitchen. To create valuable final products, we mix inexpensive ingredients together according to a recipe.” - Paul Romer http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/EconomicGrowth.html
  13. 13. What would happen if everyone had the freedom to tinker and adapt their telephone networks?
  14. 14. 2. Emergence is the new order
  15. 15. From a mechanistic metaphor...
  16. 16. ... to a more organic, living metaphor
  17. 17. Telephone Internet Infrastructure Infrastructure
  18. 18. What would happen if we could deploy telephone networks more like Internet networks?
  19. 19. 3. Quantity is the new quality
  20. 20. Google's Search Servers Lots of inexpensive commodity technology outperforms expensive custom made servers.
  21. 21. What would happen if telephone infrastructure were so cheap anyone could deploy it?
  22. 22. 4. Atoms are the new bits
  23. 23. The Cantenna
  24. 24. What would happen if we could design our own telecom infrastructure?
  25. 25. paradigm shift
  26. 26. 1995 Walled gardens
  27. 27. 2009 Walled gardens
  28. 28. expensive, locked down telecoms in Africa + cheap, tinkerable, broadband technology = opportunity
  29. 29. Village telco workshop June 2008
  30. 30. OpenWRT – A linux distribution for embedded devices Asterisk – a telephony development toolkit Afrimesh – mesh management and mapping tool A2Billing – an Open Source billing system for Asterisk
  31. 31. Elektra Rael Lissoos David Rowe
  32. 32. Come join us! http://villagetelco.org
  33. 33. Creative Commons Spice Market by GavinBell WRT54G by pabojon http://www.flickr.com/photos/gavinbell/35089898/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/pabojon/85742230/ BY NC ND BY NC SA Eric Schmidt, Sergey Brin, and Larry Page by Joi Linksys WRT54G Hacking by RobotSkirts http://www.flickr.com/photos/joi/2505321929 http://www.flickr.com/photos/hackaday/1455548596/ BY BY SA before the Internet... by Esthr Day 107 – Tinkering by JonSaunders http://www.flickr.com/photos/edyson/232866145/ www.flickr.com/photos/jonpsaunders/3452950823/ BY NC network neurons 2 by gerard79 Mosquitoe http://www.sxc.hu/browse.phtml?f=download&id=1043923 www.uhh.hawaii.edu/.../images/joe-mosquito.jpg BY BY NC With Age Comes Complexity by Ecstaticist Google Server by NiallKennedy http://www.flickr.com/photos/ecstaticist/2969032490/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/niallkennedy/102932643 BY NC SA BY NC
  34. 34. Creative Commons Paradigm shift keyboard USB hub installed into ASUS eeepc by ©h@n http://www.flickr.com/photos/askpang/327577395/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffreychan/2736451852/ BY NC SA BY NC ND Internet Map hello, world by oskay http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Internet_map_1 http://www.flickr.com/photos/oskay/472097903/ 024.jpg BY BY Eyes of Fubuki, #2 by krazydad / jbum Informal Settlement - by imraani http://www.flickr.com/photos/krazydad/39759836/ flickr.com/photos/la_grasse_matinee/2446701046 BY NC SA BY NC SA time by ŽakQ100 http://www.flickr.com/photos/zakq100/1576540418/ BY NC SA Pop!Tech 2008 - Clay Shirky by Pop!tech http://www.flickr.com/photos/poptech2006/2968666297 BY
  35. 35. Steve Song Telecommunications Fellow Shuttleworth Foundation email: steve.song@shuttleworthfoundation.org blog: http://manypossibilities.net skype: steve_l_song twitter: stevesong

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