EnterpriseArchitecturePlatform for connected governm practice                              ent& Innovation
Session Overview•    Understanding EA•    Structuring an    Architect    Organization•    Exploring    Frameworks and    M...
Topic 1:UnderstandingEAEnterprise Architecture isBusiness Value
Topic:What is EAn   We must differentiate between    n    An Enterprise ARCHITECTURE    n    An Enterprise ARCHITECTn   En...
Topic:Architecture and ‘The Business”n Architecture   is traditionally an IT groupn We     have allowed IT to function as ...
Topic:The Two Parts of GovernmentEAn Internal        to                      n External                                   ...
Topic:Internal to Governmentn Government      has a massive impact on architecture  practice  n   Government internal stan...
Topic:Government and Professionsn Government       may stimulate the new architecture  economy  n   Education programs thr...
Topic:Constituent Value MostImportant in Governmentsn Inthe public sector technology must generate  constituent (citizen, ...
Topic 2:Structuring anArchitectOrganizationHow You Build a SuccessfulArchitecture Organization
Topic:Aspects of a CompleteEnterprise Architecturen A great        enterprise architecture will possess two  components  n...
Topic:The Principles of Architecture
Topic:The Components ofArchitecture
Architect Deployment Prototype                                              Enterprise                                    ...
Unique Skill SetEnterprise ArchitectureSoftware     Infrastructure Information BusinessArchitecture Architecture   Archite...
Architect Career Path
Iasa Engagement Modeln   The engagement model describes all ways architects    touch a business or customer.n   It determi...
Engagement Is                   Every way architecture                     touches a business                             ...
Iasa Engagement Modeln   Engagement is not abstract, it is about contribution to    shareholder valuen   It includes all c...
Engagement Maturity Modeln   Assess your organization against value deliveryn   Ensure you architects are functioning as a...
Maturity CategoriesEngagement           Shareholder            Shareholder            Technology          Technology      ...
Topic 3:ExploringFrameworksand2: ImplementingLessonMethodologiesFrameworks For YourOrganization
Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologies
Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologiesWhen there is no clear winner, you have two choices:n   Adopt the closest “stan...
Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologies
Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologiesRate criterionusing a one-to-four ratingsystem
Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologies n Antipatterns:   n   Adopting a framework and methodology because its industr...
Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologies Learning assessmentn   List some core elements across most enterprise-level ar...
Topic:Determine the Best Adoption ApproachWhen there is no clear winner, you have two choices:n   Adopt the closest “stand...
Topic:Determine the Best Adoption ApproachStandard framework and methodologies - benefits:n   It is simple and iterativen ...
Topic:Determine the Best Adoption ApproachHybrid framework and methodologies - benefits:n   There is often better usabilit...
Topic:Determine the Best Adoption ApproachOnce you choose:n   Determine which elements    and components will be    implem...
Topic:Determine the Best Adoption Approach n Antipatterns:     n   Allow a culture of distrust between the technology and ...
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Enterprise Architecture platform for connected government Practice & Innovation

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Enterprise Architecture platform for connected government Practice & Innovation

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Enterprise Architecture platform for connected government Practice & Innovation

  1. 1. EnterpriseArchitecturePlatform for connected governm practice ent& Innovation
  2. 2. Session Overview• Understanding EA• Structuring an Architect Organization• Exploring Frameworks and Methodologies
  3. 3. Topic 1:UnderstandingEAEnterprise Architecture isBusiness Value
  4. 4. Topic:What is EAn We must differentiate between n An Enterprise ARCHITECTURE n An Enterprise ARCHITECTn Enterprise Architecture models and documents 1. The technology strategy 2. Aspects of the overall businessn Enterprise Architects 1. Own the technology strategy 2. Participate in business strategy (as equals)
  5. 5. Topic:Architecture and ‘The Business”n Architecture is traditionally an IT groupn We have allowed IT to function as a business unit n Valuation techniques n Technology led business transformationn This allows us entry into more traditional aspects of strategic planningn WARNING: Lose your technology capability and you lose your core value proposition
  6. 6. Topic:The Two Parts of GovernmentEAn Internal to n External to Government Government n Technology Strategy for n Education Government n Career Growth and Support n Models and Deliverables n Job Market n People and Skills n Country Competitive Advantage
  7. 7. Topic:Internal to Governmentn Government has a massive impact on architecture practice n Government internal standards drive vendor capabilities n Vendors hire and train the largest number of architects n Government job descriptions may be codified into law
  8. 8. Topic:Government and Professionsn Government may stimulate the new architecture economy n Education programs through secondary and university n Corporate competitive advantage n Jobs n Service based growth internal and external to the country n Tools and product marketplace n Liability and responsibility
  9. 9. Topic:Constituent Value MostImportant in Governmentsn Inthe public sector technology must generate constituent (citizen, member, etc) valuen Constituent value is a measurable quantity of improvement of some variable important to an individual or groupn Example: Voting machines make voting easier by a specific amount
  10. 10. Topic 2:Structuring anArchitectOrganizationHow You Build a SuccessfulArchitecture Organization
  11. 11. Topic:Aspects of a CompleteEnterprise Architecturen A great enterprise architecture will possess two components n Architecture Principles – the ethos and people n Architecture Components – the structure and deliverablesn Combining BOTH is the only way to succedd
  12. 12. Topic:The Principles of Architecture
  13. 13. Topic:The Components ofArchitecture
  14. 14. Architect Deployment Prototype Enterprise Architects Enterprise Finance Sales LOB ITBusiness InformationArchitects Architects Business Capability Infrastructur Software Architect e Architects Data Center Software Software Architect Architect
  15. 15. Unique Skill SetEnterprise ArchitectureSoftware Infrastructure Information BusinessArchitecture Architecture Architecture ArchitectureFoundation Body of Knowledge Design Human Dynamics Quality Attributes IT Environment Business Technology StrategyThe use, disclosure, reproduction, modification, transfer, or
  16. 16. Architect Career Path
  17. 17. Iasa Engagement Modeln The engagement model describes all ways architects touch a business or customer.n It determines the success or failure of an architect team.n It includes: 1. Setting goals of the architecture team 2. Selecting appropriate terms/definitions/PAREs (Publicly Accessible Resource Elements such as TOGAF) 3. Structuring architecture roles and processes
  18. 18. Engagement Is Every way architecture touches a business o Good r BadThe use, disclosure, reproduction, modification, transfer, or transmittal of this work without the written permission of IASA is strictly prohibited. © IASA 2010
  19. 19. Iasa Engagement Modeln Engagement is not abstract, it is about contribution to shareholder valuen It includes all conversations/decisions that impact technology strategyn It is similar to the way finance engages a business/customern It may be run top-down, bottom-up, or middle-out
  20. 20. Engagement Maturity Modeln Assess your organization against value deliveryn Ensure you architects are functioning as a teamn Grow your program through stable phases of architecturen 4 levels n None n Repeatable n
  21. 21. Maturity CategoriesEngagement Shareholder Shareholder Technology Technology Investment Value Costs ValueArchitect Shareholder Level of shareholder Cost of The calculation,interaction with awareness and value created. maintenance and amounts andenterprise. active investment in new development reporting ofSpecialization and technology as a including all technologyactivity adoption. profit center. elements related contribution to to Technology shareholder value. Value.Project & Strategy Partner Org GovernanceProgram Integration Ecosystem SatisfactionSuccessThe methodology The amount of The amount and type Organizational The ongoingby which projects inclusion of of inclusion in awareness and management ofare measured for architecture and IT technology in rating of execution againstsuccess and the in strategy planning partner value and technology strategic goals.relationship to and delivery. integration. support oftechnology value. business objectives and direct support of their roles.
  22. 22. Topic 3:ExploringFrameworksand2: ImplementingLessonMethodologiesFrameworks For YourOrganization
  23. 23. Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologies
  24. 24. Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologiesWhen there is no clear winner, you have two choices:n Adopt the closest “standard” framework and methodologyn Adopt a hybrid approach to create your own
  25. 25. Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologies
  26. 26. Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologiesRate criterionusing a one-to-four ratingsystem
  27. 27. Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologies n Antipatterns: n Adopting a framework and methodology because its industry standard n Architects not understanding the similarities in both elements and components across various frameworks and methodologies. The need to contrast and compare. n Pick just what you want out of the framework ignoring the reset. n Using status quo thinking in selecting frameworks and methodologies and their elements/components. n Not collecting the “as-is” state of what is currently in use.
  28. 28. Topic:Exploring Frameworks andMethodologies Learning assessmentn List some core elements across most enterprise-level architecture frameworks.n List some core elements across most enterprise-level architecture methodologies.n What do frameworks and methodologies commonly provide at the following levels: n Business n Enterprise Architecture n Project/SDLC n Operations n Maturityn How do frameworks and methodologies commonly differ at the following levels: n Business n Enterprise Architecture n Project/SDLC n Operations n Maturityn Why is the Architects’ understanding of the business requirements necessary for selecting a framework and methodology?n Explain a framework and methodology’s “usability”?
  29. 29. Topic:Determine the Best Adoption ApproachWhen there is no clear winner, you have two choices:n Adopt the closest “standard” framework and methodologyn Adopt a hybrid approach to create your own
  30. 30. Topic:Determine the Best Adoption ApproachStandard framework and methodologies - benefits:n It is simple and iterativen Usability and adoption constantly evaluatedn Customization held to minimum; closer alignment to the “standard” with reduced costn Being “standard” means there are more resources and tools availablen Individuals learn harvested best practices and methods fostering new thinking rather than applying status quo thought; increases innovation.n A full rest is a real possibility even with a hybrid approach
  31. 31. Topic:Determine the Best Adoption ApproachHybrid framework and methodologies - benefits:n There is often better usability and adoption as the framework and methodology is customized to the Organization’s culturen Often the Organization current taxonomy can be incorporated to reduce confusing and re-trainingn The framework and methodology is made up of best-of-breed elements and components selected to specifically meet the Organizations and Practices requirements.n Depending of the Organization and industry there may be some advantage in this being “our own framework and methodology”
  32. 32. Topic:Determine the Best Adoption ApproachOnce you choose:n Determine which elements and components will be implemented firstn Determine order of implementation to allow phasing
  33. 33. Topic:Determine the Best Adoption Approach n Antipatterns: n Allow a culture of distrust between the technology and business folks and between the delivery and architecture teams. n Commit only at a single level of the organization n Frameworks and methodologies cannot solve people problems n They can only provide a context in which those problems can be solved.

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