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Preliminary Research and Investigation into my Dissertation Topic Larry A. Cochran October 27, 2009
Question, Focus, Connection <ul><ul><li>Research question:  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What roles do religious and edu...
Key Findings <ul><ul><li>colleges and religious institutions were the major contributors to the formation of community dev...
Key Findings (cont.) <ul><ul><li>learned helplessness can explain the school of thought change that occurred during the pe...
Key Findings (cont.) <ul><ul><li>according to Mendenhall (2003) developing a pathway to economic mobility for minority fam...
Discussion and Recommendation <ul><ul><li>Research sustains the belief that some kind of relationship exists between educa...
Discussion and Recommendation (cont.) <ul><ul><li>While research continues, some residents began to develop a sense of lea...
Discussion and Recommendation (cont.) <ul><ul><li>This research topic will help develop a broader understanding of the two...
References <ul><ul><li>Immergluck, D., & Smith, G. (2003, November). Measuring neighborhood diversity and stability in hom...
References <ul><ul><li>Auster, E. (1988, July). Owner and organizational characteristics of black- and white-owned busines...
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Dissertation Topic

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Quick overview of my current dissertation topic and research question.

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Transcript of "Dissertation Topic"

  1. 1. Preliminary Research and Investigation into my Dissertation Topic Larry A. Cochran October 27, 2009
  2. 2. Question, Focus, Connection <ul><ul><li>Research question: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What roles do religious and educational systems play in the economic development of predominately black Chicago neighborhoods? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is a focus study on the periods immediately following the peak of the civil rights movement, 1970 to 2000, hoping to understand the effects lower educational expectations, lowered moral expectations, and decreased neighborhood safety, which helps to define the trickledown effect of slower economic development within predominately black communities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community based business and public educational institutions will enjoy a greater understanding as to the needs, motivations, and priorities of the black communities in which they serve. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Key Findings <ul><ul><li>colleges and religious institutions were the major contributors to the formation of community development corporations (CDC) and were charged with the task of evaluating the needs of the community and making community life a satisfying experience in terms of researched defined perimeters (Shipp & Branch, 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>researchers have used conventional measures to assess the impacts of faith-based community development and university partnerships as CDC’s (Shipp & Branch, 2006; Maurasse, 2001; Reardon, 2000; Vidal, 1999) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there is a correlation between resources and the development of these communities (Auster, 1998) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there is a relationship between politics and its norms and how they affect black social institutions engaged in the redevelopment process (Hyra, 2003; Hyra, 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>findings would have a tremendous impact on any research about economic development and education due to the new political environment of religious institutions and colleges (Hill, 1994). </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Key Findings (cont.) <ul><ul><li>learned helplessness can explain the school of thought change that occurred during the period between the late 1960’s and the early 1970’s in black communities rendering it unwilling to fight for change. Alloy et el, (1984) suggests that their study of people with global attribution styles for negative outcomes are particularly vulnerable to debilitating behavioral and emotional responses to negative events. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Littlefield, (2005) found in a study of community self-help ability of the local churches, that the larger the church then the more resources. Littlefield further found that the more advanced educational training of the churches leadership then the more the serve community development functions they will serve, and finally the better the class status of the church members then the more advantages that will be open to that particular community. The conclusion was that church resource availability is important factor in community involvement (Littlefield, 2005). </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Key Findings (cont.) <ul><ul><li>according to Mendenhall (2003) developing a pathway to economic mobility for minority families presents a constant challenge for policy makers and for activists (Mendenhall, 2003; Hill, 1994). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>research suggest that structural constraints in poor neighborhoods significantly limit access to education and employment (Mendenhall, 2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>structural constraints in poor communities significantly limit access to education and employment which hinders economic mobility (Mendenhall, 2003; Ludwig, Duncan, and Pinkston, 2000; Wilson 1987). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>community conditions have been linked to greater employment opportunities and economic independence (Mendenhall, 2003; Kling, Liebman & Kats, 2001; Ludwig, Duncan, and Pinkston, 1999; and Wilson, 1987). </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Discussion and Recommendation <ul><ul><li>Research sustains the belief that some kind of relationship exists between education, employment, and community resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The merit in continuing the investigation into the direct correlation of these variables is very much warranted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Along with research data about resources it is important to understand the role of community development corporations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The history of the CDC in black communities is deeply rooted in the black church and the black college, as they were instrumental during previous eras in mobilizing the community for change (Shipp and Branch, 2006). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the peak years of the civil rights movement focus shifted in low-income communities and so did the priorities of the residents. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Discussion and Recommendation (cont.) <ul><ul><li>While research continues, some residents began to develop a sense of learned helplessness, where they formed a global attribution style of understanding negative situation and blamed a lack of resources exclusively on governmental factors and outside facilitators. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As the residents lost their since of hope, they began to rely on groups other than the local church and colleges for survival. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The colleges and churches lost some of their perceived power and influence rendering the communities in which they continue to operate, weak and vulnerable. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The community does not have the past voices of reason helping to push it toward stronger and more realistic means of economic survival. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Discussion and Recommendation (cont.) <ul><ul><li>This research topic will help develop a broader understanding of the two disciplines in which I am currently under, education and business. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In order to better develop curriculum suitable to urban economics and to help persuade the colleges and universities to seek to regain traction in the fight for the community, this research will spark that fire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The educational foundation is essential in the building of a community, since an undereducated community will not be able to properly attract resources, nor sustain any level of economic viability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The business foundation is to help to become more environmentally efficient with the allocation of any resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With a Masters of Business Administration emphasizing Education and Organization Leadership, a Doctor of Education in Higher Education Leadership, and real world working experience, I feel that I will have secured the knowledge and skills needed to fill the curriculum void. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now it is needful to understand the connection of the future lectures with the community in which I hope and plan to serve. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. References <ul><ul><li>Immergluck, D., & Smith, G. (2003, November). Measuring neighborhood diversity and stability in home-buying: Examining patterns by race and income in a robust housing market. Journal of Urban Affairs , 25 (4), 473. Retrieved September 19, 2009, doi:10.1111/1467-9906.00173 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyra, D. (2003, August 16). City politics and black civil society: The transformation of Bronzeville and Harlem. Conference Papers -- American Sociological Association , Retrieved September 19, 2009, doi:asa_proceeding_9340.PDF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alloy, L., Peterson, C., Abramson, L., & Seligman, M. (1984). Attribution style and the generality of learned helplessness. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology , 46 (3), 681-687. http://search.ebscohost.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Littlefield, M. (2005). The black church and community development and self-help: The Next Phase of Social Equality. Western Journal of Black Studies , 29 (4), 687-693. http://search.ebscohost.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyra, D. (2006, March). Racial uplift? Intra-racial class conflict and the economic revitalization of Harlem and Bronzeville. City & Community , 5 (1), 71-92. Retrieved September 19, 2009, doi:10.1111/j.1540-6040.2006.00156.x </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. References <ul><ul><li>Auster, E. (1988, July). Owner and organizational characteristics of black- and white-owned businesses: Self-employed blacks had less training, fewer resources, less profits, but had similar survival rates. American Journal of Economics & Sociology , 47 (3), 331-344. Retrieved September 19, 2009, from Business Source Premier database. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mendenhall, R. (2003, August 16). Pathways to economic independence: Qualitative results from the Gautreaux Program. Conference Papers -- American Sociological Association , Retrieved September 19, 2009, doi:asa_proceeding_10091.PDF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hill, R. (1994). The role of the black church in community and economic development Activities. National Journal of Sociology , 8 (1/2), 149-159. http://search.ebscohost.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Villemez, W. (1980, December). Race, class, and neighborhood: Differences in the residential return on individual resources. Social Forces , 59 (2), 414-430. Retrieved September 19, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shipp, S., & Branch, C. (2006, Winter2006). Local residents' wishes and black college/black church community development corporations. Journal of African American Studies , 10 (3), 32-45. Retrieved September 19, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database. </li></ul></ul>
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