In the film a Clockwork Orange by Stanley Kubrick (based on the novel by Anthony Burgees) Ivan Pavlovs classical conditioningmethod is a defining theme. In a dystopian future main character Alex is a delinquent teen withviolent and sexual aggressive tendencies, among other criminal behaviors. Upon a framed arrest Alex is considered a candidate for a classicalconditioning process. He is forced to view films of rape, war, theft, violence, death etc. by keepinghis eyes pried open. The goal of this method is to condition the candidate into becoming ill at the sight or thought of things he once would find pleasing. The videos silent combined with classical music (Ludwig Van Beethoven) alsoconditioned Alex to become ill at the sound of his music he so cherished. Although the urges were not repressed the sickness (nausea) would prevent him from committing acts relative to those shown in the films. However, the conditioning also stripped his ability to remain well when faced with natural instincts such as self-defence or sexual desire. Psychology 2nd Canadian Edition Page 10 C.1
In this episode of The Big Bang Theory, Main Characters Sheldon and Penny demonstrate B.F. Skinners theory of Operant conditioning. Unlike Classical conditioning, operant focuses on reinforcement to promote a desired behaviour. Sheldon rewards Penny with a chocolate when she responds with Sheldons Desired Behavior. B.F. Skinner tested this theory on rats that was focusing on how voluntary behaviour is learned (Ciccarelli, 2012). After watching the video you may understand the incidences that Sheldon finds uninteresting. For example, Penny begins talking about something Sheldon prefers not to hear about, when she stops talking she is rewarded with a chocolate. Sheldon’s goal is to eventually have Penny to voluntarily act in this desired behaviour without reinforcement. Psychology Second Canadian Edition Page 11 C.1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qy_mIEnnlF4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SePL2w5f6dEThis video explains how music is a “natural drug of happiness”. It describes how when wehear music we feel good because it triggers the Chemical Dopamine, which is the chemical in your brain responsible for emotions. “Dopamine is Excitatory or inhibitory; involved in control of movement and sensations of pleasure”. Personally I have also used music to make me feel better. When I am sad especially certain songs can have the ability to bring me up from a low point. Psychology Second Canadian Edition Page 53 Chapter 2
Psychology 2nd Canadian Edition Chapter 2 Page 53
Meet me in the middle of the morning When the crows fly highest in the sky Serotonin by Mystery Jets uses a Couldnt you hear me calling? I was up looking for you all night play on words describing theOh, but I never found you No matter how feeling the singer may have hard I tried to Oh, no, I never found you about a girl named “Sarah Tonin”. Sarah, if only you knew Where the song is also describing Serotonin, youre burning a hole into my heart Felt like I was floating But now the brain chemical: Serotonin. youre coming down with you so Down Serotonin is the chemical in your with you so hard brain that may control the wayMeet me at the bottom of the ocean Feel its fingers tickling our skin You mix your we feel. When you are in love, magic potion The old familiar feeling the chemical that allows that starts to kick in person is continuously in your But now its fading and I cant hear what thoughts, making you feel happy. youre saying It feels like its slipping through my fingers Its fading and I cant (http://www.youramazingbrain.ohear what youre saying It feels like youre rg/lovesex/sciencelove.htm) slipping, but Its just the serotonin Its burning a holeinto my heart Felt like I was frozen Yeah, but now Im coming up so hard Serotonin Girl, youre really tearing me apart It felt like I was frozen Yeah, but now Im coming up so hardSara, serotonin, Sara, serotonin Now Im coming up so hard Sarah, serotonin,Sarah, serotonin And now Im coming up so hard
Fight Club is a film and novel that explores several areas of psychology. Insomnia is a huge part of the film as it is the main cause of several other events that happen in the story line. The main Character experiences insomnia and is denied help. The disorder creates further obstacles including depression, anger, and multiple personality disorders. In Psychology Core Concepts we discuss Insomnia as being one of the main sleep disorders. The textbook Psychology Second Canadian Edition describes Insomnia as a disorder is when one has challenges getting to, staying, or getting enough sleep. Insomnia may be caused by anxiety. In fight club the main characters finds a way to relieve stress in the day resulting in him sleeping at night time.Psychology 2nd Canadian Edition Chapter 4 Page
The YouTube Video: Hypnosis: Lucid Dreaming is an example of the process of hypnosis. The voice encourages you to relax and listen to the voice as you follow a series of steps working up towards become in a hypnotic state. Hypnosis is a state of consciousness where one is susceptible to suggestion. (Ciccarelli, 2012). This video in specific walks you through a Lucid Dream that they may control. I attempted several of the hypnosis videos provided by the same YouTube user (Ultra Hypnosis). Unfortunately it did not work for me, however I better understand what one may experience while hypnotised. Hypnosis doesn’t work for everybody it is an altered state of conciseness that may only work on those who wish to be hypnotized (Ciccarelli, 2012). Psychology 2nd Canadian Edition Chap.4 Pg. 152http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uk6VTM_ZiYA
Gestalt Institute is a blog that gives examples of Gestalt theory principles through perception of optical illusions and images that trick the eye. “Gestalt perception: The eye tends to ‘fill in’ the blanks here and see both of these figures as circles rather than as a series of dots or a broken line. (Ciccarelli, 2012). This blog has good examples of Gestalt principles in Art and how the perception can trick the eye to see different things. One example has the scenery of a village with a man playing guitar on a roof. The further back the houses in the image go the more the houses become to look like an audience at a concert. You r eye at first might not see this.Psychology 2nd Canadian Edition C.1 Page 9
The big bang theory pictures : http://s2.hubimg.com/u/5251353_f520.jpgHypnosis pictures: http://www.legacy.augiemania.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/06/hypnosis.gifhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uk6VTM_ZiYAhttp://www.learntohypnotize.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/self-hypnosis.jpgKubrick, S. ( (1971). A Clockwork Orange [Film]. (“film adaptation of Anthony Burgesss 1962novella A Clockwork Orange.” Wikipedia)Fincher, D (1999). Fight Club [Film].(“Fight Club is a 1999 American film based on the 1996 novel of the same name by ChuckPalahniuk.” Wikipedia)Source: Psychology Second Canadian Edition by Saundra K CiccarelliDopamine Video and picture http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SePL2w5f6dE
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