Evolution of Indian Cinema- From It's Birth to Present
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Evolution of Indian Cinema- From It's Birth to Present

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Evolution Of Indian Cinema- From It's birth to present......

Evolution Of Indian Cinema- From It's birth to present......

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Evolution of Indian Cinema- From It's Birth to Present Evolution of Indian Cinema- From It's Birth to Present Presentation Transcript

  • EVOLUTION OF INDIAN CINEMA PRESENTED BY: AHMED ASIF ANKITA SUMAN ANKUR RAJ DIBYA DHAR KALLOL BALA RONIT BANERJEE MENTOR: POULOMI ROY CHOUDHURY(BHATTACHARJEE)
  • INDIAN CINEMA-THE BEGINNING ‘THIS IS A THOUSAND TIMES BETTER THAN THE LIVE CIRCUSES PERFORMED BY REAL PERSONS. MOREOVER IT IS NOT VERY COSTLY…. EVERYBODY SHOULD VIEW THIS STRANGE PHENOMENON.’ A LOCAL INDIAN NEWSPAPER ,19TH CENTURY.
  • BIRTH OF INDIAN CINEMA  JULY 7TH, 1896, LUMIERE BROTHERS SCREENED THEIR SHOT FILMS IN MUMBAI - A VERY SMALL CONTRIBUTION TOWARDS THE BIRTH OF INDIAN CINEMA .  SOON AFTER HIRALAL SEN, WITH BRITISH ASSISTANCE, MADE HIS FIRST FILM A DANCING SCENE. PERHAPS BHATAVDEKAR TOO SHOT A DOCUMENTARY FILM ‘ THE WRESTLERS’, 1899, REELS BEING PROCESSED IN UK.  FOLLOWING YEAR HIRALAL SEN FORMED THE ROYAL BIOSCOPE COMPANY – FIRST FILM PRODUCTION HOUSE IN BENGAL AS WELL AS IN INDIA IN THE YEAR 1898.  FAMOUS FILMS UNDER THE BIOSCOPE COMPANY WERE ALI BABA AND FORTY THIEVES(1903) , ANTI PARTITION DEMONSTRATION(1905), SWADESHI MOVEMENT(1905) AND MANY OTHERS .
  •  FIRST INDIAN MOVIE RELEASED WAS A SILENT MARATHI MOVIE ‘SHREE PUNDALIK’ MAY1912. HOWEVER IT WAS NOT CONSIDERED AS AN INDIAN MOVIE. REASON: FOREIGN INTERFERENCE. WHICH WAS THE FIRST INDIAN MOVIE ????  ‘RAJA HARISCHANDRA’ ,A SILENT MARATHI MOVIE WAS THEREFORE CONSIDERED AS THE FIRST FULL LENGTH INDIAN MOTION PICTURE, PRODUCED BY DADASAHEB PHALKE IN 1913.  ARDESHIR IRANI RELEASED THE FIRST INDIAN TALKIE FILM THAT WAS KNOWN AS ‘ALAM ARA’ , 14 MARCH,1931.  PRODUCTION HOUSE ‘BOMBAY TALKIES’ CAME UP IN 1934. FILMMAKER R.S.D CHOUDHARY PRODUCED ‘THE WORTH’ , 1930, WAS BANNED BY THE BRITISHERS.
  • WHAT IS PARALLEL CINEMA ???
  • PARALLEL CINEMA  PARALLEL CINEMA, AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE MAIN STREAM INDIAN CINEMA.  ORIGINATED IN BENGAL IN THE 1950’S. IT IS KNOWN FOR ITS SERIOUS CONTENT REALISM AND NATURALISM.  SOME OF THE PIONEERS WERE SATYAJIT RAY, GURUDUTT,RITWIK GHATAK & MANY OTHERS . SATYAJIT RAY FAMOUS FILMS WERE DO BIGHA ZAMIN (1953), PATHER PANCHALI(1955), PYAASA (1957) , APU TRIOLOGY(1959) ETC.
  • GOLDEN AGE OF INDIAN CINEMA FOLLOWING INDIA’S INDEPENDENCE, THE PERIOD FROM LATE 1944 -60 IS REGARDED BY THE FILM HISTORIANS AS THE GOLDEN AGE OF INDIA CINEMA. FILMS SUCH AS MEHBOOB KHAN’S MOTHER INDIA WAS NOMINATED FOR THE FOR THE BEST FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM. CHETAN ANAND’S NEECHA NAGAR WON THE GRAND PRIZE AT THE FIRST CANNES FILM FESTIVAL. TELUGU FILM MAYABAZAR AND NARTHANASALA WAS LISTED BY IBN LIVE’S 2013 POLL AS THE GREATEST FILM OF ALL TIMES. TAMIL MOVIE CHANDRALEKHA ALSO CAME UP DURING THIS PERIOD. SOUND AND CRITICS POLL RANKED SATYAJIT RAY’S APU TRIOLOGY 4TH , THE MUSIC ROOM AS 27TH & CHARULATA AS 31ST IN THE YEAR 1992. IN 2005 , THE APU TRIOLOGY AND PYAASA WERE FEATURED IN TIME MAGAZINE’S ALL TIMES 100 BEST MOVIES LIST. SOON AFTER CAME UP MODERN INDIAN CINEMA WITH THE RISE OF AMITABH BACHHAN, DHARMENDRA & MANY OTHERS.
  • DIVERSITY OF INDIAN CINEMA MULTILINGUALS WERE THE QUEER KIND OF MOVIES THAT WERE DEVELOPED IN THE 1930’S ERA. IN THIS CATEGORY A SINGLE MOVIE WAS SHOT IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES WITH DIFFERENT LEADING ACTRESS.  THERE ARE ABOUT APPROXIMATELY 16 DIFFERENT FILM INDUSTRIES IN INDIA, DEPENDING UPON THE LANGUAGE USED BY AN INDIVIDUAL INDUSTRY. WE HAVE CATEGORISED THE INDIAN FILM INDUSTRY INTO THREE MAIN HEAD:  HINDI  BENGALI  SOUTH INDIAN
  • MODERN INDIAN CINEMA THE 1970’S DID NEVERTHELESS, SEE THE RISE OF COMMERCIAL INDIAN CINEMA WITH ENDURING FILMS SUCH AS SHOLAY., STARRED BY BIG B & DHARMENDRA..  ANOTHER IMPORTANT FILM WAS DEEWAR DIRECTED BY YASH CHOPRA, BASED ON REAL LIFE SMUGGLER HAJI MASTAN TELUGU FILM SANKARABHARANAM CAME UP WITH THE REVIVAL OF INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC. KANNADA FILM TABARANA KATHE DEALT WITH INADEQUATE GOVERNANCE WAS SCREENED AT VARIOUS FILM FESTIVALS INCLUDING TOKYO AND RUSSIA. COMMERCIAL HINDI CINEMAS FURTHER GREW UP FILMS SUCH AS MR. INDIA(1987), QAUAMAT SE QAUAMAT TAK(1988),BAAZIGAR(1993), DILWALE DULHANIYA…(1995), KUCH KUCH HOTA HAI(1998), LAAGAN(2001).  NEAR WERE THE DAYS OF RAMGOPAL VERMA ,ANURAG KASHYAP,SANJAY BHANSALI WHO CAME UP WITH FILMS WHICH WERE FAMOUS WORLWIDE.
  • GLOBAL IMPACT OF INDIAN CINEMA  INDIAN FILMS HITTING THE OSCAR.  ENCOURAGEMENT OF INDIAN CINEMA THROUGH INTERNATIONAL AWARDS. (IIFA)  APPEARANCE OF INDIAN FILMS AT INTERNATIONAL FILM FESTIVALS.  LUCRATIVE BUISNESS OVER THE GLOBE.
  • SOME WORLDWIDE FAMOUS INDIAN MOVIES  MOTHER INDIA – AN OSCAR NOMINEE, PORTRAYED THE PICTURE OF AN INDIAN MOTHER WHICH WAS DIFFERENT FROM MINDSET OF PEOPLE OF THAT PERIOD.  AAMIR KHAN STARER 3-IDIOTS GOT A OVERWHELMING RESPONSE IN CHINA WHERE IT WAS RELEASED A COUPLE OF WEEKS AGO. INDIAN MOVIES RA.ONE AND ROBOT PROVED THAT INDIAN CINEMA COULD ALSO MATCH WITH THE STANDARDS OF HOLLYWOOD MOVIE IN TERMS OF TECHNOLOGY.
  • NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF INDIAN CINEMA  BIASING OF YOUTH TOWARDS CIGARRETE, ALCOHOL AND DRUGS ETC.  AFFAIRS AND UNSOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS.  VULGARITY  MURDER,SHOOTOUTS AND OTHER FORMS OF VIOLENCE.
  • INDIAN FILM AWARDS  NATIONAL FILM AWARDS INTRODUCED IN 1954 ,HOLDS EVERY YEAR AT DELHI & AWARDED BY PRESIDENT OF INDIA.IT’S THE MOST PRESTIGIOUS AWARD AND CONSIDERED EQUIVALENT TO AMERICAN ACADEMY AWARD. AWARDWINNING FLIMS ARE ALSO SCREENED DURING THE EVENT . THE FLIMFARE AWARD INTRODUCED IN THE SAME YEAR ARE PRESENTED ANUALLY BY “THE TIMES GROUP OF INDIA” TO HONOUR EXCELLENCE IN CINEMATIC ACHIEVEMENTS.ALSO REFERRED AS “CLARE AWARDS” AFTER THE CHIEF EDITOR OF TIMES OF INDIA ,“CLARE MENDOCA” ,THE FIRST OF ITS KIND TO COUNT PUBLIC VOTE FOR EVALUATION OF THE AWARD.  IIFA , KNOWN AS INTERNATIONAL INDIAN FILM ACADEMY AWARD INSTITUTED IN 2000 IS FAMOUS FOR ORGANIZING THE EVENT AROUND THE WORLD EVERY YEAR.THIS AWARD CEREMONY HAS BEEN ORGANIZED BY WIZCRAFT INTERNATIONAL ENTERTAINMENT PVT .LTD. THE LARGEST EVENT ORGANIZER IN INDIA.  STARDUST AWARD ANOTHER FAMOUS AWARD EVENT IN INDIAN CINEMA CIRCUIT WAS STARTED IN THE YEAR 2003.
  • INDIAN FILM INSTITUTES REGIONAL GOVERNMENT FILM AND TELEVISION INSTITUTE (RGFTI), GUWAHATI. CITY PULSE INSTITUTE OF FILM & TELEVISION, GANDHINAGAR, GUJARAT FILM AND TELEVISION INSTITUTE OF INDIA, PUNE INDIAN FILM AND TELEVISION INSTITUTE (IFTI), MEERUT GOVT. FILM AND TELEVISION INSTITUTE, BANGALORE ARYA FILM AND TELEVISION ACADEMY, JAIPUR AJK MASS COMMUNICATION RESEARCH CENTRE, JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA, NEW DELHI BIJU PATTANAIK FILM AND TELEVISION INSTITUTE, CUTTACK CENTRE FOR ADVANCED MEDIA STUDIES, PATIALA DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE & MEDIA STUDIES, CENTRAL UNIVERSITY OF RAJASTHAN SRISHTI SCHOOL OF ART, DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY, BENGALURU, KARNATAKA
  • MOTION CAPTURE IT WAS WAY BACK IN 1986,WHEN MOTION TRACKING COMPANY & ASCENSION TECHNOLOGY ,TOGETHER DEVLOPED THE MOTION CAPTURE TECHONOLOGY TO CREATE COMPUTER GENERATED ANIMATION. IN SIMPLE LANGUAGE THERE CAN BE THREE STAGES IN THE DEVLOPEMENT OF COMPUTER GENERATED OBJECT OR PERSON USING MOCAP FACIAL MOTION CAPTURE - IN THIS SECTION ,SEVERAL MARKERS ARE PLACED AT SPECIFIC POSITION ON ACTORS FACE CONSIDERING ITS SKELETON.AND A CAMERA IS FIXED ON THE ACTORS HEAD TO CAPTURE ITS FACIAL GESTURES. OPTICAL SYSTEM - THIS SECTION INCLUDES A FULL CUSTOMISED MAKER SUIT WORN BY AN ACTOR. 3D IMAGE PROCESSION - FINALLY AFTER CAPTURING EACH AND EVERY MOVEMENT OF AN ACTOR IT THEN PROCESSED IN A 3D COMPUTER GENERATED ANIMATIONS.
  • MOTION CAPTURE IN INDIA KOCHADAIIYAN(A TAMIL WORD MEANING A KING WITH A LONG HEAD & FACIAL HAIR) WILL BE THE FIRST INDIAN MOVIE TO BE RELEASED,WAS A PRODUCT OF MOTION CAPTURE TECHNOLOGY. THE MOVIE WAS DIRECTED BY SOUNDARYA R.ASHWIN(Daughter of Rajnikant)WHICH IS TO BE RELEASED ON 11TH APRIL 2014.MOST PART OF FLIM-PRODUCTIOPN & DEVLOPMENT TOOK PLACE IN U.K,U.S.A,HONG KONG & CHINA. AVM STUDIOS IN VADAPALNI ,CHENNAI,CHITRA NJALI STUDIO & VISMAYAS MAX STUDIO IN THIRUVANTHAPURAM ARE SOME OF THE INDIGENOUS FILM STUDIOS BASED ON ADVANCE COMPUTER GENERATED ANIMATIONS AND SPECIAL EFFECTS. MOBILITY ART PVT LTD IN JUBLIEE HILLS , HYDERABAD IS THE FIRST PROFESSIONAL MOTION CAPTURE STUDIO IN INDIA HAS PURCHASED A VICON SOLUTION.
  • WE COME TO AN END OF THIS PRESENTATION WITH OUR TRIBUTE TO SOME OF THE GREATEST PIONEERS OF INDIAN CINEMA
  • OUR SINCERE THANKS TO MRS. POULOMI ROY CHOUDHURY MAM TO ALL OUR VIEWERS