Sugar manufacturing industry takes sugarcane, beets and other crops as raw materials to produce raw sugar, sugar, as well as refined sugar. The sugar crops grow in spring generally, and the harvest begins in October. The sugar manufacturers squeeze sugar in October or November and halt the production in March or April of the next year; this period is a production cycle which is known as a squeeze season. Raw material procurement and production present seasonal and phased features, while the marketing is conducted throughout the year.
In 2012, there are 48 sugar manufacturing enterprises (groups) and 270 sugar mills came into operation, and the industrial total asset reached CNY 139,126,125,000, increased by 19.1% over the last year; the sales revenue reached CNY 109,165,081,000, increased by 11.12%; total profit was CNY 6,955,888,000; the number of participators reached 145,017.00, increased by 1.5%. In the sugar squeeze season from 2012 to 2013, China’s sugar output reached 13,883,600 tons.