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WATERS
A Strategic Resource for Informed
Decision Making

WATERS Forum
Ronald Reagan Building, Washington DC
December 7, 2...
Presentation Outline
 WATERS Concepts
 Data Content
 Supporting informed decision making

Custom analyses
 Core tools
...
WATERS Goals for FY04
 Maximize the use of Enterprise Solutions

and reuse of WATERS components
 Increase WATERS involve...
WATERS within the
EPA Enterprise Architecture
EPA Enterprise Architecture

Data

Services

Applications

Users

WATERS
(Wa...
EPA’s Architecture Framework

(Mission, Vision, Goals, Perf Measures)

Federal Business Architecture

(BRM, Cross Agency E...
What is the
National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)?

1

3

A framework dataset that includes:
•Hydrographic features for makin...
What are NHD Reaches?
Watershed 02050701
2

1

Watershed 02050701
contains 3 NHD reaches:
- 02050701 000001
- 02050701 000...
Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data
Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Da...
Data Accessible Through WATERS
•
•
•
•
•
o
•
•
o

Impaired Waters
Water Quality Standards
Assessed Waters
Beaches
Sewage N...
Tools for Linking Your Data
to the NHD


WebRIT (Internet-based)








Indexing Service in FY05




PCS-CWNS fac...
Data Standards and Data Exchange


Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)
hydrology framework data exchange standard

...
Supporting Informed Decisions
Program integration based upon hydrography





Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Congressio...
Water Quality Standards &
Community Water Systems
 Supports two Strategic Measures
 Requires coordination among Regional...
WQS-CWS & WATERS



Facilitating coordination among Regional & State Water Quality
Standards & Source Water Protection s...
AskWATERS (Version 1.0)!
 Additions to query library





Clean Water Needs Survey facilities on
Impaired Waters and S...
AskWATERS Intro Page
AskWATERS Question Selection
AskWATERS Selection Criteria
AskWATERS Chart Output
AskWATERS Simple Report
AskWATERS – Results metadata!
AskWATERS Metadata


Purpose




To give enough information to gauge the quality and
currency of the data displayed in ...
AskWATERS Metadata
Report Description
AskWATERS System
Description with State Data
EnviroMapper for Water V3.0
WATERS RAD
is an Enterprise Data Resource













Drinking Water Mapping Application (OW)
EnviroMapper fo...
WATERS Services
 Map services
 Download
 Identify
 Openlink
 Total WATERS
 Up/Downstream
WATERS Map Services

 ArcIMS Services
• 2 Image
• 2 Feature
 NHD Layers
 EPA Water Program
Features
 Reference Layers
WATERS Download Service






Water Program Features
from the RAD
One shape file for each
Program in a single ZIP file...
WATERS Identify Service
Add a Map to Your Own Web page
- EnviroMapper Openlink Service
Challenges!
 Establish an equitable funding solution for

delivering computationally intensive
shared services. (Eliminat...
Enhancing the WATERS Framework
with NHD-Plus!




NHD
 Hydrographic features for making maps
 A national stream addres...
The Big One that Didn’t Get Away!
Lake Chargoggagoggman-Chauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg

Official short form “Lake Chaubunag...
Value-Added Attributes
Analysis

Navigation
1

8

1

9
2

7

1

6
4

1
2

5
3

Display

1

2
1

Hydrologic Sequence Number...
Generalization Attribute
Elevation-based NHD Catchments




Based upon the integration
of the:

NHD

National Elevation
Dataset (NED)

Watersh...
Flow Volume and Velocity


The Goals:









Catchments for every NHD reach to tie overland flow to the
network
En...
Assessing Recovery Potential
of Impaired Waters





Joint OW/ORD project
Recovery potential: the
likelihood of an impa...
Assessing Recovery Potential
of Impaired Waters (cont’d)
Some Implications of this Project:





Over 800 impaired (303...
Water Modeling for the Incident
Commander (ICWater)


Partners











US Forest Service
Technical Support Wo...
Spill Site

ICWater
Downstream
Trace
OW is Covered with WATERS
Immediate Office
Office of Wetlands Oceans & Watersheds
• Assessment & Watershed Protection Divi...
Endangered Species: An Example Potential Use of
NHD in Pesticide Risk Assessments
The Office of Pesticide Programs is expl...
USGS Water District NHD Rollout
 25,000 gages linked to NHD
 Gage drainage areas with attributes
 NHD with linked water...
USGS NAWQA SPARROW Modeling





Original USGS SPARROW
(Spatially Referenced
Regressions on Watershed
Attributes) water ...
USGS StreamStats
 Web application StreamStats that greatly

reduces the time needed to estimate
streamflow statistics for...
Training and Outreach
 Cross-program




coordination role

Headquarters team
Regions
State/Tribal partners

 On-site...
Summary
 WATERS framework improving
 More data available, more analyses

possible, with greater access
 Enabling Inform...
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Waters {jal , pani}

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  • Near Webster, Massachusetts
    5th longest word in the world (Guiness Book of World Records)
    Longest lake name anywhere (Boston Globe)
    Translates loosely as "You fish on your side, I fish on my side.”
    A feeling many fishermen can relate to when the fish are biting on my side of the lake.
    - labeling, searching (good service!), indexing aid
    - Reviewed 2 million nhd reaches against ½ a million gnis hydro feature names
  • Transcript of "Waters {jal , pani}"

    1. 1. WATERS A Strategic Resource for Informed Decision Making WATERS Forum Ronald Reagan Building, Washington DC December 7, 2004
    2. 2. Presentation Outline  WATERS Concepts  Data Content  Supporting informed decision making Custom analyses  Core tools  Services 
    3. 3. WATERS Goals for FY04  Maximize the use of Enterprise Solutions and reuse of WATERS components  Increase WATERS involvement with the Exchange Network  Improve quality assurance and metadata documentation  Boost application’s functionality  Couple the stream network with watersheds and vice versa
    4. 4. WATERS within the EPA Enterprise Architecture EPA Enterprise Architecture Data Services Applications Users WATERS (Watershed Assessment, Tracking and Environmental ResultS) Reach Address Database Reach Address Database NationalNHD NationalHydrography Dataset NHDHydrography Dataset Reach Stream ( (Stream) (Reach) Addresses Addresses Enable Enable Hydrologic Hydrologic Queries Queries Water Water Program Program Databases Databases http://www.epa.gov/waters The Cross-Program WATERS Team Provides Support, Training, Coordination and Outreach
    5. 5. EPA’s Architecture Framework (Mission, Vision, Goals, Perf Measures) Federal Business Architecture (BRM, Cross Agency E-Gov, Pres Mngt Agenda) Business EPA Business Architecture (Processes, Functions) Data Architecture Data Applications (Data Entities, Data Classes, Data Flows) Applications Architecture STAKE HOLDE R SECUR ITY DOCUM ENT MANA GEMEN T GEOSP ATI DATAB ASES AL Strategic Architecture Goals (Applications, Interfaces, Information Flows) Technology Architecture Technology (Locations, Networks, Infrastructure, Standards) Business Domains Environmental Info Research & Development Administrative Systems Enterprise Wide
    6. 6. What is the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)? 1 3 A framework dataset that includes: •Hydrographic features for making maps •A national stream addressing system 2 •A modeling network for navigating upstream/downstream •A maintenance infrastructure Data and information available at http://nhd.usgs.gov
    7. 7. What are NHD Reaches? Watershed 02050701 2 1 Watershed 02050701 contains 3 NHD reaches: - 02050701 000001 - 02050701 000002 - 02050701 000003 3 which provide the framework for reach (stream) addresses in the same manner that streets do for street addresses
    8. 8. Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Let’s Talk Data! Let’s Talk Data!
    9. 9. Data Accessible Through WATERS • • • • • o • • o Impaired Waters Water Quality Standards Assessed Waters Beaches Sewage No Discharge Zones Nutrient Stations Fish Consumption Advisories Water Quality Stations National Estuary Programs • Linked to the NHD o Not linked to the NHD • • • • o • • • • Permitted Dischargers Nonpoint Source Projects Drinking Water Intakes Drinking Water Wells Source Water Areas Clean Watershed Needs Special Appropriations Projects USGS Gaging Stations USGS Time-of-Travel Studies
    10. 10. Tools for Linking Your Data to the NHD  WebRIT (Internet-based)      Indexing Service in FY05   PCS-CWNS facility identifier reconciliation CWS-WQS reach indexing and program database QAQC Stormwater Electronic Notice of Intent (eNOI) through Central Data Exchange (CDX) 8 programs now implemented ‘Snaps’ lat/long to nearest point on nearest reach Reach Indexing Tool (RIT) (ArcView-based)
    11. 11. Data Standards and Data Exchange  Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) hydrology framework data exchange standard  National Environmental Information Exchange Network (NEIEN) challenge grant to Minnesota  Conversion of USGS NHD repository to Geodatabase technology (NHDGeo)
    12. 12. Supporting Informed Decisions Program integration based upon hydrography     Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Congressional Report Jurisdictional Waters policy analysis Clean Watersheds Needs Survey Water Quality Standards at Drinking Water Intakes
    13. 13. Water Quality Standards & Community Water Systems  Supports two Strategic Measures  Requires coordination among Regional and State Water Quality Standards (WQS) and Source Water Protection (SWP) staffs  Additional program benefits • Assists population of the Water Quality Standards Database (WQSDB) • Improves data quality through validation by states and regions
    14. 14. WQS-CWS & WATERS   Facilitating coordination among Regional & State Water Quality Standards & Source Water Protection staffs Checking WQS Designated Use(s) at the intake stream location
    15. 15. AskWATERS (Version 1.0)!  Additions to query library    Clean Water Needs Survey facilities on Impaired Waters and Special Appropriations Projects Designated Uses at Drinking Water Intakes More strategic measures (planned)  Analysis-related metadata
    16. 16. AskWATERS Intro Page
    17. 17. AskWATERS Question Selection
    18. 18. AskWATERS Selection Criteria
    19. 19. AskWATERS Chart Output
    20. 20. AskWATERS Simple Report
    21. 21. AskWATERS – Results metadata!
    22. 22. AskWATERS Metadata  Purpose   To give enough information to gauge the quality and currency of the data displayed in the reports. Features     Report Descriptions Program System Descriptions Statement of Data Currency (national or state) Statement of NHD Indexing (national or state)
    23. 23. AskWATERS Metadata Report Description
    24. 24. AskWATERS System Description with State Data
    25. 25. EnviroMapper for Water V3.0
    26. 26. WATERS RAD is an Enterprise Data Resource             Drinking Water Mapping Application (OW) EnviroMapper for Tribes (OW) Window to My Environment (OEI) TRI Facility Siting Locator (OEI, OPPTS) NEPAssist (OEI, Region 2) Airquest (OAQPS) Environmental Justice Assessment (OEJ) EnviroMapper for Brownfields (OSWER) Cleanups in My Community (OSWER) CERCLIS Site Locator (OSWER) EnviroMapper for Compliance (OSWER) Waste Management Facility Siting (OSWER)
    27. 27. WATERS Services  Map services  Download  Identify  Openlink  Total WATERS  Up/Downstream
    28. 28. WATERS Map Services  ArcIMS Services • 2 Image • 2 Feature  NHD Layers  EPA Water Program Features  Reference Layers
    29. 29. WATERS Download Service     Water Program Features from the RAD One shape file for each Program in a single ZIP file By state or cataloging unit Includes FGDC metadata
    30. 30. WATERS Identify Service
    31. 31. Add a Map to Your Own Web page - EnviroMapper Openlink Service
    32. 32. Challenges!  Establish an equitable funding solution for delivering computationally intensive shared services. (Eliminate WCF disincentive for providing web services)  Deploy an Enterprise Identity Management Solution in FY 05  Establish a functional shared development environment for the Agency
    33. 33. Enhancing the WATERS Framework with NHD-Plus!   NHD  Hydrographic features for making maps  A national stream addressing system  A modeling network for navigating upstream/downstream  A maintenance infrastructure NHD-Plus  More names  Value-added attributes  NHD reach catchments with attributes  Flow volume and velocity  Flow grids
    34. 34. The Big One that Didn’t Get Away! Lake Chargoggagoggman-Chauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg Official short form “Lake Chaubunagungamaug” in EnviroMapper
    35. 35. Value-Added Attributes Analysis Navigation 1 8 1 9 2 7 1 6 4 1 2 5 3 Display 1 2 1 Hydrologic Sequence Number 2 3 Strahler Stream Order Generalization
    36. 36. Generalization Attribute
    37. 37. Elevation-based NHD Catchments   Based upon the integration of the:  NHD  National Elevation Dataset (NED)  Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) Catchment attributes:  Precipitation  Temperature  Elevations  Slope  Land Cover  etc
    38. 38. Flow Volume and Velocity  The Goals:      Catchments for every NHD reach to tie overland flow to the network Enhance NHD with elevation-derived attributes such as slope Improved velocity estimates based upon new Time of Travel database Estimate stream flow volume (mean annual) and velocity Enable NHD-based SPARROW, Time-of-Travel models The Team:    EPA USGS Mapping and Water Disciplines U of Texas
    39. 39. Assessing Recovery Potential of Impaired Waters    Joint OW/ORD project Recovery potential: the likelihood of an impaired water to reattain Water Quality Standards, given its ecological capacity to regain lost functions, its exposure to stressors, and its social context. Opportunity to consider landscape factors related to recovery potential within drainage areas and stream corridors, using GIS
    40. 40. Assessing Recovery Potential of Impaired Waters (cont’d) Some Implications of this Project:    Over 800 impaired (303d-listed) streams in Illinois, yet their exact watersheds are not delineated; this stumbling block prevents rapid, statewide GIS assessment in routine water program planning. There are tens of thousands of similar waters nationally. Availability of good drainage area delineations/tools removes an obstacle to statewide comparative spatial assessments such as recovery potential screening.
    41. 41. Water Modeling for the Incident Commander (ICWater)  Partners          US Forest Service Technical Support Working Group (TSWG) DTRA EPA USGS Water sources are vulnerable Preparedness will reduce consequences to the public of an attack Incident Commanders need timely information to act effectively Tool will provide ICs critical information when they need it
    42. 42. Spill Site ICWater Downstream Trace
    43. 43. OW is Covered with WATERS Immediate Office Office of Wetlands Oceans & Watersheds • Assessment & Watershed Protection Division • Oceans & Coastal Protection Division • Wetlands Division • Management & Operations Staff • Communications Team • Water Policy Staff • Resource Management Staff • American Indian Environmental Office Office of Wastewater Management • Municipal Support Division • Water Permits Division Office of Ground Water & Drinking Water • Water Security Division • Drinking Water Protection Division • Standards & Risk Management Division Office of Science & Technology • Engineering & Analysis Division • Health & Ecological Criteria Division • Standards & Health Protection Division
    44. 44. Endangered Species: An Example Potential Use of NHD in Pesticide Risk Assessments The Office of Pesticide Programs is exploring the use of the NHD and value-added attributes in a variety of applications related to pesticide risk assessments.  In this example, NHD navigation tools are combined with the NLCD and NHD catchments (Thiessen-based) to estimate the direct and indirect effects of agricultural pesticide use on endangered aquatic species.  Figure 1 shows Percent Cropped Area (PCA) calculated for each NHD catchment.  Figure 2 shows NHD stream segments rated based on measurements of agricultural intensity. Red represents direct affects, and yellow, the indirect effects of agricultural pesticide use.  PCA by Catchment NHD Thiessen pca Endangered Species Effects by NHD Stream Segment 0% 1 - 10 PCA = 100% 11 - 20 PCA > 50% 21 - 30 PCA < 50% 31 - 40 cropland 41 - 50 51 - 60 Thiessen Polygon 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 100 Figure 1 Figure 2
    45. 45. USGS Water District NHD Rollout  25,000 gages linked to NHD  Gage drainage areas with attributes  NHD with linked water program data  NHD Plus (as it becomes available)  Recognized federal and state partner in the field
    46. 46. USGS NAWQA SPARROW Modeling   Original USGS SPARROW (Spatially Referenced Regressions on Watershed Attributes) water quality models based upon Reach File Version 1 (RF1) 1:500,00-scale Success of EPA-funded NHDbased New England SPARROW model (at right) has motivated plan to conduct similar modeling for several USGS NAWQA study areas during 05/06
    47. 47. USGS StreamStats  Web application StreamStats that greatly reduces the time needed to estimate streamflow statistics for ungaged sites and to make published streamflow statistics for USGS data-collection stations easily accessible  Based upon state-specific regression equations  Supports TMDLs
    48. 48. Training and Outreach  Cross-program    coordination role Headquarters team Regions State/Tribal partners  On-site training to HQ, Region & State clients  On-line tutorials for applications including video!  Comprehensive technical support   waters_support@epa.gov 1-800-844-0638
    49. 49. Summary  WATERS framework improving  More data available, more analyses possible, with greater access  Enabling Informed Decision-Making
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