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The Geospatial
  Revolution
          Peter Batty


            September 15, 2010
GIS in the Rockies Conference, Loveland...
1


    The Revolution
Different Approaches
                 to integration with
                       Google
                            et al
...
3   Usability




                flic.kr/p/kjwKm
4
              The Cloud



flic.kr/p/7Bzn5E
The
          changing nature
                  of geospatial data




5
6


    Crowdsourcing
The Revolution
GIS has been a specialized backroom
          technology for many years
flic.kr/p/7A6vVg
flic.kr/p/7NEJzF




 Location is now

             Pervasive and Simple
                  in consumer applications




flic...
Disruptive technology
    Functionality /
    performance                                                              og ...
Consumer driven innovation
“But these new
  systems are just
simple web mapping,
  they’re not GIS”
Cartography




Andy Allan, Cloudmade
Data creation and maintenance




                Upcoming Mapzen editor
                           Cloudmade
Data creation and maintenance




“Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap   Stamen Design
Geospatial
  analysis
 Stamen Design
Geospatial analysis
 FortiusOne / GeoCommons
flic.kr/p/7UjM5T
Demo
       Offline
Mobile too!
Runs on smart phones         … and tablets
 including iPhone…           including iPad
Different Approaches
to integration




                       flic.kr/p/pWMRk
Sparse data      Sparse data



                   Trucks
                  Outages
                     Jobs
            ...
KML
                                             is child’s play!
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<kml xmlns="http:...
So is
<entry>
  <title>M 3.2, Mona Passage</title>
                                                geoRSS
  <link href="ht...
You can use KML in lots of places
    KML uploaded to GeoCommons and used for thematic mapping
KML
flic.kr/p/8eZBZk


                                    The Good




 Simple
 Good for sparse and dynamic data
 Works wi...
KML
                         The Bad

                         Hard to match
                             GIS styles

    ...
Dense Data
Raster map tiles




Pre-render maps into image files
Approach used by Google, Microsoft, etc
Very high performance and sca...
“If a dataset available on the web is in
   a format that can't be indexed by
    Google, does it make a sound?”

        ...
…/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/90974




REST APIs
…/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/90974?f=gjson




REST APIs: simple and powerful
…/a2e/data/datasources//Pole/search?f=gjson
    &lat=42.600&lon=-76.1780&d=4
REST is good!!

     <Picture of Jason>   Jason Birch
                          City of Nanaimo
Usability




            flic.kr/p/kjwKm
I highly recommend
this book
My   top 3   rules
                       for good usability

1   Do usability testing

    2   Do usability testing

    ...
Doing a usability test




Put application in      Shut up            Watch
  front of user


  flic.kr/p/7UqPo1    flic.kr/...
Don’t make me think




Krug’s first law of usability   flic.kr/p/28o3cz
Running in
          the
                  Cloud


flic.kr/p/7Bzn5E
This is an old Google
data center (2005)

    Each container holds
                 servers
       1,160
      This facili...
Google has an estimated   40 data centers…
  …holding an estimated
                          1 million
                   ...
3 billion
searches per day
                   35,000
                   searches per second
2 billion   videos per day
100 million
  monthly users
one   zillion times more computer science
      PhDs than your company or mine has
HUGE
         economies of scale
                              Google
Amazon




               Your IT
             depar...
Save
BIG!!




        flic.kr/p/64kFKH
EC2 Pricing




September 5, 2010
My daily quotas (max $5 per day)




46.5 CPU hours            43.2m web requests!
6.5 CPU hours free
My total server costs for development of
            myWorld so far




                13c
flic.kr/p/4iCux7




but is it   SECURE???
$24.5bn
  2009 revenue
4th   fastest growing
      company in Fortune top 100, 2010
170 million users, Feb 2010
“Government’s record year of data loss”
                                            Daily Telegraph, UK, 2008

The biggest...
There is a strong case that


      your data
                   is
   more secure
                in the cloud
Agility


Google Maps had    400
releases in its first 4 years

                               flic.kr/p/7BM8zr
Cloud benefits
     Ultra scalable
     Secure
     Major cost savings
      Hardware, admin, upgrades
     Much faster enh...
The changing nature of
   geospatial data
September 12, 2010
Microsoft Photosynth
Google Streetview
Microsoft “Street Slide”




http://bit.ly/streetside
layar
Blaise Aguera y Arcas at TED 2010




     Something on layar




http://www.ted.com/talks/blaise_aguera.html
maps




Manhattan
C3 Technologies




   Las Vegas
prototypegame.org




   Manhattan
The Sensor Web




     Need a spatial context to
      make sense of all this
Location sensing



UWB                 GPS
        Wi-Fi             RFID
      Cell towers
New TomTom traffic   speed dataset
                          derived from

            600 billion
            speed readin...
location based services
             are real at last!
Will have the ability to know where everything is
      - and what is happening - all the time
Crowdsourcing
Web           Web
  1.0           2.0
publishing   participation
Wikipedia
Hurricane Katrina
    New Orleans
Community generated data




         scipionus.com
OpenStreetMap
December 3, 2007




Google                      OpenStreetMap




            July 7, 2009
200,000+
                                  300,000+                          users


                                     ...
What about quality?

             Dr Muki Haklay of UCL




“OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product
  that can...
January 31, 2009
Haiti - January 12, 2010
Haiti - January 14, 2010
Haiti - January 26, 2010
Damage Assessment
I am currently in Port Au Prince with the Fairfax County Urban
   Search & Rescue Team (USA-1) out of Fairfax, VA, USA. I
...
Something on MapQuest / Microsoft OSM
Database
                                                                2007 data
  69 countries
  11m miles (18m km) of ...
Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation
              flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/
Summary
Fast train?




flic.kr/p/7b5sKd
Usability / simplicity




flic.kr/p/3guaAu
Cloud




flic.kr/p/6aJDqo
The
      changing nature
              of geospatial data
flic.kr/p/4vLS2o
?
peter.batty@ubisense.net
geothought.blogspot.com
  twitter.com/pmbatty
Backup
Demo screen shots
Matches Smallworld styles
Google basemap gives context
Google satellite map
Display attribute data
Street View gives extra info
Street View gives extra info
Street View gives extra info
Google style one box search



    Something on “Google style search”
Ability to link to maps
Autocomplete search
Autocomplete search
Reports in search too
Reports from search
Google geocoding very flexible
Google local search
“Enterprise mashups”



                Outages
                 Trucks
                 WMS
                  CIS
       ...
Ability to link to maps
Click link, no software needed!




                   Demo
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution
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GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution

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GIS in the Rockies keynote presentation, September 15 in Loveland, CO. Much common content but slightly longer than the one I gave at NSGIC a couple of days previously.

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Transcript of "GIS in the Rockies Geospatial Revolution"

  1. 1. The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty September 15, 2010 GIS in the Rockies Conference, Loveland, CO
  2. 2. 1 The Revolution
  3. 3. Different Approaches to integration with Google et al 2 flic.kr/p/pWMRk
  4. 4. 3 Usability flic.kr/p/kjwKm
  5. 5. 4 The Cloud flic.kr/p/7Bzn5E
  6. 6. The changing nature of geospatial data 5
  7. 7. 6 Crowdsourcing
  8. 8. The Revolution
  9. 9. GIS has been a specialized backroom technology for many years
  10. 10. flic.kr/p/7A6vVg
  11. 11. flic.kr/p/7NEJzF Location is now Pervasive and Simple in consumer applications flic.kr/p/7rnNAD
  12. 12. Disruptive technology Functionality / performance og y h nol d tec h e a blis Est Mainstream Market requirements lo gy chno e te ru ptiv Dis Time
  13. 13. Consumer driven innovation
  14. 14. “But these new systems are just simple web mapping, they’re not GIS”
  15. 15. Cartography Andy Allan, Cloudmade
  16. 16. Data creation and maintenance Upcoming Mapzen editor Cloudmade
  17. 17. Data creation and maintenance “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap Stamen Design
  18. 18. Geospatial analysis Stamen Design
  19. 19. Geospatial analysis FortiusOne / GeoCommons
  20. 20. flic.kr/p/7UjM5T
  21. 21. Demo Offline
  22. 22. Mobile too! Runs on smart phones … and tablets including iPhone… including iPad
  23. 23. Different Approaches to integration flic.kr/p/pWMRk
  24. 24. Sparse data Sparse data Trucks Outages Jobs Often don’t need detailed “GIS” maps KML and GeoRSS are good formats
  25. 25. KML is child’s play! <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <kml xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2"> <Placemark> <name>Simple placemark</name> <description>Attached to the ground. Intelligently places itself at the height of the underlying terrain.</description> <Point> <coordinates>-122.0822035425683,37.42228990140251,0</coordinates> </Point> </Placemark> </kml>
  26. 26. So is <entry> <title>M 3.2, Mona Passage</title> geoRSS <link href="http://example.org/2005/09/09/atom01"/> <id>urn:uuid:1225c695-cfb8-4ebb-aaaa-80da344efa6a</id> <updated>2005-08-17T07:02:32Z</updated> <summary>We just had a big one.</summary> <georss:point>45.256 -71.92</georss:point> </entry>
  27. 27. You can use KML in lots of places KML uploaded to GeoCommons and used for thematic mapping
  28. 28. KML flic.kr/p/8eZBZk The Good Simple Good for sparse and dynamic data Works with multiple platforms / products
  29. 29. KML The Bad Hard to match GIS styles Hard to scale to large data volumes flic.kr/p/6hwSwn
  30. 30. Dense Data
  31. 31. Raster map tiles Pre-render maps into image files Approach used by Google, Microsoft, etc Very high performance and scalability Easy to integrate with Google Maps etc
  32. 32. “If a dataset available on the web is in a format that can't be indexed by Google, does it make a sound?” Kevin Wiebe Safe Software
  33. 33. …/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/90974 REST APIs
  34. 34. …/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/90974?f=gjson REST APIs: simple and powerful
  35. 35. …/a2e/data/datasources//Pole/search?f=gjson &lat=42.600&lon=-76.1780&d=4
  36. 36. REST is good!! <Picture of Jason> Jason Birch City of Nanaimo
  37. 37. Usability flic.kr/p/kjwKm
  38. 38. I highly recommend this book
  39. 39. My top 3 rules for good usability 1 Do usability testing 2 Do usability testing 3 Do usability testing
  40. 40. Doing a usability test Put application in Shut up Watch front of user flic.kr/p/7UqPo1 flic.kr/p/53WUkg flic.kr/p/72M6L
  41. 41. Don’t make me think Krug’s first law of usability flic.kr/p/28o3cz
  42. 42. Running in the Cloud flic.kr/p/7Bzn5E
  43. 43. This is an old Google data center (2005) Each container holds servers 1,160 This facility holds an estimated 150,000 servers
  44. 44. Google has an estimated 40 data centers… …holding an estimated 1 million servers
  45. 45. 3 billion searches per day 35,000 searches per second
  46. 46. 2 billion videos per day
  47. 47. 100 million monthly users
  48. 48. one zillion times more computer science PhDs than your company or mine has
  49. 49. HUGE economies of scale Google Amazon Your IT department
  50. 50. Save BIG!! flic.kr/p/64kFKH
  51. 51. EC2 Pricing September 5, 2010
  52. 52. My daily quotas (max $5 per day) 46.5 CPU hours 43.2m web requests! 6.5 CPU hours free
  53. 53. My total server costs for development of myWorld so far 13c
  54. 54. flic.kr/p/4iCux7 but is it SECURE???
  55. 55. $24.5bn 2009 revenue
  56. 56. 4th fastest growing company in Fortune top 100, 2010
  57. 57. 170 million users, Feb 2010
  58. 58. “Government’s record year of data loss” Daily Telegraph, UK, 2008 The biggest single loss was in November when Alistair Darling, the Chancellor, revealed two CDs with Last February it emerged 80 personal details of 25 million child passports are lost in the post benefit claimants and their parents had every month. gone missing in the post. Last month, CDs with personal Three weeks ago Ruth Kelly, the information on thousands of Transport Secretary, admitted that the benefit claimants were found at details of three million learner drivers the home of a former had gone missing when a hard drive contractor to the Department was lost in Iowa. of Work and Pensions. http://bit.ly/c1ry5s
  59. 59. There is a strong case that your data is more secure in the cloud
  60. 60. Agility Google Maps had 400 releases in its first 4 years flic.kr/p/7BM8zr
  61. 61. Cloud benefits Ultra scalable Secure Major cost savings Hardware, admin, upgrades Much faster enhancements & fixes flic.kr/p/7Bzn5E
  62. 62. The changing nature of geospatial data
  63. 63. September 12, 2010
  64. 64. Microsoft Photosynth
  65. 65. Google Streetview
  66. 66. Microsoft “Street Slide” http://bit.ly/streetside
  67. 67. layar
  68. 68. Blaise Aguera y Arcas at TED 2010 Something on layar http://www.ted.com/talks/blaise_aguera.html
  69. 69. maps Manhattan
  70. 70. C3 Technologies Las Vegas
  71. 71. prototypegame.org Manhattan
  72. 72. The Sensor Web Need a spatial context to make sense of all this
  73. 73. Location sensing UWB GPS Wi-Fi RFID Cell towers
  74. 74. New TomTom traffic speed dataset derived from 600 billion speed readings from users real time data within 3 minutes flickr.com/photos/rutlo/3164449930/
  75. 75. location based services are real at last!
  76. 76. Will have the ability to know where everything is - and what is happening - all the time
  77. 77. Crowdsourcing
  78. 78. Web Web 1.0 2.0 publishing participation
  79. 79. Wikipedia
  80. 80. Hurricane Katrina New Orleans
  81. 81. Community generated data scipionus.com
  82. 82. OpenStreetMap
  83. 83. December 3, 2007 Google OpenStreetMap July 7, 2009
  84. 84. 200,000+ 300,000+ users 24m km of highways crazy 34m km of ways momentum!! OSM stats from May 2009 NAVTEQ had 18m km of highways in Dec 2007 flickr.com/photos/pimpmasterjazz/2601898276/
  85. 85. What about quality? Dr Muki Haklay of UCL “OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product that can be used for a wide range of activities” Based on a detailed analysis http://tinyurl.com/mukiosm
  86. 86. January 31, 2009
  87. 87. Haiti - January 12, 2010
  88. 88. Haiti - January 14, 2010
  89. 89. Haiti - January 26, 2010
  90. 90. Damage Assessment
  91. 91. I am currently in Port Au Prince with the Fairfax County Urban Search & Rescue Team (USA-1) out of Fairfax, VA, USA. I wish there was a way that I can express to you properly how important your OSM files were to us.
  92. 92. Something on MapQuest / Microsoft OSM
  93. 93. Database 2007 data 69 countries 11m miles (18m km) of roads 18m points of interest People “Creating, maintaining and delivering a comprehensive, high quality map database is a Field force 700 multi-step, labor-intensive process. We Central production 270 currently employ over 270 employees in our centralized production facility and a global Technology 500 workforce of over 700 geographic analysts in 32 countries” Total 3349 Financial Revenue $853m (~€604m) Data creation & distribution costs $396m (~€280m)
  94. 94. Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/
  95. 95. Summary
  96. 96. Fast train? flic.kr/p/7b5sKd
  97. 97. Usability / simplicity flic.kr/p/3guaAu
  98. 98. Cloud flic.kr/p/6aJDqo
  99. 99. The changing nature of geospatial data
  100. 100. flic.kr/p/4vLS2o
  101. 101. ? peter.batty@ubisense.net geothought.blogspot.com twitter.com/pmbatty
  102. 102. Backup Demo screen shots
  103. 103. Matches Smallworld styles
  104. 104. Google basemap gives context
  105. 105. Google satellite map
  106. 106. Display attribute data
  107. 107. Street View gives extra info
  108. 108. Street View gives extra info
  109. 109. Street View gives extra info
  110. 110. Google style one box search Something on “Google style search”
  111. 111. Ability to link to maps
  112. 112. Autocomplete search
  113. 113. Autocomplete search
  114. 114. Reports in search too
  115. 115. Reports from search
  116. 116. Google geocoding very flexible
  117. 117. Google local search
  118. 118. “Enterprise mashups” Outages Trucks WMS CIS Smart Grid
  119. 119. Ability to link to maps
  120. 120. Click link, no software needed! Demo
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