The Story the Song Tells

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A historical introduction to the story of the traditional Sioux tune, Lacquiparle, also known as \"Many and Great\" or \"Wakantanka Taku Nitawa.\" The song weaves into the stories of the settling of …

A historical introduction to the story of the traditional Sioux tune, Lacquiparle, also known as \"Many and Great\" or \"Wakantanka Taku Nitawa.\" The song weaves into the stories of the settling of the West, the Civil War, the Dakota Trials, Trial of Tears, and many other significant events in American history.

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  • 1. The Story the Song Tells: Wakantanka (Many and Great) from Renville to Lincoln PF Anderson (Perplexity Peccable)
  • 2. Birth of a Song, Song of Plenty
    • Joseph Renville
      • Son of a French fur-trader and a woman of the Lakota Sioux, born 1779 at Kaposia (St Paul), Minnesota
      • Fostered with the priests
      • Scout, interpreter and translator
        • Assisted with bringing the Bible to his people
      • Death from illness in 1842
    Robinson, Doane. A History of the Dakota or Sioux Indians. South Dakota Historical Collections, v. 2. South Dakota Department of Historical Collections. Aberdeen, SD, State Historical Society, ©1904. http://books.google.com/books?id=PrUtRUfxgLsC
  • 3. Wakantanka Grammar and Dictionary of the Dakota language, collected by Rev. S. R. Riggs. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge, v. 4. http://books.google.com/books?id=dmISAAAAYAAJ
  • 4. Wakantanka
    • Wakantanka taku nitawa
    • tankaya qaota;
    • mahpiya kin eyahnake ca,
    • makakin he duowanca.
    • Mniowanca sbeya wanke cin,
    • hena ovakihi.
    "Dakota Hymn" / Lacquiparle / “Many and Great” - by Joseph R. Renville (1842), trans. SR Riggs, paraphrased by R. Phillip Frazier (1929). http://www-personal.umich.edu/~pfa/poemquot/wakantanka.html
  • 5. Wakantanka / Many and Great
    • Wakantanka taku nitawa
    • tankaya qaota;
    • mahpiya kin eyahnake ca,
    • makakin he duowanca.
    • Mniowanca sbeya wanke cin,
    • hena ovakihi.
    • Many and great, O God, are your works, 

    • Maker of earth and sky;
    • Your hands have set the heaven with stars; 

    • Your fingers spread the mountains and plains. 

    • See, at your word the waters were formed; 

    • Deep seas obey your voice.
    Audio available at: http://www.cyberhymnal.org/htm/m/a/mangreat.htm "Dakota Hymn" / Lacquiparle / “Many and Great” - by Joseph R. Renville (1842), trans. SR Riggs, paraphrased by R. Phillip Frazier (1929). http://www-personal.umich.edu/~pfa/poemquot/wakantanka.html
  • 6. Twenty years later …
    • Times of prosperity and generosity shift to times of illness and starvation
    Homstad, Daniel W. Lincoln’s Agonizing Decision. American History Dec 2001 36(5):28
  • 7. Little Crow Seeks Assistance Wikimedia Commons: Little Crow c1862: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Little_crow_c1862.jpg Wikimedia Commons: Chief Little Crow: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:ChiefLittleCrow.jpg
  • 8. Talks Fail, Desperation & Illness Strike
    • Smallpox and influenza are ravaging the native populations
    Lord Jeff Documents with Microfilm Index & Text Files of Excerpts: http://www.nativeweb.org/pages/legal/amherst/jeff_docs.html
  • 9. Leaving 486 Settlers Dead Wikimedia Commons: The Siege of New Ulm, Minnesota: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:The_Siege_of_New_Ulm_Minn.jpg
  • 10. Call to Arms
    • Governor Alexander Ramsey
    • Colonel Henry Sibley
    Wikimedia Commons: Alexander Ramsey: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Alexander_Ramsey,_2nd_Governor_of_Minnesota.jpg Wikimedia Commons: Henry Hastings Sibley: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Henry_Hastings_Sibley.jpg
  • 11. A Call for Moderation
    • Bishop Henry Whipple calls to Lincoln
    Wikimedia Commons: Lincoln & McClelland, 1862-10-03: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Lincoln_and_McClellan_1862-10-03.jpg Wikimedia Commons: Henry Benjamin Whipple: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Henry_Benjamin_Whipple_-_Brady-Handy.jpg
  • 12. The Decision Homstad, Daniel W. Lincoln’s Agonizing Decision. American History Dec 2001 36(5):28
  • 13. December 26, 1862; 10:00 AM, The Song is Sung "Execution of the Thirty-eight Sioux Indians/at Mankato Minnesota December 26, 1862." Hayes Lith. Co., Buffalo, NY. colored print/16 1/4" x 21 1/4.” Archives & Special Collections. F&M College Library. http://library.fandm.edu/archives/webpagepicts/3210d.jpg
  • 14. The Other Captives Homstad, Daniel W. Lincoln’s Agonizing Decision. American History Dec 2001 36(5):28
  • 15. Next … The Trail of Tears Homstad, Daniel W. Lincoln’s Agonizing Decision. American History Dec 2001 36(5):28
  • 16. Now RavenMN: Photo of Buffalo Reconciliation Park. http://ravenmn.buzznet.com/user/photos/?id=7152771 Largest mass hanging in US history: http://www.unitednativeamerica.com/hanging.html Barry, Paul. Reconciliation. http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues99/Co12251999/CO_122599_Reconciliation.html
  • 17. More information
    • Wikipedia: Dakota War of 1862: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakota_War_of_1862
    • Homstad, Daniel W. Lincoln’s Agonizing Decision. American History Dec 2001 36(5):28
    • Barry, Paul. Reconciliation. http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues99/Co12251999/CO_122599_Reconciliation.html
    • More links: http://delicious.com/rosefirerising/minnesota OR http://delicious.com/rosefirerising/1862