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SOUTHEASTERN INDIAN BIBLIOGRAPHY
By Michael S. McCreedy
This bibliography is a combination of published primary and secondary sources. Primary
sources include collected records and official correspondence of both French and English
colonial governments in the southeast (Colonial Louisiana for the French), manuscripts,
and diaries and journals that cover the period from about 1690 to 1823. Secondary
sources include published books, archaeological monographs and reports, Ethno
historical studies and reports, published articles, and peer-reviewed journal articles.
Published Primary Sources
Adair, James. Adair’s History of the American Indians. Samuel Cole Williams, L.L.D.,
Ed., Johnson City, Tenn.: The Wautauga Press, 1930. Reprinted by Blue and Gray
Atkin, Edmond. The Appalachian Indian Frontier; The Edmond Atkin Report and Plan
1755. Edited with an Introduction by Wilbur R. Jacobs. Lincoln: University of
Nebraska Press, 1967.
Bossu, Jean-Bernard. Travels In The Interior Of North America, 1751-1762. Translated
and Edited by Seymour Feiler. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962.
Calendar, Allen D., Kenneth Coleman, and Milton Ready, Eds. The Colonial Records of
the State of Georgia. Vols. I-V. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1974-1976.
Coleman, Kenneth and Milton Ready, Ed. Colonial Records of the State of Georgia, Vol.
28, Part 1, 1757-1763. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1976.
Coleman Kenneth and Milton Ready, Ed. Colonial Records of the State of Georgia, Vol.
28, Part 1, Original Papers of Governors Reynolds, Ellis, Wright, and Others, 1757-
1763. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1976.
De Brahm’s Report of the General Survey in the Southern District of North America.
Edited by Louis De Vorsey, Jr. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1971.
Easterby, J.H. Journal of the Commons House Assembly. 12 Vols. Colonial Records of
South Carolina. Columbia: Historical Commission of South Carolina and South
Carolina Department of Archives, 1951-1983.
Howard, Milo B. Jr., and Robert R. Rea. The Memoire Jutifcatif of the Chevalier
Montault de Monberaut. Tuscaloosa, Al.: University of Alabama Press, 1965.
Le Page du Pratz, Antoine. Histoire de la Louisiane. 3 Vols. Paris: De Bure, Delaguette,
McDowell, W.L., Ed. Journals of the Commissioners of the Indian Trade, 1710-1718.
Colonial Records of South Carolina, Ser. 2, Vol. I Columbia: South Carolina Archives
_______, Ed. Documents Relating to Indian Affairs, May 21, 1750-August 7, 1754.
Colonial Records of South Carolina, Ser. 2, Vol. II Columbia: South Carolina
Archives Department, 1958.
_______, Ed. Documents Relating To Indian Affairs, 1754-1765. Colonial
Records of South Carolina, Series 2, Vol. III. Columbia: University of South Carolina
Mississippi Provincial Archives, French Dominion, Vol.V, 1749-1763. Collected, Edited,
and Translated by Dunbar Rowland and A.G. Sanders. Revised and Edited by Patricia
Kay Galloway. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1984.
Romans, Bernard. A Concise Natural History of East and West Florida. Facsimile
Reproduction of the 1775 edition. Florida Facsimile and Reprint Series. Gainsville:
University of Florida Press, 1962.
Rowland, Dunbar, Ed. Mississippi Provincial Archives, English Dominion, 1763-1766:
Letters and Enclosures to the Secretary of State from Major Robert Farmar and
Governor George Johnstone. Vol. 1. Nashville: Brandon Printing Co., 1911.
Saunders, William, Ed. The Colonial Records of North Carolina; Published Under the
Supervision of the Trustees of the Public Libraries, by Order of the General Assembly.
16 Vols. Raleigh: Josephus Daniels, 1886-90.
Swan, Caleb. “Position and State of Manners in the Creek, or Muskogee Nation in 1791.”
In Historical and Statistical Information, respecting the History, Condition and
Prospects of the Indian Tribes of the United States
United States of America. Treaties with the Creeks, 1790, 1791, 1796, 1802, 1805, 18 14,
1818, 1821, 1825, Agreement With The Creeks, 1825, Treaties With The Creeks, 1826,
Woodward, Thomas S. Woodward’s Reminiscences of the Creek, or Muscogee Indians,
Contained in Letters to Friends in Georgia and Alabama. Montgomery: Barrett and
Primary Sources: Newspapers
About the Cherokee Nation
New York Evening Post, November 4, 1745
Virginia Gazette (Williamsburg), September 19, 1755
Georgia Gazette (Savannah), March 28, 1765
South Carolina Gazette; and Country Journal (Charleston),
June 20, 1754
June 7, 1760
October 4, 1760
April 3, 1770
New York Mercury, June 3, 1765
Primary Sources: Diaries and Journals
Bartram, John. “Diary of a Journey through the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida from July
1, 1765 to April 10, 1766.” Edited by Francis Harper. Transactions of the American
Philosophical Society, n.s., 33, part 1. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society,
Fitch, Tobias. “Journal of Captain Tobias Fitch’s Mission from Charleston to the Creeks,
1726.” In Travels In The American Colonies, Edited by Newton D. Mereness, pp. 175-
212. New York: Macmillan Co., 1916.
Hawkins, Benjamin. Letters, Journals, and Writings of Benjamin Hawkins. Edited by
C.L. Grant. 2 Vols. Savannah: Beehive Press, 1980.
_______. A Sketch of the Creek Country in the Years 1798 and 1799. 1848. Reprint.
Spartanburg, S. C.: Reprint Company, 1974. Reprinted in combination with Letters of
Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1806.
Taitt, David. “Journal of David Taitt’s Travels from Pensacola, West Florida, to and
Through the Country of the Upper and Lower Creeks, 1772.” In Travels In The
American Colonies, 1690-1788, by Newton D. Mereness. New York: Antiquarian
Primary Sources: Manuscripts
William L. Clements Library. Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Clinton, Sir Henry. Papers, 1750-1812.
Gage, Thomas. Papers of General Thomas Gage Relating to His Command in North
South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina. Columbia, South Carolina.
Macartan and Campbell. Augusta Store., Georgia Account Book. Augusta 1762- June
1766. Microfilm copy of original located at Clemson University Library.
Vaudreuil Papers. Loudoun manuscripts. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San
Marino, Ca. Microfilm copy of Letterbooks I-III held by Mississippi Department of
Archives and History, Jackson.
Guides and Calendars
Barron, Bill. The Vaudreuil Papers. New Orleans: Polyanthos, 1975.
Surrey, Nancy M. Miller. Calendar of Manuscripts in the Paris Archives and Libraries
Relating to the History of the Mississippi Valley to 1803. 2 Vols. Washington, D.C.:
Carnegie, Institution, 1926-1928.
Primary Sources: Foreign Manuscripts
Atkin, Edmond. Historical Account of the Revolt of the Chactaw Indians in the late War
from the French to the British Alliance and of their Return Since to that of the French.
British Library, Lansdowne Manuscript 809. Microfilm copy held by Mississippi
Department of Archives and History, Jackson.
Great Britain. Public Record Office. Colonial Colonies General. Class 323, Vol. 17.
“Report of John Stuart to the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Plantations on the
Southern Indian Department, March 9, 1764.
Historical Manuscripts Commission. Report on Manuscripts in Various Collections. Vol.
6 Dublin, 1906. Journal of the Congress of the Four Southern Governors and the
Superintendent of That District, with the Five Nations of Indians, at Augusta, 1763.
Charlestown: Peter Timothy, 1764.
Archives des Colonies, serie C13A, Correspondance Generale: Louisiane. Microfilm
Copy made for Louisiana Colonial Records Project consortium, 1970.
Secondary Sources: Books
Alden, John R. John Stuart and the Southern Colonial Frontier, 1754-75. Ann Arbor:
University of Michigan Press, 1944.
Anderson, William L. and James A. Lewis. A Guide to Cherokee Documents in Foreign
Archives. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1983.
Barrow, Thomas C. Trade and Empire: The British Service in Colonial America, 1660-
1775. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967.
Brain, Jeffery. Tunica Treasure. Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and
Ethnology, No. 71. Cambridge: Peabody Museum, 1979.
Brannon, Peter A. The Southern Indian Trade, Being Particularly A Study Of
Material From The Tallapoosa River Valley Of Alabama. Montgomery, Ala.: Paragon
Braund, Kathryn E. Holland. Deerskins & Duffels: Creek Indian Trade With Anglo-
America, 1685-1815. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993.
Cashin, Edward J. Jr. Lachlan McGillivray, Indian Trader: The Shaping of the Southern
Colonial Frontier. Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press, 1992.
Corkran, David H. The Creek Frontier, 1540-1783. Norman, Oklahoma: University of
Oklahoma Press, 1967.
Corkran, David H. The Cherokee Frontier: Conflict and Survival, 1740-1762. Norman,
Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962.
Cotterill, Robert Spencer. The Southern Indians: The Story of the Civilized Tribes Before
Removal. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1954.
Crane, Verner. The Southern Frontier, 1670-1732. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press,
Doster, James Fletcher. The Creek Indians and Their Florida Lands, 1740-1823. 2 Vols.
New York: Garland, 1974.
Fabel, Robin F.A. and Robert R. Rea. “Lieutenant Thomas Campbell’s Sojourn Among
the Creeks, November, 1764-May, 1765.” Alabama Historical Quarterly 36 (Summer
Giraud, Marcel. The Reign of Louis XIV, 1698-1715. Vol. I of Marcel Giraud, A History
of French Louisiana. Translated by Joseph C. Lambert. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State
University Press, 1974.
_______. L’epoque de John Law (1717-1720). Paris, 1966. Vol.III of Marcel Giraud,
Histoire de la Louisiane francaise. 4 Vols.
Gometz, Anne E. A Creek Indian Bibliography: Creek Indians: Sources for History,
Biography and Genealogy; Print and Internet Links.
Hudson, Charles, Ed. Black Drink: A Native American Tea. Athens: University of
________. The Southeastern Indians. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press,
Milling, Chapman J. Red Carolinians. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press,
Mooney, James. Historical Sketch Of The Cherokee. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Co.,
Snell, William R. Indian Slavery in Colonial South Carolina, 1671-1795. Ann Arbor:
University Microfilms, 1973.
Smith, Daniel M. “James Seagrove and the Mission to Tuckaubatchee, 1793.” Georgia
Historical Quarterly 44 (March 1960): 41-55.
Smith, Marvin T. Archaeology and Aboriginal Culture Change in the Interior Southeast:
Depopulation during the Early Historic Period. Ripley P. Bullen Monographs in
Anthropology and History, no. 6. Gainsville: University Presses of Florida/Florida
State Museum, 1987.
Swanton, John R. Early History of the Creek Indians and Their Neighbors. Bureau of
American Ethnology Bulletin no. 73. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office,
1922. Reprint. New York: Johnson Reprint Co., 1970.
Thomas, Daniel H. Fort Toulouse: The French Outpost at the Alabamas on the Coosa.
With a New Introduction by Gregory A. Waselkov. Tuscaloosa: University of
Alabama Press, 1989.
Usner, Daniel H. Jr. Indians, Settlers & Slaves In A Frontier Exchange Economy: The
Lower Mississippi Valley Before 1783. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina
Woods, Patricia Dillon. French-Indian Relations on the Southern Frontier, 1699-1762.
Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1980.
Wright, Amos J. Jr. The McGillivray and McIntosh Traders On The Old Southwest
Frontier, 1716-1815. Forward by Vernon J. Knight. Montgomery, AL: New South
Books, Inc., 2007.
Wright, J. Letch Jr. Creeks and Seminoles, Destruction and Regeneration of the
Muscogulge People. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1986.
Secondary Sources: Archaeological Monographs and Reports
Knight, Vernon James Jr.
(1985) Tukabatchee: Archaeological Investigations at a Historic
Creek Town, Elmore County, Alabama, 1984. Report of Investigations 45,
Office of Archaeological Research, Alabama State Museum of Natural History,
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 1985. Mimeographed report.
(1994a) The Formation of the Creeks. In The Forgotten
Centuries: Indians and Europeans in the American South,
(1994b) Ocmulgee Fields Culture and the Historic
Development of Creek Ceramics. In Ocmulgee Archaeology,
Waselkov, Gregory A.
(1982) Waselkov, Gregory A., Brian M. Wood and Joseph M. Herbert.
Colonization And Conquest: The 1980 Archaeological Excavations At
Fort Toulouse And Fort Jackson, Alabama. Auburn University:
Archaeological Monograph 4, Auburn University at Montgomery, 1982.
(1984) Fort Toulouse Studies. Auburn University Archaeological Monograph, no.
9. Auburn, Ala.: Auburn University Department of Sociology and
(1989) “Seventeenth – Century Trade in the Colonial Southeast.” In
Southeastern Archaeology 8 (1989): 117-33.
(1990) “Historic Creek Architectural Adaptations to the Deerskin
Trade.” In Archaeological Investigations at the Early Historic Creek
Indian Town of Fusihatchee (Phase I, 1988-1989).
Roy, Christian and Hélène Côté, Ed. Dreams Of The Americas: Overview of New France
Archaeology. Quebec: Association des archéologues du Quèbec, 2008.
Secondary Sources: Ethnohistorical Studies and Reports
Hodge, Frederick W., Ed. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Bureau of
American Ethnology Bulletin 30. 2 Vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing
Swanton, John R.
Indian Tribes of the Lower Mississippi Valley and Adjacent Coast of and Adjacent Gulf
of Mexico. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 43. Washington, D.C.:
Government Printing Office, 1911.
“An Early Account of the Choctaw Indians.” Memoirs of the American Anthropological
Association, V (1918), 53-72.
Early History of the Creek Indians and their Neighbors.
Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 73.
Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1922.
“Social Organization and Social Usages of the Indians of the Creek Confederacy.” In
Bureau of American Ethnology Forty-Second Annual Report. Washington, D.C.:
Government Printing Office, 1926.
The Indians of the Southeastern United States. Washington, D.C.:
Smithsonian Institution Press, 1946. Reprint, 1979.
Usner, Daniel H., Jr.
(1984) “The Deerskin Trade in French Louisiana.” In Proceedings of the Tenth
Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society, April 12-14 1984.Edited by
Philip Boucher, pp. 75-93. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1985.
Waselkov, Gregory and John W. Cottier
(1984) “European Perceptions of Eastern Muskogean Ethnicity.” In Proceedings of
the Tenth Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society, April 12-14, 1984.
Edited by Philip Boucher, pp.23-45. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America,
Secondary Sources: Articles
Brannon, Peter A.
“Pocket Knives and Looking Glasses.” In Alabama Highways (Nov-Dec
“Indian Traders in the Alabama Country.” In Alabama Highways (Sept-Oct
Opler, Morris E. The Creek “Town” and the Problem of Creek Indian Political
Reorganization. In Human Problems in Technological Change: A CaseBook.
Secondary Sources: Journal Articles
Alden, John R. “The Albany Congress And The Creation Of The Indian
Superintendencies.” The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 27 (2) Sept. 1940): 193-
− − −− . John Stuart and the Southern Colonial Frontier: A Study of Indian
Relations, War, Trade, and Land Problems in the Southern Wilderness, 1754-1775.
University of Michigan Publications in History and Political Science, No. 15. Ann
Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1944. Reprint. New York: Gordian, 1966.
Caldwell, Norman. The French in the Mississippi Valley, 1740-1750. Urbana: University
of Illinois Press, 1941.
Campbell, Thomas. “Thomas Campbell to Lord Deane Gordon: An Account of the Creek
Indian Nation, 1764.” Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol.8 (1930).
Crane, Verner W. “The Tennessee River as the Road to Carolina: The Beginnings of
Exploration and Trade.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review, III (1916), 3-18.
Kelly, James C. “Notable Persons In Cherokee History: Attakullakulla”. Journal of
Cherokee Studies, Vol.III, No.1 (Winter 1978): 2-34.
Martin, Joel. “Southeastern Indians and the Trade in Skins and Slaves,” Charles Hudson
and Carmen Chaves Tesser, Ed., The Forgotten Centuries: Indians and Europeans in
the American South, 1521-1704. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994.
Mattison, Ray H. “The Creek Trading House- From Colerain to Fort Hawkins”. In The
Georgia Historical Quarterly, (Sept 1946).
Smith, Daniel M. “James Seagrove and the Mission to Tuckaubatchee, 1793.” Georgia
Historical Quarterly 44 (March 1960): 41-55.
Smith, Louis R. “British –Indian Trade in Alabama, 1670-1756”. In The Alabama Review
27 (1) (Jan 1974): 65-75.
Thomas, Daniel H. “Fort Toulouse: The French Outpost at the Alibamos on the Coosa.”
Alabama Historical Quarterly, XXII (1960), 141-230.
Usner, Daniel H. “The Frontier Exchange Economy of the Lower Mississippi Valley in
the Eighteenth Century.” In William & Mary Quarterly. 44, (1987): 165-192.