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  1. 1. CALIFORNIA BY: KEVIN STARR Set 1 - Chapters 7 – 9 Power Point Slides By Amanda Garibay History141 Time Period from 1920-1963 31644
  2. 2. Ch. 7 Great Expectations: Creating the Infrastructure of a Mega-State The mega-state began with water, the sine qua non of any civilization. For California to become inhabitable and productive in its entirety would require a statewide water system of heroic magnitude. In 1878 the Drainage Act was passed. From then on William Hammond Hall was responsible for all of the studies that laid out a comprehensive program for the development of California through water projects.
  3. 3. Great Expectations The first forty years of statehood saw California organize its political and social economical structures and lay the foundations of its built environment. The second forty years as a state-(twentieth century), the public works infrastructure of California was established. Some activity beginning in the 1890’s The dams, aqueducts, reservoirs, power plants, industrial sites, bridges, roadways ,public buildings, and stadiums created during this second phase served the growing population of the state. They also foretold and empowered the mega-state to come
  4. 4. Great Expectations 1920: Legislature expands the scope of anti-Japanese legislation. The California  Institute of Technology is named. Donald Douglas opens an aviation company in Santa Monica. 1924: Immigration Act prohibits Japanese from emigrating to the Untied States.  Los Angeles Basin is producing 230 Million barrels of crude oil and 300 million cubic feet of natural gas. 1927: T. Claude Ryan builds Spirit of St. Louis in San Diego. Mexican  field workers organize the Mutual Aid Society and submit demands to growers. 1928: Phillo T. Farnsworth makes the first television transmission from San Francisco  laboratory. 1929: Western Airlines announces service to New York via Kansas City. The jazz singer  introduces sound in film.
  5. 5. Ch. 8 Making It Happen: Labor Through the Great Depression and Beyond The Great Depression of the 1930’s witnessed the continuing creation of a statewide infrastructure as the state and federal governments sponsored ambitious programs of public works that completed California. The resulting social strife was compounded by the structural instability of the agricultural workforce; a militant labor movement in the San Francisco Bay Area; A labor-resistant oligarchy, especially in Southern California and the working people.
  6. 6. Making It Happen The agriculture workers of California had by their stooped and backbreaking labor played a crucial role in bringing California into existence and into prominence. They had a right to a decent and dignified life in the state they had helped to create, to sustain, and to enrich.
  7. 7. Making It Happen Thanks to the sponsorship of President Herbert Hoover, the monumental Boulder Dam was constructed between 1931 and 1935 on the Colorado River at the Nevada- Arizona border. This was the most formidable dam up to that time in human history.
  8. 8. War And Peace: Garrison State and Suburban Growth Act of war governed by the military. California remains 1846-1850 closely connected to the military through the rest of the nineteenth century. 1854 The navy maintained an important ship repair facility on Mare Island in San Francisco Bay. Starting in 1891 the fourth Cavalry had responsibility for patrolling the Yosemite Valley, resulting in California's need for military to increase. 1898 The Spanish-American War formally established the United States as an Asia-Pacific power. The point of these dates being brought up are to inform of the past that soon later on resulted with the wars and peace of the second world war on September 1, 1939
  9. 9. War and Peace The attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941took all the force from the America First movement, already reeling form the anti-Semitic direction it had taken in certain speeches by former Californian Charles Lindbergh. This California-Japanese war, as Carey McWilliams described it, was part of a larger “Yellow Peril” movement that brought with it a virulent “White California” crusade led by former San Francisco mayor James Duval Phelan.
  10. 10. Between 1940 and 1950 the state population grew from 6.9 million to 10.6 million, a gain of 53 percent. Between July 1945 to July 1947, more than a million people migrated to California, which created a housing shortage of monumental proportions.
  11. 11. War and Peace Such massive development demanded anchorage in time, place, and theme. Disneyland helped to do this. IN the rise of Southern California, hotels, resorts, and expositions played a founding role.