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OpenStack Quantum:Taking OpenStack Networking to New Heights                       Dan Wendlandt                      dan@...
Aaron Rosen, Quantum core dev at VMware, show his OpenStack Quantum team pride.
Outline• Why Quantum?• What is Quantum?    – API Abstractions    – Plugin Architecture•   Project Status•   Deployment Sce...
Why Quantum?
Networks for Enterprise Applications          are Complex….              Image from windowssecurity.com
Why Quantum? Reason #1     On-demand Enterprise-Class Networking• Quantum has Tenants API to:                Internet  – c...
Cloud Stresses the Network….• High-density multi-tenancy   – But VLANs limit scale• On-demand provisioning   – But traditi...
Why Quantum?          #2: Leveraging Advanced Technologies• New networking technologies are  emerging to try and tackle th...
What is Quantum?
Quantum Architecture                      Generic OpenStack APIs   Operator Selected Backends                           Co...
Basic API Abstractions                           VM1                 VM2                   virtual serverNova             ...
Quantum Model: Dynamic Network      Creation + Association                            TenantA-VM2            TenantA-VM3  ...
Quantum API Extensions• Enables innovation in virtual networking.    – Tenants can query API to programmatically discover ...
Quantum Architecture                      Generic OpenStack APIs   Operator Selected Backends                           Co...
Quantum Architecture (generic)API Clients      Quantum Service                 Backend X                 Quantum          ...
World’s simplest Quantum Plugin*• API request is dumped into an email, send to  your network administrator.• Administrator...
Quantum Plugins Trade-offs• Different back-end “engines” present different trade-offs:    –   Scalability    –   Forwardin...
Quantum PluginsOpen source plugins based on Open vSwitch and LinuxBridge exist (works with any hardware switches).The foll...
Project Status
A Growing Team…
6 Months Ago…• Incubation release (Essex, April ‘12)   – v1 API, basic L2 API abstractions.   – Quantum API used by nova-n...
Today• First “core” release (Folsom, Oct. ‘12)   – v2 API, with L2 + IP address mgmt (IPAM)   – Tenant API with Keystone +...
Tenant Network Control (Horizon)
Tenant Network Control (Horizon)
Tenant Network Control (Horizon)
What’s going to happen to nova-network?• No forced upgrade in Folsom, or Grizzly.• Existing nova-network stays even with  ...
Should I start using Quantum?• Go back to reasons project was created:  – API to build rich network topologies, insert    ...
Taking Quantum for a spin..• Admin Documentation:  – http://docs.openstack.org/trunk/openstack-    network/admin/content/ ...
Get Hands On!Hands on Quantum Deployment WorkshopThursday 9:00 – 10:30 am @ Manchester E
Deployment Use Cases
Basic Physical Network Connectivity
Two API Deployment Models• Cloud Operator creates networks for tenants   – Quantum API is admin only, tenants do not use i...
Single Flat Network              Similar to Nova-network Flat              or FlatDHCP manager.
Multiple Flat Networks
Mixed Flat + Private Networks
Single Provider Router                  Similar to Nova-network                  VlanManager.
Per-Tenant Routers                 Similar to Amazon VPC or                 CloudStack model.
Looking Forward
Grizzly Quantum: where are we going?• Closing gaps:  – Security groups & metadata    service compatible with    overlappin...
Talks by Quantum Users @ Summit           Wed @ 9:30 am                               Includes                            ...
Key Takeaways• Quantum enables advanced networking in  OpenStack:  – API to configure rich network topologies.  – Plugin a...
Thanks!              Questions?Slides available at: http://www.slideshare.net/danwent                Dan Wendlandt        ...
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Quantum PTL Update - Grizzly Summit.pptx

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Transcript of "Quantum PTL Update - Grizzly Summit.pptx"

  1. 1. OpenStack Quantum:Taking OpenStack Networking to New Heights Dan Wendlandt dan@nicira.com dwendlandt@vmware.com Openstack Quantum Hacker & Project Team Lead twitter - danwendlandt
  2. 2. Aaron Rosen, Quantum core dev at VMware, show his OpenStack Quantum team pride.
  3. 3. Outline• Why Quantum?• What is Quantum? – API Abstractions – Plugin Architecture• Project Status• Deployment Scenarios• Looking Forward• Questions
  4. 4. Why Quantum?
  5. 5. Networks for Enterprise Applications are Complex…. Image from windowssecurity.com
  6. 6. Why Quantum? Reason #1 On-demand Enterprise-Class Networking• Quantum has Tenants API to: Internet – create multiple private L2 L3 networks L2 – control IP addressing (can use L3 same IP space as existing datacenter deployment) L2 – Connect to an upstream router L3 for external access. L2 – Insert advanced network L3 services: routers, firewalls, VPN, IDS, etc. L2 – Monitor network status
  7. 7. Cloud Stresses the Network….• High-density multi-tenancy – But VLANs limit scale• On-demand provisioning – But traditional network solutions have interfaces designed for manual configuration.• Need to place / move workloads were capacity exists – But network state (e.g., IP address) is tied to a particular location
  8. 8. Why Quantum? #2: Leveraging Advanced Technologies• New networking technologies are emerging to try and tackle these challenges. – Network virtualization – Overlay tunneling: VXLAN, NVGRE, STT – Software-defined Networking (SDN) / OpenFlow – L2 Fabric solutions: FabricPath, Qfabric, etc. – [ insert other solution here ]• Quantum provides a “plugin” mechanism to enable different technologies (more later).
  9. 9. What is Quantum?
  10. 10. Quantum Architecture Generic OpenStack APIs Operator Selected Backends Compute API KVM Network API OVS Plugin Tenant Tools (GUI, CLI, Storage API Ceph API code)An eco-system of A generic tenant API A “plugin” architecturetools that leverage to create and with different back-endthe Quantum API. configure “virtual “engines” networks”
  11. 11. Basic API Abstractions VM1 VM2 virtual serverNova 10.0.0.2 10.0.0.3 virtual interface (VIF) virtual portQuantum Net1 L2 virtual network 10.0.0.0/24 virtual subnet “virtual networks” and “virtual subnets” are fundamentally multi-tenant, just like virtual servers (e.g., overlapping IPs can be used on different networks).
  12. 12. Quantum Model: Dynamic Network Creation + Association TenantA-VM2 TenantA-VM3 TenantA-VM1 10.0.0.3 9.0.0.2 10.0.0.2 9.0.0.3 Tenant-A Net1 Tenant-A Net2 10.0.0.0/24 9.0.0.0/24External Net88.0.0.0/18 • Tenant can use API to create many networks. • When booting a VM, define which network(s) it should connect to. • Can even plug-in “instances” that provide more advanced network functionality (e.g., routing + NAT).
  13. 13. Quantum API Extensions• Enables innovation in virtual networking. – Tenants can query API to programmatically discover supported extensions. – Overtime, extensions implemented by many plugins can become “core”.• Add properties on top of existing network/port abstractions: – QoS/SLA guarantees / limits – Security Filter Policies – port statistics / netflow• New Services – L3 forwarding, ACLs + NAT (“elastic” or “floating” IPs) – VPN connectivity between cloud and customer site, or another cloud datacenter.
  14. 14. Quantum Architecture Generic OpenStack APIs Operator Selected Backends Compute API KVM Network API OVS plugin Tenant Tools (GUI, CLI, Storage API Ceph API code)An eco-system of A generic tenant API A “plugin” architecturetools that leverage to create and with different back-endthe Quantum API. configure “virtual “engines” networks”
  15. 15. Quantum Architecture (generic)API Clients Quantum Service Backend X Quantum API Tenant Create-net Scripts . Horizon . Plugin GUI . X Create- Orchestration Physical port virtual switch Code Network Nova Compute API Extensions Interfaces from Nova plug into a switch manages by Uniform API the Quantum plugin. for all clients
  16. 16. World’s simplest Quantum Plugin*• API request is dumped into an email, send to your network administrator.• Administrator manually configures network connectivity. * Not recommended for use… ever!
  17. 17. Quantum Plugins Trade-offs• Different back-end “engines” present different trade-offs: – Scalability – Forwarding performance – Hypervisor Compatibility – Network HW Compat (vendor specific? Allow L3 scale-out?) – Manageability / troubleshooting – Advanced Features (exposed as API extensions) – Production testing – High Availability (control & data plane) – Open source vs. Free vs. Paid• Cloud Operators weigh trade-offs, choose a plugin.• Note: Back-end technology hidden behind logical core API – Example: VLANs vs. tunneling
  18. 18. Quantum PluginsOpen source plugins based on Open vSwitch and LinuxBridge exist (works with any hardware switches).The following vendors have publicly stated that they already haveor are developing a Quantum plugin (others exist as well). In somecases, vendor hardware is required.
  19. 19. Project Status
  20. 20. A Growing Team…
  21. 21. 6 Months Ago…• Incubation release (Essex, April ‘12) – v1 API, basic L2 API abstractions. – Quantum API used by nova-network, but not exposed to tenants. – Plugin architecture to enable choice of back-end technology. – In production at early adopters.
  22. 22. Today• First “core” release (Folsom, Oct. ‘12) – v2 API, with L2 + IP address mgmt (IPAM) – Tenant API with Keystone + Horizon Integration – Updated CLI – Extensions: • L3 “routers” w/floating IPs • “provider networks” mapped to specific VLANs • Tenant quotas • Notifications
  23. 23. Tenant Network Control (Horizon)
  24. 24. Tenant Network Control (Horizon)
  25. 25. Tenant Network Control (Horizon)
  26. 26. What’s going to happen to nova-network?• No forced upgrade in Folsom, or Grizzly.• Existing nova-network stays even with Quantum in core.• Planning an “orderly transition” 1) Freeze on adding new functionality in nova-network (already in effect). 2) Make sure Quantum covers all important nova-network scenarios (target Grizzly) 3) Nova MAY simplifying nova-network code by removing all but basic networking support in subsequent release (possible target H-release)
  27. 27. Should I start using Quantum?• Go back to reasons project was created: – API to build rich network topologies, insert services. – Overcome limitations of traditional networking solutions (e.g., VLANs).• If these are important to your OpenStack deployment, go for it!• Otherwise staying with nova-network is fine.
  28. 28. Taking Quantum for a spin..• Admin Documentation: – http://docs.openstack.org/trunk/openstack- network/admin/content/ – Ubuntu and Red Hat deployments covered. – Please read the entire doc… if something is still unclear, send email to the list• Or use Devstack – http://wiki.openstack.org/QuantumDevstack
  29. 29. Get Hands On!Hands on Quantum Deployment WorkshopThursday 9:00 – 10:30 am @ Manchester E
  30. 30. Deployment Use Cases
  31. 31. Basic Physical Network Connectivity
  32. 32. Two API Deployment Models• Cloud Operator creates networks for tenants – Quantum API is admin only, tenants do not use it. – Similar to nova-network model, but with flexibility around network topology, IP addressing, etc.• Expose API to tenants directly – True “self-service networking”. – Tenants use scripts, CLI, or web GUI to manage networks & subnets.• Can also mix-and-match strategies – Provider creates default network connectivity, tenants can choose to extend.
  33. 33. Single Flat Network Similar to Nova-network Flat or FlatDHCP manager.
  34. 34. Multiple Flat Networks
  35. 35. Mixed Flat + Private Networks
  36. 36. Single Provider Router Similar to Nova-network VlanManager.
  37. 37. Per-Tenant Routers Similar to Amazon VPC or CloudStack model.
  38. 38. Looking Forward
  39. 39. Grizzly Quantum: where are we going?• Closing gaps: – Security groups & metadata service compatible with overlapping IPs. – Support L3-forwarding & DHCP on compute nodes (similar to nova “multi_host” flag)• Advanced Services – Load-balancing – VPN
  40. 40. Talks by Quantum Users @ Summit Wed @ 9:30 am Includes production Wed @ 11:00 am Quantum deployments that have been Wed @ 2:40 pm running for 6+ months on Essex! Wed @ 4:10 pm
  41. 41. Key Takeaways• Quantum enables advanced networking in OpenStack: – API to configure rich network topologies. – Plugin architecture for leveraging new network technologies.• With “core” status, expect jump in Quantum production deployments in Folsom.• Quantum team is growing quickly, come join!
  42. 42. Thanks! Questions?Slides available at: http://www.slideshare.net/danwent Dan Wendlandt dan@nicira.com dwendlandt@vmware.com OpenStack Quantum Hacker & Project Team Lead twitter - danwendlandt
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