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# 23 balance

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• 1. Visual Imagination
• 2. Composition, as previously stated, is the conscious selection of visual elements, employed in design, through the use of some guiding principles, for the purpose of achieving a pleasing or desired result.
• 3. CHARACTER IS COMPOSITION
• 4. MAKEUP AS COMPOSITION
• 5. SETTING AS COMPOSITION
• 6. THE STAGE PICTURE AS COMPOSITION
• 7. As suggested in the earlier lecture, the moment we open our eyes and focus on something, our mind automatically perceives a composition within our visual field. We emphasize the object or objects we focus on, while unconsciously subordinating and balancing all other visual elements, so as to avoid competition, clutter and confusion. We determine the order in which to “engage “ the things we are seeing thus providing continuity to our composition. EMPHASIS, BALANCE AND CONTINUITY THE 3 ELEMENTS OF COMPOSITION.
• 8. BALANCE: THE EQUILIBRIUM OF OPPOSING OR INTERACTING FORCES OR VISUAL WEIGHT WITHIN A VISUAL FIELD OR COMPOSITION. THERE ARE TWO CATEGORIES OF BALANCE A. FORMAL SYMMETRY B. INFORMAL SYMMETRY SYMMETRY MEANS EQUAL PROPORTION THERE ARE 4 TYPES OF FORMAL SYMMETRY 1. TRUE SYMMETRY 2. VIRTUAL SYMMETRY 3. RADIAL SYMMETRY 4. CRYSTALOGRAPHIC SYMMETRY
• 9. TRUE SYMMETRY: Balance in a composition achieved by the equal distribution of all visual elements across a central, vertical or horizontal axis.
• 10. True symmetry is somewhat contrived. It nearly never appears in nature. It is typically a man-made creation that, more often than not, appears static, unless it is acted upon by some other force.
• 11. Virtual Symmetry also known as Near Symmetry is a lot more common. It appears profusely in nature.
• 12. VIRTUAL SYMMETRY: Balance in a composition achieved by a similar distribution of like visual elements, across a central axis. The human face is a good example of virtual symmetry.
• 13. CLASSICAL BEAUTY REFERS TO NEAR PERFECT SYMMETRY IN PHYSICAL APPEARANCE WHILE CONFORMING TO PROPORTIONAL STANDARDS LETS DO A LITTLE TEST! TAKE A LOOK AT THE FOLLOWING PICTURES OF FACES AND RATE EACH ONE FOR POSITIVE CHARACTERISTICS ON A SCALE FROM 1 TO 5 1 BEING LOW AND 5 BEING HIGH
• 14. RADIAL BALANCE: Balance in a composition achieved by the similar distribution of elements emanating from a central point. Typically the composition is dynamic rather than static. i.e. use of rotation, pulsation and radiation or explosion are common.
• 15. CHRYSTALLOFRAPHIC SYMMETRY: A symmetrical pattern or motif , distributed evenly across a visual field without placing emphasis on any single element or axis.
• 16. INFORMAL BALANCE ASYMMETRY: Balance in a composition achieved in one of two ways: 1. Balance in a composition achieved by a distribution of similar or dissimilar visual elements, across a central vertical or horizontal axis.
• 17. COSTUME AS COMPOSITION
• 18. 2. Balance in a composition achieved by distributing visual elements across a non centralized axis.
• 19. OCCULT OR FELT BALANCE: Visual balance achieved through the manipulation of visual elements without the aid of an apparent axis.