Lazin Amparo&Habeas Compared,May08
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Lazin Amparo&Habeas Compared,May08

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Comparative Law history; U.S and Mexico habeas corpus and AMPARO LAW compared.

Comparative Law history; U.S and Mexico habeas corpus and AMPARO LAW compared.

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  • Two Cases.

Lazin Amparo&Habeas Compared,May08 Lazin Amparo&Habeas Compared,May08 Presentation Transcript

  • Amparo and Habeas Corpus Compared Mexican Law and the U.S. Judicial System Dr. Olga M. Lazin UCLA Visiting Scholar [email_address]
  • The Amparo and American Law
    • In Mexico, one is Guilty until Proven Innocent in a court of law (Napoleonic Code dating back to 1810). Due to the harshness of the NC, the Amparo was needed ever since the conquest in New Spain.
    • In the U.S. one is Innocent until Proven Guilty.
  • Major Differences in the Penal Code
    • Trial by a jury in the USA
    • Trial by one judge in Mexico--usually no oral testimony, no cross examination
    • Bounty hunting is legal in USA, illegal in Mexico.
    • Mexico’s Writ of Amparo reverses the harsh Napoleonic Code to assure that at least some persons/entities are presumed to be innocent. In effect, the Amparo is “Habeas Corpus” before arrest (not after arrest as in the USA). Because the judge who issues the Writ prevents abusive arrest or action by non-judicial branches of government, the judge takes the individual or entity under his/her care until the case is resolved--see Molina.
  • Judge vs trial by a jury of your peers
    • Such action by a judge is not practical for many cases owing to the fact that the judge is responsible for assuring that the accused will not flee or the entity will not, eg, hide its assets.
    • Thus, except for the very rich, who can afford to “compensate” judges for the risk that they take, few individuals/entities are granted Amparos.
    • A no-cost exception occurs in egregious cases where the general population demands that obviously unfair governmental practices and/or threats be stopped by the Courts.
  • The Dog’s case
    • Duane “Dog” Chapman was arrested here in the USA by U.S. Marshals at request of Mexican authorities who seek his extradition (highly unlikely as the crime for which he is accused in Mexico is not equivalent to a U.S. felony charge.)
  • Dog Jumped Bail in Mexico
    • Dog's lawyer is Bill Bollard.
    • Dog is wanted for unlawful deprivation of freedom of convicted serial- rapist Andrew Luster,who he “captured” in 2003 in PV, Mexico.
  • How Unintegrated the 2 Systems Are
    • This case and many others prove how incompatible the 2 systems are.
    • If extradited to Mexico, he should apply for an amparo.
    • Agenda Update; Judiciary-(waleg-senate-JUD)
    • To: WALEG-SENATE-JUD@LISTSERV.WA.GOV
    • List-Help: <http://listserv.wa.gov/cgi-bin/wa?LIST=WALEG-SENATE-JUD>,
    • <mailto:LISTSERV@LISTSERV.WA.GOV?body=INFO WALEG-SENATE-JUD>
    • List-Unsubscribe: <mailto:WALEG-SENATE-JUD-unsubscribe-request@LISTSERV.WA.GOV>
    • List-Subscribe: <mailto:WALEG-SENATE-JUD-subscribe-request@LISTSERV.WA.GOV>
    • List-Owner: <mailto:WALEG-SENATE-JUD-request@LISTSERV.WA.GOV>
    • List-Archive: <http://listserv.wa.gov/cgi-bin/wa?LIST=WALEG-SENATE-JUD>
    • X-Probable-Spam: no
    • Judiciary
    • Wednesday                                                                                         Senate Hearing Rm 1
    • February 28, 2007                                                                              J.A. Cherberg Building
    • 3:30 pm                 Olympia, WA
    • Public Hearing:
    • 1.         SB 5987 - Increasing penalties for gang-related offenses. (Clements)
    • 2.         SB 6058 - Changing the effect of settlement agreements. (Kline)
    • 3.         SB 6060 - Regarding unlawful detainer action proceedings and notice for nonpayment of rent. (Kline)
    • 4.         SB 6103 - Creating a pilot program for enforcement of financial fraud and identity theft laws. (Kline)
    • 5.         SB 6113 - Changing provisions concerning ignition interlock devices. (Tom)
    • Executive Session: To be announced.
    • Bibliography:
    • Title:
    • Temas de derecho procesal penal de México y España / David Cienfuegos Salgado, Carlos F. Natarén Nandayapa, Carlos Ríos Espinosa, coordinadores
    • Imprint:
    • México : Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2005
    • Description:
    • x, 501 p.
    • Author / Contributors :
    • Ríos Espinosa, Ca r los
    • Natarén Nandayapa, Carlo s F.
    • Cienfuegos Salgado, D a vid
    • Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Investigaciones Juríd icas
    • Series Statement:
    • Serie Doctrina jurídica / Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas ; núm. 208
    • Series Tit le:
    • Serie Doctrina jurídica ; nú m. 208
    • Notes:
    • Includes bibliographical references.
    • Library Notes:
    • Original cataloguing.
    • Sub jects:
    • CRIM I NAL LAW*
    • CRIMINAL P R OCEDURE *
    • MEXIC O *
    • SPAIN*
    • COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
    • ISBN:
    • 9703222730
    • Type of Mater
    • Olga Magdalena Lazin, UCLA Visiting Scholar
    • EDUCATION, International Comparative Studies
    • http://web.me.com/reynucla/OLGALAZIN.net/Books.html
    • http:// www.olgalazin .net
    • On Worldcat, pls write a review of my book
    • Olga Magdalena Lazin
    • http:// www.olgalazin.net
    • 440 Veteran Ave, Suite 207, Los Angeles, CA 90024
    • H ( 310) 208-2244 C (310) 488-0061 FAX: (310) 454 3109 [email_address]
    • http://www.myspace/olghita BLOG
    • http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/232330036
    • http://www.ireport.com/docs/DOC-116724
    • under LATEST;
    • http://www.ireport.com/docs/DOC-268135
    • http://www.scribd.com/share/upload/12548970/23z6mw32x2677q8mbk9r?from_email_13_share_upload=1
    • http://www.scribd.com/share/upload/12548970/23z6mw32x2677q8mbk9r
    • http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?pid=46886609&op=1&o=user&view=user&subj=153013535709&aid=-1&oid=153013535709&id=2538457
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    Temas de derecho procesal x, 501 p. R 弛 s Espinosa, Carlos Natar 始 Nandayapa, Carlos F. Cienfuegos Salgado, David Serie Doctrina jur 壇 i ca ; n 徇 . 208 Original cataloguing. CRIMINAL LAW* CRIMINAL PROCEDURE* MEXICO* SPAIN* COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS 9703222730 A01 x, 501 p. R 弛 s Espinosa, Carlos Natar 始 Nandayapa, Carlos F. Cienfuegos Salgado, David Serie Doctrina Serie Doctrina jur 壇 i ca ; n 徇 . 208 Includes Original cataloguing. CRIMINAL LAW* CRIMINAL PROCEDURE* MEXICO* SPAIN* COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS 9703222730 MORE SOURCES ON THIS TOPIC: