Voluntary Repatriation Most refugees want to go home Repatriation to the home country should happen only when the situation in the home country has changed in a lasting and meaningful way and the refugees can return safely . Refugees sometimes go home in large numbers after decades, (e.g. some Eritreans and Ethiopians in the early 90’s) or after a few months (e.g.Kosovars in 1999). Local Integration A refugee is considered locally integrated in the country where they sought refuge if: they can move around that country freely, they may leave and return to that country, they are allowed to earn a living, their children are allowed to attend school, there is no threat of forcible return to country of origin, and there is a possibility of acquiring permanent residence or citizenship. Most of the world’s refugees are in asylum countries neighbouring the areas of conflict. Millions are in refugee camps. Most will never become completely locally integrated. Resettlement to a third country Resettlement as an instrument of protection is geared primarily to the special needs of refugees whose life, liberty, safety, health or fundamental human rights are at risk in the country where they sought refuge. Resettlement provides a durable solution for those who are particularly vulnerable and who are unable to benefit from the other two solutions. Resettlement is also a means of burden-sharing and of family reunification. Usually resettlement offers the refugee the right to remain in the resettlement country permanently.
This includes 15.2 million refugees, 827,000 asylum-seekers (pending cases) and 26 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). Other resettlement countries include: -US, Australia, New Zealand, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, UK, Ireland, Iceland- plus newer resettlement countries like Brazil, Argentina, Chile -Worldwide there were approximately 70,000-80,000 resettlement places available this year. US by far the largest, but their numbers have declined since September 11 due to security concerns -There are initiatives to increase the number of resettlement countries- including European countries like Portugal and France.
was a milestone in Canada’s response to refugees, establishing refugees as a class distinct from immigrants. (ordinary people across Canada became involved in assisting refugees settle in Canada. clarified the humanitarian goals to offer protection and a durable solution to refugees in need of resettlement.
How Do Refugees Come to Canada? Inland processing Person arrives in Canada, and makes a refugee claim The claim is processed in Canada through the refugee determination process at the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) Approximately 15,000 refugees are accepted and landed in Canada each year Overseas processing Sponsored refugees have their interviews, medical, security and criminality checks conducted overseas. A refugee resettled from overseas is “landed” on arrival in Canada, and enters the country as a permanent resident. -Government-assisted refugees annual target, currently at 7,500 -Mostly referred by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Privately sponsored refugees are additional to the government program -Current range 3,000-4,500 a year
Eligibility Convention Refugee Abroad Class; Country of Asylum Class; Source Country Class Be outside of their country of origin Be outside of Canada * except if being considered in the source country class Have no other solution Be refered by the UNHCR or a private sponsor Admissibily Medical Security Criminality
Mostly religious, ethno-cultural and humanitarian organizations Local, regional or national Responsible for all sponsorships signed under its agreement Work with constituent groups and/or cosponsors
Must: provide emotional and financial commitment to support the refugees for the duration of the sponsorship be located in the community where the refugees will live can form a partnership with cosponsor
persons convicted of serious criminal acts, if five years have not lapsed since the end of the sentence persons in default of court-ordered support payments removable and incarcerated persons or persons subject to citizenship revocation proceedings
From the Sponsorship undertaking During the Sponsorship Period the SPONSORING GROUP promises to provide : Reception Meet the refugee on arrival in Canada Provide an orientation to life in Canada Lodging Provide suitable accommodation, basic furniture, and other household essentials Care Provide financial support for food, clothing, local transportation costs and other basic necessities of life Settlement Assistance and Support in the expected community of settlement Help the refugee(s): Complete required forms including health insurance, social insurance, and child tax benefits Learn English or French (e.g. help them getting into an ESL or FSL class) Understand the rights and responsibilities of permanent residents Find employment Get access to resources including, interpreters, community support groups, settlement services Register children in school and guide them in dealings with the school system Select a family physician and dentist Become independent. Sponsors also provide ongoing friendship and emotional support. SPONSORSHIP PERIOD Usually 12 months from the date of arrival of the refugee or until the refugee becomes self-supporting and no longer requires settlement assistance, whichever is less In exceptional circumstances, visa officers can ask for a longer sponsorship period (up to 36 months)
Talk about the three different options 1, 2 or 3
If there are more than five people, attach another sheet of paper. Make sure you complete all the boxes.
This information will allow the officer to recognise existing links to Canada that the refugee applicant may have.
The group representative who should sign and date in the first slot By signing here, the sponsoring group declares that they understand and commit to upholding the terms outlined on the undertaking
The settlement plan and financial assessment is used by CIC to assess whether your group is able to provide the settlement assistance and financial support needed to help the refugee establish successfully in Canada during the validity of the sponsorship. Where practicable, the planned arrangements should be in place before the refugee arrives. All members of the group must agree to the plan.
Question 3: In order to help you determine what financial requirements may be necessary to support the refugee applicant(s) for the validity of the sponsorship, consider the following: • Rent: consider cost of accommodation, including deposit (ensure refugee(s) will be able to afford payment after sponsorship ends) • Utilities: include electricity, heat and water • Food: consider the refugee(s)' need to have some of their national food in their diet • Transportation: bus or metro passes, tickets, etc. • Clothes: consider winter clothes as well • Telephone: decide whether to fund long distance calls; the refugee(s) will need to communicate with family and friends back home • Health: plan for costs not covered by the provincial health plan or the Interim Federal Health plan • Education: school trips, day care to allow parents to attend language training, transition into work force • Incidentals: pocket money, recreation, unanticipated expenses D
Other Sources of Funds&quot; refers to the total amount of sponsorship funds from sources other than personal income, such as funds placed in a bank account for use when the refugee arrives or a promissory note from a corporate donor. The sponsoring group must provide supporting documentation that shows the availability of these funds.
An in-kind donation is an available material provision that is donated to the refugees that would otherwise need to be purchased with group finances. Common examples include rent-free accommodation, furniture or clothing.
Group members may wish to submit their Financial Profile in a sealed envelope to ensure confidentiality It is not necessary that each group member contribute financially to the sponsorship, however, it is preferable that at least three members commit to sharing the financial burden.
Include any other sources of income, i.e. Business, self-employment, rental income, investment and interest, maternity/parental/Sickness benefits, EI, Pension, other income. You cannot include provincial training allowances, social assistance or child tax benefits. LICO – Low Income cut-off
E1 a11 private refugee sponsorship applications_1
Private Refugee Sponsorship Applications: Assisting Groups of Five May 12 2010 Spring 2010 OCASI Professional Development Conference
Resettlement <ul><li>“ In 2008, less than 1 per cent of the world’s refugees directly benefited from resettlement.” </li></ul><ul><li>There were some 42 million forcibly displaced people worldwide at the end of 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Worldwide, about 70,000-100,000 refugees are resettled each year </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008 16 countries resettled 88,800 refugees </li></ul>* * UNHCR 2008 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons
What is Canada’s response to Refugees? <ul><li>Canada’s Refugee Targets for 2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GAR-7,300- 8,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PSR-3,300 -6,000 </li></ul></ul>Number of places available for refugees referred by the UNHCR 2008 Country No. persons USA 56,750 Australia 6,500 Canada 6,140 Sweden 1,900 Norway 1,200
Canadian Permanent Residents by Category for 2008 Based on 2008 CIC Statistics
How do refugees come to Canada? <ul><li>Inland processing </li></ul><ul><li>Person arrives in Canada, and makes a refugee claim </li></ul><ul><li>Overseas processing </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees processed overseas (sponsored refugees) have their interviews, medical, security and criminality checks conducted before arriving in Canada. </li></ul>
How do Refugees processed overseas come to Canada? <ul><li>Privately </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the </li></ul><ul><li>sponsoring group </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsors may be: </li></ul><ul><li>SAHs or their constituent groups </li></ul><ul><li>Groups of Five </li></ul><ul><li>Community Groups </li></ul><ul><li>May be either: </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsor-referred sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Visa office-referred sponsorship (VOR) (cost-sharing may be available) </li></ul>Full Responsibility by Private Groups … to Full Responsibility by Government Government- Assisted Funded by the government Settlement agencies contracted to provide reception and integration under the Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) <ul><li>Joint Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsorship (JAS) </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the </li></ul><ul><li>government </li></ul><ul><li>Private sponsoring group (SAH) provides: </li></ul><ul><li>logistical and moral support </li></ul><ul><li>For refugees identified by visa office as having special needs </li></ul>
Private Sponsorship is… <ul><li>A commitment to working alongside refugees while they integrate into life in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>A commitment to provide basic financial support and care </li></ul><ul><li>A three-way partnership between sponsoring groups, the Government of Canada, and the refugees themselves. </li></ul>
Who can be sponsored? <ul><li>Eligibility </li></ul><ul><li>Do they meet Canada‘s refugee definiton? </li></ul><ul><li>Admissibility </li></ul><ul><li>Are they permitted to enter Canada? </li></ul>
Can Sam be sponsored? <ul><li>Scenario 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario 3 </li></ul>
Who can sponsor? <ul><li>Sponsorship Agreement Holders (SAHs) </li></ul><ul><li>Community Sponsors </li></ul><ul><li>Groups of Five </li></ul>
Sponsorship Agreement Holder <ul><li>An organization that has signed a Sponsorship Agreement with the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration which allows them to participate in the resettlement of refugees through the Private Sponsorship of Refugees program. </li></ul>
Community Sponsors <ul><li>Any organization, association or corporation, does not have to be incorporated, can sponsor up to two refugee families per year (finances permitting). </li></ul>
Group of Five <ul><li>Any group of five Canadian citizens or permanent residents can sponsor refugees. </li></ul>
Members of the group of five must: <ul><li>be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, </li></ul><ul><li>be at least 18 years of age, </li></ul><ul><li>live in the community where the refugee will live, and </li></ul><ul><li>make and provide proof of, a financial commitment to provide settlement assistance and support for the length of the sponsorship (usually one year) </li></ul>
Who cannot sponsor? <ul><li>Some people are ineligible to sponsor: </li></ul><ul><li>persons convicted of serious criminal acts </li></ul><ul><li>persons in default of court-ordered support payments </li></ul><ul><li>removable and incarcerated persons </li></ul><ul><li>persons subject to citizenship revocation proceedings </li></ul>
What is the sponsor responsible for? <ul><li>To provide the refugee during the sponsorship period with: </li></ul><ul><li>reception </li></ul><ul><li>care </li></ul><ul><li>lodging and </li></ul><ul><li>settlement assistance for the sponsored refugees in the expected community of settlement </li></ul><ul><li>*the sponsored refugee cannot access social assistance during the sponsorship period* </li></ul>
For how long? <ul><li>12 months from date of arrival of refugee </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>until the refugee becomes self-supporting and no longer requires settlement assistance </li></ul>
Group of Five Guide – IMM5414 <ul><li>Before you complete your application forms to sponsor a refugee, please read the Refugee Sponsorship Application Guide - Group of Five IMM5414. </li></ul>
What information is in this guide? <ul><li>Contact information </li></ul><ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>How to complete the forms </li></ul><ul><li>Submitting your application </li></ul><ul><li>What happens next? </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship and Immigration Canada centers </li></ul><ul><li>Financial guidelines </li></ul>
What forms are needed to complete a Group of Five application? <ul><li>Instruction Guide [IMM 5414] </li></ul><ul><li>Undertaking/Application to Sponsor — Group of 5 [IMM 5373] </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsor Assessment [IMM 5492] </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement Plan — Group of 5 [IMM 5373A] </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Profile — Member of Group of 5 [IMM 5373B] </li></ul><ul><li>Document Checklist — Group of 5 [IMM 5437] </li></ul><ul><li>Use of a Representative [IMM 5476] </li></ul>
Forms required to be filled out by each member: <ul><li>Financial Profile Form (IMM5373) (if individual is making a financial commitment) </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsor Assessment (IMM5492) </li></ul>
Completing the Undertaking to sponsor (IMM5373)
Make sure that you use the current form. Counter-check this with the form on http://www.cic.gc.ca/francais/information/demandes/groupe-de-cinq.asp
Choose the IMM6000 distribution option X The most preferred is option 3: Local CIC submits completed IMM 0008 and approved Undertaking to visa office Under Option 3 the sponsoring group sends the IMM 6000 to the refugee applicant. The refugee completes the forms and sends them back to the sponsoring group with all the required attachments and photos. The sponsoring group submits the refugee’s application to the local CIC along with their sponsorship Undertaking. The local CIC then forwards the entire application and approved Undertaking to the visa office. For more information: http://rstp.ca/images/fbfiles/files/group5aug2009.pdf (p.13)
<ul><li>Print the name of your Group of Five, e.g. The Refugee Group. </li></ul><ul><li>In Box 1 , print the name of the person who has authorization to represent the group and act as the contact person, e.g. Maria X. </li></ul><ul><li>Print the address and other contacts such as phone, email etc. </li></ul>Completing section A
Completing section B Print the names of the other group members. If a box is not applicable, print "N/A.“
<ul><li>Check “Yes” and provide the following information on a separate page: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Member’s first and last name (at time of sponsorship) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of sponsoring group (where applicable) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name, date of birth, and country of birth of all persons sponsored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The client identification numbers issued as a result of previous sponsorships </li></ul></ul>What if a member has submitted previous refugee sponsorships or sponsored or co-signed family class sponsorships? X
Completing section C If you are sponsoring a "visa office-referred” sponsorship case: check the appropriate box and attach the Refugee Profile that you received. Sponsoring groups are required to sponsor the principal refugee applicant and all family members at the same time.
Completing section D You may link sponsorship cases together by providing the name and date of birth of the principal refugee applicant for each particular case. Filling out this section ensures that all linked sponsorships are processed at the same time by the visa office.
Completing section E Print information on the refugee applicant's relatives living in Canada. Include primarily close relatives such as parents, brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles and adult children.
Completing section F Section F is not mandatory, CIC will not return or refuse the application if you do not provide the information requested. Page 14-16 of the guide provides details regarding the refugee definitions, you are encouraged to consider these categories prior to submitting an application.
Obligations of the sponsor(s) Read and understand the obligations of the sponsor to the sponsored persons
Completing section H Each member of the group must sign the application.
Completing the Sponsor Assessment (IMM 5492) This form must be completed by every member of the group. Group members may wish to submit their Sponsor Assessment in a sealed envelope to ensure confidentiality.
Read section G carefully and complete it accordingly Make sure you sign and date this form before submitting
Completing the Settlement Plan and Financial Assessment - G5 (IMM 5373A)
Completing section A of the settlement plan and financial assessment Give the name of the Principal Refugee Appliant as it was given in IMM 5373 section C. Give your group a name and main contact person information as it was given in IMM 5373 section A
Completing section B - Settlement Needs Checklist Sponsoring group can inform CIC where in-kind donations are available (e.g. used furniture), thereby reducing the total funds required to sponsor the refugee.
Settlement needs - details Each question should be answered in a detailed yet concise manner.
In-Kind Deduction Table In order to subtract the dollar value of available in-kind donations from the cost of sponsorship, use the dollar figures provided on the In-Kind Deduction Table (above) that correspond to the appropriate settlement need (shelter, clothing, etc.) and the size of the refugee family.
Completing Financial Profile - G5 Member (IMM 5373B) Group members who will use their income as a means of supporting the refugee applicants MUST complete the financial profile. Group members may wish to submit their Financial Profile in a sealed envelope to ensure confidentiality.
Employment details Sponsors must provide proof of income, i.e. T4 slips, pay stubs, a letter from the employer or other official documentation.
Other sources of income In Box A enter the total income, in Box B the funds committed to the sponsorship.
Document Checklist Ensure that you have all required documents and include the completed checklist in your sponsorship application.
Use of a representative A representative is someone who has your permission to conduct business on your behalf with CIC. This can be a paid or unpaid person, a friend or family member, an immigration consultant or a member of a Non-governmental organization.
Use of a representative You can also cancel the appointment of a representative using this form.