1. Department Order No. 5, s. 1955 – The
Secretary of Education provides that religious
instruction may be scheduled during the school
session in such a way as to enable the teacher in
religion to teach in the public school building
for more than one thirty-minutes period a day,
three times a week, to different groups of pupils
in the same school, provided no pupil is given
instruction under this arrangement for more
than the maximum lenght of time allowed by
2. Republic Act No. 343 – This act provides
for the inclusion of Spanish as a course or
subject in all high schools, private or public
of the Philippines.
3. Republic Act No. 709 – This act made the
teaching of Spanish obligatory in all courses
of public and private colleges and
universities in the Philippines.
4. Republic Act No. 1425 – (otherwise known as Rizal
Law) - This act requires that courses on the life, works
and writings of Jose Rizal, particulary his novels NOLI
ME TANGERE and EL FILIBUSTERISMO shall be included
in the curricula of all private and public schools, colleges
and universities. These courses shall be given as a part of
the school studies and/or language arts in the high
school; and the social sciences in the colleges and
universities. (Approved, June 12, 1956)
5. Republic Act No. 1881 – This Act states that all
students enrolled in the courses in Law, Commerce,
Liberal Arts, Foreign Service and Education are required
to complete at least 24 units of Spanish. (Approved, June
6. Republic Act No. 5181 – This act replaced Republic
Act No. 707, as amended by R.A. No. 1881. Under the
new law, college and university students are required
to complete at least 12 units of Spanish. It is, however,
provided that the Board of National Education is
authorized, in consideration of the particular relevance
and importance of Spanish, the require additonal units
for such courses as it may determine, on the exercise of
(Took effect during the school year 1968-1969).
7. Department Order No. 19, s. 1970 – This
Department Order increased time allotment for
language arts (English) from 30 to 40 minutes in grade
1 and 2, from 40 to 60 minutes in grades 3 and 4 from
60 to 80 minutes in the intermediate grades.
This Order also approved the changing of the
terminology of “Arithmetic” into “Elementary
Mathematics”, with the aim of enabling the
Filipino child to achieve a deeper understanding
of the science of numbers and mathematical
8. Republic Act No. 5946 – This law amended the
Medical Act of 1959. The act states that the
“students seeking admission to medical school must
have a Bachelor’s degree in Science or in Arts. This
Act led to the abolition of preparatory medical
courses in private schools, colleges and universities.
9. Presidential Decree No. 6-A – This decree is known as
Educational Development Decree of 1972.
Under this decree, education will aim to attain the
national development goal, particularly the acceleration of
economic development and social progress, to assure the
maximum participation of all the people in the attainment
and enjoyment of the benefits of such growth, and to
strenghten national consciousness and promote desirable
cultural values of the people. To accomplish those aims,
educational efforts are to be directed toward broad general
education, training of manpower in the middle-level skills,
development of high level professions that will provide
leadership for the nation and extension of knowledge
through research, and systematic planning to meet changing
needs and conditions.
1. Commonwealth Act no. 80 - This Act provided for the
organization of the Office of Adult Education under the
Director of Adult Education who was appointed by the
President with the consent of the Commission on
Appointment. This office was charged to eliminate
illiteracy, to provide for vocational guidance, and to give
Executive Order No. 94 abolished the Office of Adult
Education under the Department of Education and
transferred its functions over to the Bureau of Public
Schools, where it is a division. (Based on the
Reorganization Act of 1947).
2. Republic Act no. 124 - this law requires private schools,
colleges and universities having an enrollment of 300 or
more to employ a part or full-time physician who will
conduct an annual physical examination of their
students.(Approved , June 14, 1947)
3. Republic Act No. 896 – This Act provides for compulsory
education of seven years and made it mandatory on the part
of the parents to enroll their children in public schools upon
attaining seven years of age. (Approved, June 14, 1947)
4. Republic Act No. 4206 - This law prohibits the collection
of contributions for the Red Cross, Anti-Tuberculosis, PTA’s,
school athletic meets, medical and dental services or any
other project or purpose, whether voluntary or otherwise,
from school children of public primary and intermediate
Under this law, persons found violating this provisions
would be punished, either with fine or imprisonment in the
discretion of the court.
5. Republic Act No. 4090 - an act providing for state
scholarship in science, arts and letters and for poor and
deserving students, creating a state scholarship council to
integrate, systematize, administer and implement all
program of scholarship, and appropriate funds thereof.
6. Republic Act no. 4725 - this act amended Republic no.
4206 the collection of contribution for Anti-Tuberculosis,
Parent, Teacher Associations, School athletic meets, medical
and dental service school children and teachers of public
primary of intermediate and high school is hereby
prohibited. provided however,that this prohibition shall not
cover membership fees of school children in the Red Cross,
the Girl Scouts of the Philippines, and the Boy Scouts of the
7. Republic Act no. 6139 - This act is known as the
“Tuition Fee Law”. This Act regulates the increases of
tuition fees in private schoold, colleges, and
universities. The law requires 180 days before
effectively. The amount of tuition fees should not be
beyond 15 percent of the basic tuition fees.
8. Presidential Decree No. 146 - This Decree is known
as the National College Entrance Examination was
promulgated with no other purpose but to regulate the
admission of students to all four year or five year
degree programs in the country so as to improve the
quality of higher education and to distribute students
among different courses, thus meeting the manpower
needs of the country.
1. Commonwealth Act No. 586 - Section 7 of this Act
nationalizes the support of the elementary schools except in
2. Republic Act No. 364 - This act authorizes all vocational
school to collect tuition fees, receive contributions from private
persons and to contract loans from the government and private
banks and other financial institutions and to create a special
trust fund for each school.(Approved, June 9, 1949)
3. Republic Act No. 1284 - This law exempt from amusement
tax all athletic meets, school programs and exhibitions, and
other educational activities conducted by public schools, by
amending the National Internal Revenue Code.
4. Republic Act No. 5447 - This act is otherwise known as
Special Educational Fund Act.
Other Laws Affecting
1. Executive Order No. 56 - This act authorizes the Director
of the Bureau of Private Schools to call upon the members of
the government examination boards for technical advice.
2. Republic Act No. 139 - This act is the present basis for the
selection and adoption of textbooks to be used in public and
3. Republic Act No. 1147 - This act provides for the holding
of regular and promotional teacher civil service examinations
at least once every two years.
4. Republic Act No. 1265 - This act makes flag ceremony
compulsory in all educational institutions.
5. Republic Act No. 1880- An act amending section 562 and
564 of the Revised Administrative Code which prescribes the
legal hours of labor –”eight (8) hours a day, five (5) days a
week or forty (40) hours a week”.
6. Republic Act No. 416 - The law converted the present Philippine
Normal School into Philippine Normal College conferring the Degrees
of Bachelor Science in Elementary Education and Master of Arts in
7. Department Order No.1, s. 1957 – (Revised Philippine Educational
Program) - This program is otherwise known as the 2-2 plan. This
plan divides the present four years secondary education into two
parts, and aims to develop greater vocational competence and to
insure more adequate academic preparation for our students.
8. Department Order No. 27, s.1972 - This Order gives the Heads of
the Institutions Authority to expel, dismiss, or suspend indefinitely, or
cause the expulsion, dismissal, or suspension of any faculty, members,
employees and students, who after investigation, were found to have
been engaged or were engaged in subversion or similar illegal
activities or were known to be active member of subversive
organizations and activities.
subversion -the act or an instance of subverting or overthrowing a legally
constituted government, institution, etc.
9. Department Order No. 30, s.1972 - This order
prescribed the use of Identification Cards by all bonafide
students, faculty and staff members in each institution.
10. Department Order No. 33, s.1972 - The standard
operating procedure for screening university personnel
were spelled out in this Order.
11. Department Order No. 32, s.1972 - This order
granted academic freedom to Faculty members under
12. Department Oder No.42 s.1972 - The major point
of this order is to stimulate students and faculty members
of colleges and universities to have build a New Society
within the context of the Decree issued in pursuance of
1. B.P.S. Circular No.1, s.1946 – (Admission of U.S.
Veterans into Public Schools) - Discharged Filipino
veterans who had been active in service with the United
States naval and Military forces and who meet certain
requirements prescribed by law are eligible for education
or training under Public Law 16 or Public Law 346(78th
Congress) in any approved schools, colleges, universities, or
other institutions of learning.
2. B.P.S. Circular No. 32, s.1952 – (Permission to Teach in
Private Schools, Colleges, and Universities) - This circular
states that a public school teacher must have rendered at
least 2 years of satisfactory service before he can teach in
3. B.P.S Circular No. 9, s.1956 - (Requiring Mathematics
Subjects and Physics in the Secondary Course) – This made the
teaching of Elementary Algebra in the First Year, Geometry in
the Second Year, Advanced Algebra in the Third Year, and
Physics in the Fourth Year, compulsory in secondary schools
effective beginning with the school year 1957-1958.
4. Memorandum No. 38, s. 1957 – (Implementation of Section
85 of the National Defense Act) – In order to further improve
the citizenship training of school children through the medium
of the Preparatory Military Training (P.M.T.) among high school
students, it is respectfully suggested that the steps be taken for
full implementation of Section 85 of our National Defense Act
which provides that instructors for the cadets must be taken
from the qualified male instructors who are members of the
5. Memorandum No. 87, s. 1958 – Permission of Government
Officials to Teach in Private Schools During Summer Sessions.
-secure permit to teach from the proper Department
6. B.P.S. Circular No. 1, s. 1958 – Requirements for the
Admission to the Law Course.
-completed Bachelor of Arts course major in Political
Science, Logic, English, Spanish, History or Economics.
-entrance certificates are required before enrollment.
7. B.P.S. Circular No. 5, s. 1960 – Making Boy Scouting As a
-one (1) of the days per week allocated for Physical
Education will be devoted to Boy Scouting activities under a
trained Boy Scouter, Cub-Master or Senior Scout Leader.
8. B.P.S. Circular No. 7, s. 1960 – The New Four-Year
Curriculum Leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.)
or Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Required for Admission to the
College of Medicine.
-applicants who complied with Pre-Medical
curriculum will be eligible for admission into College of
9. Memorandum No. 37, s. 1960 - Admission Requirement
to Nursing and Pharmacy Courses – Students intending to
take up the Nursing and Pharmacy courses are required to
complete Elementary Algebra or Geometry, Advanced
Algebra and Applied Arithmetic and Physics in the
Secondary Course. The records of such students, therefore,
should be carefully examined.
10. Memorandum No. 46, s. 1960 - Prescribing
Preparatory Military Training and Health and Physical
Education as Separate Subjects
- each have a separate grade for each growing
period in conformity with the system of grading use in
school and shall count toward promotion or
11. B.P.S. Circular No. 22, s. 1960 – Merit and
Seniority Ranking System
-The Seniority Rule covers the following areas:
(1) Educational qualifications, (2) Civil Service
eligibility, (3) efficiency, (4) experience, and (5)
educational leadership and executive ability.
12. Memorandum No. 57 s. 1963 - Greater Stress on
Correct Moral, Professional, and Ethical Conduct.
- “Code of Ethics for Public School Teachers and
Officials, Memorandum No. 121, s. 1959. Teachers are to set
the examples of Correct Appearance, Behavior, and Speech at
all times, and Memorandum No. 123, s. 1962, School
Officials and teachers Should Be Model in their Communities.
13. B.P.S. Circular No. 21, s. 1964 – Pupils Welfare – The
Paramount Interest of Schools.
- The principal function of the teacher is to teach. All
other functions or activities are secondary. He may therefore
be assigned to various extra-curricular activities, only if such
assignment will not interfere with his regular teaching duties.
14. B.P.S. Circular No. 30, s. 1964 – Reshuffle of School
Officials in the Field. - Effective immediately, the
unnumbered Department Memorandum dated July, 1962,
having reference to the reshuffle every five years of school
officials in the field is hereby amended so as to include only
superintendents, district supervisors, area supervisors of
private schools, and elementary school principals.
15. Memorandum No. 116 , s. 1965 - Courtesy in the Public
Service. - All school officials, teachers, and employees under
the Bureau of Public Schools are enjoined to observed
courtesy on their official actuations at all times and to seek to
maintain the best relations with the public they serve through
prompt, courteous, and efficient service. Courtesy is the
hallmark of a man of culture.
16. B.P.S. Circular No. 36, s. 1965 – Lobbying Prohibited in the
Hall of Congress and Offices. - Enjoying school officials,
teachers, and other school personnel are to refrain from
lobbying in Legislative Halls and Offices for Personnel Interest.