LEGAL BASES OF SCHOOL
ADMINISTRATION AND
SUPERVISION
Norgielyn V. Flores
MAED-EM
Laws Related to
School
Curriculum
1. Department Order No. 5, s. 1955 – The
Secretary of Education provides that religious
instruction may be scheduled durin...
2. Republic Act No. 343 – This act provides
for the inclusion of Spanish as a course or
subject in all high schools, priva...
4. Republic Act No. 1425 – (otherwise known as Rizal
Law) - This act requires that courses on the life, works
and writings...
6. Republic Act No. 5181 – This act replaced Republic
Act No. 707, as amended by R.A. No. 1881. Under the
new law, college...
This Order also approved the changing of the
terminology of “Arithmetic” into “Elementary
Mathematics”, with the aim of e...
9. Presidential Decree No. 6-A – This decree is known as
Educational Development Decree of 1972.
Under this decree, educat...
Laws Related to
Students or Pupils
1. Commonwealth Act no. 80 - This Act provided for the
organization of the Office of Adult Education under the
Director of...
3. Republic Act No. 896 – This Act provides for compulsory
education of seven years and made it mandatory on the part
of t...
5. Republic Act No. 4090 - an act providing for state
scholarship in science, arts and letters and for poor and
deserving ...
7. Republic Act no. 6139 - This act is known as the
“Tuition Fee Law”. This Act regulates the increases of
tuition fees in...
Laws Related to
Finance and
Support
1. Commonwealth Act No. 586 - Section 7 of this Act
nationalizes the support of the elementary schools except in
chartered...
Other Laws Affecting
School Administration
and Supervision
1. Executive Order No. 56 - This act authorizes the Director
of the Bureau of Private Schools to call upon the members of
...
6. Republic Act No. 416 - The law converted the present Philippine
Normal School into Philippine Normal College conferring...
9. Department Order No. 30, s.1972 - This order
prescribed the use of Identification Cards by all bonafide
students, facul...
Circulars Which
Affect School
Administration And
Supervision
1. B.P.S. Circular No.1, s.1946 – (Admission of U.S.
Veterans into Public Schools) - Discharged Filipino
veterans who had ...
3. B.P.S Circular No. 9, s.1956 - (Requiring Mathematics
Subjects and Physics in the Secondary Course) – This made the
tea...
5. Memorandum No. 87, s. 1958 – Permission of Government
Officials to Teach in Private Schools During Summer Sessions.
-se...
8. B.P.S. Circular No. 7, s. 1960 – The New Four-Year
Curriculum Leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.)
or Bache...
10. Memorandum No. 46, s. 1960 - Prescribing
Preparatory Military Training and Health and Physical
Education as Separate S...
12. Memorandum No. 57 s. 1963 - Greater Stress on
Correct Moral, Professional, and Ethical Conduct.
- “Code of Ethics for ...
14. B.P.S. Circular No. 30, s. 1964 – Reshuffle of School
Officials in the Field. - Effective immediately, the
unnumbered ...
16. B.P.S. Circular No. 36, s. 1965 – Lobbying Prohibited in the
Hall of Congress and Offices. - Enjoying school officials...
Thank you &
God Bless!
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Legal bases of school administration

  1. 1. LEGAL BASES OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION AND SUPERVISION Norgielyn V. Flores MAED-EM
  2. 2. Laws Related to School Curriculum
  3. 3. 1. Department Order No. 5, s. 1955 – The Secretary of Education provides that religious instruction may be scheduled during the school session in such a way as to enable the teacher in religion to teach in the public school building for more than one thirty-minutes period a day, three times a week, to different groups of pupils in the same school, provided no pupil is given instruction under this arrangement for more than the maximum lenght of time allowed by law.
  4. 4. 2. Republic Act No. 343 – This act provides for the inclusion of Spanish as a course or subject in all high schools, private or public of the Philippines. 3. Republic Act No. 709 – This act made the teaching of Spanish obligatory in all courses of public and private colleges and universities in the Philippines.
  5. 5. 4. Republic Act No. 1425 – (otherwise known as Rizal Law) - This act requires that courses on the life, works and writings of Jose Rizal, particulary his novels NOLI ME TANGERE and EL FILIBUSTERISMO shall be included in the curricula of all private and public schools, colleges and universities. These courses shall be given as a part of the school studies and/or language arts in the high school; and the social sciences in the colleges and universities. (Approved, June 12, 1956) 5. Republic Act No. 1881 – This Act states that all students enrolled in the courses in Law, Commerce, Liberal Arts, Foreign Service and Education are required to complete at least 24 units of Spanish. (Approved, June 22, 1957)
  6. 6. 6. Republic Act No. 5181 – This act replaced Republic Act No. 707, as amended by R.A. No. 1881. Under the new law, college and university students are required to complete at least 12 units of Spanish. It is, however, provided that the Board of National Education is authorized, in consideration of the particular relevance and importance of Spanish, the require additonal units for such courses as it may determine, on the exercise of its discretion. (Took effect during the school year 1968-1969). 7. Department Order No. 19, s. 1970 – This Department Order increased time allotment for language arts (English) from 30 to 40 minutes in grade 1 and 2, from 40 to 60 minutes in grades 3 and 4 from 60 to 80 minutes in the intermediate grades.
  7. 7. This Order also approved the changing of the terminology of “Arithmetic” into “Elementary Mathematics”, with the aim of enabling the Filipino child to achieve a deeper understanding of the science of numbers and mathematical concepts. 8. Republic Act No. 5946 – This law amended the Medical Act of 1959. The act states that the “students seeking admission to medical school must have a Bachelor’s degree in Science or in Arts. This Act led to the abolition of preparatory medical courses in private schools, colleges and universities.
  8. 8. 9. Presidential Decree No. 6-A – This decree is known as Educational Development Decree of 1972. Under this decree, education will aim to attain the national development goal, particularly the acceleration of economic development and social progress, to assure the maximum participation of all the people in the attainment and enjoyment of the benefits of such growth, and to strenghten national consciousness and promote desirable cultural values of the people. To accomplish those aims, educational efforts are to be directed toward broad general education, training of manpower in the middle-level skills, development of high level professions that will provide leadership for the nation and extension of knowledge through research, and systematic planning to meet changing needs and conditions.
  9. 9. Laws Related to Students or Pupils
  10. 10. 1. Commonwealth Act no. 80 - This Act provided for the organization of the Office of Adult Education under the Director of Adult Education who was appointed by the President with the consent of the Commission on Appointment. This office was charged to eliminate illiteracy, to provide for vocational guidance, and to give citizenship training. Executive Order No. 94 abolished the Office of Adult Education under the Department of Education and transferred its functions over to the Bureau of Public Schools, where it is a division. (Based on the Reorganization Act of 1947). 2. Republic Act no. 124 - this law requires private schools, colleges and universities having an enrollment of 300 or more to employ a part or full-time physician who will conduct an annual physical examination of their students.(Approved , June 14, 1947)
  11. 11. 3. Republic Act No. 896 – This Act provides for compulsory education of seven years and made it mandatory on the part of the parents to enroll their children in public schools upon attaining seven years of age. (Approved, June 14, 1947) 4. Republic Act No. 4206 - This law prohibits the collection of contributions for the Red Cross, Anti-Tuberculosis, PTA’s, school athletic meets, medical and dental services or any other project or purpose, whether voluntary or otherwise, from school children of public primary and intermediate schools. Under this law, persons found violating this provisions would be punished, either with fine or imprisonment in the discretion of the court.
  12. 12. 5. Republic Act No. 4090 - an act providing for state scholarship in science, arts and letters and for poor and deserving students, creating a state scholarship council to integrate, systematize, administer and implement all program of scholarship, and appropriate funds thereof. 6. Republic Act no. 4725 - this act amended Republic no. 4206 the collection of contribution for Anti-Tuberculosis, Parent, Teacher Associations, School athletic meets, medical and dental service school children and teachers of public primary of intermediate and high school is hereby prohibited. provided however,that this prohibition shall not cover membership fees of school children in the Red Cross, the Girl Scouts of the Philippines, and the Boy Scouts of the Philippines.
  13. 13. 7. Republic Act no. 6139 - This act is known as the “Tuition Fee Law”. This Act regulates the increases of tuition fees in private schoold, colleges, and universities. The law requires 180 days before effectively. The amount of tuition fees should not be beyond 15 percent of the basic tuition fees. 8. Presidential Decree No. 146 - This Decree is known as the National College Entrance Examination was promulgated with no other purpose but to regulate the admission of students to all four year or five year degree programs in the country so as to improve the quality of higher education and to distribute students among different courses, thus meeting the manpower needs of the country.
  14. 14. Laws Related to Finance and Support
  15. 15. 1. Commonwealth Act No. 586 - Section 7 of this Act nationalizes the support of the elementary schools except in chartered cities. 2. Republic Act No. 364 - This act authorizes all vocational school to collect tuition fees, receive contributions from private persons and to contract loans from the government and private banks and other financial institutions and to create a special trust fund for each school.(Approved, June 9, 1949) 3. Republic Act No. 1284 - This law exempt from amusement tax all athletic meets, school programs and exhibitions, and other educational activities conducted by public schools, by amending the National Internal Revenue Code. 4. Republic Act No. 5447 - This act is otherwise known as Special Educational Fund Act.
  16. 16. Other Laws Affecting School Administration and Supervision
  17. 17. 1. Executive Order No. 56 - This act authorizes the Director of the Bureau of Private Schools to call upon the members of the government examination boards for technical advice. 2. Republic Act No. 139 - This act is the present basis for the selection and adoption of textbooks to be used in public and private schools. 3. Republic Act No. 1147 - This act provides for the holding of regular and promotional teacher civil service examinations at least once every two years. 4. Republic Act No. 1265 - This act makes flag ceremony compulsory in all educational institutions. 5. Republic Act No. 1880- An act amending section 562 and 564 of the Revised Administrative Code which prescribes the legal hours of labor –”eight (8) hours a day, five (5) days a week or forty (40) hours a week”.
  18. 18. 6. Republic Act No. 416 - The law converted the present Philippine Normal School into Philippine Normal College conferring the Degrees of Bachelor Science in Elementary Education and Master of Arts in Education. 7. Department Order No.1, s. 1957 – (Revised Philippine Educational Program) - This program is otherwise known as the 2-2 plan. This plan divides the present four years secondary education into two parts, and aims to develop greater vocational competence and to insure more adequate academic preparation for our students. 8. Department Order No. 27, s.1972 - This Order gives the Heads of the Institutions Authority to expel, dismiss, or suspend indefinitely, or cause the expulsion, dismissal, or suspension of any faculty, members, employees and students, who after investigation, were found to have been engaged or were engaged in subversion or similar illegal activities or were known to be active member of subversive organizations and activities.  subversion -the act or an instance of subverting or overthrowing a legally constituted government, institution, etc.
  19. 19. 9. Department Order No. 30, s.1972 - This order prescribed the use of Identification Cards by all bonafide students, faculty and staff members in each institution. 10. Department Order No. 33, s.1972 - The standard operating procedure for screening university personnel were spelled out in this Order. 11. Department Order No. 32, s.1972 - This order granted academic freedom to Faculty members under certain conditions. 12. Department Oder No.42 s.1972 - The major point of this order is to stimulate students and faculty members of colleges and universities to have build a New Society within the context of the Decree issued in pursuance of Proclamation 1081.
  20. 20. Circulars Which Affect School Administration And Supervision
  21. 21. 1. B.P.S. Circular No.1, s.1946 – (Admission of U.S. Veterans into Public Schools) - Discharged Filipino veterans who had been active in service with the United States naval and Military forces and who meet certain requirements prescribed by law are eligible for education or training under Public Law 16 or Public Law 346(78th Congress) in any approved schools, colleges, universities, or other institutions of learning. 2. B.P.S. Circular No. 32, s.1952 – (Permission to Teach in Private Schools, Colleges, and Universities) - This circular states that a public school teacher must have rendered at least 2 years of satisfactory service before he can teach in private schools.
  22. 22. 3. B.P.S Circular No. 9, s.1956 - (Requiring Mathematics Subjects and Physics in the Secondary Course) – This made the teaching of Elementary Algebra in the First Year, Geometry in the Second Year, Advanced Algebra in the Third Year, and Physics in the Fourth Year, compulsory in secondary schools effective beginning with the school year 1957-1958. 4. Memorandum No. 38, s. 1957 – (Implementation of Section 85 of the National Defense Act) – In order to further improve the citizenship training of school children through the medium of the Preparatory Military Training (P.M.T.) among high school students, it is respectfully suggested that the steps be taken for full implementation of Section 85 of our National Defense Act which provides that instructors for the cadets must be taken from the qualified male instructors who are members of the reserve force.
  23. 23. 5. Memorandum No. 87, s. 1958 – Permission of Government Officials to Teach in Private Schools During Summer Sessions. -secure permit to teach from the proper Department Head 6. B.P.S. Circular No. 1, s. 1958 – Requirements for the Admission to the Law Course. -completed Bachelor of Arts course major in Political Science, Logic, English, Spanish, History or Economics. -entrance certificates are required before enrollment. 7. B.P.S. Circular No. 5, s. 1960 – Making Boy Scouting As a Curricular Requirement -one (1) of the days per week allocated for Physical Education will be devoted to Boy Scouting activities under a trained Boy Scouter, Cub-Master or Senior Scout Leader.
  24. 24. 8. B.P.S. Circular No. 7, s. 1960 – The New Four-Year Curriculum Leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) or Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Required for Admission to the College of Medicine. -applicants who complied with Pre-Medical curriculum will be eligible for admission into College of Medicine. 9. Memorandum No. 37, s. 1960 - Admission Requirement to Nursing and Pharmacy Courses – Students intending to take up the Nursing and Pharmacy courses are required to complete Elementary Algebra or Geometry, Advanced Algebra and Applied Arithmetic and Physics in the Secondary Course. The records of such students, therefore, should be carefully examined.
  25. 25. 10. Memorandum No. 46, s. 1960 - Prescribing Preparatory Military Training and Health and Physical Education as Separate Subjects - each have a separate grade for each growing period in conformity with the system of grading use in school and shall count toward promotion or graduation. 11. B.P.S. Circular No. 22, s. 1960 – Merit and Seniority Ranking System -The Seniority Rule covers the following areas: (1) Educational qualifications, (2) Civil Service eligibility, (3) efficiency, (4) experience, and (5) educational leadership and executive ability.
  26. 26. 12. Memorandum No. 57 s. 1963 - Greater Stress on Correct Moral, Professional, and Ethical Conduct. - “Code of Ethics for Public School Teachers and Officials, Memorandum No. 121, s. 1959. Teachers are to set the examples of Correct Appearance, Behavior, and Speech at all times, and Memorandum No. 123, s. 1962, School Officials and teachers Should Be Model in their Communities. 13. B.P.S. Circular No. 21, s. 1964 – Pupils Welfare – The Paramount Interest of Schools. - The principal function of the teacher is to teach. All other functions or activities are secondary. He may therefore be assigned to various extra-curricular activities, only if such assignment will not interfere with his regular teaching duties.
  27. 27. 14. B.P.S. Circular No. 30, s. 1964 – Reshuffle of School Officials in the Field. - Effective immediately, the unnumbered Department Memorandum dated July, 1962, having reference to the reshuffle every five years of school officials in the field is hereby amended so as to include only superintendents, district supervisors, area supervisors of private schools, and elementary school principals. 15. Memorandum No. 116 , s. 1965 - Courtesy in the Public Service. - All school officials, teachers, and employees under the Bureau of Public Schools are enjoined to observed courtesy on their official actuations at all times and to seek to maintain the best relations with the public they serve through prompt, courteous, and efficient service. Courtesy is the hallmark of a man of culture.
  28. 28. 16. B.P.S. Circular No. 36, s. 1965 – Lobbying Prohibited in the Hall of Congress and Offices. - Enjoying school officials, teachers, and other school personnel are to refrain from lobbying in Legislative Halls and Offices for Personnel Interest.
  29. 29. Thank you & God Bless!
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