Mining Wikipedia For Awesome Data

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Mining Wikipedia For Awesome Data

  1. Mining Wikipedia for Awesome Data Neil Crosby
  2. What’s this about then? • There’s loads of groovy content on Wikipedia[citation needed]. • You are lazy. • You want groovy content on your site.
  3. Wikipedia has an API • Who knew? • http://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php
  4. API has lots of options Param Values What does it do? format php, json, Output format. TODO redirects 0, 1 Redirect to good pages. rvsection 0, 1, 2, 3, etc Page section to get data for. action query, parse API method.
  5. Getting WikiText? Easy • http://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php? format=php&action=query&titles=one +flew+over+the+cuckoo’s +nest&rvprop=content&prop=revisions&re directs=1
  6. Searching? Harder • Wikipedia doesn’t have a good search engine.
  7. Use Yahoo! BOSS • http://boss.yahooapis.com/ysearch/web/v1/ site:en.wikipedia.org+one+flew+over+the +cuckoo’s+nest?appid=yourBOSSiD • First result: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ One_Flew_Over_the_Cuckoo's_Nest_(fil m)
  8. Then get WikiText • http://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php? format=php&action=query&titles= One_Flew_Over_the_Cuckoo's_Nest_(fil m)&rvprop=content&prop=revisions&redir ects=1
  9. The WikiText '''''One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest''''' is a [[1975 in film|1975]] [[comedy-drama]] film [[film director|directed]] by [[Miloš Forman]]. The film is an adaptation of the 1962 novel ''[[One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (novel)|One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest]]'' by [[Ken Kesey]]. The movie was the first to [[List of Big Five Academy Award winners and nominees|win all five]]...
  10. But I wanted HTML! • WikiText is no good for dumping into a website.
  11. Another API call • http://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php? action=parse&format=php&text=returned +wiki+text • Text will be big - do as a POST.
  12. Wiki HTML! <p><i><b>One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest</b></i> is a <a href=quot;/wiki/ 1975_in_filmquot; title=quot;1975 in filmquot;>1975</a> <a href=quot;/wiki/Comedy-dramaquot; title=quot;Comedy-dramaquot;>comedy-drama</a> film <a href=quot;/wiki/Film_directorquot; title=quot;Film directorquot;>directed</a> by <a href=quot;/wiki/ Milo%C5%A1_Formanquot; title=quot;Miloš Formanquot;>Miloš Forman</a>. The film is an...
  13. Reducing the HTML • DOMDocument->loadHTML() • DOMXPath->query() to get wanted nodes. • DOMDocument->saveHTML() • str_replace() away HTML boilerplate.
  14. The Cuckoo Problem • “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” • A book? • A film? • Depends on context.
  15. The Cuckoo Solution • Give context: • “one flew over the cuckoo’s nest book” • “one flew over the cuckoo’s nest movie” • Yahoo! BOSS gives relevant result. Yay.
  16. There’s still a problem... • Sometimes you can give too much context. • “wii fit” gets expected result. • “wii fit electronics” returns “WiiMote”. • Oh dear.
  17. When is too much? • Who knows? • Just because an article exists for the basic term doesn’t mean it’s the right article. • I’ve not solved this yet.
  18. It’s all too complicated • So don’t do it all. • Use a library. • http://thecodetrain.co.uk/code/wikislurp
  19. Runs as a web service • http://yoursite.com/wikislurp/?params=blah
  20. What are the params? Param Meaning secret Your self-chosen appid. query What you’d like wiki info about. context A little bit of context. section Article section to retrieve. Zero indexed. xpath Specify the elements to return. output Serialised php or json.
  21. What does it return? • An array. • Keys for “url”, “title” and “article”.
  22. Why a webservice? • You can’t abandon a function call in PHP. • You can abandon a CURL call. • If wikislurp takes too long, move on.
  23. Kitten Break There’s some code coming up, soz. http://www.flickr.com/photos/gsx-r750/1475603952/
  24. How to call WikiSlurp • http://yoursite.com/wikislurp/? secret=YOUR+SECRET&query=one+flew +over+the+cuckoo’s +nest&context=book&xpath=/html/body/ p[position()<=3]&section=0&output=json
  25. And from PHP? $s = curl_init(); curl_setopt($s,CURLOPT_URL, $url); curl_setopt($s,CURLOPT_HEADER,false); curl_setopt($s, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,1); // wait 1 second, then abort curl_setopt($s,CURLOPT_TIMEOUT,1); $result = curl_exec($s); curl_close( $s );
  26. XPath? Query Gives You //p All <p> All <p> directly under /html/body/p <body> /html/body/p[2] 2nd <p> directly... /html/body/ First three <p> directly... p[position()<=3]
  27. Oh noes, more XPath Query Gives You All <p> with single class /html/body/p[@class='fish'] “fish” /html/body/ All <p> with any class p[contains(concat(quot; including “fish” quot;,@class,quot; quot;), quot; fish quot;)]
  28. Phew. Have another kitten. http://www.flickr.com/photos/evapro/305689596/
  29. Future Features • Do something intelligent with context. • Convert to HTML without an extra API call. • Return proper error codes if things go wrong.
  30. Where is this used? • TheTenWordReview.com • IsNeilAnnoyedBy.com
  31. Questions? • I will blog about this talk at The Code Train. • No, really - I will. • Download the slurpy source code from http://thecodetrain.co.uk/code/wikislurp • Slides? http://icanhaz.com/wikislurpslides • I was and am http://NeilCrosby.com/vcard
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