Statutory and administrative law (jan. 12, 2011)

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Statutory and administrative law (jan. 12, 2011)

  1. 1. Statutory and administrative law<br />COMM 502, January 12, 2011<br />
  2. 2. New office hours:M 10:30 – 12:30 pmW 2 – 4 pmor by appt<br />
  3. 3. What is law?<br />
  4. 4. Why do we need laws?<br />
  5. 5. [How are laws enforced??]<br />
  6. 6. Who makes laws?<br />
  7. 7. Sources of law<br /><ul><li>Statutory Law
  8. 8. Constitutional Law
  9. 9. Common Law
  10. 10. Equity Law
  11. 11. Administrative rules
  12. 12. Executive orders</li></li></ul><li>STATUTORY LAW<br />
  13. 13. Statutory law<br />Statutory law (statutes) is created by elective legislative bodies at the local, state and federal levels<br />
  14. 14. example<br />18 USCS § 1460<br />§ 1460. Possession with intent to sell, and sale, of obscene matter on Federal property  <br /> (a) Whoever ... knowingly sells or possesses with intent to sell an obscene visual depiction shall be punished by a fine in accordance with the provisions of this title or imprisoned for not more than 2 years, or both. (b) For the purposes of this section, the term "visual depiction" includes undeveloped film and videotape but does not include mere words.<br />
  15. 15. observations<br />A statute:<br /><ul><li>Is collected in codes
  16. 16. Deals with problems affecting the entire society (or very large groups)
  17. 17. Anticipates problems</li></li></ul><li>Who makes U.S. statutes?<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. U.S. congress<br />Federalism: <br />Each state represented in the national government<br />People represented through the states ...<br />
  20. 20. U.S. congress<br />House of Representatives (435) + Senate (2 per state)<br />CA: 53<br />
  21. 21. How does Congress know what are the important problems that need regulating?<br />
  22. 22. Congressional committees<br />
  23. 23. Congressional Hearinghttp://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/UniversalT<br />
  24. 24. U.S. congress<br /><ul><li>House passes federal legislation (“bills”)
  25. 25. Senate also needs to pass the bill
  26. 26. President needs to agree before bills become laws</li></li></ul><li>Passage of law is rarely the end of the process<br />
  27. 27. Statutory construction:The courts interpret terms from the statute<br />
  28. 28. E.g. what constitutes “obscenity”<br />
  29. 29. How do the Courts know what Congress meant??<br />
  30. 30. States and cities also make laws applicable to state or city populations, also interpreted by the courts<br />
  31. 31. ADMINISTRATIVE LAW<br />
  32. 32. Administrative lawRegulations made by administrative agencies<br />
  33. 33. What is an administrative agency? <br />
  34. 34. Body that oversees particular areas that require specialized expertise in order to be governed<br />
  35. 35. Federal Communication Commission (1934)all non-federal government use of the radio spectrum and all interstate telecommunication<br />
  36. 36. FCC<br /><ul><li>5 commissioners
  37. 37. Appointed by President
  38. 38. Confirmed by Senate
  39. 39. 5-yr term
  40. 40. Only 3 from the same political party</li></li></ul><li>Julius Genachowski<br />FCC Chairman<br />
  41. 41. Federal Trade Commission (1914)promotes consumer protection, prevents harmful anti-competitive business practices<br />
  42. 42. <ul><li>5 commissioners
  43. 43. Appointed by President
  44. 44. Confirmed by Senate
  45. 45. 7-yr term
  46. 46. Only 3 from the same political party</li></li></ul><li>Jon Leibowitz<br />FTC Chairman<br />
  47. 47. Administrative agencies set standards in the areas they are in charge of<br />
  48. 48. E.g., which parts of the spectrum is available for television broadcast<br />
  49. 49. Administrative agencies make regulations in the areas they are in charge of<br />
  50. 50. E.g.Indecent words shall be prohibited from broadcasts<br />
  51. 51. E.g.There shall be a do-not-call national database<br />
  52. 52. How do the agencies know what to regulate?<br />
  53. 53. Courts have limited power to review decisions by administrative agencies<br />
  54. 54. review<br /><ul><li>Sources of law
  55. 55. Statutory law
  56. 56. The role of the courts
  57. 57. Administrative agencies
  58. 58. FCC
  59. 59. FTC
  60. 60. Role of the courts</li>

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