Constitutional law<br />COMM 502, Jan. 24, 2011<br />
review<br /><ul><li>Common law?
Stare decisis?
Actions regarding precedent?
Judicial decision (opinion)?
Parties to a case?
Case reporter?
Function of trial courts?
Function of appellate courts?</li></li></ul><li>SUPREME COURT<br /><ul><li>Name the justices on the S.Crt.
Writ of certiorari?
When is a writ of certiorari granted?</li></li></ul><li>Examples<br />Oral argument in Schwarzenegger v. Entertainment Mer...
Supreme court decision-making<br />Oral argument – the only publicly visible stage in the decision-making<br />Conference<...
assignments to write 	opinion(s) </li></li></ul><li>Supreme court decision-making<br /><ul><li>Plurality vs. majority
Concurrence vs. dissent
5 – 4 plurality decision: not a binding precedent
Majority decision: binding precedent
Per curiam opinion
Memorandum order</li></li></ul><li>When is a precedent binding?<br /><ul><li>Majority S. Crt. opinions re Constitution and...
Circuit court decisions on federal matters are only binding on other lower federal/state courts in the region</li></li></u...
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Constitutional law

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Constitutional law

  1. 1. Constitutional law<br />COMM 502, Jan. 24, 2011<br />
  2. 2. review<br /><ul><li>Common law?
  3. 3. Stare decisis?
  4. 4. Actions regarding precedent?
  5. 5. Judicial decision (opinion)?
  6. 6. Parties to a case?
  7. 7. Case reporter?
  8. 8. Function of trial courts?
  9. 9. Function of appellate courts?</li></li></ul><li>SUPREME COURT<br /><ul><li>Name the justices on the S.Crt.
  10. 10. Writ of certiorari?
  11. 11. When is a writ of certiorari granted?</li></li></ul><li>Examples<br />Oral argument in Schwarzenegger v. Entertainment Merchants Assn.<br />Media coverage<br />
  12. 12. Supreme court decision-making<br />Oral argument – the only publicly visible stage in the decision-making<br />Conference<br /><ul><li>discuss and vote
  13. 13. assignments to write opinion(s) </li></li></ul><li>Supreme court decision-making<br /><ul><li>Plurality vs. majority
  14. 14. Concurrence vs. dissent
  15. 15. 5 – 4 plurality decision: not a binding precedent
  16. 16. Majority decision: binding precedent
  17. 17. Per curiam opinion
  18. 18. Memorandum order</li></li></ul><li>When is a precedent binding?<br /><ul><li>Majority S. Crt. opinions re Constitution and federal law are binding precedents on federal and state courts
  19. 19. Circuit court decisions on federal matters are only binding on other lower federal/state courts in the region</li></li></ul><li>FINDING OPINIONS IN LEXIS<br />
  20. 20. citation<br />Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973)<br />Volume # of the case reporter<br /># of starting page<br />Plaintiff (appellant)<br />Defendant<br />Case reporter (abbreviated)<br />Year case decided<br />
  21. 21. CONSTITUTIONAL LAW<br />
  22. 22. America gets a Constitution<br />
  23. 23. September 17, 1787<br />
  24. 24. constitution<br /><ul><li>Plan for the establishment/organization of government
  25. 25. Outlines duties, responsibilities and powers of various gov. bodies
  26. 26. Guarantee certain basic rights</li></li></ul><li>Bill of rights<br /><ul><li>The Constitution was amended 27 times
  27. 27. The first 10 amendments are called the Bill of Rights (added 1791)</li></li></ul><li>Constitutional analysis<br />The courts ensure that statutes are constitutional (protect the rights of the citizens)<br />
  28. 28. Unconstitutional statute<br />Vague<br />Don’t provide fair notice of what is prohibited<br />Too much power to enforcers<br />
  29. 29. Unconstitutional statute<br />Overbroad<br />Statute prohibits more than necessary to achieve the purpose of the government<br />
  30. 30. THE FIRST AMENDMENT<br />
  31. 31. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.<br />

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