Presentación Oracle Database Migración consideraciones 10g/11g/12c


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Antes de migrar de 10g a 11g o 12c, tome en cuenta las siguientes consideraciones. No es tan sencillo como simplemente cambiar de motor de base de datos, se necesita hacer consideraciones a nivel del aplicativo.

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  • In the area of management we've also delivered very significant enhancement to Oracle enterprise manage. Oracle enterprise manager is Oracle’s strategic technology for managing all of Oracle software and enterprise manager provides a management pack for managing WebLogic Server environments. And enterprise manager cloud control 12c has delivered enhancements to that which extend the benefits of using enterprise manager for managing WebLogic Server deployments, including cloud infrastructures. And these capabilities range from the ability to monitor very large-scale deployments of hundreds of servers and many WebLogic Server domains to doing deep drill-down performance analysis to managing configurations which are deployed across those domains and unique provisioning and now maintenance capabilities which greatly simplify the process of installing software on your server farms and maintaining that software all through a single pane of glass. So their unique capabilities for managing WebLogic Server infrastructures that can grow to a very significant scale.
  • Main point: we’ve made significant investment to deliver Extreme Performance with WebLogic on Exalogic.Script: Not only does Oracle WebLogic continue to lead on the industry standard benchmarks on conventional hardware, on Exalogic our engineered system, we have done specific architectural enhancements to WebLogic leveraging the high speed Infiniband network fabric that ties together the compute, storage, switch infrastructure of Exaloigc with performance results that go above and beyond what is achievable on conventional hardware. This is not just due to higher speed networking - though at 4X more bandwidth standard Ethernet and 10X better latency, it certainly helps. What changes the game is how WebLogic Server has been architected to take advantage of the additional bandwidth through something called parallel muxers and I/O enhancements (namely something called Scatter/Gather I/O) and also has been engineered to recognize the Exalogic hardware processors and local solid state storage to perform with results you see on this slide. Web applications can handle 10X requests/second, JMS applications can handle 5X messages/sec and SpecJ like complex applications see about 5X operations/second better than what is possible on conventional hardware. Bottom line: Not only is WebLogic on Exalogic superfast, again you need significantly less hardware to run the same workload which translates to significant savings.EL 1.0 multiple for Web: 3.4EL 1.0 multiple for JMS: 1.6EL 1.0 multiple for Enterprise Java: 2.2------------In the area of performance optimizations we delivered a performance optimizations and WebLogic Server 12c through capabilities like session affinity in the active GridLink for RAC technology. We delivered optimizations for running JMS on Exalogic hardware and other optimizations which extend WebLogic Server performance leadership and there is just some indicators here that suggest how much performance benefit you can actually realize by running on WebLogic Server and in particular running your WebLogic Server applications on the Exalogic engineered systems.
  • So what is all this mean for you we've got a number of new standards defined Java EE6 that enable that require less work for you building XML that require less code development. The APIs make it simpler to build your applications and make you more productive and in building applications and you can use modern techniques like contexts and dependency injection for accessing components throughout your application for example using a JSF to access managed beans and other resources in your applications. We tested this out building a sample application that was implemented both using Java EE5 standards and Java EE6 standards and in a sample application we found that using Java E6 you require 25% fewer classes in your at 50% less lines of code in about 80% less lines of XML. So this all means there's less code and XML to you to write and enables you to focus on building the business logic that your applications require.
  • Language enhancements:Strings in SwitchChanges to literalsMulti Catch, precise rethrowDiamond operatorTry with resources-----------------Getting back to standards WebLogic Server is and always has been standards-based another important development in the area standard support is Java SE many of you are aware I'm sure we announced Java SE7 this past summer. Java SE7 provides for new improvements to provide improved supports a new capabilities for building out applications optimizations within the Java language itself and WebLogic Server 12c supports both Java SE7 and Java SE6 so you as developers get the best of both worlds. For those of you who are very interested in taking advantage of the latest Java EE technologies you can use Java EE7 to build your WebLogic Server applications. I know NetBeans has picked up support for SE7 as well, they were very quickly to do that. I think Eclipse has picked up support for this as well. And I’m pretty sure that will be rolling into our enterprise pack shortly. Our goal is always to and make sure that developers have access to latest technologies as well as the option to use the more mature got Java EE6 technologies which we are also supporting so you get your choice of which JDK you want to use. We support, Java SE7 and SE6 both on the client and on the server Java SE7 provides new Internet internationalization support which we think are going to be important for those of you developing particularly abroad in Asia or in Europe.  There are also some significant enhancements maybe as developers are not going to be terribly interested in the that there's some important developments in SSL such as SSL TLS 1.2 that are supported directly in JSSE within the JDK which were taking advantage of and WebLogic Servers were trying to leverage some of the new capabilities that are being delivered at the JDK level.  So I’ve heard that TLS, the transport security layer is the successor to SSL, given some of the issues with it in the industry. That's right and for our customer's in financial services institutions or government agencies which have the most demanding security requirements we seeing lot of requirements to support the latest encryption technologies for the WebLogic Server applications. Now what about SE7 in particular, you mentioned some language changes? I think the probably the most notable one was something derived from project Coin, the term was coined to refer to a small change, or a number of features here and there which were delivered and they thought might be useful to various developers. It turns out that there's a diversity little developer enhancements which are actually in some total being considered fairly interesting and you now and in my experience in talking with developers there’s a fair amount of interest in getting their hands on Java EE7 to see what they can do and how we can make use of it.
  • Presentación Oracle Database Migración consideraciones 10g/11g/12c

    1. 1. Ronald Vargas Quesada, Oracle ACE Expertise Database Management & Performance Technical Sales Consultant
    2. 2. Agenda  Optimizador de consultas en Oracle Database, ( Optimización basada en REGLA ó COSTO )  El parseo de instrucciones SQL en el motor de base de datos  Compartiendo eficazmente de planes de ejecución en la base de datos  Interpretación adecuada de los “Explain Plan” generados por la base de datos  Consideraciones para el uso adecuado de Índices basado en optimización por "Costo“  Diseño y manejo de concurrencia a nivel de la base de datos.  Concepto de AU ( Allocation Unit )  Buenas prácticas generales de afinamiento.  Weblogic Server 12c, Nuevo Servidor de Aplicaciones
    3. 3. Arquitectura Ambientes Ejecución StandAlone Host / Host Nube Cliente / Servidor 3 capas Cliente delgado / AS DB
    4. 4. Dispositivos de acceso
    5. 5. Defining the Problem Monitor Feedback Users DBA Database instance Reports and files
    6. 6. Limit the Scope • Where is the problem? – Application (SQL) – Instance – Operating system
    7. 7. Setting the Priority • Choose the problem that has the greatest impact: – Analyze system performance in terms of work done (CPU or service time) versus time spent waiting for work (wait time). – Determine which component consumes the greatest amount of time. – Drill down to tune that component, if appropriate.
    8. 8. Oracle Architecture & Features Concepto Convencional: Arquitectura Oracle Instance y Database Perspectiva física y lógica
    9. 9. Oracle Database 12c Architecture & New Features
    10. 10. Oracle Database 12c Architecture & New Features
    11. 11. SQL Statement Processing Phases Open Parse Close Bind Execute Fetch
    12. 12. Considerations for SQL statements Sensitive writing Driving Table ( Pivote ) Clause: Where
    13. 13. Considerations for SQL statements Table a = 20.000 rows Table b = 25.000.000 rows Order in clause FROM ? 1. FROM a, b 2. FROM b, a
    14. 14. Considerations for SQL statements Table a = 20.000 rows Table b = 25.000.000 rows Table c = 10.000.000 rows Order in clause FROM ? 1. FROM a, b, c 2. FROM b, c, a 3. FROM c, a, b A ----- C B ----- C
    15. 15. You Probably Do Not Need to Use Bind Variables Tom Kyte, Worst Practices For Developers and DBAs Alike
    16. 16. El rendimiento no es una preocupación !!! SQL> SQL> 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 set timing on begin for i in 1 .. 100000 loop execute immediate 'insert into t (x,y) values ( ' || i || ', ''x'' )'; end loop; end; / SQL> SQL> 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 set timing on begin for i in 1 .. 100000 loop execute immediate 'insert into t (x,y) values ( :i, ''x'' )' using i; end loop; end; /
    17. 17. Processing a DML Statement Database 2 Data files Control files Redo log files 1 Server process UPDATE employees ... 4 User process 3 SGA Database buffer cache Redo log buffer Shared pool
    18. 18. EXPLAIN PLAN Command: Output SELECT PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT FROM TABLE(DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY()); Plan hash value: 1343509718 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------| Id | Operation | Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU| -------------------------------------------------------------------------------| 0 | SELECT STATEMENT | | 106 | 2862 | 6 (17| | 1 | MERGE JOIN | | 106 | 2862 | 6 (17| | 2 | TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| DEPARTMENTS | 27 | 432 | 2 (0| | 3 | INDEX FULL SCAN | DEPT_ID_PK | 27 | | 1 (0| |* 4 | SORT JOIN | | 107 | 1177 | 4 (25| | 5 | TABLE ACCESS FULL | EMPLOYEES | 107 | 1177 | 3 (0| -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Predicate Information (identified by operation id): --------------------------------------------------4 - access("E"."DEPARTMENT_ID"="D"."DEPARTMENT_ID") filter("E"."DEPARTMENT_ID"="D"."DEPARTMENT_ID") 18 rows selected.
    20. 20. Selectivity – Selectivity represents a fraction of rows from a row source. • Selectivity affects the estimates of I/O cost. • Selectivity affects the sort cost. – Selectivity lies in a value range from 0.0 to 1.0. – When statistics are available, the estimator uses them to estimate selectivity. – When statistics are not available the estimator uses default values or dynamic sampling. – With histograms on columns that contain skewed data, the results are good selectivity estimates.
    21. 21. Cardinality and Cost – Cardinality represents the number of rows in a row source. – Cost represents the units of work or resource that are used.
    22. 22. Changing Optimizer Behavior • The optimizer is influenced by: – – – – – – – SQL statement construction Hints Statistics Data structure System parameters Session parameters SQL Plan Management options
    23. 23. Using Hints • Hints – Are directives (suggestions) to the optimizer – Require changing the code SELECT /*+ INDEXto test specific access */ … – Are useful (tablename indexname) paths – Must be maintained through upgrades – _optimizer_ignore_hints enables all embedded SQL hints to be ignored
    24. 24. Optimizer Statistics • The optimizer depends on various statistics to determine an optimal execution plan for an SQL statement. – Some statistics are gathered at various times and are controlled by statistic preferences. • Object statistics • Dictionary statistics – Other statistics are only gathered manually. • Statistics on fixed objects • Operating system statistics
    25. 25. Extended Statistics • Optimizer needs additional statistics in some cases. – Multicolumn statistics for related columns (column groups) • Collect statistics over a group of columns • For complex predicates • For equality predicates only – Expression statistics for function-based indexes • Collect statistics over an expression • For expressions used in predicates • Creates a virtual column
    26. 26. Controlling the Behavior of the Optimizer with Parameters • Optimizer behavior can be controlled using the following initialization parameters: – – – – – CURSOR_SHARING = EXACT DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT = 8,16 OPTIMIZER_INDEX_CACHING = 0 OPTIMIZER_INDEX_COST_ADJ = 100 PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET = nn MB/GB – Optimizer underscore parameters: • OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE = Actual Version • OPTIMIZER_MODE = ALL_ROWS
    27. 27. Optimizer with Parameters: Cursor_Sharing Les facilito esta nota de Tom Kyte ( ASKTOM) _cursor_sharing_similar_and_force Aquí clarifica bastante el tema del uso de cursor_sharing para sus valores. La nota esta en MOS es correcto, pero no esta obsoleto en 11g También les paso esta otra nota de Morgan, ( otro viejo amigo ), que explica lo mismo y que el valor esta aún disponible en
    28. 28. Enabling Query Optimizer Features – The optimizer behavior can be set to prior releases of the database. – The OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE initialization parameter can be set to values of different database releases (such as 8.1.7 or 12.1.0). – Example: OPTIMIZER_FEATURES_ENABLE=‘9.2.0';
    29. 29. Influencing the Optimizer Approach • The optimizer approach is to evaluate based on one of the following: – Best throughput (default) – Fastest response • The OPTIMIZER_MODE parameter can be set to change the approach: – ALL_ROWS (default) – FIRST_ROWS[_n] • The OPTIMIZER_MODE can be set at various levels – System – ALTER SYSTEM SET… – Session – ALTER SESSION SET… – Statement – hint - /*+ FIRST_ROWS_10 */
    30. 30. Hash Joins • A hash join is executed as follows: – Both tables are split into as many partitions as required, using a full table scan. – For each partition pair, a hash table is built in memory on the smallest partition. – The other partition is used to probe the hash table.
    31. 31. Sort-Merge Joins • A sort-merge join is executed as follows: 1. The rows from each row source are sorted on the join predicate columns. 2. The two sorted row sources are then merged and returned as the resulting row source.
    32. 32. Join Performance • Each join method works best in certain situations. – Nested join • Small tables • Indexes on join columns – Hash joins • Large tables • A large and small table • A large portion of the table is selected for the join – Merge-sort • Non-equijoin • Row sources are already sorted
    33. 33. How the Query Optimizer Chooses Execution Plans for Joins • The query optimizer determines: – – – – – Row sources Type of join Join method Cost of execution plans Other costs such as: • I/O • CPU time • DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT – Hints specified
    34. 34. Optimezer Cost / Rule ? • Rule / Cost – Oracle Database 10gR1/R2 or < • Cost – Oracle Database 11gR1 or >
    35. 35. Optimizer Effects on indexes • Rule – Syntactic Evaluation • Cost – Mathematical
    36. 36. Optimizer Effects on indexes Rule Cost aaaaabb bbbb a ccc dd e a b c d e
    37. 37. Optimizer effects on indexes • Query returned more than 5% – FTS for rule • Invalid entries aprox 20% – FTS for rule • Query without index – FTS for rule • Table or Index without statistics – FTS for rule
    38. 38. Nueva Plataforma de Tecnología • 5 Pilares de la nube • IaaS Infraestructura-as-a-Service (IaaS),• que da a los usuarios acceso a los componentes de la infraestructura en una plataforma de Cloud, tales como los sistemas operativos y software de otro sistema • Base de datos-as-a-Service (DBaaS), que ofrece a los usuarios el acceso a bases de datos que se ejecutan en una plataforma de computación en nube • Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS), que ofrece a los usuarios el acceso a entornos de desarrollo y despliegue que se ejecutan en una plataforma de Cloud • Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), que ofrece a los usuarios acceso a las soluciones que se ejecutan en una plataforma de computación en nube DBaaS PaaS SaaS MWaaS Middleware-as-a-Service (MWaaS) Ofrece un entorno completo que consta de todos los servicios necesarios para implementar y ejecutar una aplicación de clase empresarial.
    39. 39. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c: Hacia un solo AS
    40. 40. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c La más moderna versión de su servidor de aplicaciones Oracle WebLogic Server 12c, es la pieza central de Cloud Application Foundation y de Fusion Middleware, y esta especialmente diseñada para desplegar sistemas de información convencionales, así como de ingeniería y entornos en la nube.
    41. 41. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c Está creada sobre tecnologías basadas en estándares para cuestiones de portabilidad, eficiencia y facilidad de integración.
    42. 42. Administración WebLogic Server Cloud Management – Nuevo en Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 12c WebLogic Server 12c • Monitoreo de Rendimiento y Diagnóstico • Administración de Configuraciones • Aprovisionamiento de Dominios y Java EE App • Integración con MOS & Support Workbench Administración en la Nube • Self Service • Medición y devoluciones de cargo • Consolidation Planner
    43. 43. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c: Con OEM 12c Oracle Forms 11gR2 ahora puede ser monitorizado desde RUEI ofreciéndonos información de las páginas visitadas por los usuarios, cuánto tiempo permanecen en ellas, etc.
    44. 44. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c: F&R Servicies • Oracle Forms & Reports 12c, como parte de Fusion Middleware. Integración con SOA, Coherence, Social. Posiblemente liberado para finales del Y13, principios de Y14 • A partir de la versión 13c de FMW, Reports ya no formará parte del kit de desarrollo aplicativo. Oracle Forms 13c y Oracle BI Publisher, es la combinación para las futuras versiones.
    45. 45. Cuál es el Presente y Futuro de Forms & Reports ? – – – – – – – – Oracle Forms 6i and Oracle Reports 6i will be de-supported effective 01/31/05. Oracle Forms 9iAS R2, April 2002 Oracle Forms 10g 9.0.4, December 2003 Oracle Forms 10gR2, January 2005 Oracle Forms 11g , January 2011 Oracle announced that Oracle Forms & Reports does not go from 2017 March 2012, Oracle has no plan to discontinue support of Oracle Forms. Furthermore, a new version of Forms, Oracle Forms 12c, is planned for delivery as a component of Oracle Fusion Middleware 12c. The last major changes to Oracle Reports were in the 10g release. Since then, there have been limited new features added to the product in Oracle Reports 11gR1 and 11gR2. Development efforts for Oracle Reports since 10g have been focused on stability and bug fixes. We are planning to release Oracle Reports 12c as part of Oracle Fusion Middleware 12c.However, Oracle’s strategic reporting solution is now BI Publisher.
    46. 46. Recommendations for Oracle Customers Looking to Migrate from Forms and Reports – In some cases, there may exist a business driver to move existing applications from Oracle Forms to a different technology choice. For example, Oracle Forms may no longer be the ideal fit for the application requirements, or you may be adopting a strategy to consolidate disparate or heterogeneous development environments – Oracle JDeveloper 11g with Oracle ADF is the tool of choice for building applications on Fusion Middleware. However, given the architectural difference between Java EE and Oracle Forms, Oracle has no plans to offer a complete migration solution that attempts to automatically migrate applications built with these tools to Java EE.
    47. 47. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c: Principales novedades de WLS 11g
    48. 48. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c: Innovación
    49. 49. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c: Principales novedades – Java EE 6 y Java SE 7 – Mejor productividad del desarrollador ( Jrockit, FastSwap, Coherence ) – Implementación y administración simplificados con la virtualización – Integración de la Gestión de Tráfico – Alta Disponibilidad y Recuperación de Desastres – Rendimiento mejorado – Actualización sin problemas
    50. 50. WebLogic Server en Exalogic Más rápido en nuestros sistemas – Nuevo en WebLogic Server 12c Web Requests/Sec. JMS Messages/sec. Enterprise Java Operations/Sec. 49,460 836,520 1,979,940 10X 78,840 Conventional Hardware Exalogic 5X 5X 401,070 Conventional Hardware Exalogic 9,560 Conventional Hardware Exalogic
    51. 51. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c: Menos trabajo para migrar
    52. 52. Oracle Weblogic Server 12c: Mejoras con Java EE 6 Java Classes* Lines of Code* Lines of XML* 25% 50% 80% Less Less Less • Less XML, Less Code • Java Server Faces 2.0 • Java Servlets 3.0 • Java Persistence 2.0 • Enterprise Java Beans 3.1 & Interceptors 1.1 * Ejemplo • Simplification, Productivity • Managed Beans 1.0 • Bean Validation 1.0 • JAX-WS 2.2 basado en una aplicación construída para JavaOne • Modernization • Context & Dependency Injection 1.0 • Bean Validation 1.0 • Java API for RESTful Web Services
    53. 53. Weblogic Server 12c: Java SE 7: Más limpio, código más fácil de mantener • Oracle WebLogic Server 12c soporta Java SE 7 ( y Java SE 6) • • • • Optimización de lenguaje Java Cliente/Servidor Internacionalización Capa de conexión segura SSL/TLS (Transport Security Layer es el sucesor para SSL )1.2 en JSSE (Java Secure Socket Extension) • Java VM concurrentes
    54. 54. Twitter: @rovaque Blog:
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