WISP Assignment 2 Germany

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  • After the first world war, the allies came up with the Treaty of Versailles, which forced Germany to pay unreasonable amounts of compensation to the Allies. This was despite the fact that Germany was not the only country responsible for starting the war, the treaty created a vast amount of resentment among the German public. Food shortages were common and many starved to death The nazis soon became a popular and leading party because it also opposed what the people hated the most, the treaty of Versailles
  • In 1929, there was the great Wall street crash, this crash spelt disaster for Germany. Germany was still surviving and barely managing to pay the compensations the treaty of Versailles required, only foreign investors, mainly from America was helping Germany to stay afloat. However, when the Wall street crash occurred, the investors withdrew their money from Germany to save their own selves, plunging Germany into further poverty. When the Weimar government first took charge, it’s first course of action was to accept the Treaty of Versailles, this did not go down well with the German public and the continued poverty in Germany worsened the public’s perception of the Weimar government The German public saw how harsh communism was in Russia and feared that it would spread to Germany because of its weak government. The people agreed with The Nazi’s party’s ideals, which included getting rid of the humiliating Treaty of Versailles, and did not want Communism to come to Germany, so they supported the Nazi party.
  • The nazi party believed in National pride, militarism, and a racially “pure” Germany, a country without Jews. In 1923, the nazi party tried but failed miserably to overthrow the Weimar Government. The leaders were arrested, including Adholf Hitler, but were all given jail sentences due to right wing judges who presided over the case. Adholf Hitler used the hearing to highlight the key faults and weaknesses of the Weimar Government and gained support from the people from this show of courage. From 27,000 members in 1925, the Party grew to 108,000 in 1929. Adholf Hitler used Mein Kampf a book containing his ideas as well as nationalistic beliefs to gain support of the party. Eventually The Nazis became the most powerful and popular party in germany and rose to power in 1933.
  • The old monarchy rule was replaced by a new democratic government called the weimar republic. This republic is made up of people from the right and left wing extremists. The right wing extremists consists of communist and socialist while the left wing extremists consists of people that were formally from the old monarchy rule whom believed that Germany needs a strong authoritarian govt and they dislike democracy. Due to the different ideology between the right and left wing extremists, there were many issues and conflicts that arise. This period is also known as the period of crisis as Germany faced many social, economical as well as political problems.
  • From 1924-29, Germany became relatively stable under the leadership of Gustac stresemann. He was appointed as Chancellor in 1924 and he helped Germany to rebuild herself after world war 1. In 1924,, an agreement called the Dawes plan was signed between American banks and the German government, in which the American banks lent money to Germany to help it pay for its reparations. In 1926, Germany was admitted to the League of Nations, which gave her a good international stance and the ability to veto legislation after Stresemann's insistence on entering as a permanent member.
  • During the years, Germany’s progress were mainly funded by overseas loans, which increases the nation's debts.Their overall trade decreased and unemployment rose. Stresemann's reforms did not relieve the underlying weaknesses of Weimar but simply gave the appearance of a stable democracy. Stresemann died in 1929, ending the golden era of germany. At this period, Germany faces a even bigger problem as the great depression started. With their nation’s debt piling high, Germany plunged into despair.
  • With the economic market crashing in Germany, many began to turn to crime, giving rise to general unrest and unruliness in Germany.
  • Nazi’s hard-line way of leadership proved to be decisive during the time of crisis, with Hitler at the helm of the Nazi party, the Nazi party grew in popularity and began to agree with the Nazi’s viewpoints.
  • There are several factors which can lead Singapore to the imagined future of 2061. They are, discrimination, the lack of natural resources and finally, loyalty.
  • There is only a minority of Muslim Singaporeans, while there is an overwhelming number of Chinese Singaporeans. This was in a way, similar to the Germany, who had a minority of Jewish people. However, the people who face discrimination most of all would be foreign workers. the plans for housing for foreign workers at Serangoon Gardens met with a petition from its residents. Residents said they were concerned about security, safety, litter, noise, theft, and property values if the 1,000 workers moved into the housing estate. Discrimination against the Jews, who were considered unpure, was also strife in Germany, and it lead to disaster.
  • After the first world war, the allies came up with the Treaty of Versailles, which forced Germany to pay unreasonable amounts of compensation to the Allies, therefore food shortages were common and many starved to death. In times of desperation, people would turn to ruling parties who are able to provide for them.
  • Unless everyone’s life gets saved by a person from another race! Solution 1: Extreme importance, if school keeps drilling fact that you should get along with someone of another race, kids will listen. Teachers must also constantly encourage cohesion, and not speak of ANY race discriminately. Solution 2: By reassuring those who are already discrimnating against another race that their worries were unfounded, they will be more open to other such ideas in the future, decreasing their discrimination. Also, by letting them see it from the viewpoint of the other party, it will probably make them think again about their decision, and hopefully critically think about everything.
  • Because older generations who are discriminate against others will surely pass it on to their descendants. Even if school continues to teach, family teaching ultimately plays a part as well.
  • Because singapore is a multi-racial society, going into a war and attacking Malaysia is super stupid because this will definitely cause an uproar in the malay community in singapore. Moreover, this will just increase discrimination and render all proposed measures from previously USELESS. Just get resources from other countries, there isn’t a choice.

Transcript

  • 1. WISP ASSIGNMENT 2: GERMANY Done By: Joshua Tan Paige Foong Melissa Hong Pow Xun Ping Brandon Era
  • 2. World War 1
    • Germany faced an unreasonable Treaty by the allies after the first world war
    • As a result, their economy struggled to support the country, and the people faced intense poverty
    • A party, which strongly opposed this treaty was formed, the Nazis
  • 3. World War 1
    • The Wall Street Crash in 1929 worsened the situation
    • The Weimar Government was seen by the people as corrupt and incompetent
    • The German public feared the rise of communism in Germany
  • 4. World War 1
    • The Nazi party was part of the right wing ideology
    • The Nazi party staged a coup in 1923, attempting to overthrow the government
    • The Nazi party was rebuilt in 1925, and through spreading its ideals, it gained tremendous support of the people.
  • 5. Political structures of 1920-1930s Germany
    • The Weimar Republic was formed.
    • Made up of Right-wing extremists and left-wing
    • Period of crisis
  • 6. Political structures of 1920-1930s Germany
    • Golden Era (1924-1929)
    • Gustav Stresemann was appointed Chancellor.
    • Germany’s condition improved under his leadership
    • Improved Germany’s international relations
  • 7. Political structures of 1920-1930s Germany
    • Fall of the Golden Era
    • Death of Stresemann in 1929
    • Beginning of Great Depression
  • 8. Other Political, Economic, Social Factors
    • With the Great Depression forcing German banks to go bankrupt, inflation was on the rise.
    • People were losing their total life savings
    • With some having lost everything to live for, many turned to crime.
  • 9. Other Political, Economic, Social Factors
    • The Nazi’s began to gain popularity due to the nature of their party’s ideologies.
    • Hitler was a very charismatic speaker, being incredibly persuasive during the time of depression.
    • General public began to side Nazi viewpoints, blaming their plight on the allies, e.g. Treaty of Versailles etc.
  • 10. What about Singapore in 2009?
    • Discrimination
    • Lack of Natural Resources
    • Loyalty
  • 11. Discrimination
    • There is only a minority of Muslim Singaporeans, while there is an overwhelming number of Chinese Singaporeans.
    • Foreign workers face discrimination from Singaporeans - the plans for housing for foreign workers at Serangoon Gardens met with a petition from its residents.
    • Residents said they were concerned about security, safety, litter, noise, theft, and property values if the 1,000 workers moved into the housing estate.
  • 12. Lack of Natural Resources
    • Water has always been a source of friction between Singapore and Malaysia
    • Singapore does not want to be dependant on another country to provide resources
    • Likely cause of panic and desperation for Singaporeans
  • 13. Loyalty
    • Singapore has been led by a single strong personality (Lee Kwan Yew of PAP) in a nearly one-party state since the 1950s.
    • Singaporean’s loyalty to the ruling party, as shown as their loyalty to PAP, is dangerous in the case that if the ruling party decides on taking over Johor, most Singaporeans would not object or resist.
    • Singapore has been a prosperous and thriving city for so long, people might panic at the sign of trouble, and fall into the ruling party’s hands to keep the stability and progress of the country.
  • 14. Addressing Discrimination
    • There is no way to fully get rid of discrimination in this world.
    • Solutions:
      • Start education on social harmony from young (Current)
      • Constantly report good things that come from social cohesiveness in Singapore
        • E.g. How even after the housing for foreign workers were built, no theft and noise increase etc.
        • Show them the issue from the viewpoint of the other party that they are discriminating against
  • 15. Problems & Challenges: Discrimination in Singapore
    • The fact that discrimination can never be fully rid of.
    • There really is an increase in noise & theft etc., and is mostly committed by the foreign workers.
    • Singaporeans are unwilling to critically think about the other party’s viewpoint, and become more apathetic and selfish
  • 16. Addressing the Lack of Natural Resources
    • Other countries with natural resources in the world, Malaysia is not the only one.
    • Even if Singapore doesn’t want to be dependant on someone else, it doesn’t have a choice!
      • R&D becomes extremely important if we ever hope to be even partly “independent” of other countries.
      • Using money in other areas to get equipment needed to help us get natural resources
  • 17. Problems & Challenges: Lack of Natural Resources
    • Too expensive in the long run to get from further away countries
    • Insufficient funds for R&D and equipment
  • 18. Addressing Single-Party Dominance
    • People are more open to views nowadays, so opposition parties are able to push their ideas forward & be accepted
    • Before the decision to launch an attack, media should help to gather views of the people and report truthfully about it.
    • Biggest challenge
  • 19. Problems & Challenges: Single-Party Dominance
    • People are too afraid to oppose single ruling party
    • Media may not be objective in reporting because of government control