Human Nature Presentation

Uploaded on

What molds our minds: our nature or our nurture?

What molds our minds: our nature or our nurture?

More in: Technology , Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. The Human Nature Edmund Navalta Hayk Gevorgyan Michael Fares Seth Ronquillo
  • 2. Background
    • By definition, the human nature is “the set of logical characteristics, including ways of thinking and behaving, that all human have in common.”
    • Many factors contribute to the nature of humans.
  • 3. Human Nature
    • Philosophies
    • Biological Evidence
    • Genetics
    • Psychology
    • Birth Order
    • Id
    • Human Instinct
    • Homosexuality
  • 4. Philosophies
    • Karl Marx suggested that “humans are capable of making or shaping their own nature to some extent.”
  • 5. Philosophies
    • Plato suggested that “there was an intellectual soul , resident in the human head, and there was an appetitive beast , resident in the belly and genitals.”
      • He said that the soul’s duty is to keep the beast tamed.
  • 6. Philosophies
    • Edward O. Wilson proposed that the human nature is a collection of genetic patterns of mental development.
      • According to him, culture, rituals, art, and such are products, not part, of human nature.
  • 7. Biological Evidence
    • The e volution of humans as primates from primitive animals gives “the biological basis of [human] social behavior” (sociobiology).
      • Humans tend to have primitive behaviors and other social behaviors similar to other animals.
    • Human nature contributes to human survival as a part of biological adaptation.
  • 8. Genetics
    • Genes determine the phenotype (observable quality) of an organism, including humans.
      • This includes behavioral qualities.
    • The human mind and the human nature are shaped by genes.
  • 9. Psychology
    • The IQ ‘s of siblings show great variance or similarity depending on genes.
    • Even though adoptive siblings have the same nurture during childhood, their IQ diverges during adolescence.
    • Identical twins and true siblings have similar IQ’s regardless of the type of nurture.
  • 10. Psychology
  • 11. Birth Order
    • Many psychologists speculate that the birth order of siblings affect their individual personalities and intelligences.
      • They believe that firstborns are usually smarter so that they will be able to teach their younger siblings ( tutor effect ).
      • In a way, it is an adaptation for humans as organisms.
  • 12. Id
    • Sigmund Freud’s theory describes the id .
    • The id reflects the human nature.
    • Id is manifestation of instincts.
  • 13. Human Instinct
    • Humans have both a pleasure-seeking drive and a death drive .
      • The pleasure-seeking drive is called Eros or libido and is usually linked to the sexual drive.
      • The death drive, or Thanatos , encompasses a person to take risks which could endanger himself and counters the pleasure-seeking drive.
  • 14. Homosexuality
    • In psychology, the fraternal birth order effect states that the more older brothers a male has, he is more likely to have a homosexual sexual orientation.
      • In females, however, there seems to be no effect.
    • It is also said that exposure to certain fetal hormones during sex differentiation could influence sexual orientation during adulthood.
  • 15. Homosexuality
  • 16. Disproof of Nurture
    • Biological evidence such as evolution and adaptation shows us how human nature is an innate attribute that could determine our mentality and actions.
    • The IQ experiment shows how nature dominates nurture.
    • The human nature is an inevitable force that can engage one to certain action regardless of his nurture.
  • 17. Conclusion
    • Human nature is an essential aspect of why humans are the way they are.
      • It produces results that can be seen in society today (i.e. homosexuality).
    • Both biology and philosophy provide evidence to support this.
  • 18. Works Cited
    • &quot;Human Nature.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <>.
    • &quot;Nature versus Nurture.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <>.
    • &quot;E. O. Wilson.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <>.
    • &quot;Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence.&quot; Wilderdom . 10 Apr 2005. Wilderdom. 18 Apr 2008 <>.
    • Kluger, Jeffrey. &quot;The Power of Birth Order.&quot; Time 17 Oct 2008 17 Apr 2008 <,8599,1672715,00.html>.
    • &quot;Id, Ego, Superego, and the Unconscious.&quot; Psyhchology 101 . 21 Mar 2004. Allpsych. 18 Apr 2008 <>.
    • &quot;Instinct.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <>.
    • &quot;Homosexuality.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <>.