Human Nature Presentation

  • 4,641 views
Uploaded on

What molds our minds: our nature or our nurture?

What molds our minds: our nature or our nurture?

More in: Technology , Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
4,641
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
191
Comments
0
Likes
3

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Human Nature Edmund Navalta Hayk Gevorgyan Michael Fares Seth Ronquillo
  • 2. Background
    • By definition, the human nature is “the set of logical characteristics, including ways of thinking and behaving, that all human have in common.”
    • Many factors contribute to the nature of humans.
  • 3. Human Nature
    • Philosophies
    • Biological Evidence
    • Genetics
    • Psychology
    • Birth Order
    • Id
    • Human Instinct
    • Homosexuality
  • 4. Philosophies
    • Karl Marx suggested that “humans are capable of making or shaping their own nature to some extent.”
  • 5. Philosophies
    • Plato suggested that “there was an intellectual soul , resident in the human head, and there was an appetitive beast , resident in the belly and genitals.”
      • He said that the soul’s duty is to keep the beast tamed.
  • 6. Philosophies
    • Edward O. Wilson proposed that the human nature is a collection of genetic patterns of mental development.
      • According to him, culture, rituals, art, and such are products, not part, of human nature.
  • 7. Biological Evidence
    • The e volution of humans as primates from primitive animals gives “the biological basis of [human] social behavior” (sociobiology).
      • Humans tend to have primitive behaviors and other social behaviors similar to other animals.
    • Human nature contributes to human survival as a part of biological adaptation.
  • 8. Genetics
    • Genes determine the phenotype (observable quality) of an organism, including humans.
      • This includes behavioral qualities.
    • The human mind and the human nature are shaped by genes.
  • 9. Psychology
    • The IQ ‘s of siblings show great variance or similarity depending on genes.
    • Even though adoptive siblings have the same nurture during childhood, their IQ diverges during adolescence.
    • Identical twins and true siblings have similar IQ’s regardless of the type of nurture.
  • 10. Psychology
  • 11. Birth Order
    • Many psychologists speculate that the birth order of siblings affect their individual personalities and intelligences.
      • They believe that firstborns are usually smarter so that they will be able to teach their younger siblings ( tutor effect ).
      • In a way, it is an adaptation for humans as organisms.
  • 12. Id
    • Sigmund Freud’s theory describes the id .
    • The id reflects the human nature.
    • Id is manifestation of instincts.
  • 13. Human Instinct
    • Humans have both a pleasure-seeking drive and a death drive .
      • The pleasure-seeking drive is called Eros or libido and is usually linked to the sexual drive.
      • The death drive, or Thanatos , encompasses a person to take risks which could endanger himself and counters the pleasure-seeking drive.
  • 14. Homosexuality
    • In psychology, the fraternal birth order effect states that the more older brothers a male has, he is more likely to have a homosexual sexual orientation.
      • In females, however, there seems to be no effect.
    • It is also said that exposure to certain fetal hormones during sex differentiation could influence sexual orientation during adulthood.
  • 15. Homosexuality
  • 16. Disproof of Nurture
    • Biological evidence such as evolution and adaptation shows us how human nature is an innate attribute that could determine our mentality and actions.
    • The IQ experiment shows how nature dominates nurture.
    • The human nature is an inevitable force that can engage one to certain action regardless of his nurture.
  • 17. Conclusion
    • Human nature is an essential aspect of why humans are the way they are.
      • It produces results that can be seen in society today (i.e. homosexuality).
    • Both biology and philosophy provide evidence to support this.
  • 18. Works Cited
    • &quot;Human Nature.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_nature>.
    • &quot;Nature versus Nurture.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nature_vs._nurture>.
    • &quot;E. O. Wilson.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_O._Wilson>.
    • &quot;Nature vs Nurture in Intelligence.&quot; Wilderdom . 10 Apr 2005. Wilderdom. 18 Apr 2008 <http://wilderdom.com/personality/L4-1IntelligenceNatureVsNurture.html>.
    • Kluger, Jeffrey. &quot;The Power of Birth Order.&quot; Time 17 Oct 2008 17 Apr 2008 <http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1672715,00.html>.
    • &quot;Id, Ego, Superego, and the Unconscious.&quot; Psyhchology 101 . 21 Mar 2004. Allpsych. 18 Apr 2008 <http://allpsych.com/psychology101/ego.html>.
    • &quot;Instinct.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instinct>.
    • &quot;Homosexuality.&quot; Wikipedia . Wikipedia. 18 Apr 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homosexuality>.