APA Documentation StyleIf you-are writing        a research paper in nurs most likely, to uie the ApA (a-..1"* p,         ...
l7    Date of publication    .    Include in parentheses the year the book was copyrighted.    .    Place a period after t...
l8     B.       Elements of a Reference: Periodical Articles                       Gill, T. M., DiPietro,L., & Krumholz, H...
l9         Italicize the title of the periodical and the volume number, if any..    I   Give inclusive page numbers. For n...
20     Article or chapter in an edited book             Opler, L. A. ( 1999). Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders....
2l                  Stein, J. (1999, November 1). The low-carb diet craze. Time, 154,         72-79.                      ...
))          .   Conclude with a retrieval statement that includes the date you retrieved the              document and the...
1t*9t1tt5:.t:::i::{!x:sl"qia.i:Lsi:.a,tt:ttt:f.ttitr!,;                                         .!:.lr:--:j               ...
Formato apa
Formato apa
Formato apa
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Formato apa

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Formato apa

  1. 1. APA Documentation StyleIf you-are writing a research paper in nurs most likely, to uie the ApA (a-..1"* p, s your rnstructor will ask you, sources. ihis guide, primarily through ex ) style to document your documentation and help you io mastJr its two basic steps: prworks in abbreviate.d in the body of the paper. eo. uaa !1mP ub I i c a t i o n Ma nuar of t he A m e r i c anp sy c ho t o gi c a r .q s s o ci a t i onthis guide is based The APA Publication Maiualis sherved at he reference desk: REF.BF767P83 2001 You may also consult http://wwwop*,vr..org for the latest informationthe APA documentation style. onI. Preparing the Reference List The reference rist contains all of the information needed rehieve each of the sources cited in yo* pup.i. 215-Zgl) contains a comprehensive iir.urrion ii. ap uuTangement of references in the list oirt.." and numerous periodical articles and electronic sources. please n paragraph indent format (fust line of each reference is indented one tab; subsequent lines il:#Hfil:"ffi:il; rererences nahanging n; subsequent lines are inaenf- indented), the paragraph instructor which format h :^"dttiplp.tf . Ask your )onslstent, whichever you use. format A. Elements of a Reference: Books Sullivan E. J. (1999).-cr,eating nursing,sfuture: Issues, opportunities, and challenges. St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Authors name I Invert the authors rurme (rast name fst) for arphabetizing. Include last name and first initialls) only, whether or not you know the authors full name.
  2. 2. l7 Date of publication . Include in parentheses the year the book was copyrighted. . Place a period after the closing parenthesis. Title and subtitle capitalize only the first word of the title, the fust word of the subtitle, if any, and all proper rulmes. I $eparate the title and subtitle with a colon; finish with a period.. Italicize the title and subtitle. of publication.t"t" is .publisher located (as noted on the title page of known for publishing; otherwise, list the city and the city,.province (if applicable) and country for publishers outside the U.S. According to the APA-Publication Manuai, the following cities may be listed without indicating a state or country: Baltimore, Boston, chicago, Los Angeles, New york, philidelphia" San Francisco, Amsterdarn, Jerusalem, London, Milan, Moscow, paris, Rome, Stockholm, Tokyo and Vienna. If the publisher is a university (e.g., university ofNebraska press) and the name of the state or province is in the university name (e.g., University of Nebraska), do not include the state or province in the publisher location. (Lincoln: university of Nebraska press Nor zrnco In, NE: university of Nebraslca Press) If more than one publisher location is given, use the first one listed or, if specified, the location of the publishers home office. Use U.S. Postal Service abbreviations when referring to states.. Place a colon after the location.Publisher Include the name of the publisher (as shown on the books title page). you may omit words, such as Publishers, co., or Inc., that are not needed to identifr the publisher, but you should retain the words Bool<s znd press.. Place a period after the name of the publishep.
  3. 3. l8 B. Elements of a Reference: Periodical Articles Gill, T. M., DiPietro,L., & Krumholz, H. lvI. (2000). Role of exelcise stress testing and safety monitoring for older persons starting an exercise program. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 281, 342-349. Authors names (two or more authors) ! Invert each authors name. . For two to six authors: Include last name and fnst initials of each author. Use a coruna to separate authors; also, use an ampersand (&) before the last author. . For seven or more authors: Use e/ a/. to indicate the seventh and subsequent authors. Separate the sixth author and e/ a/. with a comma. Date of publication For journals (as in the above example), include in parentheses the year the journal was published; for magazines, newsletters and newspapers, include in parentheses the year followed by the exact date appearing on the publication (month or month and day). . Place a period after the closing parenthesis. Title of article . Capitalize only the first word of the article title, the fust word of the article subtitle, if any, and all proper names. (Do not italicize the article title or enclose it in quotation marks.) . Place a period after the article title. Title of periodical and publication information " Include the full title of the periodical using uppercase and lowercase letters. Give the volume number ofjournals, magazines and newsletters. (Do not include vol. before the number.) . For journals: If each issue begins on page 1 (see example in Section C), include the issue number in parentheses immediately after the volume number; otherwise (as above), include oniy ihe volume number.
  4. 4. l9 Italicize the title of the periodical and the volume number, if any.. I Give inclusive page numbers. For newspapers, usep. or pp.; for other periodicals, omit p.ot pp. . Use a corruna after the periodical title and volume number. . Place a period after the page number(s).C. References: Additional Examples for Boolss and Articles Book, edition other than first Andrews, M. M., & Boyle, J. S. (1999). Transcultural concepts in nursing care (3d ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott. . Had this been a revised editiorU $ev. ed.) would replace (3d ed.) above. Book, group author American Psychiatric Associat io n. (l 99 4). D i agno s t i c a nd s t at i s t i c al manual of mental disorders (4ft ed.). Washington, DC: Author. If the author and publisher are identical, use the word Author as the name of the publisher. Edited book Hinshaw, A. S., FeetharrU S. L., & Shaver, J. L. F. (Eds.). (1999). Handbook of clinical nursing research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. . Place the name(s) of the editor(s) in the author position followed by the abbreviation (enclosed in parentheses) Ed. or Eds. Book, no author or editor NCLEX-RN questions & answers made incredibly easy: 3,000+ questions! (2000). Springhouse, PA: Springhouse. . Place the title of the book in the author position, before the date of publication.
  5. 5. 20 Article or chapter in an edited book Opler, L. A. ( 1999). Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. In R. E. Feinstein & A. A. Brewer (Eds.), Primary tart pryciiotry and behavioral medicine @p.230-255). New York: Springer. Include the author(s), publication date and title of the article or chapter. Provide the first initial(s) and last name of each editor; however, for reference works with large editorial boards, you may list the lead editor followed by et al. (Note that In precedes the editorsnames and that the rurmes are not inverted, as they are not in the author position.) with three or more editors, separate the editors with commas and place an ampersand (&) before the final editor. With two editors, place an ampersand before the second editor, but do not separate the editors with u.o*u. Include the title of the book and, enclosed in parentheses, the page numbers of the article or chapter. Entry in an encyclopedia Fry, S. T. (1995). Nursing ethics. In w. T. Reich (Ed.), Encyclopedia of bioethics (Rev. ed., Vol. 4, pp. 1822-1827). New york: Macmillan-Libiary Reference. r Include additional information that appears on the encyclopedia and is required for identification (e.g., edition and volume number) prior to the page numbers. Journal article paginated by issue, seven or more authors Fendi, J., Boyd, C., Gonzalez- A., pofier, H., Dixon, E., Carroll, p. S., et al. (2000). Nutrition and the nursing home resident. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 22(3),30-35. If each issue of the journal begins on page one, include the issue number in parentheses immediately after the volume number. . Use et al. to indicate the seventh and subsequent authors. Magazine article, monthly and weekly Shreeve, J. (1999, october). secrets of the gene. National Geographic, 196,42-75.
  6. 6. 2l Stein, J. (1999, November 1). The low-carb diet craze. Time, 154, 72-79. , Include the date shown on the magazine, the month for monthlies or the month and day for weeklies. Daily newspaper article, no author Filter-tipped cigarettes linked to a cancer. (lgg7,November 5). The New York Times, p. Al2. For newspaper articles, usep. or pp.before the page number(s). Daity newspaper article, discontinuous pages villarosa" L. (2000, August l5). Batrling disorders often stem from immune system failure. The New york Times, pp. F7, F12. If an article appears on discontinuous pages, include all page numbers. Separate the discontinuous page numbers with a comma.D. Web Reference Formats (two examples) Electronic copy of a joumal article retrieved from a database Estm, P. J. (1999). Spotting depression in Asian patients. kN, 62(4),39- 40. Retrieved January 10,2002, fiom EBSCOhost database (Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition). Begin the reference with the same information you would provide for a printed item. Conclude with a retrieval statement that includes the date you retrieved the article and the name of the database. Document created by an organization American Nurses Association. (1999). principres for nurse staffing. Retrieved Janurary L 5, 2002, fr o m http ://www. ana. org/readroom/stfr rnc.htm r Begin the reference with the documents author. I Include the publication date or, if no publication date is available, enclose n.d in parentheses.
  7. 7. )) . Conclude with a retrieval statement that includes the date you retrieved the document and the documents URL. Do not place a period at the end of the retrieval statement, as it ends with a URL. E. Sample Reference List References American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (46 ed.). Washington, DC: Author. EstirU P. J. (1999). Spotting depression in Asian patients. RN, 62(4),39- 40. Retrieved January 10,2002, from EBSCOhost database (Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition). Filter-tipped cigarettes linked to a cancer. (1997, November 5). The New York Times, p. Al2. Gill, T. M., DiPietro,L., & Krumholz, H. M. (2000). Role ofexercise stress testing and safety monitoring for older persons starting an exercise program. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 284,342-349. Hinshaw, A. S., Feethanr, S. L., & Shaver, J. L. F. (Eds.).(1999). Handbook of clinical nursing research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. NCLEX-EN questions & answers made incredibly easy: 3,000+ questions! (2000). Springhouse, PA: Springhouse. r Arrange all references (i.e., to books, periodical articles, electronic sources, etc.) in one alphabetical list. Alphabetizeby the last rulme of the first author in each reference. If there rs no author, alphabetize by the first word of the title. Ignore initial articles (4 arL the) when alphabetizing by title.
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