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Long bien bridge

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Long bien bridge Long bien bridge Presentation Transcript

  • Heritage Tourism Lecturer: Mrs. Khong Yen Giang Tut1 – Tr08 Group members: Pham Que Duong 0706090009 Nguyen Thuy Duong 0806090011 Lai Dinh Duong 0806090013 Hanoi University
  • 09/28/11 Free template from www.brainybetty.com
  • 09/28/11 Free template from www.brainybetty.com 1- Who is designer of the symbol of Paris? 2- Find the absent words in the song…. 3- What hung over the river which separated the South and the North of Vietnam during the war against American army? 1> 2> 3> E I F F E L 1 2 3 4 5 6 C O N S Ô N G H Ồ N G 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 H I E N L U O N G B R I D G E 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 1 2 3 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 L O N G B I E N B R I D G E View slide
  • General information
    • Original name: Paul Doumer ( The Governer General of French Indochina 1897-1902) – until North VN Independence in 1954  Long Bien Bridge
    • Built in 08/1898, finished 02/1902, inaugurated 1903
    • Designed by Gustave Eiffel, built by the Dayde’ n Pille’ Company
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  • OUTLINE
    • General information
    • Specific description
    • Significant values
    • Current management
    • Conclusion & Recommendations
    • Fun facts & Events
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  • General information
    • 1 st bridge across the Red river, connect Ha Noi and Gia Lam, and made the only rail link between Hanoi and the main port of Hai Phong
    • Reason of building: the French colonial wanted to develop a transportation system in Vietnam to step up its colonization
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  • Specific description
    • Length: 1680m including 19 steel spans  at that time: the longest bridge in Indochina and 1 of the 4 largest bridges in the world
    • Depth: 30m
    • Cost of building: 6,2 mil. frances
    • Indigenous construction materials: steel from France, woods from Thanh Hoa, cement from Hai Phong and lime from Hue
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  • Specific description
    • Labor: 3000 Vietnamese, 40 French engineers, and supervisors
    • Was heavily bombarded during VN War due to its critical position, especially, in the period of 1967-1972 in against American army war
    • 1 st attack: 23/08/1967 – Mid Autumn festival
    • Center span was felled by an attack by fighter-bombers
    • 1972, victim of co-ordinated attack using laser-guided smart bombs
    •  A patched-up war veteran
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  • Significant values - Historical value
    • A historical witness of two biggest wars: against the French colonial and American army
    • Many Vietnamese people died for building, repairing the serious damage and protecting the bridge from the enemy’s destruction
    • The place that witnessed the last French colonists left Hanoi (10/10/1954)
    • Witness and victim of the war
    • A strong visual expression of history
    • A connection point to transport tons of rice from Northern and Northern Central area of Vietnam to Dien Bien Phu battle, and contributed to the win of VN army against French in 1954
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  • Significant values - Cultural value
    • The symbol of courageous capital in wars
    • A name that speaks of nostalgia in the heart and mind of many Vietnamese
    • A three-century enjoyer (1897 – 2011)
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  • Significant values - Cultural value
    • A part of Hanoians’ life:
    • Housewives buy fresh vegetable or fish for the dinner from the small afternoon market on the bridge
    • People do morning exercise everyday
    • Brides and grooms choose LB bridge as nice backgrounds in their wedding albums
    • Tourists can take a walk and taste mouthwatering desserts offered by vendors
    • Youngsters and teenagers take nice photos to keeps memories of youth on the bridge
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  • Significant values - Architectural value
    • Designed in the shape of a dragon  bend with the Thang Long’s history and architecture
    • Considered the pride, symbol of architecture in the Far East
    • Considered as the horizontal Effeil Tower (Paris)
    • Used to be the fourth largest and the second longest bridge in the world ( at the time of construction)
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  • Influences on Vietnamese tourism
    • One of well-known attractions in Hanoi, integrated into the Hanoi central tourism area: the Old Quarter, Sword Lake, Hanoi Opera House, Hang Dau water tower
    • A base to develop tourism products
    • Capability to attract specialized tourist segments:
      • Historians
      • Architects, Engineers
      • French tourists
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  • Current management & Plans
    • As the bridge ages, population grows exponentially and traffic becomes an aching problem
    • Many parts of the bridge have been hurt seriously
    • A controversial issue:
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    • Turn the bridge into a contemporary art museum
    • Turn the island landmass in the middle of Red River ‘Bai Giua’ into a park
    • Reserve it as a historical evidence, only light traffic allowed
    • Plans:
    • Being recognized as National Heritage
    • Hanoi tram route: start from Hanoi Opera House  Long Bien Bridge
  • Conclusion & Recommendations
    • Conservation and Maintenance :
      • Why? – Preserving completely the historical and architectural values of the bridge
      • - Maintaining the residents’ daily routine
      • - Helping maintain the perception of people, esp. tourists about the ancient spirit of Hanoi
      • How? – Fix of damaged parts and maintenance of the whole bridge
      • - Control the activities on the bridge: open market, couples’ lock trend, etc.
      • - A ban on motorbikes’ commuting
      • - A feasible plan on building another railway bridge for trains
      • - The existing railway: only for tourist trams
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    • The only bridge in Hanoi where all the riders have to go in the left hand side
    • Vendors transport daily merchandise (fruit, vegetable, etc) from Gia Lam to Hanoi
    • Many people from Hanoi exercise on the bridge
    • Finger foods is sold on the bridge
    • Teenage couples fasten padlocks on the span to symbolize their enduring love
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  • Events
    • Annual Long Bien bridge memory festival in 2009 and 2010:
      • Documentary films, traditional music show
      • Exhibitions: paintings,
      • Nostalgic tram
      • Traditional foods
      • 999 lit candles on the river to memorize the dead soldiers and the dead workers
    • Writing contests about Long Bien bridge
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