‘ Working capital is life blood of every business”
Working capital is short term finance that business keeps.
“ Working capital is the money used to pay for the everyday trading activities carried out by the business-stationary needs,staff salaries and wages,rent,energy bills,payments and so on”
Working capital is defined as :
working capital =
current assets – current liabilities
Current assets These are short term sources of finance such as stocks, debtors and cash – the amount of cash and cash equivalents –the business has at any time. Cash is cash in hand and deposits payable on demand (e.g. current accounts). Cash equivalents are short term and highly liquid investments which are easily convertible into cash. Current liabilities These are short term requirements for cash including trade creditors ,tax owing- the amount of the business owes to other people/groups/business at any one time that needs to be repaid within the next month or so. (within an accounting year)
It is an operating liquidity available to a business.
Along with fixed assets such as plant and equipment,working capital is considered
a part of operating capital.
Types of working capital: Gross working capital : It refers to the firms investment in total current assts of the enterprise Net working capital : It refers to the difference between the current assets and current liabilities.
Two most significant sources of finance for using working capital: Trade credit & Bank credit
Management will use a combination of policies and techniques for the management
of “working capital.’
These policies aim at managing the current asset (generally cash and cash equivalent,inventories and debtors) and the short term financing,such that cash flows and returns are acceptable.
Cash management; identify the cash balance which allows for the business to meet day to day expences,such that cash flows and returns are acceptable
Inventory management . Identify the level of inventory which allows for uninterrupted production but reduces the investment in raw materials –and minimizes reducing costs – and hence increases cash flow.
Conti……….. Debtors management. Identify the appropriate credit policy,i.e. credit terms which will attract customers, such that any impact on cash flows and the cash conversion cycle will be offset by increased revenue and hence Return on Capital. Short term financing. Identify the appropriate source of financing, given the cash conversion cycle: the inventory is ideally financed by credit granted by the supplier; however, it may be necessary to utilize a bank loan, or to “convert debtors to cash” through “factoring”.
RBI has been issuing guidelines and directives to the banking sector toward this end.
Implemented by RBI in mid 1960s in order to
Measure of discipline among industrial borrowers.
Redirect creditto the priorityt sector of the economy
concepts: Corporate finance is an area of finance dealing with financial decisions business enterprises Goal of corporate finance is to maximize corporate value while managing the firms financial risks. It is a matter related to investment banking.
Funded facilities, i.e. the bank provides funding and assistance to actally purchase business assets or to meet business expenses.
Non-Funded facilities, i.e. the bank can issue letters of credit or can give a guarantee on behalf of the customer to the suppliers, Government Departments for the procurement of goods and services on credit.
Available in both Indian as well as Foreign currency.
Management Services - Fast processing and quick availability of loans with lesser documents. Best suited for : Retailers / Traders / Manufacturers / Wholesalers / Distributors / Importers / Exporters / Dealers Pre-requisites : Minimum one year business vintage & audited financials.
SBI OFFERS WORKING CAPITAL FINANCE TO MEET THE ENTIRE RANGE OF SHORT TERM REQUIREMENT THAT ARISE WITH IN A CORPORATE’S DAY TO DAY CYCLE. HELPS IN:- 1).FINANCING INVENTORIES 2).MANAGING INTERNAL CASH FLOWS. 3).FUNDING PROTECTION. 4).MARKETING OPERATION. 5).CASH SUPPORT TO MARKET EXPANSION Working Capital Finance
SBI is a one shop providing financial products/services of a wide range for large, medium and small customers both domestic and international . Corporate Banking
SBI extends financial support to the corporate distribution networks by providing both working capital finance and term loans to selected dealers of identified companies . This gives dealers to leverage their business relationship with major corporates to avail low cost credit. So this type of financial solutions allow the corporate negotiate a better price with dealers.