Mårten Mickos's presentation "Open Source: Why Freedom Makes a Better Business Model"
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Mårten Mickos's presentation "Open Source: Why Freedom Makes a Better Business Model"

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Mårten Mickos's presentation "Open Source: Why Freedom Makes a Better Business Model" Mårten Mickos's presentation "Open Source: Why Freedom Makes a Better Business Model" Presentation Transcript

  • Open Source: Why Freedom Makes a Better Business Model San Francisco 23 May 2007 Mårten Mickos, CEO, MySQL AB Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 1
  • "Success consists of going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm. “ Winston Churchill Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 2
  • Freedom Doesn’t Mean Free of Charge fri ≠ gratis frjáls ≠ ókeypis vapaa ≠ ilmainen frei ≠ kostenlos freedom libre ≠ gratuit libre ≠ gratuito free of speech libero ≠ gratis dror ≠ chinam beer azad ≠ rayegon aazad ≠ muft swatantra ≠ vina mulya shadhi nata ≠ bine poisha sudandram ≠ ilavasam svobodnoe ≠ besplatnoe tu do ≠ mien phi Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 3
  • Freedom Success Stories Success Story Freedom eBay Trade Google Advertising Skype Telephony Second Life Social life YouTube Video production Linux Software freedom: operating system LAMP Software freedom: web & app development IKEA Furnishings USA Entrepreneurialism Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 4
  • Why Software Freedom is so Powerful Number of developers who built our current information Number of developers on the society internet today. 100X Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 5
  • Outsized Software Profits - Where Do They Come From? Current FOSS ? Current FOSS Examples Candidates 1. Innovation Google, Adobe, All FOSS  CheckpointArchitecture of participation – ”large databases created via network effects”, 2. Network eBay, Google as Tim O’Reilly describes it. Mozilla, MySQL, Effects  Red Hat, Ubuntu In essence, commercial value derived from the aggregation of vast amounts of individual data that in itself may not be 3. Scale of Microsoft, valuable.Hat Red Vendor Oracle, SAP  4. Lock-in Oracle, Microsoft  Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 6
  • Outsized Software Profits - Where Do They Come From? Current FOSS ? Current FOSS Examples Candidates 1. Innovation Google, Adobe, All FOSS Checkpoint  2. Network eBay, Google Mozilla, MySQL, Effects  Red Hat, Ubuntu 3. Scale of Microsoft, Red Hat Vendor Oracle, SAP  4. Lock-in Oracle, Microsoft  Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 7
  • Does Size Matter? 50% VRSN 45% CHKP 40% MSFT 35% ORCL Profit Margin 30% ADBE 25% SAP 20% ADSK 15% INTU 10% SYMC 5% CA 0% RHT 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 Revenue ($M) Source: Yahoo Finance, 20 May 2007 Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 8
  • Does Size Matter? 50% 45% 40% 35% Open source: lower Profit Margin 30% sales and marketing costs 25% 20% 15% 10% Closed source: high 5% early investment in sales and marketing 0% 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 Revenue ($M) Source: Yahoo Finance, 20 May 2007 Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 9
  • Free / Open Source Software • Not a mystery • Not a religion • Not a charity • Not anti-commercial • Not against ownership • Not socialism • Not a business model • But a smarter way to produce the goods and a smarter way to distribute the goods Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 10
  • Pursuit of Software Freedom And Profits Success in open source requires you to serve: 1. Those who spend time to save money 2. Those who spend money to save time • Differentiation drives the compelling reason to buy, but incorrectly implemented it may also drive the ”compelling reason to abandon” Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 11
  • Parameters Influencing Business Model • Creating a new category or disrupting an existing one? • How sticky is the product category? • Is there a significant underserved part of the market? • What % of the world’s developers could need this product category? • If you give the developer all he/she needs, what is there left that you can sell for a fee to his/her boss? Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 12
  • MySQL Business Principles • Free and Open Source Software • Architecture of Participation • Intellectual Property Stewardship • Unified Brand – Differentiated Offerings • Global Distributed Workforce • Viral Marketing • Low-Cost Sales Model Recommended Reading: ”Innovation Happens Elsewhere” - ”Democratizing Innovation” - ”The World is Flat” – ”The Starfish and the Spider” – “The Wealth of Networks” – “Wikinomics” – “Outside Innovation” Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 13
  • Freedom + Commercial Value-Add • Builds on foundation of FOSS • Additional offerings available to paying customers Value-Add $$$ Knowledge- Enterprise base Manager Alerts Free and Open 24x7 Support Source Software Rules Hot Fixes Monitoring Service Packs Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 14
  • Unlimited Business • One page contract – fixed cost for a year – unlimited deployments – MySQL MySQL no surprises Enterprise Enterprise • Eliminate license fees required Unlimited Unlimited by closed source DBMSs $40,000 $40,000 • Follow the lead of The New York Times, the Swedish National Police, ESPN, iStockPhoto, Booking.com and others Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 15
  • Open Source Business Models are Hybrid Software is free, but: 1. … we need donations and subsidies to survive (Apache Software Foundation, Eclipse, ObjectWeb) 2. … we sell ads and placements (Mozilla) 3. … if you embed it in closed source, you pay a fee (Trolltech, DB4Objects, Funambol, MySQL, etc.) 4. … services are for a fee (Covalent, Ubuntu / Canonical) Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 16
  • Open Source Business Models are Hybrid Software is free, but: 5. … on-going maintenance, monitoring and provision of binaries is for a fee (Red Hat, JBoss, MySQL) 6. … some enterprise features are for a fee (SugarCRM, Zimbra, JasperSoft) 7. … we built a closed-source product around it (EnterpriseDB, GreenPlum) 8. … hardware is for a fee (Sun, Asterisk/Digium) Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 17
  • Open Source Business Models are Hybrid Software is free, but: 9. … we sell everything else on the planet, including closed source software (IBM) 10. … that's not our real business (Ruby on Rails, individual contributors, etc.) 11. … we regret it (Borland with Interbase) 12. … we don’t want to see it any more (any good examples?) 13. … we want to drive web traffic (Yahoo YUI) Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 18
  • Open Source Business Success 1st GENERATION 2nd GENERATION 3rd GENERATION IPO IPO ActiveGrid, ActiveState, Alfresco, BitRock, Black Duck, CollabNet, Red Hat, Caldera (now Trolltech, Sourcefire, Collax, Compiere, Covalent, DB4O, SCO), VA Linux (now VA Mandrakesoft (now Digium, Exadel, eZ Systems, Software), Turbolinux Mandriva) Fonality, Funambol, Groundwork, Acquired Hyperic, Ingres, Interface21, Acquired JasperSoft, Joomla, Laszlo SUSE, Cygnus Systems, Medsphere, Mozilla Corp, Conectiva, Lycoris, JBoss, MuleSource, OpenBravo, Sleepycat, Ximian, OpenLogic, Open-Xchange, OTRS, Gluecode Private Palamida, Pentaho, rPath, Private SnapLogic, Sourcelabs, LynuxWorks, Linuxcare Spikesource, SQLite, WebYog, (now Levanta), Sendmail MontaVista, MySQL, Zend SugarCRM, Talend, Terracotta, Ubuntu / Canonical, Vyatta, WSO2, Out of Business XenSource, Zenoss, Zimbra, Zmanda, etc. GreatBridge Source: Matthew Aslett’s blog 2007 and other sources Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 19
  • Summary • Software freedom allows you to tap into innovation power and network effects otherwise not available • FOSS business won’t work unless you serve both those who spend time to save money and those who spend money to save time • It is early and the FOSS industry is still experimenting with business models Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 20
  • "Skate to where the puck is going to be." Wayne Gretzky Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 21
  • Thank you! marten@mysql.com Copyright 2007 MySQL AB The World’s Most Popular Open Source Database 22