WB Session and OP 8

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Observations and tentative ideas of what this means for our work on international waters (OP 8)

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WB Session and OP 8

  1. 1. WB Session and OP 8:WB Session and OP 8: Observations and tentative ideas of whatObservations and tentative ideas of what this means for our work on internationalthis means for our work on international waters (OP 8)waters (OP 8) GEF IW Conference, BudapestGEF IW Conference, Budapest 14-18 October, 200014-18 October, 2000
  2. 2. Organize my comments alongOrganize my comments along Tony’s questions:Tony’s questions: • Can the IW approach work?Can the IW approach work? • Is it working?Is it working? • Is it too early too tell?Is it too early too tell? • Are there important constraints we areAre there important constraints we are ignoring?ignoring? • What are the implications for the GEF andWhat are the implications for the GEF and more specifically for OP 8?more specifically for OP 8? Personal views - food for thought!Personal views - food for thought!
  3. 3. OP8 - specific waterbodies with “chronic” problems: 260+ international river basins 50 large marine ecosystems (LME) Number of shared groundwater aquifers
  4. 4. International Waters Challenge -International Waters Challenge - Scope & Scale - No blueprints!Scope & Scale - No blueprints! Poverty ->Development Insecurity -> Security Degradation -> Sustainability Political relations
  5. 5. Q1: Can The TDA/SAPQ1: Can The TDA/SAP Approach Work ?Approach Work ? • Role of TDA/SAPRole of TDA/SAP Arrive at consensus on problems, priorities andArrive at consensus on problems, priorities and actions - common understanding of the problemsactions - common understanding of the problems Okavango - created harmony between the partiesOkavango - created harmony between the parties Lengthy, time-consuming process; 2-4 yrs oftenLengthy, time-consuming process; 2-4 yrs often Benguela CurrentBenguela Current Process (key outcome) more important than theProcess (key outcome) more important than the outputoutput Similar exercises done before - no blueprintsSimilar exercises done before - no blueprints available - all will to a certain extent be uniqueavailable - all will to a certain extent be unique Ownership created through the processOwnership created through the process
  6. 6. Q1: Can The TDA/SAPQ1: Can The TDA/SAP Approach Work ?Approach Work ? • Role of TDA/SAPRole of TDA/SAP Can we really go the long way as prescribed by theCan we really go the long way as prescribed by the TDA? Maybe consider to start with smaller,TDA? Maybe consider to start with smaller, immediate actions - success attracts success!immediate actions - success attracts success! Format requirements - tedious and often difficult!Format requirements - tedious and often difficult! Namibia - Benefit proved faster than the GEF routeNamibia - Benefit proved faster than the GEF route Overall a useful instrument!Overall a useful instrument! Key questions: How to translate the SAP intoKey questions: How to translate the SAP into national actions?national actions? Requires national commitment and national processesRequires national commitment and national processes
  7. 7. Q2: Is it working?Q2: Is it working? • OP 8 Purpose - “remedial actions”OP 8 Purpose - “remedial actions” • Linkage between water resources reform processLinkage between water resources reform process and regional environmental management objectivesand regional environmental management objectives often not addressed as required in OP8often not addressed as required in OP8 • Little emphasis on use of economic incentives andLittle emphasis on use of economic incentives and instruments, when applicable, as management toolsinstruments, when applicable, as management tools • Private sector participation limitedPrivate sector participation limited • Involvement of other ministries/sectors - driven byInvolvement of other ministries/sectors - driven by environment and water - Danube - Min. of Ag.environment and water - Danube - Min. of Ag.
  8. 8. Q2: Is it working (II)?Q2: Is it working (II)? • Little attention to lake and wetland managementLittle attention to lake and wetland management and watershed management (WWF, IUCN)and watershed management (WWF, IUCN) • Transboundary implications of dams - WCD??Transboundary implications of dams - WCD?? • Considerable risks associated with creation ofConsiderable risks associated with creation of expectations that cannot be realistically achievedexpectations that cannot be realistically achieved and failure to recognize time frames require forand failure to recognize time frames require for results - need for an exit strategy?results - need for an exit strategy? • Dissemination of SAP to the general public, oftenDissemination of SAP to the general public, often lackinglacking • When do we start work on the ground? UncertaintyWhen do we start work on the ground? Uncertainty
  9. 9. Q3: Is it too early to tell?Q3: Is it too early to tell? • Yes, little environmental improvement so farYes, little environmental improvement so far North-American Great Lakes - six years to set upNorth-American Great Lakes - six years to set up institutional system; 12 years to see environmentalinstitutional system; 12 years to see environmental improvementsimprovements Social outcomes as important in the short/medium termSocial outcomes as important in the short/medium term • Major accomplishments; over 50 projectsMajor accomplishments; over 50 projects • First generation IW projects under implementationFirst generation IW projects under implementation - too early to assess results!- too early to assess results! Developed framework for cooperationDeveloped framework for cooperation Second generation just startingSecond generation just starting Monitoring and evaluation built more effectively inMonitoring and evaluation built more effectively in
  10. 10. Q4: Are there importantQ4: Are there important constraints we are ignoring?constraints we are ignoring? • Link to poverty alleviation,Link to poverty alleviation, human health, vulnerability andhuman health, vulnerability and sustainable developmentsustainable development policies in generalpolicies in general • Overall need for reforms inOverall need for reforms in various sectors; e.g. civilvarious sectors; e.g. civil service reform (Lake Victoria)service reform (Lake Victoria) • Political climate for reformsPolitical climate for reforms uncertainuncertain
  11. 11. Q5: Strategic Implications forQ5: Strategic Implications for GEF and IAs?GEF and IAs? • Rewrite OP? No - negotiated documentRewrite OP? No - negotiated document • Flexible, pragmatic interpretation/applicationFlexible, pragmatic interpretation/application • GEF and IAs need to “walk the talk”GEF and IAs need to “walk the talk” Ownership required by the riparians……. butOwnership required by the riparians……. but Disbursement schedule has to be followed!Disbursement schedule has to be followed! Solution - use consultants - local capacity building?Solution - use consultants - local capacity building? Streamlining of procedures; PDF A/B (350’ too small)/CStreamlining of procedures; PDF A/B (350’ too small)/C • Riparians in the driving seat! - not consultants or IAsRiparians in the driving seat! - not consultants or IAs • but clearer demonstration of commitment requiredbut clearer demonstration of commitment required commitment = ownershipcommitment = ownership
  12. 12. Q5: Strategic Implications forQ5: Strategic Implications for GEF and IAs (ii)?GEF and IAs (ii)? • SustainabilitySustainability Key approval criteria?Key approval criteria? Need to strengthen secretariats; stabilize staffing, setNeed to strengthen secretariats; stabilize staffing, set realistic budgets - responsibility of the riparians not GEF!realistic budgets - responsibility of the riparians not GEF! Sustainability of investments - requires policy reformsSustainability of investments - requires policy reforms • Need to diversify range of national ministries involvedNeed to diversify range of national ministries involved and increase emphasis on local governmentsand increase emphasis on local governments • Give more credibility to existing regional institutionsGive more credibility to existing regional institutions (e.g. West Africa)(e.g. West Africa)
  13. 13. Q5: Strategic Implications forQ5: Strategic Implications for GEF and IAs (iii)?GEF and IAs (iii)? • Involve NGOs more actively and ensureInvolve NGOs more actively and ensure accountabilityaccountability • TDAs and SAPs should be prepared by riparians -TDAs and SAPs should be prepared by riparians - Facilitators can be provided (Benguela Current)Facilitators can be provided (Benguela Current) • Cooperation not competition between IAs andCooperation not competition between IAs and others! NGOs are tired of watching the infightingothers! NGOs are tired of watching the infighting multiple IAs - creates difficulties!multiple IAs - creates difficulties! • High transaction costs; delays, funding gaps etc.High transaction costs; delays, funding gaps etc. • Need for information sharing, transfer of lessons,Need for information sharing, transfer of lessons, comparison of results between the OPscomparison of results between the OPs
  14. 14. Q5: Strategic Implications forQ5: Strategic Implications for GEF and IAs (iv)?GEF and IAs (iv)? • Can one SAP lead to several projects?Can one SAP lead to several projects? • Ability to deal with acute problems?Ability to deal with acute problems? • Long-term involvement/support required (Niger,Long-term involvement/support required (Niger, Chad - long-term program providing bridgingChad - long-term program providing bridging mechanism)mechanism) • GEF improve its outreach activities - NGOGEF improve its outreach activities - NGO complaint!complaint! should be able to provide clear guidance nowshould be able to provide clear guidance now clear rules required, goal post should not change duringclear rules required, goal post should not change during the processthe process GEF vocabularyGEF vocabulary Qs and comments during this conference reflect thisQs and comments during this conference reflect this
  15. 15. Summary of the ChallengesSummary of the Challenges •Creating and sustaining dialogue at the basin level - use convening power •Identifying and supporting initiatives that create an enabling environment for cooperation •Creating partnerships through which initiatives can be supported •Creating and sharing a global knowledge base to support collaboration among riparians •Supporting development investment in projects that enhance cooperation Basin Level The Riparians The Transboundary River or Lake Basin •Promote a new water management and development policy framework in each riparian country •Investment should reward and support policy and institutional reform -- not expand or rehabilitate unsustainable infrastructure, nor reward unsustainable policy frameworks
  16. 16. Concluding ThoughtsConcluding Thoughts (David Grey)(David Grey) Can pick you friends not your neighbors;Can pick you friends not your neighbors; international waters challenge is to makeinternational waters challenge is to make your neighbor your friends;your neighbor your friends; BUTBUT good fences can make good neighbors!good fences can make good neighbors! Lesson: no blueprint, comprise, change courseLesson: no blueprint, comprise, change course && do not let the best be the enemy of the gooddo not let the best be the enemy of the good

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