Objectives and Plans for Achievement of MDG for Sanitation in Myanmar
H .E. Professor Dr. Myat Myat Ohn Khin Union Deputy Minister Ministry of HealthThe Republic of the Union of Myanmar 1
Total Population 60 million 676.578 SqIndia China Area km Growth rate 1.75% States & Regions 14 Districts 66 Townships 330 Wards 2,786 Thailand Villages 64,910 U5 Mortality 46.1 Infant mortality 37.5 Bay of Bengle Life expectancy 64.5 2
• Sanitation Programme began in 1982• Changed to Demand driven approach in 1996• Annual National Sanitation Week from 1998 until 2011 • Accelerated progress in access to improved sanitation• Diarrhoea rates in under five children indicate slippage • Low maintenance • Low use • Lack of awareness• 2011 introduction of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)• National Sanitation Campaign launched in 2012 to accelerate progress, includes CLTS
Timeline of Sanitation Progress in Myanmar Supply Driven Demand Driven Sanitation Approach Sanitation Approach National Sanitation Week Movement 2011 Ends Community Based Health National Sanitation Week Education 1986 Movement 1998 National Sanitation Campaign 2012 3 Cleans - Hands, Toilet & Introduction of Water - 1996 4 Cleans - Food - CLTS 2010Sanitation Programme 2001 1982 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
76% coverage, 83% urban, 73% rural (JMP 2012) 46% increase in diarrhoea between 2003 and 2010 (MICS 2003 and MICS 2010) Most of the Township health profiles indicate high levels of under five mortality from diarrhoea and dysentery Open defecation: 1 % Urban, 8% Rural - JMP 2012- whole country average 3% Urban, 19% Rural - KAP 2011 - areas with high prevalence of infant mortality, poverty, etc.
To advocate high political commitment To raise community awareness on importance of safe water supply and proper excreta disposal, To involve various sectors including NGOs, enhance implementation and support monitoring and management in various States/Regions. Special emphasis on Community-Led Total Sanitation(CLTS) to meet MDG goal (7)
Convert knowledge of good hygiene into practice Concerted and coordinated efforts of the Government, Local NGOs , INGOs and People Acceptable and functioning community latrine designs. CLTS results in maintainable latrines, within communitys budget Donors and other stakeholders desire to subsidize latrine construction Get accurate sanitation indicators in 2014 census
Dramatically increased the Sanitation Coverage from 45% in 1995 to 84.6% in 2010 Successful 4 Cleans Campaign since 1996 has improved peoples knowledge of hygiene and sanitation "Sanitation for all by year 2015" Guideline based on National Health Policy - High level political commitment down to grass- root level - National Sanitation Campaign (NSC) through CLTS
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.