SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 24
Download to read offline
Overweight and Obesity problem
Overweight and Obesity trends
Anna Lartey
Director of Nutrition
FAO, Rome
29 November, 2018
Outline
▪ The Overweight-obesity situation
- Adults
- Children
▪ Conceptual factors driving the obesity situation
▪ Impact on global burden of disease
▪ Global opportunities to reform the food systems for healthy diets
▪ Key messages
The Problem
* 1980 - 857 million persons were
overweight or obese
* 2018 - 2.1 billion persons are
overweight or obese
• Unhealthy diets, now fueling the
current obesity pandemic and
increasingly NCDs has turned out to
be the biggest cause of disease and
death for humans in the 21st century.
If significant transformation
is not made in our current
food systems, this would
be the first in human
history when the next
generation would have
shorter life expectancy than
their parents (Gostin, 2018).
Chronic child malnutrition (stunting) continues to fall and more infants are being
exclusively breastfed in their first 6 months of life
However, rates of adult obesity and anaemia in women of reproductive age are increasing
3 / 11
Global prevalence of overweight (BMI ≥25) and obesity (BMI ≥30) (among
adults aged 18 years and over, 1990-2016
25.3
27.4
29.7
32.2
35.1
38.0 38.5
27.9
29.7
31.7
33.9
36.3
38.7 39.2
4.8 5.7
6.7
7.8
9.2
10.8 11.1
8.6
9.5
10.6
11.8
13.2
14.7 15.1
0.0
5.0
10.0
15.0
20.0
25.0
30.0
35.0
40.0
45.0
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2016
Prevalence%
Overweight Men Overweight Women Obesity Men Obesity Women
Source: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration / GNR2018
Prevalence of (A) overweight (BMI ≥25) and (B) obesity (BMI ≥30)
among adults aged 18 years and over by region, 2016
28
59
72
30
64
66
43
60
63
30
53
59
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Africa LAC N America Asia Europe Oceania
PEVALENCE(%)
Men Women
A=Overweight
8
20
35
6
22
27
19
28
36
9
23
29
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Africa LAC N America Asia Europe Oceania
PEVALENCE(%)
Men Women
B= Obesity
Source: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, WHO Global Health Observatory / GNR2018
Children and Adolescents are not spared
Children under 5 affected by overweight, 1990–2016
6 6 7 7 8 9 9 9 9 9 10 10
17 15 14
14
16 16 16 17 17 17 17 18
4
4 4
4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
0
0
0.1
0.1
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
MILLIONSOFCHILDREN
Africa Asia LAC Oceania
Source: UNICEF / WHO / World Bank Group: Joint child malnutrition estimates / GNR2018
Trends in child and adolescent obesity, ages 5 to 19 years
0.0%
2.0%
4.0%
6.0%
8.0%
10.0%
12.0%
14.0%
16.0%
-
50.0
100.0
150.0
200.0
250.0
300.0
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
Boys obese #
Girls obese #
Girls obesity rate %
Boys obesity rate %
Mens obesity rate %
Womens obesity rate %
Source: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration / GNR2018
Millions
Conceptual factors driving the obesity
epidemic are many
Food System
Production,
processing, retail,
consumption ,
disposal
Food
Environment
Availability,
access,
convenience,
desirability for
consumers
Individual Diet
Quality
Diversity,
adequacy, safety
HEALTHY DIETS ARE NOT THE DEFAULT
Food environments are shaped by food systems
Source: Meerman 2015
Today’s Food Environments do not enable healthy
choices
One bottle of SSB at $0.20
Medium size watermelon
$2 to $3.00
Trends in per capita sales volumes of non-alcoholic beverages,
processed foods and ultra-processed foods by country income group,
2000–2015
Global panel 2016
Evolving Food Environments:
Impact of Supermarkets on people’s BMI and risk of NR-
NCD in Kenya
Source: Demmler et al. PLOS ONE 2017
Evolving Food Environments:
Impact of Supermarkets on people’s BMI and risk of NR-
NCD in Kenya
Source: Demmler et al. PLOS ONE 2017
Food Price indices by food group for India ,
1970-2016 (Source: UNSCN News 42)
(Source: H Bouis, 2017)
Postpartum maternal weight change among women in 6 sites
from the MGRS
Median postpartum maternal
BMI patterns by site
Onyango et al. MCN 2011
Maternal postpartum
maternal weight change
relative to day 14 by site
Postpartum maternal weight change among women in 6 sites
from the MGRS
Onyango et al. MCN 2011
Global risk factors contributing to early deaths
(Source: GBD 2013; Lancet 2015)
Global Opportunities to
Reform the food systems for
Healthy Diets
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development:
“we pledge to leave no one behind”
Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and
improved nutrition and promote
sustainable agriculture
Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote
well-being of all at all ages
Aim: To accelerate implementation of ICN2 commitments, achieve Global
Nutrition and Diet-related NCD targets by 2025, and contribute to the
realization of the SDGs by 2030
• The Nutrition Decade is for everybody
• An opportunity to build momentum to fight all forms of
malnutrition
• A time for all stakeholders to take ACTION
• A unique opportunity to work together to end malnutrition
in all its forms
IF THE NUTRITION DECADE OF ACTION IS TO BE REALIZED, FOOD
SYSTEM TRANSFORMATION IS NOT OPTIONAL
Use Food Based Dietary
Guidelines to anchor
multisectoral policy action
INCREASE
SUPPLY OF
NUTRIENT DENSE
FOODS FOR
HEALTHY FOOD
ENVIRONMENTS
Diversify
agricultural
production via
shifts in
investment and
agendas
Regulate
advertising to
reduce
misleading
claims
Taxes and other
industry
[dis]incentives to
create healthier
products
Leverage links between food
systems, climate change, and
diets
Empower consumers to make healthy
diet choices through mandatory nutrition
labeling, nutrition education
More data on food availability,
affordability, and individual level
consumption
Empower
women to
create positive
change for
themselves
▪ Overweight and obesity prevalence is increasing in all regions of
the world;
▪ Poor diets are now the underlying factors contributing to obesity
and its associated non-communicable diseases;
▪ Food systems transformation to improve access to healthy diets for
all is key to addressing the rising obesity prevalence;
▪ The UN Decade of Action on Nutrition and the Sustainable
Development Goals provide global opportunities within which to
quickly act.
Key messages

More Related Content

What's hot

Obesity- The silent killer of 21st century
Obesity- The silent killer of 21st centuryObesity- The silent killer of 21st century
Obesity- The silent killer of 21st centurySuðesshnã Rãy
 
Obesity Metabolic Syndrome
Obesity Metabolic SyndromeObesity Metabolic Syndrome
Obesity Metabolic SyndromeEneutron
 
The Serious Implications of Obesity
The Serious Implications of ObesityThe Serious Implications of Obesity
The Serious Implications of ObesitySystems4PT
 
Malimu nutrition related non communicable diseases
Malimu nutrition related non communicable diseasesMalimu nutrition related non communicable diseases
Malimu nutrition related non communicable diseasesMiharbi Ignasm
 
Obesity and metabolic syndrome 2
Obesity and metabolic syndrome   2Obesity and metabolic syndrome   2
Obesity and metabolic syndrome 2Madhumita Sen
 
Obesity and risk factor
Obesity and risk factorObesity and risk factor
Obesity and risk factorhelix1661
 
Obesity & Metabolic syndrome
Obesity & Metabolic syndromeObesity & Metabolic syndrome
Obesity & Metabolic syndromeDr. Animesh Gupta
 
Obesity Management
Obesity ManagementObesity Management
Obesity Managementguestd95c642
 
Importance Of Nutrition In Cancer Patients
Importance Of Nutrition In Cancer PatientsImportance Of Nutrition In Cancer Patients
Importance Of Nutrition In Cancer PatientsAzam Jafri
 
CHAPTER 11 NUTRITION AND CHRONIC DISEASES
CHAPTER 11 NUTRITION AND CHRONIC DISEASESCHAPTER 11 NUTRITION AND CHRONIC DISEASES
CHAPTER 11 NUTRITION AND CHRONIC DISEASESEarlene McNair
 
Nutrition & Cancer
Nutrition & CancerNutrition & Cancer
Nutrition & Cancerguestc46555b
 
Obesity and heart disease
Obesity and heart diseaseObesity and heart disease
Obesity and heart diseasePrateek Singh
 

What's hot (20)

Obesity- The silent killer of 21st century
Obesity- The silent killer of 21st centuryObesity- The silent killer of 21st century
Obesity- The silent killer of 21st century
 
Obesity Metabolic Syndrome
Obesity Metabolic SyndromeObesity Metabolic Syndrome
Obesity Metabolic Syndrome
 
The Serious Implications of Obesity
The Serious Implications of ObesityThe Serious Implications of Obesity
The Serious Implications of Obesity
 
Malimu nutrition related non communicable diseases
Malimu nutrition related non communicable diseasesMalimu nutrition related non communicable diseases
Malimu nutrition related non communicable diseases
 
Obesity and metabolic syndrome 2
Obesity and metabolic syndrome   2Obesity and metabolic syndrome   2
Obesity and metabolic syndrome 2
 
Obesity & overweight
Obesity & overweightObesity & overweight
Obesity & overweight
 
Obesity and risk factor
Obesity and risk factorObesity and risk factor
Obesity and risk factor
 
Obesity
ObesityObesity
Obesity
 
Obesity
ObesityObesity
Obesity
 
Obesity & Metabolic syndrome
Obesity & Metabolic syndromeObesity & Metabolic syndrome
Obesity & Metabolic syndrome
 
Obesity
ObesityObesity
Obesity
 
Obesity Management
Obesity ManagementObesity Management
Obesity Management
 
Intro & etiology of obesity
Intro & etiology of obesityIntro & etiology of obesity
Intro & etiology of obesity
 
Obesity Assaignment
Obesity AssaignmentObesity Assaignment
Obesity Assaignment
 
Importance Of Nutrition In Cancer Patients
Importance Of Nutrition In Cancer PatientsImportance Of Nutrition In Cancer Patients
Importance Of Nutrition In Cancer Patients
 
CHAPTER 11 NUTRITION AND CHRONIC DISEASES
CHAPTER 11 NUTRITION AND CHRONIC DISEASESCHAPTER 11 NUTRITION AND CHRONIC DISEASES
CHAPTER 11 NUTRITION AND CHRONIC DISEASES
 
Obesity, prevalence, risk factors, approach to management- Dr Shahjada Selim
Obesity, prevalence, risk factors, approach to management- Dr Shahjada SelimObesity, prevalence, risk factors, approach to management- Dr Shahjada Selim
Obesity, prevalence, risk factors, approach to management- Dr Shahjada Selim
 
Nutrition & Cancer
Nutrition & CancerNutrition & Cancer
Nutrition & Cancer
 
Obesity and heart disease
Obesity and heart diseaseObesity and heart disease
Obesity and heart disease
 
Lecture 3 food insecurity
Lecture 3 food insecurity Lecture 3 food insecurity
Lecture 3 food insecurity
 

Similar to Overweight and obesity problem: Overweight and obesity trends

Launch of the Global Nutrition Report 2018
Launch of the Global Nutrition Report 2018Launch of the Global Nutrition Report 2018
Launch of the Global Nutrition Report 2018Francois Stepman
 
Regional overview of diets and nutrition in South Asia
Regional overview of diets and nutrition in South AsiaRegional overview of diets and nutrition in South Asia
Regional overview of diets and nutrition in South AsiaGlo_PAN
 
2018_Global_Nutrition_Report_Executive_Summary.pdf
2018_Global_Nutrition_Report_Executive_Summary.pdf2018_Global_Nutrition_Report_Executive_Summary.pdf
2018_Global_Nutrition_Report_Executive_Summary.pdfTaruliRohanaSinaga1
 
6th Rwns Bangkok 101009 Summary
6th Rwns Bangkok 101009 Summary6th Rwns Bangkok 101009 Summary
6th Rwns Bangkok 101009 Summaryvvkatievv
 
2020 global nutrition_report
2020 global nutrition_report2020 global nutrition_report
2020 global nutrition_reportCecilia Acuin
 
Executive summary 2021 Global Nutrition Report
Executive summary 2021 Global Nutrition ReportExecutive summary 2021 Global Nutrition Report
Executive summary 2021 Global Nutrition ReportCIkumparan
 
Our food, our diet, our health: Where do we go from here
Our food, our diet, our health: Where do we go from hereOur food, our diet, our health: Where do we go from here
Our food, our diet, our health: Where do we go from hereFAO
 
Childhood obesity in Europe: implications for the future food chain - Philip ...
Childhood obesity in Europe: implications for the future food chain - Philip ...Childhood obesity in Europe: implications for the future food chain - Philip ...
Childhood obesity in Europe: implications for the future food chain - Philip ...Barilla Center for Food & Nutrition
 
Opportunities for Africa to address all forms of malnutrition: How can the UN...
Opportunities for Africa to address all forms of malnutrition: How can the UN...Opportunities for Africa to address all forms of malnutrition: How can the UN...
Opportunities for Africa to address all forms of malnutrition: How can the UN...ILRI
 
info4africa/MRC KZN Community Forum | 25 March 2014 | The Department of Healt...
info4africa/MRC KZN Community Forum | 25 March 2014 | The Department of Healt...info4africa/MRC KZN Community Forum | 25 March 2014 | The Department of Healt...
info4africa/MRC KZN Community Forum | 25 March 2014 | The Department of Healt...info4africa
 
Global Nutrition Report Presentation at SUN Global Gathering
Global Nutrition Report Presentation at SUN Global GatheringGlobal Nutrition Report Presentation at SUN Global Gathering
Global Nutrition Report Presentation at SUN Global GatheringGlobalNutritionReport
 
The Crisis of Obesity, Diabetes and Other NCD's: The Crisis and How to Preven...
The Crisis of Obesity, Diabetes and Other NCD's: The Crisis and How to Preven...The Crisis of Obesity, Diabetes and Other NCD's: The Crisis and How to Preven...
The Crisis of Obesity, Diabetes and Other NCD's: The Crisis and How to Preven...KhazanahResearchInstitute
 

Similar to Overweight and obesity problem: Overweight and obesity trends (20)

Launch of the Global Nutrition Report 2018
Launch of the Global Nutrition Report 2018Launch of the Global Nutrition Report 2018
Launch of the Global Nutrition Report 2018
 
2018 Global Nutrition Report
2018 Global Nutrition Report2018 Global Nutrition Report
2018 Global Nutrition Report
 
Regional overview of diets and nutrition in South Asia
Regional overview of diets and nutrition in South AsiaRegional overview of diets and nutrition in South Asia
Regional overview of diets and nutrition in South Asia
 
Nutrition final
Nutrition finalNutrition final
Nutrition final
 
2018_Global_Nutrition_Report_Executive_Summary.pdf
2018_Global_Nutrition_Report_Executive_Summary.pdf2018_Global_Nutrition_Report_Executive_Summary.pdf
2018_Global_Nutrition_Report_Executive_Summary.pdf
 
6th Rwns Bangkok 101009 Summary
6th Rwns Bangkok 101009 Summary6th Rwns Bangkok 101009 Summary
6th Rwns Bangkok 101009 Summary
 
2020 global nutrition_report
2020 global nutrition_report2020 global nutrition_report
2020 global nutrition_report
 
Executive summary 2021 Global Nutrition Report
Executive summary 2021 Global Nutrition ReportExecutive summary 2021 Global Nutrition Report
Executive summary 2021 Global Nutrition Report
 
Global nutrition report 2017
Global nutrition report 2017Global nutrition report 2017
Global nutrition report 2017
 
Our food, our diet, our health: Where do we go from here
Our food, our diet, our health: Where do we go from hereOur food, our diet, our health: Where do we go from here
Our food, our diet, our health: Where do we go from here
 
Childhood obesity in Europe: implications for the future food chain - Philip ...
Childhood obesity in Europe: implications for the future food chain - Philip ...Childhood obesity in Europe: implications for the future food chain - Philip ...
Childhood obesity in Europe: implications for the future food chain - Philip ...
 
Opportunities for Africa to address all forms of malnutrition: How can the UN...
Opportunities for Africa to address all forms of malnutrition: How can the UN...Opportunities for Africa to address all forms of malnutrition: How can the UN...
Opportunities for Africa to address all forms of malnutrition: How can the UN...
 
2016 Global Food Policy Report: The future of a sustainable global food system
2016 Global Food Policy Report: The future of a sustainable global food system2016 Global Food Policy Report: The future of a sustainable global food system
2016 Global Food Policy Report: The future of a sustainable global food system
 
Food system and diets
Food system and diets Food system and diets
Food system and diets
 
20200310 araba aerc
20200310 araba aerc20200310 araba aerc
20200310 araba aerc
 
info4africa/MRC KZN Community Forum | 25 March 2014 | The Department of Healt...
info4africa/MRC KZN Community Forum | 25 March 2014 | The Department of Healt...info4africa/MRC KZN Community Forum | 25 March 2014 | The Department of Healt...
info4africa/MRC KZN Community Forum | 25 March 2014 | The Department of Healt...
 
Global Nutrition Report Presentation at SUN Global Gathering
Global Nutrition Report Presentation at SUN Global GatheringGlobal Nutrition Report Presentation at SUN Global Gathering
Global Nutrition Report Presentation at SUN Global Gathering
 
Tamara Nanitashvili (FAO-RNE)• 2020 IFPRI Egypt - FAO Seminar: "Food Policies...
Tamara Nanitashvili (FAO-RNE)• 2020 IFPRI Egypt - FAO Seminar: "Food Policies...Tamara Nanitashvili (FAO-RNE)• 2020 IFPRI Egypt - FAO Seminar: "Food Policies...
Tamara Nanitashvili (FAO-RNE)• 2020 IFPRI Egypt - FAO Seminar: "Food Policies...
 
Beyond the Pandemic: Transforming Food Systems after COVID-19
Beyond the Pandemic: Transforming Food Systems after COVID-19Beyond the Pandemic: Transforming Food Systems after COVID-19
Beyond the Pandemic: Transforming Food Systems after COVID-19
 
The Crisis of Obesity, Diabetes and Other NCD's: The Crisis and How to Preven...
The Crisis of Obesity, Diabetes and Other NCD's: The Crisis and How to Preven...The Crisis of Obesity, Diabetes and Other NCD's: The Crisis and How to Preven...
The Crisis of Obesity, Diabetes and Other NCD's: The Crisis and How to Preven...
 

More from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

More from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (20)

Targeting in Development Projects: Approaches, challenges, and lessons learned
Targeting in Development Projects: Approaches, challenges, and lessons learnedTargeting in Development Projects: Approaches, challenges, and lessons learned
Targeting in Development Projects: Approaches, challenges, and lessons learned
 
Prevalence and Impact of Landmines on Ukrainian Agricultural Production
Prevalence and Impact of Landmines on Ukrainian Agricultural ProductionPrevalence and Impact of Landmines on Ukrainian Agricultural Production
Prevalence and Impact of Landmines on Ukrainian Agricultural Production
 
Global Markets and the War in Ukraine
Global Markets and  the War in UkraineGlobal Markets and  the War in Ukraine
Global Markets and the War in Ukraine
 
Impact of the Russian Military Invasion on Ukraine’s Agriculture and Trade
Impact of the Russian Military Invasion on Ukraine’s Agriculture and Trade Impact of the Russian Military Invasion on Ukraine’s Agriculture and Trade
Impact of the Russian Military Invasion on Ukraine’s Agriculture and Trade
 
Mapping cropland extent over a complex landscape: An assessment of the best a...
Mapping cropland extent over a complex landscape: An assessment of the best a...Mapping cropland extent over a complex landscape: An assessment of the best a...
Mapping cropland extent over a complex landscape: An assessment of the best a...
 
Examples of remote sensing application in agriculture monitoring
Examples of remote sensing application in agriculture monitoringExamples of remote sensing application in agriculture monitoring
Examples of remote sensing application in agriculture monitoring
 
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
 
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
 
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
 
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
 
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
Statistics from Space: Next-Generation Agricultural Production Information fo...
 
Current ENSO and IOD Conditions, Forecasts, and the Potential Impacts
Current ENSO and IOD Conditions, Forecasts, and the Potential ImpactsCurrent ENSO and IOD Conditions, Forecasts, and the Potential Impacts
Current ENSO and IOD Conditions, Forecasts, and the Potential Impacts
 
The importance of Rice in Senegal
The importance of Rice in SenegalThe importance of Rice in Senegal
The importance of Rice in Senegal
 
Global Rice Market and Export Restriction
Global Rice Market and Export RestrictionGlobal Rice Market and Export Restriction
Global Rice Market and Export Restriction
 
Global Rice Market Situation and Outlook
Global Rice Market Situation and Outlook Global Rice Market Situation and Outlook
Global Rice Market Situation and Outlook
 
Rice prices at highest (nominal) level in 15 years
Rice prices at highest (nominal) level in 15 yearsRice prices at highest (nominal) level in 15 years
Rice prices at highest (nominal) level in 15 years
 
Book Launch: Political Economy and Policy Analysis (PEPA) Sourcebook
Book Launch:  Political Economy and Policy Analysis (PEPA) SourcebookBook Launch:  Political Economy and Policy Analysis (PEPA) Sourcebook
Book Launch: Political Economy and Policy Analysis (PEPA) Sourcebook
 
Shocks, Production, Exports and Market Prices: An Analysis of the Rice Sector...
Shocks, Production, Exports and Market Prices: An Analysis of the Rice Sector...Shocks, Production, Exports and Market Prices: An Analysis of the Rice Sector...
Shocks, Production, Exports and Market Prices: An Analysis of the Rice Sector...
 
Anticipatory cash for climate resilience
Anticipatory cash for climate resilienceAnticipatory cash for climate resilience
Anticipatory cash for climate resilience
 
2023 Global Report on Food Crises: Joint Analysis for Better Decisions
2023 Global Report on Food Crises: Joint Analysis for Better Decisions 2023 Global Report on Food Crises: Joint Analysis for Better Decisions
2023 Global Report on Food Crises: Joint Analysis for Better Decisions
 

Recently uploaded

World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...Christina Parmionova
 
Get the World Health Day 2024 action toolkit!
Get the World Health Day 2024  action toolkit!Get the World Health Day 2024  action toolkit!
Get the World Health Day 2024 action toolkit!Christina Parmionova
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 242024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24JSchaus & Associates
 
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfPPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfahcitycouncil
 
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...Christina Parmionova
 
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.Christina Parmionova
 
Mahahalagang Pangyayaring naganap sa Unang Digmaang Pandaigdig.pptx
Mahahalagang Pangyayaring naganap sa Unang Digmaang Pandaigdig.pptxMahahalagang Pangyayaring naganap sa Unang Digmaang Pandaigdig.pptx
Mahahalagang Pangyayaring naganap sa Unang Digmaang Pandaigdig.pptxGLADYSNUEVO1
 
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.Christina Parmionova
 
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human DignityPope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human DignityEnergy for One World
 
PPT Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services.pdf
PPT Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services.pdfPPT Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services.pdf
PPT Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services.pdfahcitycouncil
 
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design ServicesItem # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Servicesahcitycouncil
 
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATIONGOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATIONShivamShukla147857
 
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1KelleyWasmund
 
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.Christina Parmionova
 
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.Christina Parmionova
 
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024Christina Parmionova
 
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaTrinity Care Foundation
 
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdfCristal Montañéz
 
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.Christina Parmionova
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Climate & Company: An Overview of Coal Transition Mechanisms
Climate & Company: An Overview of Coal Transition MechanismsClimate & Company: An Overview of Coal Transition Mechanisms
Climate & Company: An Overview of Coal Transition Mechanisms
 
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
 
Get the World Health Day 2024 action toolkit!
Get the World Health Day 2024  action toolkit!Get the World Health Day 2024  action toolkit!
Get the World Health Day 2024 action toolkit!
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 242024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 24
 
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfPPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
 
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
 
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
April 7th - World Health Day 2024 - My Health. My Right.
 
Mahahalagang Pangyayaring naganap sa Unang Digmaang Pandaigdig.pptx
Mahahalagang Pangyayaring naganap sa Unang Digmaang Pandaigdig.pptxMahahalagang Pangyayaring naganap sa Unang Digmaang Pandaigdig.pptx
Mahahalagang Pangyayaring naganap sa Unang Digmaang Pandaigdig.pptx
 
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
World Health Day theme 2024 is 'My health, my right’.
 
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human DignityPope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
Pope Francis Teaching: Dignitas Infinita- On Human Dignity
 
PPT Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services.pdf
PPT Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services.pdfPPT Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services.pdf
PPT Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services.pdf
 
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design ServicesItem # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
Item # 6 - TBG Partners Landscape Architectural Design Services
 
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATIONGOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
 
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
 
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.Conscience. Love. Peace  - International Day of Conscience 2024.
Conscience. Love. Peace - International Day of Conscience 2024.
 
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
Health rights correspond to a checklisk.
 
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
April 6th - International Day of Sport for Development and Peace 2024
 
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
 
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
 
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
 

Overweight and obesity problem: Overweight and obesity trends

  • 1. Overweight and Obesity problem Overweight and Obesity trends Anna Lartey Director of Nutrition FAO, Rome 29 November, 2018
  • 2. Outline ▪ The Overweight-obesity situation - Adults - Children ▪ Conceptual factors driving the obesity situation ▪ Impact on global burden of disease ▪ Global opportunities to reform the food systems for healthy diets ▪ Key messages
  • 3. The Problem * 1980 - 857 million persons were overweight or obese * 2018 - 2.1 billion persons are overweight or obese • Unhealthy diets, now fueling the current obesity pandemic and increasingly NCDs has turned out to be the biggest cause of disease and death for humans in the 21st century. If significant transformation is not made in our current food systems, this would be the first in human history when the next generation would have shorter life expectancy than their parents (Gostin, 2018).
  • 4. Chronic child malnutrition (stunting) continues to fall and more infants are being exclusively breastfed in their first 6 months of life However, rates of adult obesity and anaemia in women of reproductive age are increasing 3 / 11
  • 5. Global prevalence of overweight (BMI ≥25) and obesity (BMI ≥30) (among adults aged 18 years and over, 1990-2016 25.3 27.4 29.7 32.2 35.1 38.0 38.5 27.9 29.7 31.7 33.9 36.3 38.7 39.2 4.8 5.7 6.7 7.8 9.2 10.8 11.1 8.6 9.5 10.6 11.8 13.2 14.7 15.1 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2016 Prevalence% Overweight Men Overweight Women Obesity Men Obesity Women Source: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration / GNR2018
  • 6. Prevalence of (A) overweight (BMI ≥25) and (B) obesity (BMI ≥30) among adults aged 18 years and over by region, 2016 28 59 72 30 64 66 43 60 63 30 53 59 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Africa LAC N America Asia Europe Oceania PEVALENCE(%) Men Women A=Overweight 8 20 35 6 22 27 19 28 36 9 23 29 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Africa LAC N America Asia Europe Oceania PEVALENCE(%) Men Women B= Obesity Source: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, WHO Global Health Observatory / GNR2018
  • 7. Children and Adolescents are not spared
  • 8. Children under 5 affected by overweight, 1990–2016 6 6 7 7 8 9 9 9 9 9 10 10 17 15 14 14 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 18 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 0 0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 MILLIONSOFCHILDREN Africa Asia LAC Oceania Source: UNICEF / WHO / World Bank Group: Joint child malnutrition estimates / GNR2018
  • 9. Trends in child and adolescent obesity, ages 5 to 19 years 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% 16.0% - 50.0 100.0 150.0 200.0 250.0 300.0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Boys obese # Girls obese # Girls obesity rate % Boys obesity rate % Mens obesity rate % Womens obesity rate % Source: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration / GNR2018 Millions
  • 10. Conceptual factors driving the obesity epidemic are many
  • 11. Food System Production, processing, retail, consumption , disposal Food Environment Availability, access, convenience, desirability for consumers Individual Diet Quality Diversity, adequacy, safety HEALTHY DIETS ARE NOT THE DEFAULT Food environments are shaped by food systems Source: Meerman 2015
  • 12. Today’s Food Environments do not enable healthy choices One bottle of SSB at $0.20 Medium size watermelon $2 to $3.00
  • 13. Trends in per capita sales volumes of non-alcoholic beverages, processed foods and ultra-processed foods by country income group, 2000–2015 Global panel 2016
  • 14. Evolving Food Environments: Impact of Supermarkets on people’s BMI and risk of NR- NCD in Kenya Source: Demmler et al. PLOS ONE 2017
  • 15. Evolving Food Environments: Impact of Supermarkets on people’s BMI and risk of NR- NCD in Kenya Source: Demmler et al. PLOS ONE 2017
  • 16. Food Price indices by food group for India , 1970-2016 (Source: UNSCN News 42) (Source: H Bouis, 2017)
  • 17. Postpartum maternal weight change among women in 6 sites from the MGRS Median postpartum maternal BMI patterns by site Onyango et al. MCN 2011
  • 18. Maternal postpartum maternal weight change relative to day 14 by site Postpartum maternal weight change among women in 6 sites from the MGRS Onyango et al. MCN 2011
  • 19. Global risk factors contributing to early deaths (Source: GBD 2013; Lancet 2015)
  • 20. Global Opportunities to Reform the food systems for Healthy Diets
  • 21. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: “we pledge to leave no one behind” Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being of all at all ages
  • 22. Aim: To accelerate implementation of ICN2 commitments, achieve Global Nutrition and Diet-related NCD targets by 2025, and contribute to the realization of the SDGs by 2030 • The Nutrition Decade is for everybody • An opportunity to build momentum to fight all forms of malnutrition • A time for all stakeholders to take ACTION • A unique opportunity to work together to end malnutrition in all its forms
  • 23. IF THE NUTRITION DECADE OF ACTION IS TO BE REALIZED, FOOD SYSTEM TRANSFORMATION IS NOT OPTIONAL Use Food Based Dietary Guidelines to anchor multisectoral policy action INCREASE SUPPLY OF NUTRIENT DENSE FOODS FOR HEALTHY FOOD ENVIRONMENTS Diversify agricultural production via shifts in investment and agendas Regulate advertising to reduce misleading claims Taxes and other industry [dis]incentives to create healthier products Leverage links between food systems, climate change, and diets Empower consumers to make healthy diet choices through mandatory nutrition labeling, nutrition education More data on food availability, affordability, and individual level consumption Empower women to create positive change for themselves
  • 24. ▪ Overweight and obesity prevalence is increasing in all regions of the world; ▪ Poor diets are now the underlying factors contributing to obesity and its associated non-communicable diseases; ▪ Food systems transformation to improve access to healthy diets for all is key to addressing the rising obesity prevalence; ▪ The UN Decade of Action on Nutrition and the Sustainable Development Goals provide global opportunities within which to quickly act. Key messages