Non-technological Aspects of Service-Orien Map Production

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  • 1. Non-technological Aspectsof Service-OrientedMap ProductionAlena VONDRÁKOVÁVít VOŽENÍLEKRostislav NÉTEKPalacký University OlomoucDepartment of Geoinformaticsalena.vondrakova@upol.cz
  • 2. Introduction• many aspects has an influence on the map production• non-technological aspects of map production include economic aspects, legislative aspects, visualization aspects, psychological aspects and user issues• these aspects play also an important role in the implementation of SOA into the cartographic production• some aspects, such as legislative and economic aspects play very important roles• other non-technological aspects are especially important because of the resulting graphical cartographic representation• service-oriented map production allows outputs to be implemented based on user requirements according to the purpose for which the map should be usedSOMAP 2012
  • 3. Main Objectives• define, describe and demonstrate the non-technological aspects of service-oriented map production• focus on aspects • economic • legislative • visualization • psychological • user issues• the most important for the cartographic production are the aspects of economy and legislation• visualization, psychological and user issues are important with regard to the benefit of map productionSOMAP 2012
  • 4. Non-technological aspects of map production• concept of technological and non-technological aspects is often used in various disciplines• there is no uniform, generally accepted definition of technological and non-technological aspects• non-technological aspects are important features of each process of map production, but it is not possible to evaluate by unifying all aspects (compilation of each cartographic product may include various specifics)• the definitions of the non-technological aspects of the map production specified in this paper were formulated on the basis of various findings from the analysis of the cartography and geoinformation scienceSOMAP 2012
  • 5. Economic Aspects• economic aspects are one of the most important parts of the cartographic production not only in the commercial sectors, but also in governmental practice• primary economic aspects are those related to cartographic production, ensuring the functionality of the server and software• secondary economic aspects are related to the profit from the production of cartographic works and those that arise from using the cartographic product (increase efficiency in tourism, etc.)• economic aspect is critical to the success of the project, so great attention is concentrated there even before the process of cartographic production• issue is receiving attention at the expert level – the ICA Commission on Map Production and GeoBusinessSOMAP 2012
  • 6. Legislative Aspects• represent a summary of all legal actions that affect individual processes within the cartographic activities• deal with the protection of intellectual property rights and copyright and proprietary rights of the cartographic production and their components• include the methods of data capturing and handling, used software and hardware equipment, the presentation of data outputs and cartographic products, their distribution and protection• principles are not protected by the copyright, because there is no original authorship• SOA functionality in terms of features and services provided is also not protected by the copyright• protected is the specific transcription program codeSOMAP 2012
  • 7. Aspects of Visualization• cartographic visualization processes have a great influence on the cartographic production• this includes a map composition with all the additional design elements• in the field of service-oriented map production these factors also relate to the possibilities of digital cartography• modern software tools allow the presentation of digital maps using multimedia such as sound, animation, flash, etc.• the possibilities of SOA give the tools to implement these processesSOMAP 2012
  • 8. Psychological Aspects• aspects are closely related to the map perception of the user and are focused on the user issues• it is an area of subjective perception of cartographic works based on the used color scales, design of maps and map composition, selection of cartographic methods and their use, etc.• the psychological perception is a very important area that can affect the other areas, such as economic aspects (user favorite map will be sold better and used more frequently)• this aspect may affect the user’s perception of the presented phenomena as well may influence the perception and understanding of geospatial information• modern tools of psychological aspects evaluation can be used in SOA implementationSOMAP 2012
  • 9. Eye-tracking Technology• the influence of the psychological aspects on the perception of users can be assessed by the eye-tracking technology• individual’s eye movements are measured• there are monitored localization of eye-movement in any given timeSOMAP 2012
  • 10. Eye-tracking Technology SMI RED 250
  • 11. SOA Functionality• for the map production through the Internet platform, there are two ways how to share spatial data: • to publish own data on the server as a vector and/or raster files: typical for the era of MapServer solutions in previous years • new trend is providing spatial data not as a data files, but as services – based on the principle of the SOA• many state organizations, companies and individuals all over the world build their map servers, and publish geographic data in various forms• to demonstrate the implementation of service-oriented map production with regard to the non-technological aspects of map production, a case study is presented: interactive map application based on RIA technologySOMAP 2012
  • 12. The VIRTUS Project• the project allows users of a virtual lab to access certain information about Litovelské Pomoraví Regional Nature Conversation Area• include basic characteristics, environment data, etc.• data are provided by several different sources, depending on the owner – it enable and share all these data through one platform• it is possible to visualize huge quantity of spatial data from different sources in one application• project is based on the combination of “ArcGIS for Server” with “ArcGIS Viewer for Flex” solution• SOAP is used to describe the format of a message sent to a networked service and allows computers to communicate independent of an operating system or platformSOMAP 2012
  • 13. The VIRTUS ProjectSOMAP 2012
  • 14. VIRTUS ProjectSOMAP 2012
  • 15. Non-technological Aspects in VIRTUS• technological solution of SOA map production significantly affects the resulting impact of non-technological aspects• economic aspect of the case study solution is influenced by the fact that this application is a part of the research project ENVIrUP, funded by the European Union and the Czech Republic• great emphasis was placed on compliance with all legal aspects• the resulting application is in compliance with copyright protection of all input datasets and application used at all level• design of the final map application interface was presented to the representatives of the target user group and took their comments into consideration – the visualization methods, as well as the available tools and the layout, are compiled according to their needsSOMAP 2012
  • 16. Non-technological Aspects in VIRTUS• psychological aspects were evaluated with particular emphasis on the educational purpose of the map portal• on the interface, there is a sufficient amount of help and helpers are also provided to prevent the user from feeling confused when using the maps• after starting the application, the knowledge and experience of users were acquired, their comments and requirements were included in the adjustment and update of the application• the SOA technology brings new possibilities for many fields of science and research, the expansion of new trends in cartography can be expected: service-oriented map production• using different data sources from various owners, new cartographic products can be createdSOMAP 2012
  • 17. AcknowledgementsThe paper has been completed within the Operational Program Education for Competitiveness:European Social Fund CZ.1.07/2.3.00/20.0170 and CZ.1.07/2.2.00/28.0078.THANK YOUFOR YOURATTENTION