SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 18
Download to read offline
INTRODUCTION TO GIS AND ITS
APPLICATION
SUBMITTED BY :
13BCL109, 13BCL110, 13BCL111,
13BCL112,13BCL113,13BCL118
INTRODUCTION
• A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a collection
of computer software, hardware, data, and
personnel used to store, manipulate, analyze, and
present geographically referenced information.
• Geographic Information systems (GIS) represent a
powerful new means to efficiently manage and
integrate the numerous types of information
necessary for the planning, design, construction,
analysis, operation, maintenance, and administration
of transportation systems and facilities.
Some of the major objectives of GIS are to :
• Maximizing the efficiency of planning and
decision making
• Integrating information from multiple sources
• Facilitating complex querying and analysis
• Eliminating redundant data and minimizing
duplication
A GIS has following components:
• Hardware : It consists of the equipments and support devices that are
required to capture, store process and visualize the geographic
information.
• Software : Software is at the heart of a GIS system. The GIS software must
have the basic capabilities of data input, storage, transformation, analysis
and providing desired outputs. The GIS software being used today are
ArcGIS, MapInfo, Micro station, Geo media etc.
• Data : The data is captured or collected from various sources (such as
maps, field observations, photography, satellite imagery etc) and is
processed for analysis and presentation.
• Procedures : These include the methods or ways by which data has to be
input in the system, retrieved, processed, transformed and presented.
• People : This component of GIS includes all those individuals (such as
programmer, database manager, GIS researcher etc.) who are making the
GIS work, and also the individuals who are at the user end using the GIS
services, applications and tools.
APPLICATIONS
• Transportation
• Water Resource Engineering
• Urban Planning
• Construction
• Analysis
TRANSPORTATION
• In transportation profession the world have
discovered and embraced GIS as an important
tool, which helps user in managing, planning,
evaluating and maintaining transportation
system.
• A specific branch of GIS called GIS-T, has been
used for diverse purposes, which refers to the
principles and applications of applying
geographic information tech. to transportation
problem.
• GIS-T used for different purposes like
analyzing the annual capital improvement
plans to identify noise regulations, violations
around the area.
• GIS-T cover much of the broad scope of
transportation and logistics, such as
infrastructure planning and management,
transportation safety analysis, travel demand
analysis, traffic monitoring and control, public
transit planning etc.
• Other applications of GIS-T are routing and
scheduling vehicle tracking and dispatching
site selection and service area analysis.
• Now a days, growing number of Internet
based and wireless GIS-T application can be
found like, google maps and mapquest.
WATER RESOURCE ENGINEERING
 There are many areas in Water Resources Engineering
where GIS may be successfully applied.
 Lets take an example of a dam, a dam is proposed to be
constructed across a river, for which the following
information may be desired:
• Watershed area contributing to the project site
• Reservoir surface area and volume, given the height of
the dam
For the above, the following themes may be stored in a GIS:
• Elevation contours of the watershed area, including the project
site
• Satellite image of village.
• Village boundary map, showing location of habitation clusters.
Using the above data, one may obtain desired in information as
follows:
• Watershed area may be found by using the elevation and
contour data. Once the boundary is identified, the area
calculation tool may be used in the GIS software to calculate the
watershed area.
• Reservoir surface area can similarly found using the area
calculation tool. Volume calculation tool of the GIS software may
be used to find out the volume.
URBAN PLANNING
• Planning and development is mutually supportive
and is highly a complicated activity. Most of the
urban issues lie with land related activities as land is
a scarce and highly valuable commodity. Traditional
methods of surveying and the land records cannot be
successful tools for managing the urban scenario
today. It is because the people and technology keep
changing much faster and is ahead of time.
• GIS is one such sophisticated tool to handle spatial
information and sequentially analyze the physical
environment with that of its attribute data such as
Canopy, Land use, Land cover, Environmental
resources, water line, and sewer line etc and related
to its topology.
• The following methodology was adopted in the present
study of urban planning,
_ The base map of the study area is prepared using existing Map.
_ Using GIS technique, the thematic maps have been prepared.
_ Digitizing, Editing & labelling the various thematic maps,
Integration and preparation of derived maps using GIS software
CONSTRUCTION
• It is the stage when all layout plans and paper
work design come into existence in the real
world. The GIS helps the professionals to
understand the site conditions that affect the
schedule baseline and cost baseline. To keep
the construction within budget and schedule
GIS guides us about how to utilize our
resources on site efficiency by:
 Timely usage of construction equipment.
 Working Hours
 Effects of seasonal fluctuations.
 Optimizing routes for dumpers and concrete
trucks
 Earth filling and cutting
 Calculation of volumes and areas of
constructed phase thereby helping in
Estimation and Valuation.
ANALYSIS
• Analysis is one of the major and most
influential phases of infrastructure life cycle.
Analysis guides us about the validity or
correctness of design or we can say that
analysis is a method which supports our
design. Some of the analyses that can be
performed by GIS are:
 Water distribution analysis
 Traffic management analysis
 Soil analysis
 Site feasibility analysis
 Environment impact analysis
 Volume or Area analysis of catchment
 River or canals pattern analysis
 Temperature and humidity analysis
THANK YOU

More Related Content

What's hot

Data input techniques - GIS
Data input techniques - GISData input techniques - GIS
Data input techniques - GISVignesh LS
 
Vector data model
Vector data model Vector data model
Vector data model Pramoda Raj
 
Introduction to Geoinformatics
Introduction to GeoinformaticsIntroduction to Geoinformatics
Introduction to GeoinformaticsKU Leuven
 
Microwave remote sensing
Microwave remote sensingMicrowave remote sensing
Microwave remote sensingMohsin Siddique
 
Introduction to GIS
Introduction to GISIntroduction to GIS
Introduction to GISKU Leuven
 
Data models in geographical information system(GIS)
Data models in geographical information system(GIS)Data models in geographical information system(GIS)
Data models in geographical information system(GIS)Pramoda Raj
 
Introduction to GIS systems
Introduction to GIS systemsIntroduction to GIS systems
Introduction to GIS systemsVivek Srivastava
 
Remote sensing - Sensors, Platforms and Satellite orbits
Remote sensing - Sensors, Platforms and Satellite orbitsRemote sensing - Sensors, Platforms and Satellite orbits
Remote sensing - Sensors, Platforms and Satellite orbitsAjay Singh Lodhi
 
Aerial photography.pptx
Aerial photography.pptxAerial photography.pptx
Aerial photography.pptxPramoda Raj
 
Introduction and Application of GIS
Introduction and Application of GISIntroduction and Application of GIS
Introduction and Application of GISSatish Taji
 
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)Fayaz Ahamed A P
 
Geographic information system
Geographic information systemGeographic information system
Geographic information systemDhaval Jalalpara
 

What's hot (20)

Data input techniques - GIS
Data input techniques - GISData input techniques - GIS
Data input techniques - GIS
 
WHAT IS IMAGE INTERPRETATION?
WHAT IS IMAGE INTERPRETATION?WHAT IS IMAGE INTERPRETATION?
WHAT IS IMAGE INTERPRETATION?
 
Vector data model
Vector data model Vector data model
Vector data model
 
functions of GIS
functions of GISfunctions of GIS
functions of GIS
 
Introduction to Geoinformatics
Introduction to GeoinformaticsIntroduction to Geoinformatics
Introduction to Geoinformatics
 
Microwave remote sensing
Microwave remote sensingMicrowave remote sensing
Microwave remote sensing
 
Gps and its application
Gps and its applicationGps and its application
Gps and its application
 
Geo-spatial Analysis and Modelling
Geo-spatial Analysis and ModellingGeo-spatial Analysis and Modelling
Geo-spatial Analysis and Modelling
 
Digital elevation model in GIS
Digital elevation model in GISDigital elevation model in GIS
Digital elevation model in GIS
 
Introduction to GIS
Introduction to GISIntroduction to GIS
Introduction to GIS
 
Data models in geographical information system(GIS)
Data models in geographical information system(GIS)Data models in geographical information system(GIS)
Data models in geographical information system(GIS)
 
Introduction to GIS
Introduction to GISIntroduction to GIS
Introduction to GIS
 
Introduction to GIS systems
Introduction to GIS systemsIntroduction to GIS systems
Introduction to GIS systems
 
Remote sensing - Sensors, Platforms and Satellite orbits
Remote sensing - Sensors, Platforms and Satellite orbitsRemote sensing - Sensors, Platforms and Satellite orbits
Remote sensing - Sensors, Platforms and Satellite orbits
 
Geographic Phenomena
Geographic PhenomenaGeographic Phenomena
Geographic Phenomena
 
Introduction to GIS
Introduction to GISIntroduction to GIS
Introduction to GIS
 
Aerial photography.pptx
Aerial photography.pptxAerial photography.pptx
Aerial photography.pptx
 
Introduction and Application of GIS
Introduction and Application of GISIntroduction and Application of GIS
Introduction and Application of GIS
 
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
 
Geographic information system
Geographic information systemGeographic information system
Geographic information system
 

Similar to Introduction to gis and its application

INTRODUCTION TO GIS AND GEOREFRENCING.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO GIS AND GEOREFRENCING.pptxINTRODUCTION TO GIS AND GEOREFRENCING.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO GIS AND GEOREFRENCING.pptxMEGHANA S
 
Lecture 1_ Intro n Basics_GIS.pptx
Lecture 1_ Intro n Basics_GIS.pptxLecture 1_ Intro n Basics_GIS.pptx
Lecture 1_ Intro n Basics_GIS.pptxnobelhasssan
 
Geographical information system
Geographical information systemGeographical information system
Geographical information systemBipin Karki
 
Geographical information system
Geographical information systemGeographical information system
Geographical information systemBipin Karki
 
Gisapplicationincivilengineering 140227110022-phpapp02
Gisapplicationincivilengineering 140227110022-phpapp02Gisapplicationincivilengineering 140227110022-phpapp02
Gisapplicationincivilengineering 140227110022-phpapp02Antriksh Vatsyayana
 
Gis application in civil engineering
Gis application in civil engineeringGis application in civil engineering
Gis application in civil engineeringAmal C Varghese
 
Reasons to switch to geographic information system (gis) for civil engineering
Reasons to switch to geographic information system (gis) for civil engineeringReasons to switch to geographic information system (gis) for civil engineering
Reasons to switch to geographic information system (gis) for civil engineeringNI BT
 
GIS Application Used in Urban Planning In India
GIS Application Used in Urban Planning In IndiaGIS Application Used in Urban Planning In India
GIS Application Used in Urban Planning In IndiaIRJET Journal
 
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdfDIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdfHimanshuDeshmukh32
 
Leveraging ArcGIS Platform & CityEngine for GIS based Master Plans
Leveraging ArcGIS Platform & CityEngine for GIS based Master PlansLeveraging ArcGIS Platform & CityEngine for GIS based Master Plans
Leveraging ArcGIS Platform & CityEngine for GIS based Master PlansEsri India
 
GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)
GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)
GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)subhashB10
 
Gis powerpoint
Gis powerpointGis powerpoint
Gis powerpointkaushdave
 
What is GIS (PDF).pdf
What is GIS (PDF).pdfWhat is GIS (PDF).pdf
What is GIS (PDF).pdfKartikBhatt43
 
TechM GIS Utilities
TechM GIS UtilitiesTechM GIS Utilities
TechM GIS UtilitiesTechM-GIS
 

Similar to Introduction to gis and its application (20)

INTRODUCTION TO GIS AND GEOREFRENCING.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO GIS AND GEOREFRENCING.pptxINTRODUCTION TO GIS AND GEOREFRENCING.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO GIS AND GEOREFRENCING.pptx
 
Lecture 1_ Intro n Basics_GIS.pptx
Lecture 1_ Intro n Basics_GIS.pptxLecture 1_ Intro n Basics_GIS.pptx
Lecture 1_ Intro n Basics_GIS.pptx
 
Geographical information system
Geographical information systemGeographical information system
Geographical information system
 
Geographical information system
Geographical information systemGeographical information system
Geographical information system
 
Gisapplicationincivilengineering 140227110022-phpapp02
Gisapplicationincivilengineering 140227110022-phpapp02Gisapplicationincivilengineering 140227110022-phpapp02
Gisapplicationincivilengineering 140227110022-phpapp02
 
Gis application in civil engineering
Gis application in civil engineeringGis application in civil engineering
Gis application in civil engineering
 
Reasons to switch to geographic information system (gis) for civil engineering
Reasons to switch to geographic information system (gis) for civil engineeringReasons to switch to geographic information system (gis) for civil engineering
Reasons to switch to geographic information system (gis) for civil engineering
 
FINAL 31,12,10
FINAL 31,12,10FINAL 31,12,10
FINAL 31,12,10
 
GIS Application Used in Urban Planning In India
GIS Application Used in Urban Planning In IndiaGIS Application Used in Urban Planning In India
GIS Application Used in Urban Planning In India
 
GIS.pptx
GIS.pptxGIS.pptx
GIS.pptx
 
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdfDIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
 
GISgIRR G1.pptx
GISgIRR G1.pptxGISgIRR G1.pptx
GISgIRR G1.pptx
 
Gis in urban
Gis in urbanGis in urban
Gis in urban
 
Leveraging ArcGIS Platform & CityEngine for GIS based Master Plans
Leveraging ArcGIS Platform & CityEngine for GIS based Master PlansLeveraging ArcGIS Platform & CityEngine for GIS based Master Plans
Leveraging ArcGIS Platform & CityEngine for GIS based Master Plans
 
GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)
GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)
GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)
 
Gis powerpoint
Gis powerpointGis powerpoint
Gis powerpoint
 
Concept, approach, history, trend
Concept, approach, history, trendConcept, approach, history, trend
Concept, approach, history, trend
 
What is GIS (PDF).pdf
What is GIS (PDF).pdfWhat is GIS (PDF).pdf
What is GIS (PDF).pdf
 
gis assgnmnt.pptx
gis assgnmnt.pptxgis assgnmnt.pptx
gis assgnmnt.pptx
 
TechM GIS Utilities
TechM GIS UtilitiesTechM GIS Utilities
TechM GIS Utilities
 

More from gandhinagar

Indian air force
Indian air forceIndian air force
Indian air forcegandhinagar
 
Remote sensing by jitendra thakor
Remote sensing by jitendra thakorRemote sensing by jitendra thakor
Remote sensing by jitendra thakorgandhinagar
 
Kailash satyarthi
Kailash satyarthiKailash satyarthi
Kailash satyarthigandhinagar
 
matrices and determinantes
matrices and determinantes matrices and determinantes
matrices and determinantes gandhinagar
 
Eighan values and diagonalization
Eighan values and diagonalization Eighan values and diagonalization
Eighan values and diagonalization gandhinagar
 
Eighan values and diagonalization
Eighan values and diagonalization Eighan values and diagonalization
Eighan values and diagonalization gandhinagar
 
matrices and algbra
matrices and algbramatrices and algbra
matrices and algbragandhinagar
 
Systemsof3 equations
Systemsof3 equationsSystemsof3 equations
Systemsof3 equationsgandhinagar
 
Systems of linear equations
Systems of linear equationsSystems of linear equations
Systems of linear equationsgandhinagar
 
Systems of linear equations
Systems of linear equationsSystems of linear equations
Systems of linear equationsgandhinagar
 
Story about big success person
Story about big success personStory about big success person
Story about big success persongandhinagar
 
Inverse of matrix
Inverse of matrixInverse of matrix
Inverse of matrixgandhinagar
 
The contributor’s vision of success.
The contributor’s vision of success.The contributor’s vision of success.
The contributor’s vision of success.gandhinagar
 
Led(light emitting diode)
Led(light emitting diode)Led(light emitting diode)
Led(light emitting diode)gandhinagar
 

More from gandhinagar (20)

Indian air force
Indian air forceIndian air force
Indian air force
 
Remote sensing by jitendra thakor
Remote sensing by jitendra thakorRemote sensing by jitendra thakor
Remote sensing by jitendra thakor
 
Kailash satyarthi
Kailash satyarthiKailash satyarthi
Kailash satyarthi
 
IAS
IASIAS
IAS
 
matrices and determinantes
matrices and determinantes matrices and determinantes
matrices and determinantes
 
Eighan values and diagonalization
Eighan values and diagonalization Eighan values and diagonalization
Eighan values and diagonalization
 
Eighan values and diagonalization
Eighan values and diagonalization Eighan values and diagonalization
Eighan values and diagonalization
 
matrices and algbra
matrices and algbramatrices and algbra
matrices and algbra
 
Systemsof3 equations
Systemsof3 equationsSystemsof3 equations
Systemsof3 equations
 
Systems of linear equations
Systems of linear equationsSystems of linear equations
Systems of linear equations
 
Systems of linear equations
Systems of linear equationsSystems of linear equations
Systems of linear equations
 
Vikram batra
Vikram batraVikram batra
Vikram batra
 
Story about big success person
Story about big success personStory about big success person
Story about big success person
 
Chanakya
ChanakyaChanakya
Chanakya
 
Inverse of matrix
Inverse of matrixInverse of matrix
Inverse of matrix
 
The contributor’s vision of success.
The contributor’s vision of success.The contributor’s vision of success.
The contributor’s vision of success.
 
Led(light emitting diode)
Led(light emitting diode)Led(light emitting diode)
Led(light emitting diode)
 
LED
LED LED
LED
 
Solar cell
Solar cellSolar cell
Solar cell
 
Lucid dreaming
Lucid  dreamingLucid  dreaming
Lucid dreaming
 

Recently uploaded

Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEMISSRITIMABIOLOGYEXP
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
Unit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
Unit :1 Basics of Professional IntelligenceUnit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
Unit :1 Basics of Professional IntelligenceDr Vijay Vishwakarma
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptxmary850239
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroomSamsung Business USA
 
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian CongressThe Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian CongressMaria Paula Aroca
 
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptxmary850239
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research DiscourseAnita GoswamiGiri
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineHow to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineCeline George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
CHUYÊN ĐỀ ÔN THEO CÂU CHO HỌC SINH LỚP 12 ĐỂ ĐẠT ĐIỂM 5+ THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT ...
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
Unit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
Unit :1 Basics of Professional IntelligenceUnit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
Unit :1 Basics of Professional Intelligence
 
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
 
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical VariableChi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
 
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdfDiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
DiskStorage_BasicFileStructuresandHashing.pdf
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
6 ways Samsung’s Interactive Display powered by Android changes the classroom
 
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian CongressThe Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
4.9.24 School Desegregation in Boston.pptx
 
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
Scientific  Writing :Research  DiscourseScientific  Writing :Research  Discourse
Scientific Writing :Research Discourse
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command LineHow to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
How to Uninstall a Module in Odoo 17 Using Command Line
 

Introduction to gis and its application

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO GIS AND ITS APPLICATION SUBMITTED BY : 13BCL109, 13BCL110, 13BCL111, 13BCL112,13BCL113,13BCL118
  • 2. INTRODUCTION • A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a collection of computer software, hardware, data, and personnel used to store, manipulate, analyze, and present geographically referenced information. • Geographic Information systems (GIS) represent a powerful new means to efficiently manage and integrate the numerous types of information necessary for the planning, design, construction, analysis, operation, maintenance, and administration of transportation systems and facilities.
  • 3. Some of the major objectives of GIS are to : • Maximizing the efficiency of planning and decision making • Integrating information from multiple sources • Facilitating complex querying and analysis • Eliminating redundant data and minimizing duplication
  • 4. A GIS has following components: • Hardware : It consists of the equipments and support devices that are required to capture, store process and visualize the geographic information. • Software : Software is at the heart of a GIS system. The GIS software must have the basic capabilities of data input, storage, transformation, analysis and providing desired outputs. The GIS software being used today are ArcGIS, MapInfo, Micro station, Geo media etc. • Data : The data is captured or collected from various sources (such as maps, field observations, photography, satellite imagery etc) and is processed for analysis and presentation. • Procedures : These include the methods or ways by which data has to be input in the system, retrieved, processed, transformed and presented. • People : This component of GIS includes all those individuals (such as programmer, database manager, GIS researcher etc.) who are making the GIS work, and also the individuals who are at the user end using the GIS services, applications and tools.
  • 5. APPLICATIONS • Transportation • Water Resource Engineering • Urban Planning • Construction • Analysis
  • 6. TRANSPORTATION • In transportation profession the world have discovered and embraced GIS as an important tool, which helps user in managing, planning, evaluating and maintaining transportation system. • A specific branch of GIS called GIS-T, has been used for diverse purposes, which refers to the principles and applications of applying geographic information tech. to transportation problem.
  • 7. • GIS-T used for different purposes like analyzing the annual capital improvement plans to identify noise regulations, violations around the area. • GIS-T cover much of the broad scope of transportation and logistics, such as infrastructure planning and management, transportation safety analysis, travel demand analysis, traffic monitoring and control, public transit planning etc.
  • 8. • Other applications of GIS-T are routing and scheduling vehicle tracking and dispatching site selection and service area analysis. • Now a days, growing number of Internet based and wireless GIS-T application can be found like, google maps and mapquest.
  • 9. WATER RESOURCE ENGINEERING  There are many areas in Water Resources Engineering where GIS may be successfully applied.  Lets take an example of a dam, a dam is proposed to be constructed across a river, for which the following information may be desired: • Watershed area contributing to the project site • Reservoir surface area and volume, given the height of the dam
  • 10. For the above, the following themes may be stored in a GIS: • Elevation contours of the watershed area, including the project site • Satellite image of village. • Village boundary map, showing location of habitation clusters. Using the above data, one may obtain desired in information as follows: • Watershed area may be found by using the elevation and contour data. Once the boundary is identified, the area calculation tool may be used in the GIS software to calculate the watershed area. • Reservoir surface area can similarly found using the area calculation tool. Volume calculation tool of the GIS software may be used to find out the volume.
  • 11. URBAN PLANNING • Planning and development is mutually supportive and is highly a complicated activity. Most of the urban issues lie with land related activities as land is a scarce and highly valuable commodity. Traditional methods of surveying and the land records cannot be successful tools for managing the urban scenario today. It is because the people and technology keep changing much faster and is ahead of time.
  • 12. • GIS is one such sophisticated tool to handle spatial information and sequentially analyze the physical environment with that of its attribute data such as Canopy, Land use, Land cover, Environmental resources, water line, and sewer line etc and related to its topology.
  • 13. • The following methodology was adopted in the present study of urban planning, _ The base map of the study area is prepared using existing Map. _ Using GIS technique, the thematic maps have been prepared. _ Digitizing, Editing & labelling the various thematic maps, Integration and preparation of derived maps using GIS software
  • 14. CONSTRUCTION • It is the stage when all layout plans and paper work design come into existence in the real world. The GIS helps the professionals to understand the site conditions that affect the schedule baseline and cost baseline. To keep the construction within budget and schedule GIS guides us about how to utilize our resources on site efficiency by:
  • 15.  Timely usage of construction equipment.  Working Hours  Effects of seasonal fluctuations.  Optimizing routes for dumpers and concrete trucks  Earth filling and cutting  Calculation of volumes and areas of constructed phase thereby helping in Estimation and Valuation.
  • 16. ANALYSIS • Analysis is one of the major and most influential phases of infrastructure life cycle. Analysis guides us about the validity or correctness of design or we can say that analysis is a method which supports our design. Some of the analyses that can be performed by GIS are:
  • 17.  Water distribution analysis  Traffic management analysis  Soil analysis  Site feasibility analysis  Environment impact analysis  Volume or Area analysis of catchment  River or canals pattern analysis  Temperature and humidity analysis