Osteoarthritis – know the symptoms, causes and treatments


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Osteoarthritis (OA) occurs with gradual loss of cartilage from the joints. The article discusses important details you need to know about the condition.

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Osteoarthritis – know the symptoms, causes and treatments

  1. 1. http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521 Osteoarthritis – Know the Symptoms, Causes and Treatments Osteoarthritis (OA) occurs with gradual loss of cartilage from the joints. The article discusses important details you need to know about the condition. Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common forms of arthritis. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as many as 27 million Americans have this degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease. Causes Osteoarthritis can be classified as primary or secondary. Primary osteoarthritis, referred to as “wear and tear” arthritis has an unknown cause but is generally associated with aging. Secondary osteoarthritis is the destruction of cartilage from a known cause. With this chronic condition, cartilage, the material that cushions the joints breaks down. This causes the bones to rub against each other, causing stiffness, pain and loss of joint movement. Conditions that lead to cartilage loss include injury, obesity, gout, infection, congenital abnormalities (abnormalities present at birth) and joint surgery. Osteoarthritis usually occurs in the weight-bearing joints such as hips, knees, feet and spine. http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521
  2. 2. http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521 Though the condition can occur at any time of life, it usually affects people over 40 years of age. Approximately 50 percent of people over 60 years of age are affected in at least one joint. Virtually all people over the age of 80 years suffer from osteoarthritis to some extent. Signs and Symptoms • Pain • Stiffness • Swelling • Deformity • Crackling or grating sensation Risk factors that increase development of this condition include age, gender, obesity, and occupation. OA Diagnosis If untreated, the condition can worsen and affect the quality of patient’s lives. OA can be diagnosed by its characteristic symptoms of pain, decreased movement and/or deformity. It maybe confirmed with an x-ray or MRI scan. Common findings include narrowing of the joint space between bones, loss of cartilage, and bone spurs or bone growths. Treatment Approaches A recent report published online in Arthritis Care & Research points out that frequent milk consumption may be http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521
  3. 3. http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521 associated with reduced OA progression in women, but regular consumption of cheese is associated with more joint damage. The researchers observed a significant dose- response relationship between baseline milk intake and adjusted mean decrease of joint space width (JSW) in women. Osteoarthritis cannot be cured, but treatment can ease your symptoms and prevent them from affecting your everyday life. There are pharmacologic as well as non-pharmacologic treatment approaches for arthritis pain management that includes: • Physical therapy • TENS • NSAIDS • Surgery • Massage • Regular exercise • Weight loss programs Surgical procedures for osteoarthritis include joint replacement, arthroscopy, osteotomy and arthroplasty. Reliable healthcare centers also offer alternative treatments for arthritis that include Glucosamine, Chondroitin Sulfate, MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane), Hyaluronic acid joint injections (Synvisc, Hyalgan and Supartz), anti-inflammatory diet and low glycemic index (G-I) diets and Electrotherapies. Posted by HealthQuest http://www.hqbk.com/ http://www.hqbk.com/ 1-718-769-2521