THE IDEA• The story of Titanic and its two twin ships began one night in 1907 in London.• Lord James Pirri, senior partner of one of the largest shipyards in the world, (Harland and Wolf of Belfast) invited J. Bruce Ismay, Managing Director of White Star Line shipping company to dinner at his mansion.
THE SHIPS• They decided to construct three of three most impressive ships in the world. The first would be called The Olympic, the second The Titanic and the third The Gigantic (after the tragedy of the Titanic the name was changed to The Britannic)
– The RMS Olympic was launched in 1911, The Titanic in 1912, and the Britannic (previously the RMS Gigantic) in 1915, but the breakout of the First World War turned it into a hospital ship.
UNSINKABLE»These steamers would be superior in size, luxury and capacity to any of the liners built before and they would be so safe that could be declared “unsinkable”
THE BUILDER• The ships were designed by Thomas Andrews and were the property of The White Star Line
THE SHIP YARDS» The three liners were built at Harland and Wolff ship yard in Belfast (North Ireland, United Kingdom)
THE CONSTRUCTION :Two years of hard work y £1.5 million (€306.2 today)
THE TITANIC WOULD FOLLOW THE ROUTE FROM SOUTHAMPTON TO NEW YORK• The liner set off from Southampton, on its maiden voyage on 10th of April 1912 at midday. It arrived at Cherbourg in France at 6:30 AM, and came back to Queenstown, in Ireland on 11th of April 1912 at 11:30 AM to pick up third class passengers.
CAPTAIN SMITH ARRIVED AT 7:00 AM • The Titanic´s maiden voyage was going to be his last journey before retiring at the age of 62.
THE CREW• Shortly afterwards the other members arrived.
HENRY WILDE and WILLIAM MURDOCH• HENRY WILDE was the Chief Commander.• WILLIAM MURDOCH was the First Officer.
THE FIRST PASSENGERS ARRIVED AT 9:00AM • Thomas Andrews the architect of the Titanic, was the first passenger to board the ship at Southampton.
THE PRESIDENT • J. Bruce Ismay, chairman of White Star Line, embarked a little later.
OTHER 1st CLASS PASSENGERS • Isidor Straus and wife , owners of the important department store Macy’s in New York
JACOB ASTOR AND WIFE • Jacob Astor a millionaire businessman, considered the richest passenger aboard.
BENJAMINGUGGENHEIM • Benjamin Guggenheim, copper industry magnate, who travelled with his lover.
SECOND CLASS• The second class was composed by teachers, businessmen, professionals with moderate incomes, who constituted the middle class of the time.• Examples of them are the Pierre Rousseau and his assistant or Leontine P. Aubart, a cabaret singer.
THIRD CLASS• The majority of the third class passengers were Irish, who boarded at Queenstown (Ireland) and were mostly modest people who were emigrating to the US in search of a new life.
THE NUMBER OF PASSENGERSAt that time there were about2,227 passengers on board theTitanic. However, it isimpossible to determine exactlythe number of people aboardbecause of the presence ofsome clandestine passengers.So the exact number of victimscan´t beknown.
TOWARDS ITS DOOM• Despite receiving three messages warning of the presence of ice ,neither of the two most important men on the boat: Captain Smith and the President of White Star Line, Bruce Ismay did anything about it.
SUNDAY 14 th April 1912On this day the Titanic saw the light for the last time.
THE ICEBERG• At 11:40 PM the giant was sailing across a calm sea when a huge chunk of ice floating in the waters, about 600 miles from Newfoundland got in its way.
THE SINKING• 2 hours and 40 minutes after impact against the iceberg, at 2:20AM on Monday April 15th, the Titanic sank, split into two halves.
More than 1500 people PERISHED in the worstmaritime disaster in history. Most in cludin g the c we n t d aptain, own wi died by .th the s hypoth hip oro f th e l ermia b ow wat er temp ecause th e A tl erature antic. in .
THE ORCHESTRA • It is said that the orchestra continued, playing the tune" Nearer, my God, to Thee" (Mas Cerca, Oh Dios de ti) until the ship completely disappeared under water.
THE BOATS AND THE CARPATHIA• Only a few lucky passengers (mostly first class) survived in the few lifeboats which were carried by the ship, and they were picked up by another ship, the CARPATHIA.
CAUSES OF SHIPWRECK• The Titanic was divided by 16 doors into 15 watertight compartments• The boat was designed to survive if the first three compartments flooded, and perhaps even the fourth, but not if the first five became inundated.
WHAT WOULD HAVE HAPPENED IF IT HAD COLLIDED HEAD ON …?- Perhaps two or three compartments would have flooded, but the ship wouldn’t have sunk.• What made the Titanic sink was a series of little cracks along the first six compartments.
THE NEWS ABOUT THE DISASTER• The disaster caused a sensation at the time. But people were involved in the disaster to realise that it meant the end of an era and the beginning of another.
• As time passed by the shipwreck came to symbolise, the precise moment in that century when the human race lost its innocence and its feeling of safety.
THE SEARCH • From the very first moment it disappeared in the cold waters of the North Atlantic, its discovery became the aim of oceanographers, historians, treasure hunters….
ROBERT BALLARD • Robert Ballard was, together with the French Institute for maritime Investigation (IFREMER) the man who found the ship on 1st September 1985 at 1:05 AM in its ocean grave .
THE PLACE OF THE SHIPWRECK• The liner was found at nearly 4,000 metres deep in the North Atlantic, 625 KM southeast Newfoundland.
THE GRAVE• There the ship has lain since the disaster, like a monument to human ambition.
EXPEDITIONS• After its location the first investigation expeditions began and the remains of the shipwreck were rescued.
THE REMAINS• Thanks to these expeditions they could recover and preserve most of the original objects and put them on display to the general public.
TITANIC: THE EXHIBITION• We are going to see most of these objets on our next trip to Barcelona because they will on display at this travelling exhibition.
MILVINA DEAN• Millvina Dean was the last survivor of The Titanic. She died on 2nd June 2009 •She was just a baby when she embarked.
THE LEGEND• With her death legend and reality will merge forever, in the story of one of the giants of the 20th century.
THE TRAGEDY THAT CHANGED OUR LIVES• The sinking of the Titanic brought about a strict regulation of many safety measures on board ships, the development of X rays, the increased use of the radio frequency and electronic systems, and as a consequence wider use of TV, telephony, computers and communications systems that we have in society today.
GRUPO DE TRABAJO• CARRANZA ALVES ,ESTHER• DOMENE PRATS, FRANCISCO• FELIPE MENOR, Mª JOSÉ• FERNÁNDEZ DOMINGUEZ, JESÚS• GARCIA ABRIL, Mª CARMEN• GUARINOS CABRERA RODOLFO• HERNÁNDEZ VIDAL, GEMMA• JIMÉNEZ PERICÁS, JESÚS• JUAN GONZÁLEZ, CLEMENTE• PLANELLES GALIANO, REMEI• SABUCO, ALBA• SALVADOR MORÁN, EMILIA
WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNT?• 1. What were the shipyards where the Titanic was built called?• 2. Who was its builder?• 3. What city did it set off from?• 4.How many stopovers did she make?• 5. On which day did it sink?• 6. When were its remains found?• 7. Who found them?• 8. What is the tavelling exhibition in Barcelona called?• 9. Who was the last survivor?• 10.When did she die?