AICTE / ISTE approved National Seminar on “Innovations in IT Research & Applications” Venue: Guru Nanak Institute of Manag...
Innovations in IT through FOSS ( keynote address ) <ul><ul><li>Dr. H.S.Rai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professor and Head <...
Innovation <ul><ul><li>It compasses the entire process, from idea to implementation, for the development of new products, ...
Invention : Innovation <ul><ul><li>Invention: new concepts or products that derive from individual’s ideas or from scienti...
Invention : Innovation <ul><ul><li>Innovation: commercialisation of the invention itself. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An in...
Innovation <ul><ul><li>... taking the invention and moving the ball ahead to market it and extend the idea. </li></ul></ul...
Innovation: Seven Cs <ul><li>Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Combination </li></ul><ul><li>Conversati...
Archimedes
Thinking v/s doing
Information Technology <ul><ul><li>When computer and communications technologies are combined, the result is information t...
Information Technology <ul><ul><li>The study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based...
Role of Education <ul><li>Focus on fundamentals rather than product </li></ul><ul><li>Follow standards </li></ul><ul><li>T...
C++ <ul><li>Bjarne Stroustrup </li></ul>
Compiler <ul><ul><li>#include<iostream> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>#include<string> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>using names...
ISO C++ <ul><ul><li>C++ has been standardised by ANSI (The American National Standards Institute), BSI (The British Standa...
User's problem <ul><li>New software </li></ul><ul><li>Requirement of high end hardware </li></ul><ul><li>E-waste (Also Glo...
Solution <ul><ul><li>Platform neutral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web centric </li></ul></ul>
FSF <ul><ul><li>The Free Software Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.fsf.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNE...
Free Software <ul><li>Richard Matthew Stallman </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting for essential freedoms for Computer Users since ...
Open Source Software <ul><ul><li>http://www.opensource.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OS is a development method for soft...
Open Source Software <ul><ul><li>The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a non-profit corporation formed to educate about and ...
Software License <ul><ul><li>The software is licensed, not sold. This agreement only gives you some rights to use the soft...
Who reads license? <ul><ul><li>PC Pitstop included a clause in one of its own EULAs that promised anyone who read it, a &q...
Why use proprietary S/W <ul><ul><li>Quality? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One throat to choke? </li></ul></ul>
FOSS S/W <ul><li>Web Server: Apache </li></ul><ul><li>RDBMS: MySQL PostgreSQL </li></ul><ul><li>Server side scripting lang...
Internet of Things <ul><li>usually wireless and self-configuring, network between objects, such as household appliances. <...
How to be innovator <ul><li>Use cutting edge technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Solve your problem, problem of your family, fr...
<ul><ul><li>Thank you. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>
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Innovations through FOSS

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Innovations through FOSS

  1. 1. AICTE / ISTE approved National Seminar on “Innovations in IT Research & Applications” Venue: Guru Nanak Institute of Management & Technology, Ludhiana (Pb)
  2. 2. Innovations in IT through FOSS ( keynote address ) <ul><ul><li>Dr. H.S.Rai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professor and Head </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Engineering Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Ludhiana </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Innovation <ul><ul><li>It compasses the entire process, from idea to implementation, for the development of new products, services, methods, management practices and policies </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Invention : Innovation <ul><ul><li>Invention: new concepts or products that derive from individual’s ideas or from scientific research. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Invention : Innovation <ul><ul><li>Innovation: commercialisation of the invention itself. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An invention may have little economic value, if at all. In order to monetise an invention it is necessary to transform it into innovation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer, application or market </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Innovation <ul><ul><li>... taking the invention and moving the ball ahead to market it and extend the idea. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google didn't invent keyword text ads, but it did a lot with the mode </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Innovation: Seven Cs <ul><li>Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Combination </li></ul><ul><li>Conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Co-evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Archimedes
  9. 9. Thinking v/s doing
  10. 10. Information Technology <ul><ul><li>When computer and communications technologies are combined, the result is information technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT: any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and / or disseminate information. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Information Technology <ul><ul><li>The study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Role of Education <ul><li>Focus on fundamentals rather than product </li></ul><ul><li>Follow standards </li></ul><ul><li>The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) http://www.w3.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.anybrowser.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.anybrowser.com/ </li></ul>
  13. 13. C++ <ul><li>Bjarne Stroustrup </li></ul>
  14. 14. Compiler <ul><ul><li>#include<iostream> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>#include<string> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>using namespace std; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>int main(){ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>string s; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cout << &quot;Enter first name followed by a newline &quot;; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cin >> s; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cout << &quot;Hello, &quot; << s << ' '; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>return 0; // this return statement isn't necessary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>} </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. ISO C++ <ul><ul><li>C++ has been standardised by ANSI (The American National Standards Institute), BSI (The British Standards Institute), DIN (The German national standards organisation), several other national standards bodies, and ISO (The International Standards Organisation). The ISO standard has been finalised and adopted by unanimous vote Nov 14, 1997. It was ratified in August 1998 by a 22-0 vote. The standard is ISO/IEC 14882. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. User's problem <ul><li>New software </li></ul><ul><li>Requirement of high end hardware </li></ul><ul><li>E-waste (Also Global Issue) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Solution <ul><ul><li>Platform neutral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web centric </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. FSF <ul><ul><li>The Free Software Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.fsf.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNESCO Free Software Portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.unesco.org/webworld/portal_freesoft/ </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Free Software <ul><li>Richard Matthew Stallman </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting for essential freedoms for Computer Users since 1985 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Open Source Software <ul><ul><li>http://www.opensource.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OS is a development method for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer review and transparency of process. The promise of open source is better quality, higher reliability, more flexibility, lower cost, and an end to predatory vendor lock-in. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Open Source Software <ul><ul><li>The Open Source Initiative (OSI) is a non-profit corporation formed to educate about and advocate for the benefits of open source and to build bridges among different constituencies in the open-source community. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Software License <ul><ul><li>The software is licensed, not sold. This agreement only gives you some rights to use the software. Owner reserves all other rights. Unless applicable law gives you more rights despite this limitation, you may use the software only as expressly permitted in this agreement. In doing so, you must comply with any technical limitations in the software that only allow you to use it in certain ways. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Who reads license? <ul><ul><li>PC Pitstop included a clause in one of its own EULAs that promised anyone who read it, a &quot;consideration&quot; including money if they sent a note to an email address listed in the EULA. After four months and more than 3,000 downloads, one person finally wrote in. That person, by the way, got a check for $1,000 proving, at least for one person, that it really does pay to read EULAs </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Why use proprietary S/W <ul><ul><li>Quality? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One throat to choke? </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. FOSS S/W <ul><li>Web Server: Apache </li></ul><ul><li>RDBMS: MySQL PostgreSQL </li></ul><ul><li>Server side scripting language: PHP </li></ul><ul><li>Make use of CSS </li></ul>
  26. 26. Internet of Things <ul><li>usually wireless and self-configuring, network between objects, such as household appliances. </li></ul><ul><li>The idea is as simple as its application is difficult. If all cans, books, shoes or parts of cars are equipped with minuscule identifying devices, daily life on our planet will undergo a transformation. Things like running out of stock or wasted products will no longer existost. </li></ul>
  27. 27. How to be innovator <ul><li>Use cutting edge technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Solve your problem, problem of your family, friends, your city </li></ul><ul><li>If you solve your small problems, big problems may vanish </li></ul><ul><li>Use open standard </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><ul><li>Thank you. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>

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