How to Protect Personal Information
Motivation (ZeuS Trojan)
References and further
Almost All personal affairs are now conducted
Governments related official functions.
Flight, Hotel and cars reservation.
Zeus (Trojan horse)
Steal confidential banking information
Customized through the toolkit.
Spread mainly by phishing.
In 2009, Zeus had compromised over 74,000
accounts on Bank of
America, NASA, Oracle,
General awareness (PII)
Personally Identifying Information
Social Security number
Credit card number
Debit card number
Bank account number
Driver’s license number
First and last names and DOB
General awareness (Passwords)
How to choose a good password
At leas 8 Chars, Mix and contains symbols.
Don’t use any actual word.
Don’t use consecutive letters, adjacent keys.
Use pattern and change regularly e.g.
xxYYMYMYxx like xx201103xx
First letter: “Pay no attention to the man
behind the curtain,” becomes PnAttMBtC
Cyber Awareness (3 Easy Steps)
1) Operating systems
Turn on the automatic update.
1) Anti-virus software
Automatic scan regular basis.
Manual scan on email Att. And file download.
Help block many attacks from the outside.
Cyber Awareness (Phishing)
Well designed emails and web pages trying to
get your personal information.
Don't follow links from untrusted sources.
Never reply message that asks for sensitive
Trusted institution will never
ask you for personal information.
Cyber Awareness (Social Network safety)
Never post personnel or sensitive information.
Review how much information you share in profile.
Apps and games provide strangers access to your
Deleted contents does NOT mean it is gone.
Cyber Awareness (Wireless Network)
Before you join a wireless network
What is an untrusted network?
What you should do to ensure security
Never save passwords in your browser
Check the URL of any site you visit.
Virginia Tech IT Security Office
More About Passwords
This Presentation Online URL