Welcome Introduction: Myself & co-authors Purpose: to talk about the Participatory GIS work the Pacific Services Center has supported in the Pacific Islands region, particularly with regards to marine and coastal uses
Participatory Geographic Information System, or PGIS as its commonly known, draws on the concept of public participation in map generation though it specifically utilizes geo-spatial information management tools and methods such as sketch maps, digital maps, aerial photographs, satellite imagery, Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software itself to represent peoples’ spatial knowledge in the forms of virtual or physical, 2 or 3 dimensional maps. [Sometimes PGIS implies making such technology available to disadvantaged groups in society in order to enhance their capacity in generating, managing, analyzing and communicating spatial information. PPGIS is meant to bring the academic practices of GIS and mapping to the local level in order to promote knowledge production. The idea behind PPGIS is empowerment and inclusion of marginalized populations, who have little voice in the public arena, through geographic technology education and participation. ] CSC has been utilizing and providing assistance in participatory mapping as a synthesis of the areas of expertise that Center provides from its Social Science Program and its Geospatial Programs. Out here in the Pacific, PSC has taken on that role for the region. Recently, the Pacific Services Center has been utilizing and supporting projects that use a form of PGIS developed by NOAA MPA Center. This is a proven method originally developed to map ocean uses, but is a flexible process that that can be tailored to different geographic areas, communities and project goals.
Participatory mapping is a general term that is used to describe a growing toolbox of techniques used at the community level to gather and map spatial information. These information types can be anything from community resources and usages, to percepstion and stories, or alternative scenarios. Generally the point is that through these mapping techniques stakeholders learn, discuss, build consensus and make decisions about their area of interest. By doing so, stakeholders are able to express their ideas in an easily understandable visual format, and their participation in the process is encouraged, which in turn empowers the participants.
So to illustrate the range of PGIS projects the Center’s has supported in the region, since 2008 the Center has supported or led the mapping component of six projects throughout the Hawaiian Islands, and Samoa. On the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Oahu, Kauai, Ni’ihau & Tutuila. We support