What's Really Happening
 with the Smart Grid!




                      Mike Coop!
              mcoop@heycoop.com!
Topics!
–  The Smart Grid—What Is It?!
–  Regulatory and standards landscape!
–  Home area network (HAN) communication
   ...
Obligatory Smart Grid Slide!
Where We’ll Focus Tonight!
Smart Grid is Impossible to
 Cover Fully in a Half-hour!
Smart Grid is Impossible to
 Cover Fully in a Half-hour!

 Meaning, you’ll have homework!
Are We Fighting!
  For Freedom?!
Are We Fighting!
  For Freedom?!

Actually, We Are!
Freedom From Foreign Oil!
•  The goal of 2007’s Energy Independence and
   Security Act (EISA 2007) is “to move the United...
EISA 2007!
•  Main goal is to eliminate dependence on foreign oil!
•  Provides significant incentives for plug-in and hybr...
What the Smart Grid is NOT!
•  NOT a smart meter!
   –  NOT Automated Meter Reading (AMR)!
   –  NOT Advanced Metering Inf...
What the Smart Grid IS!
•  Provides quality power meeting 21st century needs!
•  Accommodates all generation and storage o...
Key Smart Grid Drivers!
•  Utilities want more information from customers to
   better forecast how generation will meet a...
Demand Response!
•  “Reduction in the consumption of electric energy by customers
   from their expected consumption in re...
How Will We Get There?!
•  Government and regulatory!
   –  NIST, FERC, NARUC, DoE, States!
•  Standards Development Organ...
Government & Regulatory!
•  National Institute of Standards & Technology!
•  Federal Energy Regulatory Commission!
•  Nati...
NIST!
•    According to EISA 2007, NIST has "primary responsibility to coordinate
     development of a framework that inc...
SGIP Governing Board!
 Category       Member                Affilia1on 
Category 1     Brian Markwalter      Consumer Electr...
NIST DEWGs!
•    Transmission & distribution (TnD)!
•    Home-to-grid (H2G)!
•    Building-to-grid (B2G)!
•    Industry-to...
NIST PAPs!
0 "Meter Upgradeability Standard!     9 "Standard DR and DER Signals!
1 "Role of IP in the Smart Grid!      10 ...
Other Government & Regulatory!
•    Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)!
      –  Creates laws based on NIST’s rec...
Standards Development Organizations
         and Industry Alliances!

SDOs!                       Industry Efforts!
•  IEE...
Wired HAN PLC Technologies!
Narrowband/Broadband!                     Narrowband!
•    IEEE P1901 (HomePlug)!             ...
Wireless HAN Technologies!
•    ZigBee!                   Each wireless solution
•    Z-Wave!                   has pluses...
Speed Round Topics!
•  You and your neighbor both charging your
   PEVs at dinnertime may cause sparks…
   literally!
•  Z...
Empower Yourself!
•  NIST!
   –    nist.gov/smartgrid!
   –    tinyurl.com/sgipflyer!
   –    Join SGIP!
   –    Find a PA...
Do Your Part to Keep the Lights On…!
       And Lower Your Bills!




                             Mike Coop!
            ...
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What's REALLY Happening with the Smart Grid

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Presentation by Mike Coop of heyCoop, LLC at the Smart Grid Council of Silicon Valley meeting on 21 April, 2010.

Published in: Technology
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  • Hi Steve...SGC-SV hasn't reached out yet to corporate sponsors. The event last week was the first public meeting, after three previous birds of a feather discussions held at private homes. We were thrilled that Detati Communications volunteered to serve as our initial sponsor and host; they'll also have the video of the event online soon. I would hope that Detati would be willing to host future events as the SGC-SV grows, and that the council would also take on additional corporate sponsors to underwrite events to enable free or low-cost attendance.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
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  • Thanks Heycoop,

    I'm sorry I missed your live presentation. This is a very nice introduction.
    Does the SGC-SV get any kind of support from the large corporate entities in the Valley?
    We can be a louder voice if we truly becomes a grass-root group, with support from them,
    but without strings attached.
    -Steve an EE devoted to energy efficiency in buildings.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
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What's REALLY Happening with the Smart Grid

  1. 1. What's Really Happening with the Smart Grid! Mike Coop! mcoop@heycoop.com!
  2. 2. Topics! –  The Smart Grid—What Is It?! –  Regulatory and standards landscape! –  Home area network (HAN) communication technologies! –  Further background!
  3. 3. Obligatory Smart Grid Slide!
  4. 4. Where We’ll Focus Tonight!
  5. 5. Smart Grid is Impossible to Cover Fully in a Half-hour!
  6. 6. Smart Grid is Impossible to Cover Fully in a Half-hour! Meaning, you’ll have homework!
  7. 7. Are We Fighting! For Freedom?!
  8. 8. Are We Fighting! For Freedom?! Actually, We Are!
  9. 9. Freedom From Foreign Oil! •  The goal of 2007’s Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) is “to move the United States toward greater energy independence and security, to increase the production of clean renewable fuels, to protect consumers, to increase the efficiency of products, buildings, and vehicles, to promote research on and deploy greenhouse gas capture and storage options, and to improve the energy performance of the Federal Government, and for other purposes”!
  10. 10. EISA 2007! •  Main goal is to eliminate dependence on foreign oil! •  Provides significant incentives for plug-in and hybrid electric vehicles! •  Increases Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards—35 mpg fleet-wide by 2020! •  Requires 25% better efficiency for light bulbs by 2012 (effectively eliminating incandescent bulbs) and 200% better efficiency by 2020! •  And pork…gotta have pork! •  All of which means SMART GRID!!
  11. 11. What the Smart Grid is NOT! •  NOT a smart meter! –  NOT Automated Meter Reading (AMR)! –  NOT Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)! •  NOT the Home Area Network! –  NOT ZigBee, Z-Wave, Wi-Fi, 900 MHz, Bluetooth, or WiMAX! –  NOT Ethernet, HomePlug, HomeGrid, MoCA, or HomePNA! •  NOT a bunch of other technologies and capabilities, all of which are are components of the Smart Grid! •  Tonight, I’m focusing from inside the meter!
  12. 12. What the Smart Grid IS! •  Provides quality power meeting 21st century needs! •  Accommodates all generation and storage options! •  Enables new products, services, and markets! •  Provides operational resilience against physical and cyber attacks! •  Optimizes asset utilization and operating efficiency! •  Enables active participation by consumers in demand response! A digitized and intelligent version of the current power grid! Adapted from IEEE P2030!
  13. 13. Key Smart Grid Drivers! •  Utilities want more information from customers to better forecast how generation will meet actual demand! •  Consumers need real-time, appliance-level pricing and demand response information, from utilities and from third parties, in order to alter behavior, save money, and go green! •  Governments want to encourage realization of environmental benefits by reducing noxious emissions (and votes…definitely votes)! •  One key capability—Demand Response (DR)!
  14. 14. Demand Response! •  “Reduction in the consumption of electric energy by customers from their expected consumption in response to an increase in the price of electric energy or to incentive payments designed to induce lower consumption of electric energy”! •  Dispatchable! –  Customer alters consumption due to direction from someone else! –  Includes rebates, compensation, and direct load control of appliances! •  Non-dispatchable! –  Customer alters consumption based on retail rate design that changes over time! –  Includes time-of-use (TOU) pricing! From FERC Order 719!
  15. 15. How Will We Get There?! •  Government and regulatory! –  NIST, FERC, NARUC, DoE, States! •  Standards Development Organizations! –  IEEE, ITU, ISO, IEC! •  Industry! –  OpenSG, SAE, AHAM! •  Many, many other standards, regulatory, policy, and grass roots efforts—including the Smart Grid Council of Silicon Valley!
  16. 16. Government & Regulatory! •  National Institute of Standards & Technology! •  Federal Energy Regulatory Commission! •  National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners! •  Department of Energy! •  Individual States!
  17. 17. NIST! •  According to EISA 2007, NIST has "primary responsibility to coordinate development of a framework that includes protocols and model standards for information management to achieve interoperability of smart grid devices and systems…”! •  Smart Grid Interoperability Panel & Governing Board (SGIP/GB)! –  514 Participating & 62 Observing Member Organizations! –  25 member governance committee ! •  Domain Expert Working Groups (DEWGs)! –  Provide analysis in particular application domains; longer-term horizon! –  Identify gaps and overlaps! –  Develop use cases and white papers! •  Priority Action Plans (PAPs)! –  Address gaps where standards (or extensions) are needed; shorter-term horizon (think tiger team)! –  Try to disambiguate when multiple standards overlap!
  18. 18. SGIP Governing Board! Category  Member  Affilia1on  Category 1  Brian Markwalter  Consumer Electronics Associa8on  Category 2  Tariq Samad  Honeywell  Category 3  Todd RyAng  Panasonic Electric Works Laboratory of America  Category 4  Rich Scholer  Ford Motor Company  Category 5  George Bjelovuk  American Electric Power  Category 6  Stephen Muchlinski  Tacoma Public U8li8es  Category 7  Bob Saint  Na8onal Rural Electric Coopera8ve Associa8on (NRECA)  Category 8  Chuck Shih  Edge Holdings LLC  Category 9  Kenneth Van Meter  Lockheed Mar8n’s Energy Solu8ons  Category 10  Ma[hew Theall  Intel Corpora8on  Category 11  Vint Cerf  Google, Inc.  Category 12  Le Tang  ABB Inc.  Category 13  Wayne Longcore  Consumers Energy  Category 14  Mladen Kezunovic  Texas A&M University  Category 15  Perry Pederson  U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)  Category 16  John Nunneley  SunSpec Alliance  Category 17  Brent Hodges  Reliant Energy  Category 18  John Caskey  Na8onal Electrical Manufacturers Assoc. (NEMA)  Category 19  Paul Centolella  Public U8lity Commission of Ohio  Category 20  Rik Drummond  Drummond Group Inc.  Category 21  Jamshid Afnan  ISO New England, Inc.  Category 22  Sco[ Ungerer  EnerTech Capital  Category 23  John McDonald  GE Energy  Category 23  Paul De Mar8ni  Southern California Edison  Category 23  Mark McGranaghan  Electric Power Research Ins8tute 
  19. 19. NIST DEWGs! •  Transmission & distribution (TnD)! •  Home-to-grid (H2G)! •  Building-to-grid (B2G)! •  Industry-to-grid (I2G)! •  Vehicle-to-grid (V2G)! •  Business & policy (BnP)!
  20. 20. NIST PAPs! 0 "Meter Upgradeability Standard! 9 "Standard DR and DER Signals! 1 "Role of IP in the Smart Grid! 10 "Standard Energy Usage Information! 2 "Wireless Communications for the 11 "Common Object Models for Electric Smart Grid! Transportation! 3 "Common Price Communication 12 "IEC 61850 Objects/DNP3 Mapping! Model! 13 "Time Synchronization, IEC 61850 4 "Common Scheduling Mechanism! Objects/IEEE C37.118 5 "Standard Meter Data Profiles! Harmonization! 6 "Common Semantic Model for Meter 14 "Transmission and Distribution Data Tables! Power Systems Model Mapping! 7 "Electric Storage Interconnection 15 "Harmonize Power Line Carrier Guidelines! Standards for Appliance 8  CIM for Distribution Grid Communications in the Home! Management! 16  Wind Plant Communications!
  21. 21. Other Government & Regulatory! •  Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)! –  Creates laws based on NIST’s recommendations! –  Wrote the National Action Plan on Demand Response! •  National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC)! –  Regulates telecom, energy, and water! –  Consists of representatives from all states, D.C., Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands! •  DOE! –  Governs Energy Star, promote Energy Savers, will be involved in Home Star! –  Has stood up ARPA-E to motivate and fund U.S. energy research! •  States! –  Individual states have taken a wide range of steps in Smart Grid, with Texas and California leading the way! –  TX has decoupled T&D from retail; CA has just closed a round of comments on proceeding R0812009!
  22. 22. Standards Development Organizations and Industry Alliances! SDOs! Industry Efforts! •  IEEE! •  OpenSG! •  ITU! •  SEP 2.0! •  ISO! •  SAE! •  IEC! •  AHAM! •  SGCC! MANY other efforts underway around the world!
  23. 23. Wired HAN PLC Technologies! Narrowband/Broadband! Narrowband! •  IEEE P1901 (HomePlug)! •  G3! –  Multiple flavors, ranging from –  Backed by Maxim and ERDF! low bitrate (C&C) to high •  LONWorks (ISO 14908)! bitrate (AV2, in draft)! –  Backed primarily by Echelon –  Combines MACs and PHYs from and Enel! legacy HomePlug and HD-PLC Alliances! •  Prime! •  ITU G.hn (HomeGrid)! –  Backed by TI and Iberdrola! –  New specification from ITU (G. 9960/9961, in draft); low All five approaches are active in NIST bitrate G.hnem in development! PAP 15 and SAE efforts! –  Single MAC/PHY for coaxial, powerline, phoneline! IEEE and ITU have co-convened PLC4SG effort to stimulate coexistence discussions! For more, go to PAP 15!
  24. 24. Wireless HAN Technologies! •  ZigBee! Each wireless solution •  Z-Wave! has pluses and •  Wi-Fi! minuses! –  Bitrate! •  Bluetooth! –  Cost! •  900 MHz! –  Range! –  Reliability! Unlike PLC, coexistence issues in wireless HAN technologies are nearly non-existent (save for interference, of course)! For more, go to PAP 02!
  25. 25. Speed Round Topics! •  You and your neighbor both charging your PEVs at dinnertime may cause sparks… literally! •  ZigBee has released the Smart Energy Profile 2.0 TRD (as of December); MRD has been available since last year! •  EPA/Energy Star has begun a new Climate Controls initiative, replacing their earlier programmable thermostat work !
  26. 26. Empower Yourself! •  NIST! –  nist.gov/smartgrid! –  tinyurl.com/sgipflyer! –  Join SGIP! –  Find a PAP! •  Smart Grid Knowledge! –  Search on “DoE Smart Grid” to find DoE’s “The Smart Grid: An Introduction”! –  Hit smartgridlibrary.com to demystify the world of acronyms! –  Hit powertochoose.org to see what a deregulated future may look like here in California!
  27. 27. Do Your Part to Keep the Lights On…! And Lower Your Bills! Mike Coop! mcoop@heycoop.com!
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