Are We Fighting!
Actually, We Are!
Freedom From Foreign Oil!
• The goal of 2007’s Energy Independence and
Security Act (EISA 2007) is “to move the United
States toward greater energy independence and
security, to increase the production of clean
renewable fuels, to protect consumers, to increase
the efficiency of products, buildings, and vehicles, to
promote research on and deploy greenhouse gas
capture and storage options, and to improve the
energy performance of the Federal Government, and
for other purposes”!
• Main goal is to eliminate dependence on foreign oil!
• Provides significant incentives for plug-in and hybrid
• Increases Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE)
standards—35 mpg fleet-wide by 2020!
• Requires 25% better efficiency for light bulbs by
2012 (effectively eliminating incandescent bulbs)
and 200% better efficiency by 2020!
• And pork…gotta have pork!
• All of which means SMART GRID!!
What the Smart Grid is NOT!
• NOT a smart meter!
– NOT Automated Meter Reading (AMR)!
– NOT Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)!
• NOT the Home Area Network!
– NOT ZigBee, Z-Wave, Wi-Fi, 900 MHz, Bluetooth, or WiMAX!
– NOT Ethernet, HomePlug, HomeGrid, MoCA, or HomePNA!
• NOT a bunch of other technologies and capabilities,
all of which are are components of the Smart Grid!
• Tonight, I’m focusing from inside the meter!
What the Smart Grid IS!
• Provides quality power meeting 21st century needs!
• Accommodates all generation and storage options!
• Enables new products, services, and markets!
• Provides operational resilience against physical and
• Optimizes asset utilization and operating efficiency!
• Enables active participation by consumers in
A digitized and intelligent version of the current power grid!
Adapted from IEEE P2030!
Key Smart Grid Drivers!
• Utilities want more information from customers to
better forecast how generation will meet actual
• Consumers need real-time, appliance-level pricing
and demand response information, from utilities and
from third parties, in order to alter behavior, save
money, and go green!
• Governments want to encourage realization of
environmental benefits by reducing noxious
emissions (and votes…definitely votes)!
• One key capability—Demand Response (DR)!
• “Reduction in the consumption of electric energy by customers
from their expected consumption in response to an increase in
the price of electric energy or to incentive payments designed
to induce lower consumption of electric energy”!
– Customer alters consumption due to direction from someone else!
– Includes rebates, compensation, and direct load control of
– Customer alters consumption based on retail rate design that
changes over time!
– Includes time-of-use (TOU) pricing!
From FERC Order 719!
How Will We Get There?!
• Government and regulatory!
– NIST, FERC, NARUC, DoE, States!
• Standards Development Organizations!
– IEEE, ITU, ISO, IEC!
– OpenSG, SAE, AHAM!
• Many, many other standards, regulatory,
policy, and grass roots efforts—including the
Smart Grid Council of Silicon Valley!
Government & Regulatory!
• National Institute of Standards & Technology!
• Federal Energy Regulatory Commission!
• National Association of Regulatory Utility
• Department of Energy!
• Individual States!
• According to EISA 2007, NIST has "primary responsibility to coordinate
development of a framework that includes protocols and model
standards for information management to achieve interoperability of
smart grid devices and systems…”!
• Smart Grid Interoperability Panel & Governing Board (SGIP/GB)!
– 514 Participating & 62 Observing Member Organizations!
– 25 member governance committee !
• Domain Expert Working Groups (DEWGs)!
– Provide analysis in particular application domains; longer-term horizon!
– Identify gaps and overlaps!
– Develop use cases and white papers!
• Priority Action Plans (PAPs)!
– Address gaps where standards (or extensions) are needed; shorter-term
horizon (think tiger team)!
– Try to disambiguate when multiple standards overlap!
SGIP Governing Board!
Category Member Aﬃlia1on
Category 1 Brian Markwalter Consumer Electronics Associa8on
Category 2 Tariq Samad Honeywell
Category 3 Todd RyAng Panasonic Electric Works Laboratory of America
Category 4 Rich Scholer Ford Motor Company
Category 5 George Bjelovuk American Electric Power
Category 6 Stephen Muchlinski Tacoma Public U8li8es
Category 7 Bob Saint Na8onal Rural Electric Coopera8ve Associa8on (NRECA)
Category 8 Chuck Shih Edge Holdings LLC
Category 9 Kenneth Van Meter Lockheed Mar8n’s Energy Solu8ons
Category 10 Ma[hew Theall Intel Corpora8on
Category 11 Vint Cerf Google, Inc.
Category 12 Le Tang ABB Inc.
Category 13 Wayne Longcore Consumers Energy
Category 14 Mladen Kezunovic Texas A&M University
Category 15 Perry Pederson U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
Category 16 John Nunneley SunSpec Alliance
Category 17 Brent Hodges Reliant Energy
Category 18 John Caskey Na8onal Electrical Manufacturers Assoc. (NEMA)
Category 19 Paul Centolella Public U8lity Commission of Ohio
Category 20 Rik Drummond Drummond Group Inc.
Category 21 Jamshid Afnan ISO New England, Inc.
Category 22 Sco[ Ungerer EnerTech Capital
Category 23 John McDonald GE Energy
Category 23 Paul De Mar8ni Southern California Edison
Category 23 Mark McGranaghan Electric Power Research Ins8tute
0 "Meter Upgradeability Standard! 9 "Standard DR and DER Signals!
1 "Role of IP in the Smart Grid! 10 "Standard Energy Usage Information!
2 "Wireless Communications for the 11 "Common Object Models for Electric
Smart Grid! Transportation!
3 "Common Price Communication 12 "IEC 61850 Objects/DNP3 Mapping!
Model! 13 "Time Synchronization, IEC 61850
4 "Common Scheduling Mechanism! Objects/IEEE C37.118
5 "Standard Meter Data Profiles! Harmonization!
6 "Common Semantic Model for Meter 14 "Transmission and Distribution
Data Tables! Power Systems Model Mapping!
7 "Electric Storage Interconnection 15 "Harmonize Power Line Carrier
Guidelines! Standards for Appliance
8 CIM for Distribution Grid Communications in the Home!
Management! 16 Wind Plant Communications!
Other Government & Regulatory!
• Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)!
– Creates laws based on NIST’s recommendations!
– Wrote the National Action Plan on Demand Response!
• National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC)!
– Regulates telecom, energy, and water!
– Consists of representatives from all states, D.C., Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands!
– Governs Energy Star, promote Energy Savers, will be involved in Home Star!
– Has stood up ARPA-E to motivate and fund U.S. energy research!
– Individual states have taken a wide range of steps in Smart Grid, with Texas
and California leading the way!
– TX has decoupled T&D from retail; CA has just closed a round of comments
on proceeding R0812009!
Standards Development Organizations
and Industry Alliances!
SDOs! Industry Efforts!
• IEEE! • OpenSG!
• ITU! • SEP 2.0!
• ISO! • SAE!
• IEC! • AHAM!
MANY other efforts underway around the world!
Wired HAN PLC Technologies!
• IEEE P1901 (HomePlug)! • G3!
– Multiple flavors, ranging from – Backed by Maxim and ERDF!
low bitrate (C&C) to high • LONWorks (ISO 14908)!
bitrate (AV2, in draft)!
– Backed primarily by Echelon
– Combines MACs and PHYs from and Enel!
legacy HomePlug and HD-PLC
Alliances! • Prime!
• ITU G.hn (HomeGrid)! – Backed by TI and Iberdrola!
– New specification from ITU (G.
9960/9961, in draft); low All five approaches are active in NIST
bitrate G.hnem in development!
PAP 15 and SAE efforts!
– Single MAC/PHY for coaxial,
powerline, phoneline! IEEE and ITU have co-convened
PLC4SG effort to stimulate
For more, go to PAP 15!
Wireless HAN Technologies!
• ZigBee! Each wireless solution
• Z-Wave! has pluses and
• Wi-Fi! minuses!
• 900 MHz! – Range!
Unlike PLC, coexistence issues in wireless HAN technologies
are nearly non-existent (save for interference, of course)!
For more, go to PAP 02!
Speed Round Topics!
• You and your neighbor both charging your
PEVs at dinnertime may cause sparks…
• ZigBee has released the Smart Energy Profile
2.0 TRD (as of December); MRD has been
available since last year!
• EPA/Energy Star has begun a new Climate
Controls initiative, replacing their earlier
programmable thermostat work !
– Join SGIP!
– Find a PAP!
• Smart Grid Knowledge!
– Search on “DoE Smart Grid” to find DoE’s “The Smart Grid:
– Hit smartgridlibrary.com to demystify the world of
– Hit powertochoose.org to see what a deregulated future
may look like here in California!
Do Your Part to Keep the Lights On…!
And Lower Your Bills!