Philosophy of PlatoPolitical philosophy of PlatoBook of DR. JH.RAPAR Th.D., Ph.DSTATE, LAW AND JUSTICESpecific discussion about
Who?• Who is Plato?• Plato was a philosopher and scholar who lived between 427 and347 BC. He was a student of Socrates and later formed the firstknown "university," called the Academy. His best known work is TheRepublic, and his best known concept is the Theory of Forms. TheTheory of Forms states that, while experience is changing andillusory, ideal forms are unchanging and real. Plato advancedParmenides theory that both experience and forms are real.Aristotle and Socrates also began their philosophical thought fromParmenides, who was known as Parmenides of Elea and livedbetween 510 and 440 BC. Although his reasoning was shown byAristotle, Socrates, Plato, and other philosophers to be mostlyunsound, Parmenides, rather ironically, began the entire concept oflogical deduction that was to make these scholars well-known.Cahapter 1
“the State”• Conquest of Sparta against Athens• Implementation of democracy in athens• Begins with disillusionment with the corrupt state, andthe countrys image became corrupted and do not reflectthe country as it should be.Chapter 2Plato draw congclusions“deal state is an ethical community to achieve virtue and kindness“ideal state is essentially an one family”“in a country you are all brothers”“.Whowever a man meets he will think he is meeting abrother or sister, or mother, or father, or son ordaughter…”A city ….. Comes into being because each of u is not self-sufficient but need many things
State• The city/( state ) be neither small norseeming to be large.• ..as log as the growing city is willing toremain a unity. So big let is no father.Territory and Boundaries
Form of state• Plato said;”…. If there are five kinds of constutions, there should be fiveconditions of soul of private men….”• [My conclusion] Mean…, constution is image from soul of men/human.Aitokrasi, government in the hands of aristocratTimokrasi, the power or the rule of honorOligarki, power in the hands of moneyDemocration, freedom are the most importantTyranny, absolute power on one hand
“laws”“… IN one sense it is evident that the art of kingship doesinclude the art of lawmaking. But the best ting of all isnot full autiroty for laws but rateher full authority for aman who understands the art of kingship and haswisdom…”“.. laws must be closely related to citizens..”Plato;…punishment is not a vengeanceviolation of the law is considered as a diseaselaw should be a cure for diseaseChapter 3
“justice”• Chepalos;. “justice is honesty, do not cheat and pay all debts to thegods and to humans”• Pholemarcos;.. “justice is giving people what they are entitled”• Trasymachos;..”….. Justice is noting but the atvantage of the stronger”Chapter 4Plato:…..“There jutice of one man……. And justice of awhole city…. A Cityis large than one man…. Then perhaps there would be alargerjustice in the city and easier to undestand… Let us enquire firstwhat it is in the cities; then we will examine it in the single man,looking for the likeness of the large in the shape of the smalerr..”
• The poper functioning of the money-makingclass, the helpers,and the guardians, each doingits own work in the state… would be justice andwould render the city just.Platos;…individual justice is only achieved through self-control. thepossession itself that it will only happen if the rational part of thesoul can control the other two parts, namely the spirit and desireor lust
FILSAPAT POLITIK PLATO BOOK OFDR. J.H RAPPAR , TH,D., PH.DHamdan Hidayat
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.