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Intro To Romanticism And The Romantic Hero
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Intro To Romanticism And The Romantic Hero Intro To Romanticism And The Romantic Hero Presentation Transcript

  • American Romanticism
  • Before we look at where we’re headed, let’s review where we’re coming from…
  • Puritanism
    • 1600-1750: Puritan Literature and Doctrine
        • The Bible the sole source of law
        • Belief in original sin
        • Belief in predestination
    • Literature reflected this way of life
        • focused on religious beliefs, relationship with God
        • often intolerant
        • gender stereotyping
        • Examples:
            • Primer
    View slide
  • The Age of Reason
    • 1750-1800: The Age of Reason
      • Responded to the political, social, economic changes in America
      • Influenced by historical context of:
        • The Salem Witch Trials
        • Colonialism
        • The American Revolution
        • Economic and industrial progress
    • Literature was practical
        • Urged social or political reform
        • Stressed reason and judgment
        • Concerned with the values of society
        • as a whole
        • Critical of institutionalized religion
        • Challenged the Bible
      • Examples:
        • Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
        • Declaration of Independence
    View slide
  • This Gave Way to… The Romantic Movement
    • In America, artists, writers and philosophers rebelled against conventions of the Age of Reason
        • Wanted to deal with EMOTIONS!
        • Championed the value of the individual human being
        • Focused on the individual and his experiences
    The Romantic Age
  • The Romantic Age
    • Responded to a rapidly changing world that was becoming urban
        • Strove for freedom
        • Escapism
  • Characteristics of Romanticism
    • Appealed to the imagination:
        • Emotion over reason
        • “ suspension of disbelief”
          • Improbable plots
          • Remote, far-away settings
          • The abnormal
          • Use of terror, fear, the odd
  • Gothicism
      • A sub-movement of Romanticism
      • When you think of the Gothic, you should picture melodramatic settings of old castles, statues of gargoyles, dark and gloomy moors, ancient monasteries, and wild landscapes
      • Gothic literature was popular during the late 18th and early 19th centuries
      • Edgar Allan Poe was the American pioneer
  • The Romantic Hero
    • Brooding, dark, and dreaming
    • At odds with society
    • Not interested in authority or conformity
    •  
      • Indulges – wallows – in his/her own feelings, uniqueness, and intuition
      • Self-centered
  • The Romantic Hero
    • A character of extremes
      • No limitations on imagination or feelings - the more powerful the feelings, the better! 
      • Can be obsessive (in love and otherwise)
    • Quest for Beauty or Perfection
      • Becomes consumed with desire for the “unattainable”
      • Longs for something MORE
        • transcends the ordinary
        • the past
        • the impossible