Intro To Romanticism And The Romantic Hero

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Intro To Romanticism And The Romantic Hero

  1. 1. American Romanticism
  2. 2. Before we look at where we’re headed, let’s review where we’re coming from…
  3. 3. Puritanism <ul><li>1600-1750: Puritan Literature and Doctrine </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Bible the sole source of law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in original sin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in predestination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Literature reflected this way of life </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>focused on religious beliefs, relationship with God </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>often intolerant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>gender stereotyping </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Age of Reason <ul><li>1750-1800: The Age of Reason </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responded to the political, social, economic changes in America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced by historical context of: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Salem Witch Trials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colonialism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The American Revolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic and industrial progress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Literature was practical </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urged social or political reform </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stressed reason and judgment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concerned with the values of society </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>as a whole </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Critical of institutionalized religion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Challenged the Bible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Paine’s Common Sense </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. This Gave Way to… The Romantic Movement
  6. 6. <ul><li>In America, artists, writers and philosophers rebelled against conventions of the Age of Reason </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to deal with EMOTIONS! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Championed the value of the individual human being </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on the individual and his experiences </li></ul></ul></ul>The Romantic Age
  7. 7. The Romantic Age <ul><li>Responded to a rapidly changing world that was becoming urban </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strove for freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Escapism </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Characteristics of Romanticism <ul><li>Appealed to the imagination: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emotion over reason </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ suspension of disbelief” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improbable plots </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remote, far-away settings </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The abnormal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of terror, fear, the odd </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Gothicism <ul><ul><li>A sub-movement of Romanticism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When you think of the Gothic, you should picture melodramatic settings of old castles, statues of gargoyles, dark and gloomy moors, ancient monasteries, and wild landscapes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic literature was popular during the late 18th and early 19th centuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edgar Allan Poe was the American pioneer </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Romantic Hero <ul><li>Brooding, dark, and dreaming </li></ul><ul><li>At odds with society </li></ul><ul><li>Not interested in authority or conformity </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indulges – wallows – in his/her own feelings, uniqueness, and intuition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-centered </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Romantic Hero <ul><li>A character of extremes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No limitations on imagination or feelings - the more powerful the feelings, the better!  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be obsessive (in love and otherwise) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quest for Beauty or Perfection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes consumed with desire for the “unattainable” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longs for something MORE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>transcends the ordinary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the past </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the impossible </li></ul></ul></ul>

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