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008 02 20Frd_Dora
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008 02 20Frd_Dora

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Transcript

  • 1. Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria (“Dora”) 1901 / 1905
  • 2. Hysteria —
    • …or actually:
  • 3. “ Female Hysteria”
  • 4. “Female Hysteria”
    • common medical diagnosis at the end of the 19 th century
    • symptoms: faintness, nervousness, insomnia, fluid retention, heaviness in abdomen, muscle spasm, shortness of breath, irritability, loss of appetite for food or sex, and a "tendency to cause trouble“
    • explained by stresses associated with modern life
    • treatment: often by vaginal massage
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. Hysteria
    • beginning of 20th century—and partly thanks to Freud—the concept of “female hysteria” was replaced by “conversion hysteria”
    • “ conversion”: psychical conflicts are converted into physical symptoms
    • … which means that physical symptoms have a meaning (which analysis seeks to unveil)
  • 8. Hysteria
    • Josef Breuer & Sigmund Freud, Studies on Hysteria (1895):
    • At the origin of any case of hysteria there is a psychical trauma .
  • 9. Dora
    • 6 years: Father develops tuberculosis, family moves to “B______”
    • 8 years: neurotic symptoms begin (shortness of breath)
    • 12 years: migraine, nervous coughing, loss of voice
    • 14 years: Herr K. forces a kiss upon her; her reaction: disgust
    • 16 years: the “scene by the lake” at “L_____” (Herr K. makes a “proposal”— actually, a sexual advance on her)
  • 10. Herr K. kisses 14-years-old Dora
    • “… the behavior of this child of fourteen was already completely hysterical. I should without question consider a person hysterical in whom an occasion for sexual excitement elicited feelings that were predominantly or exclusively unpleasurable…”
  • 11. Dora’s First Dream
    • A house was on fire. My father was standing behind my bed and woke me up. I dressed quickly. Mother wanted to stop and save her jewel-case; but Father said: “I refuse to let myself and my two children be burnt for the sake of your jewel-case.” We hurried downstairs, and as soon as I was outside I woke up.
  • 12. Freud’s questions
    • Dora has had that dream before (more than once).
    • When did it first occur?

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